Louisville Population 2017

Louisville has an estimated population of 755,000, or 626,000 in the city proper excluding the consolidated population. The city has a population density of 1836 people per square mile. The larger metropolitan area has a population estimated at 1.34 million, which is the 42nd largest metro area in the United States.

Louisville Demographics

The racial and ethnic breakdown of Louisville's population is:

  • White: 74.8% (non-Hispanic: 71.7%)
  • Black: 22.2%
  • American Indian: 0.6%
  • Asian: 2.0%
  • Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other race: 1.4%
  • Two or more races: 1.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 2.9%

The pre-merger area population of Louisville is 60.1% white, 35.2% black, 1.9% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.0% other race and 2.4% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are around 136,000 Roman Catholics in the city, most of whom are of German descent from large-scale immigration in the 19th century. 30% of Louisvillians are Southern Baptist, many of whom are descendants of people who moved to the city from Tennessee and rural Kentucky to work in the factories. German immigrants also brought Evangelical and Lutheran faiths to the city, which are still present today.

There are about 8,500 Jewish people in Louisville, as many Jewish families moved to the area from Eastern Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as 4,000 to 10,000 practicing Muslims.

In 2005, Louisville was ranked as the 7th safest large city in the country.

Louisville History

The Louisville area was chosen as a settlement because it is located at the Falls of the Ohio, which created a barrier to river travel. The first European settlement was Corn Island in 1779. Two years later, the town charter for Louisville was approved and the city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were then helping Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents eventually moved out by the 1780s due to Indian raids.

The city's growth in the 1800's was greatly influenced by the fact that river boats had to unload and move downriver before reaching the falls. By 1828, the population reached 7,000 and the city was incorporated. It became a shipping port and it was known as a point of escape for slaves moving north. It was also a stronghold for Union troops during the Civil War.

During World War II, Louisville became a center for factory war production, which later transitioned into manufacturing tractors and agricultural equipment. Like many other older cities in the country, the population began to shift in the 1960s as more people fled to the suburbs.

Louisville Population Growth

About 30% of the population growth in all of Kentucky is in Louisville's CSA counties. The consolidation of Louisville and Jefferson County also caused Louisville to grow 189% from 2000 to 2010. The region has been growing slowly thanks to steady job growth, a low cost of living and affordable home prices. Louisville's growth can also be attributed to Kentucky residents moving from rural areas to the city, as the state as a whole grew just 6% from 2000 to 2010.

Year Population Change
2015 615,366 3.00%
2010 597,337 133.10%
2000 256,231 -4.80%
1990 269,063 -9.90%
1980 298,694 -17.40%
1970 361,706 -7.40%
1960 390,639 5.80%
1950 369,129 15.70%
1940 319,077 3.70%
1930 307,745 31.00%
1920 234,891 4.90%
1910 223,928 9.40%
1900 204,731 27.10%
1890 161,129 30.20%
1880 123,758 22.80%
1870 100,753 48.10%
1860 68,033 57.50%
1850 43,194 103.60%
1840 21,210 105.10%
1830 10,341 157.80%
1820 4,012 186.60%
1810 1,400 250.00%
1800 400 100.00%
1790 200 0.00%

Louisville Population in 2017 Source: Louisville Panorama banner.jpg: Quadell

  • derivative work: Stevietheman

  • Louisville Race Data

    Race Population Percentage
    White 431,701 71.27%
    Black or African American 137,071 22.63%
    American Indian and Alaska Native 799 0.13%
    Asian 13,588 2.24%
    Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 278 0.05%
    Some Other Race 4,134 0.68%
    Two or More Races 18,191 3.00%

    Population Pyramid

    Louisville Housing Indicators

    Indicator Value
    Total Housing Units 274,259
    Owner-Occupied Units 148,051
    Renter-Occupied Units 96,966
    Median Home Value $140,700
    Median Rent $727
    Vacancy Rate 10.7%
    Houses With Mortgage 99,650
    Houses Without Mortgage 48,401
    Median Number of Rooms (per House) 5.3

    This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Louisville for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6% and the labor force participation rate is 65.1%.

    Louisville Family/Household Indicators

    Indicator Value
    Average Household Size 2.43
    Average Family Size 3.12
    Married Couple Families 95,710
    Male Householder (no wife) Families 12,726
    Female Householder (no husband) Families 39,029
    Non Family Households
    Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex) 5.9%
    Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex) 0.6%