Lexington-Fayette, Kentucky Population 2020

323,780

Lexington is a city located in Fayette County in Kentucky. Lexington is known as “Horse Capital of the World” and the Kentucky Horse Park, The Red Mile, and Keeneland racecourses are all located in Lexington.

With an estimated population of 323,780, Lexington is the second-largest city in Kentucky, behind Louisville, and the 60th-largest city in the United States. Combined with the metropolitan area’s population 516,697, the combined statistical area of Lexington is 760,528. For every 100 females in Lexington, there are 96.5 males. The total area of Lexington is 285.5 square miles, making the population density 1,098 people per square miles. The population density in Lexington is 913% higher than the Kentucky average.

Lexington Diversity and Language

According to the 2010 United States census, Lexington was 75.7% white, 14.5% African American, 3.2% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.21% of other races, and 2.5% from two or more races.

According to the Lexington government, There are over 185 languages spoken in Lexington, with the top ten foreign languages being Spanish, Swahili, Arabic, Japanese, Nepali, French, Mandarin, Kinyarwanda, Korean and Portuguese in addition to the official language, English. The largest of these languages is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.2% of the population.

Lexington History

Lexington was first founded in June of 1775 by European-American frontiersmen. Upon hearing of the news of colonist victory in the battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775, the frontiersmen decided to name the land Lexington. The area of modern-day Lexington was originally considered to be part of Fincastle County, Virginia. Seventeen years later, Kentucky would become a state.

In 1780, Lexington was made the seat of the newly organized Fayette County in Virginia. The town was chartered on May 6, 1782, by the Virginia legislature. Kentucky became a state in 1790, and the first session of the Kentucky legislature was held in Lexington in 1792.

Horseracing was prohibited in Lexington until 1788, and from then on, the devotion to horse racing has remained a passion in Lexington. The American Thoroughbred Breeders Association has its headquarters in Lexington. Lexington has several horseracing and sales facilities, as well as museums of horses and the sport.

In 1865, the University of Kentucky and Lexington Theological Seminary were founded.

During the Great Depression, the Addiction Research Center (ARC) was created at the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital in Lexington and was one of the first drug rehabilitation clinics in the United States.

Lexington Population Growth

The Lexington metro area grew by 7.1% from 2010 to 2016, more than the national average growth rate of 4.5%. Lexington’s average annual growth rate is about 1.1%. According to the Census Bureau, this can be attributed to domestic migration and international immigration and a higher birth-to-death ratio.

Lexington’s population saw the largest growth from 1970 to 1980, where the population grew over 96,000 from 108,137 to 204,165.

Lexington-Fayette, Kentucky's estimated population is 323,780 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Lexington-Fayette, Kentucky is the 2nd largest city in Kentucky based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1141.54 people/mi² (440.75 people/km²).

The overall median age is 34.4 years, 33.3 years for males, and 35.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.4 males.

The median income for households in Lexington-Fayette, Kentucky is $, while the mean household income is $.

Lexington Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Lexington was:

  • White: 75.38%
  • Black or African American: 14.39%
  • Asian: 3.64%
  • Two or more races: 3.60%
  • Other race: 2.68%
  • Native American: 0.25%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%

How Many People Live in Lexington-Fayette, Kentucky?

323,780
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018323,7801,5870.49%
2017322,1932,4550.77%
2016319,7383,7361.18%
2015316,0024,0471.30%
2014311,9551,9450.63%
2013310,0103,9351.29%
2012306,0754,3391.44%
2011301,7364,8891.65%
2010296,84736,3351.31%
2000260,51235,1461.46%
1990225,36621,2010.99%
1980204,16596,0286.56%
1970108,13745,3275.58%
196062,8107,2761.24%
195055,5346,2301.20%
194049,3043,5680.75%
193045,7364,2020.97%
192041,5346,4351.70%
191035,0998,7302.90%
190026,3694,8022.03%
189021,5674,9112.62%
188016,6561,8551.19%
187014,8015,4804.73%
18609,3211,1621.34%
18508,1591,1621.55%
18406,9979711.51%
18306,0267471.33%
18205,2799532.01%
18104,3262,5269.16%
18001,8001,0008.45%
17908000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018516,6973,9650.77%
2017512,7325,2721.03%
2016507,4605,7921.14%
2015501,6686,3041.26%
2014495,3644,2540.86%
2013491,1105,6891.16%
2012485,4216,4321.33%
2011478,9895,5741.16%
2010473,4150.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White240,26475.38%
Black or African American45,87614.39%
Asian11,6023.64%
Two or More Races11,4593.60%
Some Other Race8,5552.68%
American Indian and Alaska Native8100.25%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1680.05%

Lexington Population Pyramid 2020

Lexington Median Age

34.4


Total

33.3


Male

35.5


Female

Lexington Adults

There are 251,730 adults, (40,073 of whom are seniors) in Lexington.

Lexington Age Dependency

50.6

Age Dependency Ratio

18.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Lexington Sex Ratio

Female

162,281

50.91%

Male

156,453

49.09%

Lexington Households and Families

Lexington Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Lexington Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.9%23.1%
All54.5%45.5%
Male41.8%58.2%
Female39%61%
Non Family38.8%61.2%

54.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All128,8062.3854.5
Non Family54,5091.4338.8
Married52,5633.0576.9
Female16,1793.1239
Male5,5553.1441.8

2.98

Average Family Size

2.38

Average Household Size

7.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Lexington Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,9383.85%
9th to 12th Grade10,9035.29%
High School Graduate41,32820.04%
Some College41,77020.25%
Associates Degree15,7507.64%
Bachelors Degree50,13424.31%
Graduate Degree38,43818.64%

Lexington Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White155,155146,50174,542
Black27,98323,5335,444
Hispanic11,5876,9762,029
Asian7,6176,9025,074
Other Race4,6312,338638
Multiple Races3,5643,2631,281
Native American46628579
Islander12312349

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 66.61%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,021$41,476$32,206
Less Than High School$20,382$22,223$16,769
High School Grad$26,024$29,017$22,140
Some College$31,457$35,867$27,247
Bachelors Degree$48,636$57,813$40,332
Graduate Degree$59,536$69,787$54,456

$37,021

Average Earnings

$41,476

Average Male

$32,206

Average Female

Lexington Language

Lexington Language by Age

Lexington Language

87.06% of Lexington residents speak only English, while 12.94% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.29% of the population.

Lexington Poverty

Lexington Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White218,23628,88713.24%
Black43,41013,99032.23%
Hispanic22,0957,02831.81%
Multiple10,8953,17729.16%
Other8,3022,86834.55%
Asian11,3531,66414.66%
Native77631440.46%
Islander16874.17%

17.77%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.31%

Male Poverty Rate

19.16%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Lexington

The race most likely to be in poverty in Lexington is Native, with 40.46% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Lexington is Islander, with 4.17% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.91%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.38%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.62%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.26%
High School16.92%
Some College12.04%
Bachelors or Greater5.22%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.84%
Male Unemployed30.65%
Female Employed13.47%
Male Employed8.92%

Lexington Income

Lexington Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$54,918$79,535
Families$73,235$100,174
Married Families$92,207$121,191
Non Families$35,542$49,178

Lexington Marital Status

Lexington Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.2%

Male Marriage Rate

41.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Lexington Married by Age and Sex

Lexington Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Lexington Marital Status by Race

Lexington Veterans

15,705

Number of Veterans

14,351

Male Veterans

1,354

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,317
First Gulf War3,202
Second Gulf War3,043
Korea1,393
World War II586
Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,014
65 to 743,851
75+3,187
55 to 642,937
18 to 341,716

Lexington Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White13,0196.64%
Black2,3296.76%
Hispanic2862.00%
2 or More2083.84%
Indian7412.89%
Asian460.49%
Other290.55%

Lexington Veterans by Education

8.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.54%

Veteran Disability Rate

Lexington Employment Status

68.2%

Labor Force Participation

64.4%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Lexington Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

58.82%

Born in Kentucky

90.45%

Native Born

9.55%

Foreign Born

6.87%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

90.45% of Lexington residents were born in the United States, with 58.82% having been born in Kentucky. 6.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.