Lincoln, Nebraska Population 2019

Lincoln is the capital and the second-most populous city in Nebraska behind Omaha. Lincoln was founded as Lancaster in 1856 amid the salt flats and marshes. Lincoln is located in southeastern Nebraska, south of the Platte River.

Lincoln has an estimated population of 284,000, which makes it the 72nd largest city in the United States. The city has a population density of 2,900 people per square mile, or 1,120 per square kilometer. The larger urban area has a population of 285,000, which makes it the 145th largest in the country. The Lincoln metropolitan area includes all of Lancaster County and Seward County. There is very little development outside of the city limits and Lincoln has no contiguous suburbs, with the largest town considered a suburb being Waverly, with a population of 3,300. The Lincoln metropolitan area has a population estimated at 327,000, which makes it the 158th largest metro area in the U.S.

Lincoln Demographics

At the 2010 census, the racial composition of Lincoln was:

  • White: 86.0%
  • African American: 3.8%
  • Asian: 3.8%
  • Native American: 0.8%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other races: 2.5%
  • Two or more races: 3.0%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 6.3%

Refugees in Lincoln

Lincoln was designated as a refugee-friendly city by the government in the 1970s because of its size, educational institutions and stable economy. Many refugees have settled in the city, and it was recently named as one of the Top 10 Most Welcoming Cities in America by Welcoming America. The refugee population began increasing in the 1980s in the area, and by the turn of the century, Lincoln had settled nearly 5,500 refugees. Lancaster County is now the 18th largest resettlement area in the country for Asian immigrants and refugees. Nebraska also ranks fifth in refugee resettlement per capita compared to other states of similar population.

Refugees from over 40 countries have settled in the city, which has brought new cultures and religions into the area. Lincoln is now home for Bosnian, Vietnamese, Afghani, Mexican, Russian, Kurdish, Sudanese, Ukrainian, Tajikstan, Chinese and other refugee populations.

In 2011 alone, 738 refugees from 13 countries made their way to Nebraska, but this official figure only includes people who were officially resettled in the state, not those who have moved to the area after being placed somewhere else.

The fastest-growing group of refugees in Lincoln are the Karen, who come from Thailand or Burma to escape ethnic and political war. Close to 1,000 people from Thailand and Burma have arrived in the state since 2000, and there are estimated to be thousands of Karen in the state, with up to 1,500 in Lincoln. You can learn more about refugees in Nebraska here.

Lincoln Population Growth

In 2011, census estimates showed that Nebraska's population grew at a faster rate than the U.S. average for the past two years. Nebraska has been growing at a rate of around 1% since 2008, while the U.S. population posted its smallest growth since 1945 of just 0.84%. Nebraska, and Lincoln in particular, are growing as more people move to the area for jobs, as the state has consistently had one of the lowest unemployment rates in the country.

Most of Nebraska is seeing a declining population, as most growth is concentrated around Omaha, Lincoln, Grand Island and Kearney.

Lincoln Facts

  • Lincoln was named the healthiest city in the U.S. in 2008 and 2013 by the CDC.
  • Lincoln was renamed for recently assassinated President Abraham Lincoln.
  • Nebraska was once known as the Great American Desert.
  • The 911 emergency system, now used across the country, was first developed and used in Lincoln.
  • The University of Nebraska-Lincoln has the largest weight room in the United States that covers 3/4 of an acre.
  • Elephant Hall, a Lincoln museum, has the world's largest collection of elephant skeletons.
  • In 2014, the American Lung Association ranked the Lincoln-Beatrice area has being among the Cleanest U.S. Cities for Ozone Air Pollution.
  • Arbor Day got its start in Nebraska in 1872, when J. Sterling Morton proposed a holiday to promote planting trees in the state. About 1 million trees were planted on the first Arbor Day, and 45 other states had adopted the holiday by 1920.
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017284,7363,5001.24%
2016281,2363,8491.39%
2015277,3873,3681.23%
2014274,0194,8271.79%
2013269,1923,4281.29%
2012265,7643,2661.24%
2011262,4983,3291.28%
2010259,16933,5881.40%
2000225,58133,6091.63%
1990191,97220,0401.11%
1980171,93222,4141.41%
1970149,51820,9971.52%
1960128,52129,6372.66%
195098,88416,9001.89%
194081,9846,0510.77%
193075,93320,9853.29%
192054,94810,9752.25%
191043,9733,8040.91%
190040,169-14,985-3.12%
189055,15442,15115.55%
188013,0030.00%

Lincoln Population in 2018Source: By Hanyou23 [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0) or Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White236,652
Asian12,865
Black or African American12,315
Two or More Races9,044
Some Other Race4,628
American Indian and Alaska Native1,623
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander188

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Lincoln Population Pyramid 2019

5,00010,00015,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Lincoln Median Age

32.4


Total

31.7


Male

33.3


Female

Lincoln Adults

There are 214,379 adults, (34,621 of whom are seniors) in Lincoln.

Lincoln Age Dependency

54.3

Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35

Child Dependency Ratio

Lincoln Sex Ratio

Female

138,258

49.86%

Male

139,057

50.14%

Lincoln Households and Families

Lincoln Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Lincoln Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.6%19.4%
All57.3%42.7%
Male45.6%54.4%
Non Family38.9%61.1%
Female37.3%62.7%

57.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Lincoln Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All110,5212.3957.3
Married48,4193.1280.6
Non Family46,0021.3738.9
Female11,1833.1237.3
Male4,9173.145.6

3.02

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

6.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Lincoln Households

Lincoln Education

Lincoln Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,8692.86%
9th to 12th Grade7,1484.20%
High School Graduate37,68722.17%
Some College37,32521.96%
Associates Degree18,74111.02%
Bachelors Degree41,16424.22%
Graduate Degree23,05613.56%

Lincoln Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White143,807137,85257,414
Hispanic9,4056,1061,521
Asian7,3635,9003,178
Black6,2375,5201,182
Multiple Races2,7022,255773
Other Race2,3951,270260
Native American1,013742132
Islander14911738

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.86%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 43.16%.

Lincoln Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,506$41,923$31,313
Less Than High School$23,257$27,250$18,304
High School Grad$28,012$32,233$23,221
Some College$32,680$40,047$27,984
Bachelors Degree$43,950$52,038$36,999
Graduate Degree$55,378$63,467$50,980

$36,506

Average Earnings

$41,923

Average Male

$31,313

Average Female

Lincoln Language

Lincoln Language by Age

Lincoln Language

87.54% of Lincoln residents speak only English, while 12.46% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.83% of the population.

Lincoln Poverty

Lincoln Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White213,88726,58112.43%
Hispanic19,1545,07326.49%
Black10,9753,75234.19%
Multiple8,5932,47728.83%
Asian12,1522,23818.42%
Other4,4621,52734.22%
Native1,38138427.81%
Islander18814376.06%

15.14%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.89%

Male Poverty Rate

16.38%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Lincoln

The race most likely to be in poverty in Lincoln is Islander, with 76.06% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Lincoln is White, with 12.43% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.75%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.88%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.89%.

Lincoln Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.80%
High School12.93%
Some College9.89%
Bachelors or Greater3.86%

Lincoln Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed42.63%
Female Unemployed41.54%
Female Employed12.83%
Male Employed9.30%

Lincoln Income

Lincoln Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$53,089$70,721
Families$71,756$88,230
Married Families$86,649$103,056
Non Families$33,543$43,350

Lincoln Marital Status

Lincoln Marital Status

Marriage Rates

45.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.3%

Male Marriage Rate

44.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Lincoln Married by Age and Sex

Lincoln Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Lincoln Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Lincoln Veterans

Lincoln Veterans by War

14,222

Number of Veterans

13,007

Male Veterans

1,215

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam4,880
Second Gulf War2,858
First Gulf War2,639
Korea1,482
World War II911

Lincoln Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 743,612
75+3,572
35 to 543,285
55 to 642,245
18 to 341,508

Lincoln Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White13,2687.09%
Black4395.10%
Hispanic3562.88%
2 or More2316.06%
Other1163.88%
Asian1001.00%
Indian685.48%

Lincoln Veterans by Education

6.86%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.65%

Veteran Disability Rate

Lincoln Employment Status

Lincoln Employment by Age

71.4%

Labor Force Participation

68.3%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Lincoln Employment by Race

Lincoln Employment by Education

Lincoln Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

65.76%

Born in Nebraska

91.55%

Native Born

8.45%

Foreign Born

4.62%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.55% of Lincoln residents were born in the United States, with 65.76% having been born in Nebraska. 4.62% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.