Los Angeles, California Population 2018

Los Angeles had an official population at the 2010 census of 3,792,621. The population in 2016 is estimated to be just over 4 million. Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles but commonly known as L.A., is California's most populous city and the second-most populous city in the country after New York City.

An official population estimate in 2013 of Los Angeles showed the city had a population of 3,862,839, which means it grew by nearly 37,000 people during 2012.

Los Angeles sits in one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the United States. The City of Angels is a global city, and the Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is the third largest in the world, after Greater Tokyo and New York. It's also the 66th most populous city proper in the world, and the metropolitan area is the 18th largest.

According to the 2010 Census, the Los Angeles metropolitan area had a population of more than 12.8 million residents, while the larger metropolitan region had an estimated population of 18.1 million. This makes it the second largest metropolitan region in the United States after New York metropolitan area, and one of the largest urban agglomerations on earth.

The Greater Los Angeles Area, also referred to as Southland, refers to both the urbanized area and the Combined Statistical Area. It covers 5 counties, including Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Orange, Riverside and Venture counties, and it's been one of the fastest-growing areas of the country for most of the century, although its growth has slowed over the last decade.

Los Angeles Population Density

Based on the 2010 census data, Los Angeles had a density of 7,544.6 people per square mile (2,910/square kilometer). While it's the second-most populous urban area, Los Angeles is the single most densely populated area in the United States. The Los Angeles Times created an interactive map showing L.A.'s 272 neighborhoods, which showed the most densely populated areas as:

  • Koreatown (42,611/square mile)
  • Westlake (38,214/square mile)
  • East Hollywood (31,095/square mile)
  • Pico-Union (25,352/square mile)
  • Maywood (23,638/square mile)
  • Harvard Heights (23,473/square mile)
  • Hollywood (22,193/square mile)
  • Walnut Park (22,028/square mile)
  • Palms (21,870/square mile)
  • Adams-Normandie (21,848/square mile)

Los Angeles Demographics

Los Angeles is an incredibly diverse city, home to people from over 140 countries who speak 224 languages that have been identified. Ethnic communities like Koreatown, Chinatown, Thai Town, Little Ethiopia and Little Tokyo show what a multilingual and cultural city Los Angeles is today.

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of the city was:

  • White: 49.8% (28.7% non-Hispanic)
  • African American: 9.6%
  • Native American: 0.7%
  • Asian: 11.3%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other: 23.8%
  • Two or more races: 4.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 48.5%

Mexicans comprise the largest ethnic group of Latinos in Los Angeles with 31.9% of the population, followed by Salvadorans (6%) and Guatemalans (3.6%). While the Latino population is spread throughout the city and its metropolitan area, it's most heavily concentrated in East Los Angeles, which has a very long established Central American and Mexican American community.

The largest Asian ethnic groups include Filipinos (3.2%) and Koreans (2.9%), which are mostly concentrated in Koreatown and Historic Filipinotown, respectively. Chinese people, who account for 1.8% of the city's population, live primarily outside of the city limits, although they have a large presence in Chinatown. Both Thaitown and Chinatown are home to many Thais and Cambodians in Los Angeles, while Japanese people make up 0.9% of the city's population and live primarily in Little Toyko in downtown Los Angeles and the Sawtelle area of West Los Angeles.

Los Angeles and its greater area is also home to a fairly substantial Middle Eastern population, most notably Iranians and Armenians, who live mostly in Tehrangeles and Little Armenia, respectively.

The African American population of Los Angeles is most dense in South Los Angeles, particularly the Watts and Crenshaw neighborhoods. Given the substantial immigration from Central America and Mexico, Latinos and Hispanics have now outnumbered black people in the city, although the black population in L.A. was higher than the Hispanic population in 1970. In fact, many neighborhoods that were once predominantly African American, such as Compton, are now becoming Hispanic communities.

Hispanic Growth

The United States as a whole has seen a great deal of Hispanic population growth over the last thirty years. The Hispanic population of the U.S. has grown from 14.6 million in 1980 to 52 million in 2011, and Hispanics remain concentrated most heavily in Florida and the Southwest. Today, 9% of all Hispanics in the country live in Los Angeles County, and it's here that the population has grown the most since 1980.

Los Angeles Population Growth

California's population as a whole is expected to grow more slowly in the coming decades, which means it will benefit from a slower but healthy growth rate of about 1% each year. The decline in the state's growth rate is attributed to a sharp decline in immigration to the area. This is a much more natural growth rate than the area has seen for much of the last century.

From 2010 to 2015, Los Angeles grew by 4.7%, slightly ahead of the United States' 4.1% growth in the same period.

The last census counts in the state were 2% lower than previous projections, and most of the difference was attributed to Los Angeles County. Today, the Inland Empire of California is seeing the most explosive growth, not Los Angeles.

It's projected that the population of Los Angeles County will increase 3.5 million by 2050, and it will remain the largest county and city in the state. By 2060, the county will have a population of 11.5 million.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20173,999,75918,6430.47%
20163,981,11627,6570.70%
20153,953,45930,7910.78%
20143,922,66830,8850.79%
20133,891,78332,5160.84%
20123,859,26734,6750.91%
20113,824,59228,5320.75%
20103,796,060101,2400.27%
20003,694,820209,4220.59%
19903,485,398516,8191.62%
19802,968,579156,7780.54%
19702,811,801332,7861.27%
19602,479,015508,6572.32%
19501,970,358466,0812.74%
19401,504,277266,2291.97%
19301,238,048661,3757.94%
1920576,673257,4756.09%
1910319,198216,71912.03%
1900102,47952,0847.36%
189050,39539,21216.25%
188011,1835,4556.92%
18705,7281,3432.71%
18604,3852,77510.54%
18501,6100.00%

Los Angeles Population in 2018Source: Photograph by D Ramey Logan [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White2,055,223
Some Other Race884,822
Asian452,853
Black or African American353,023
Two or More Races139,575
American Indian and Alaska Native26,660
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6,716

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Los Angeles Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Los Angeles Median Age

35


Total

34.2


Male

35.9


Female

Los Angeles Adults

There are 3,072,396 adults, (450,670 of which are seniors) in Los Angeles.

Los Angeles Age Dependency

49.4

Age Dependency Ratio

17.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Los Angeles Sex Ratio

Female

1,980,143

50.53%

Male

1,938,729

49.47%

Los Angeles Households and Families

Los Angeles Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Los Angeles Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married52.9%47.1%
All36.6%63.4%
Male29.5%70.5%
Female28.6%71.4%
Non Family25.3%74.7%

36.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Los Angeles Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,356,3112.8336.6
Non Family542,4631.425.3
Married517,5033.7452.9
Female204,4203.8328.6
Male91,9253.9129.5

3.62

Average Family Size

2.83

Average Household Size

7.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Los Angeles Households

Los Angeles Education

Los Angeles Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade382,25914.45%
9th to 12th Grade253,9459.60%
High School Graduate518,07719.59%
Some College473,51217.90%
Associates Degree158,2295.98%
Bachelors Degree566,47421.42%
Graduate Degree292,31911.05%

Los Angeles Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic1,119,392595,953121,048
White879,892836,655472,685
Other Race516,351256,80943,037
Asian343,570308,480180,938
Black248,753217,00559,413
Multiple Races73,38163,67329,510
Native American17,39010,5852,432
Islander4,5323,814951

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.09%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 53.72%.

Los Angeles Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,336$33,105$29,066
Less Than High School$17,902$20,386$15,014
High School Grad$24,704$26,898$21,585
Some College$32,167$36,158$29,949
Bachelors Degree$50,290$55,016$44,098
Graduate Degree$69,351$80,414$60,926

$31,336

Average Earnings

$33,105

Average Male

$29,066

Average Female

Los Angeles Language

Los Angeles Language by Age

Los Angeles Language

40.19% of Los Angeles residents speak only English, while 59.81% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 42.72% of the population.

Los Angeles Poverty

Los Angeles Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic1,884,072522,23227.72%
Other876,791267,70830.53%
White1,093,535128,27611.73%
Black344,14797,89828.45%
Asian439,75067,82315.42%
Multiple135,93922,45916.52%
Native26,3046,87426.13%
Islander6,5401,20218.38%

21.53%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.93%

Male Poverty Rate

23.09%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Los Angeles

The race most likely to be in poverty in Los Angeles is Other, with 30.53% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Los Angeles is White, with 11.73% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.56%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.21%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.32%.

Los Angeles Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.28%
High School20.19%
Some College14.41%
Bachelors or Greater7.77%

Los Angeles Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed39.58%
Male Unemployed33.52%
Female Employed11.09%
Male Employed10.31%

Los Angeles Income

Los Angeles Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,538$82,042
Families$57,055$92,169
Married Families$74,731$114,487
Non Families$40,233$62,775

Los Angeles Marital Status

Los Angeles Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.9%

Male Marriage Rate

37.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Los Angeles Married by Age and Sex

Los Angeles Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Los Angeles Marital Status by Race

Los Angeles Veterans

Los Angeles Veterans by War

93,188

Number of Veterans

86,567

Male Veterans

6,621

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam29,922
Second Gulf War13,338
First Gulf War11,959
Korea11,276
World War II8,432

Los Angeles Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+28,273
65 to 7421,612
35 to 5418,001
55 to 6415,571
18 to 349,731

Los Angeles Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White59,5143.62%
Black18,3556.40%
Hispanic16,7951.24%
Asian6,5981.68%
Other4,6410.74%
2 or More3,0763.39%
Indian6243.09%
Hawaiian3807.13%

Los Angeles Veterans by Education

11.42%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.90%

Veteran Disability Rate

Los Angeles Employment Status

Los Angeles Employment by Age

66.2%

Labor Force Participation

60.1%

Employment Rate

9.2%

Unemployment Rate

Los Angeles Employment by Race

Los Angeles Employment by Education

Los Angeles Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

45.63%

Born in California

62.15%

Native Born

37.85%

Foreign Born

20.82%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

62.15% of Los Angeles residents were born in the United States, with 45.63% having been born in California. 20.82% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.