Long Beach, California Population 2018

Long Beach is a city located in California. More specifically, it is located in Los Angeles County. Estimates in 2016 show that the population of Long Beach is 470,130.This makes it the 7th most populous city in the state of California, and it is the 39th most populous in the country. Long Beach is most known being the home of the Port of Long Beach, which is one of the largest ports in the world.

Long Beach History

The region that is now Long Beach has been inhabited for thousands of years. Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th century, and during this time the Tongva people resided in the area. The Tongva people relocated during the 19th century because of political issues, missionization, and death by diseases. The region was originally known as Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos. Rancho Los Cerritos was purchased by Jonathan Temple in the 1840s, using the land to build a cattle ranch. He later sold it in the 1860s to a group of men who had previously purchased land that would later become Irvine. In 1880, 4.000 acres of the land was sold to William Willmore, who subdivided it. His venture of creating a farm community was unsuccessful, and the land was purchased by the Long Beach Land and Water Company.

Following this purchase, the name was changed to Long Beach. It was incorporated as a city in 1897. Later in the early 1900s, the remaining land of Rancho Los Cerritos was divided into neighborhoods including North Long Beach. Long Beach got its start as a seaside resort, complete with an amusement park that operated until the late 1960s. During its early history, the city’s industry was centered on the Navy shipyard and the oil industry. Through the 1960s, many immigrants also came to call Long Beach home. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, Long Beach was known for its thriving oil industry.

The city faced challenges in 1933 when an earthquake hit, killing over 100 people and destroying many of the buildings. However, the city persevered, and it became home to the Ford Motor Company Long Beach Assembly. Douglas Aircraft Company also built its largest facility in Long Beach – a plant that is over 1.4 million square feet. Today, Long Beach is a very multicultural city that boasts museums, theaters and cultural events. Long Beach is the site of beautiful beaches and multiple parks that have fishing lakes, campgrounds, bike trails and other recreational activities.

Long Beach Demographics

The city of Long Beach has a population of over 470,000 residents. The last official census taken in 2010 shows that the population was 462,257. The city is over 51 square miles and has a population density of over 9,343 people per square mile.

Just over 46% of the population is White, 13.5% of the population is Black or African American, 12.9% of the population is Asian, 5.3% are Mixed, and over 20% are other races. The median age of the city is 33.2. The largest age group is those aged 25 to 44, who make up over 30% of the total population. Just over 9% of the population is at least 65 years old, while nearly one-quarter are under the age of 18. There are 93.8 males for every 100 females. Over 20% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city’s top employer is the Long Beach Unified School District, which has over 12,000 employees. Other top employers in the city including Long Beach Memorial Medical Center, the City of Long Beach, Boeing and California State University at Long Beach.

Long Beach Population Growth

Long Beach has seen substantial population growth throughout its history, even recording almost 700% growth between the census taken in 1900 and 1910. In recent years, however, growth has slowed, with the censuses of 2000 and 2010 showing only a 0.2% increase in population. Recent estimates show that since the 2010 census, the population has grown by 1.7%, indicating that the city still has some growing to do, although not quite at the rate observed in the past.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017469,450-1,402-0.30%
2016470,852-1,115-0.24%
2015471,9671,2540.27%
2014470,7131,4160.30%
2013469,2971,3680.29%
2012467,9292,8970.62%
2011465,0322,4730.53%
2010462,5591,0370.22%
2000461,52232,0897.47%
1990429,43367,93518.79%
1980361,4982,6190.73%
1970358,87914,7114.27%
1960344,16893,40137.25%
1950250,76786,49652.65%
1940164,27122,23915.66%
1930142,03286,439155.49%
192055,59337,784212.16%
191017,80915,557690.81%
19002,2521,688299.29%
18905640.00%

Long Beach Population in 2018Source: Photograph by D Ramey Logan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White249,562
Some Other Race61,885
Asian61,284
Black or African American61,254
Two or More Races25,798
American Indian and Alaska Native5,610
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,400

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Long Beach Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Long Beach Median Age

34.2


Total

33.6


Male

34.8


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 356,313 adults in Long Beach.

Long Beach Age Dependency

52.6

Age Dependency Ratio

15.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Long Beach Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.2
Houses Without Mortgage
16,038
Houses With Mortgage
49,175
Vacancy Rate
5.3
Median Rent
1,150
Median Home Value
448,800
Renter-Occupied Units
98,706
Owner-Occupied Units
65,213
Total Housing Units
173,040

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Long Beach for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.2% and the labor force participation rate is 66.1%.

Long Beach Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.81
Average Family Size
3.62
Total Households
163919
Married Couple Households
62073
Male Householder (no wife) Families
10669
Female Householder (no husband) Families
26619
Non Family Households
64558
Total Families
99361
Households With Own Children
48663
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.5
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
1.1

Long Beach Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
10,748
$10,000 to $14,999
10,333
$15,000 to $24,999
17,593
$25,000 to $34,999
15,353
$35,000 to $49,999
20,575
$50,000 to $74,999
28,500
$75,000 to $99,999
20,335
$100,000 to $149,999
21,666
$150,000 to $199,999
9,683
Over $200,000
9,133

Long Beach Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Long Beach

California

$55,151

$63,783

$76,104

$91,149

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Long Beach Education Data

Long Beach Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
37,08012.15%
9th to 12th Grade
25,6278.40%
High School Graduate
56,82618.62%
Some College
72,07123.61%
Associates Degree
23,5907.73%
Bachelors Degree
57,17318.73%
Graduate Degree
32,86210.77%