Long Beach, California Population 2018

Long Beach is a city located in California. More specifically, it is located in Los Angeles County. Estimates in 2016 show that the population of Long Beach is 470,130.This makes it the 7th most populous city in the state of California, and it is the 39th most populous in the country. Long Beach is most known being the home of the Port of Long Beach, which is one of the largest ports in the world.

Long Beach History

The region that is now Long Beach has been inhabited for thousands of years. Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th century, and during this time the Tongva people resided in the area. The Tongva people relocated during the 19th century because of political issues, missionization, and death by diseases. The region was originally known as Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos. Rancho Los Cerritos was purchased by Jonathan Temple in the 1840s, using the land to build a cattle ranch. He later sold it in the 1860s to a group of men who had previously purchased land that would later become Irvine. In 1880, 4.000 acres of the land was sold to William Willmore, who subdivided it. His venture of creating a farm community was unsuccessful, and the land was purchased by the Long Beach Land and Water Company.

Following this purchase, the name was changed to Long Beach. It was incorporated as a city in 1897. Later in the early 1900s, the remaining land of Rancho Los Cerritos was divided into neighborhoods including North Long Beach. Long Beach got its start as a seaside resort, complete with an amusement park that operated until the late 1960s. During its early history, the city’s industry was centered on the Navy shipyard and the oil industry. Through the 1960s, many immigrants also came to call Long Beach home. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, Long Beach was known for its thriving oil industry.

The city faced challenges in 1933 when an earthquake hit, killing over 100 people and destroying many of the buildings. However, the city persevered, and it became home to the Ford Motor Company Long Beach Assembly. Douglas Aircraft Company also built its largest facility in Long Beach – a plant that is over 1.4 million square feet. Today, Long Beach is a very multicultural city that boasts museums, theaters and cultural events. Long Beach is the site of beautiful beaches and multiple parks that have fishing lakes, campgrounds, bike trails and other recreational activities.

Long Beach Demographics

The city of Long Beach has a population of over 470,000 residents. The last official census taken in 2010 shows that the population was 462,257. The city is over 51 square miles and has a population density of over 9,343 people per square mile.

Just over 46% of the population is White, 13.5% of the population is Black or African American, 12.9% of the population is Asian, 5.3% are Mixed, and over 20% are other races. The median age of the city is 33.2. The largest age group is those aged 25 to 44, who make up over 30% of the total population. Just over 9% of the population is at least 65 years old, while nearly one-quarter are under the age of 18. There are 93.8 males for every 100 females. Over 20% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city’s top employer is the Long Beach Unified School District, which has over 12,000 employees. Other top employers in the city including Long Beach Memorial Medical Center, the City of Long Beach, Boeing and California State University at Long Beach.

Long Beach Population Growth

Long Beach has seen substantial population growth throughout its history, even recording almost 700% growth between the census taken in 1900 and 1910. In recent years, however, growth has slowed, with the censuses of 2000 and 2010 showing only a 0.2% increase in population. Recent estimates show that since the 2010 census, the population has grown by 1.7%, indicating that the city still has some growing to do, although not quite at the rate observed in the past.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017469,450-1,402-0.30%
2016470,852-1,115-0.24%
2015471,9671,2540.27%
2014470,7131,4160.30%
2013469,2971,3680.29%
2012467,9292,8970.62%
2011465,0322,4730.53%
2010462,5591,0370.02%
2000461,52232,0890.72%
1990429,43367,9351.74%
1980361,4982,6190.07%
1970358,87914,7110.42%
1960344,16893,4013.22%
1950250,76786,4964.32%
1940164,27122,2391.47%
1930142,03286,4399.83%
192055,59337,78412.06%
191017,80915,55722.97%
19002,2521,68814.85%
18905640.00%

Long Beach Population in 2018Source: Photograph by D Ramey Logan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White249,562
Some Other Race61,885
Asian61,284
Black or African American61,254
Two or More Races25,798
American Indian and Alaska Native5,610
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,400

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Long Beach Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Long Beach Median Age

34.2


Total

33.6


Male

34.8


Female

Long Beach Adults

There are 356,573 adults, (48,858 of which are seniors) in Long Beach.

Long Beach Age Dependency

52.6

Age Dependency Ratio

15.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Long Beach Sex Ratio

Female

237,871

50.63%

Male

231,922

49.37%

Long Beach Households and Families

Long Beach Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Long Beach Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57.2%42.8%
All39.8%60.2%
Non Family31.2%68.8%
Male29.2%70.8%
Female24.2%75.8%

39.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Long Beach Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All163,9192.8139.8
Non Family64,5581.3431.2
Married62,0733.7457.2
Female26,6193.8524.2
Male10,6693.7429.2

3.62

Average Family Size

2.81

Average Household Size

7.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Long Beach Households

Long Beach Education

Long Beach Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade37,08012.15%
9th to 12th Grade25,6278.40%
High School Graduate56,82618.62%
Some College72,07123.61%
Associates Degree23,5907.73%
Bachelors Degree57,17318.73%
Graduate Degree32,86210.77%

Long Beach Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic109,06364,09814,368
White104,74099,70048,484
Asian43,76835,57616,347
Black38,23434,2178,119
Other Race34,95920,2393,775
Multiple Races11,64110,1223,362
Native American3,5081,975341
Islander2,5492,246322

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.19%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.29%.

Long Beach Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,361$39,936$32,689
Less Than High School$20,685$23,463$15,209
High School Grad$27,210$30,474$23,679
Some College$35,831$40,890$31,563
Bachelors Degree$53,685$63,532$45,904
Graduate Degree$74,529$84,221$67,618

$36,361

Average Earnings

$39,936

Average Male

$32,689

Average Female

Long Beach Language

Long Beach Language by Age

Long Beach Language

54.12% of Long Beach residents speak only English, while 45.88% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 33.75% of the population.

Long Beach Poverty

Long Beach Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic197,45551,27725.97%
Black60,44315,55225.73%
Other61,46815,31024.91%
White127,78415,13511.84%
Asian60,3859,38515.54%
Multiple25,1745,06620.12%
Native5,5881,57128.11%
Islander4,36850611.58%

20.26%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.19%

Male Poverty Rate

21.31%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Long Beach

The race most likely to be in poverty in Long Beach is Native, with 28.11% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Long Beach is Islander, with 11.58% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.27%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.20%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.19%.

Long Beach Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School29.41%
High School18.47%
Some College14.00%
Bachelors or Greater5.77%

Long Beach Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed41.53%
Male Unemployed35.57%
Female Employed9.97%
Male Employed8.77%

Long Beach Income

Long Beach Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$55,151$76,104
Families$61,528$84,694
Married Families$83,542$106,775
Non Families$43,106$58,458

Long Beach Marital Status

Long Beach Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.8%

Male Marriage Rate

36.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Long Beach Married by Age and Sex

Long Beach Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Long Beach Marital Status by Race

Long Beach Veterans

Long Beach Veterans by War

18,491

Number of Veterans

17,161

Male Veterans

1,330

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam6,468
Second Gulf War3,261
First Gulf War3,080
Korea1,721
World War II1,190

Long Beach Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 744,650
35 to 544,611
75+3,835
55 to 643,280
18 to 342,115

Long Beach Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White11,8146.05%
Black3,4987.62%
Hispanic2,6581.97%
Asian1,2372.50%
2 or More9316.13%
Other7381.70%
Hawaiian1926.18%
Indian811.97%

Long Beach Veterans by Education

10.86%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.12%

Veteran Disability Rate

Long Beach Employment Status

Long Beach Employment by Age

66.1%

Labor Force Participation

59.8%

Employment Rate

9.4%

Unemployment Rate

Long Beach Employment by Race

Long Beach Employment by Education

Long Beach Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

57.78%

Born in California

73.95%

Native Born

26.05%

Foreign Born

13.50%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

73.95% of Long Beach residents were born in the United States, with 57.78% having been born in California. 13.50% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.