Louisville, Kentucky Population 2018

Lousiville's estimated 2016 population is around 620,000. The most recent census estimates released put the population at 615,366 in 2015, up from 596,823 in 2010. Louisville is the largest city in Kentucky and the 27th most populous city in the United States. Since 2003, the borders of Louisville are the same as Jefferson County, making Louisville a consolidated city-county.

Louisville has an estimated population of 755,000, or 626,000 in the city proper excluding the consolidated population. The city has a population density of 1836 people per square mile. The larger metropolitan area has a population estimated at 1.34 million, which is the 42nd largest metro area in the United States.

Louisville Demographics

The racial and ethnic breakdown of Louisville's population is:

  • White: 74.8% (non-Hispanic: 71.7%)
  • Black: 22.2%
  • American Indian: 0.6%
  • Asian: 2.0%
  • Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other race: 1.4%
  • Two or more races: 1.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 2.9%

The pre-merger area population of Louisville is 60.1% white, 35.2% black, 1.9% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.0% other race and 2.4% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are around 136,000 Roman Catholics in the city, most of whom are of German descent from large-scale immigration in the 19th century. 30% of Louisvillians are Southern Baptist, many of whom are descendants of people who moved to the city from Tennessee and rural Kentucky to work in the factories. German immigrants also brought Evangelical and Lutheran faiths to the city, which are still present today.

There are about 8,500 Jewish people in Louisville, as many Jewish families moved to the area from Eastern Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as 4,000 to 10,000 practicing Muslims.

In 2005, Louisville was ranked as the 7th safest large city in the country.

Louisville History

The Louisville area was chosen as a settlement because it is located at the Falls of the Ohio, which created a barrier to river travel. The first European settlement was Corn Island in 1779. Two years later, the town charter for Louisville was approved and the city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were then helping Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents eventually moved out by the 1780s due to Indian raids.

The city's growth in the 1800's was greatly influenced by the fact that river boats had to unload and move downriver before reaching the falls. By 1828, the population reached 7,000 and the city was incorporated. It became a shipping port and it was known as a point of escape for slaves moving north. It was also a stronghold for Union troops during the Civil War.

During World War II, Louisville became a center for factory war production, which later transitioned into manufacturing tractors and agricultural equipment. Like many other older cities in the country, the population began to shift in the 1960s as more people fled to the suburbs.

Louisville Population Growth

About 30% of the population growth in all of Kentucky is in Louisville's CSA counties. The consolidation of Louisville and Jefferson County also caused Louisville to grow 189% from 2000 to 2010. The region has been growing slowly thanks to steady job growth, a low cost of living and affordable home prices. Louisville's growth can also be attributed to Kentucky residents moving from rural areas to the city, as the state as a whole grew just 6% from 2000 to 2010.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017621,3493,3190.54%
2016618,0302,5950.42%
2015615,4352,7560.45%
2014612,6792,6480.43%
2013610,0315,4430.90%
2012604,5884,1440.69%
2011600,4443,4540.58%
2010596,990340,7598.83%
2000256,231-12,832-0.49%
1990269,063-29,631-1.04%
1980298,694-63,012-1.90%
1970361,706-28,933-0.77%
1960390,63921,5100.57%
1950369,12950,0521.47%
1940319,07711,3320.36%
1930307,74572,8542.74%
1920234,89110,9630.48%
1910223,92819,1970.90%
1900204,73143,6022.42%
1890161,12937,3712.67%
1880123,75823,0052.08%
1870100,75332,7204.00%
186068,03324,8394.65%
185043,19421,9847.37%
184021,21010,8697.45%
183010,3416,3299.93%
18204,0122,61211.10%
18101,4001,00013.35%
18004002007.18%
17902000.00%

Louisville Population in 2018Source: By Anindya Chakraborty [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White433,473
Black or African American139,933
Two or More Races18,685
Asian14,836
Some Other Race3,567
American Indian and Alaska Native729
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander350

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Louisville Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Louisville Median Age

37.3


Total

35.9


Male

38.7


Female

Louisville Adults

There are 471,523 adults, (84,397 of which are seniors) in Louisville.

Louisville Age Dependency

57.9

Age Dependency Ratio

21.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Louisville Sex Ratio

Female

316,121

51.69%

Male

295,452

48.31%

Louisville Households and Families

Louisville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Louisville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.7%18.3%
All59.6%40.4%
Male54%46%
Non Family46%54%
Female41.5%58.5%

59.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Louisville Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All247,1642.4259.6
Non Family99,6131.2546
Married96,2143.1681.7
Female38,3943.3141.5
Male12,9433.2654

3.11

Average Family Size

2.42

Average Household Size

6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Louisville Households

Louisville Education

Louisville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade15,6933.79%
9th to 12th Grade33,7978.16%
High School Graduate120,06929.01%
Some College94,84222.91%
Associates Degree32,5817.87%
Bachelors Degree68,84116.63%
Graduate Degree48,10611.62%

Louisville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White297,468266,52892,936
Black85,47572,99313,563
Hispanic15,88211,9984,000
Asian9,0987,4904,829
Multiple Races6,3705,7681,853
Other Race2,1981,676595
Native American577517116
Islander19413532

The highest rate of high school graduation is among multiple races people with a rate of 90.55%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among multiple races people with a rate of 53.08%.

Louisville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,368$39,763$30,450
Less Than High School$20,005$22,446$16,122
High School Grad$26,396$30,236$22,439
Some College$32,208$37,790$28,552
Bachelors Degree$45,653$53,760$40,169
Graduate Degree$58,517$70,332$51,751

$34,368

Average Earnings

$39,763

Average Male

$30,450

Average Female

Louisville Language

Louisville Language by Age

Louisville Language

91.26% of Louisville residents speak only English, while 8.74% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.91% of the population.

Louisville Poverty

Louisville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White401,02948,70412.14%
Black136,83842,53631.08%
Hispanic29,3368,18927.91%
Multiple18,1554,72226.01%
Asian14,6912,55317.38%
Other3,50359116.87%
Native70617725.07%

17.72%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.26%

Male Poverty Rate

19.09%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Louisville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Louisville is Black, with 31.08% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Louisville is White, with 12.14% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.22%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.00%.

Louisville Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.88%
High School16.35%
Some College12.95%
Bachelors or Greater4.97%

Louisville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed47.06%
Male Unemployed37.47%
Female Employed9.98%
Male Employed6.90%

Louisville Income

Louisville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,881$66,419
Families$60,865$81,649
Married Families$80,883$100,793
Non Families$29,619$41,410

Louisville Marital Status

Louisville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.9%

Male Marriage Rate

39.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Louisville Married by Age and Sex

Louisville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Louisville Marital Status by Race

Louisville Veterans

Louisville Veterans by War

40,481

Number of Veterans

37,430

Male Veterans

3,051

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam13,849
First Gulf War7,420
Second Gulf War5,905
Korea3,804
World War II2,289

Louisville Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5410,832
75+8,830
65 to 748,749
55 to 648,519
18 to 343,551

Louisville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White30,2068.68%
Black9,1709.16%
Hispanic1,0435.46%
2 or More7709.07%
Asian1131.03%
Other1043.97%
Indian10317.02%
Hawaiian155.91%

Louisville Veterans by Education

10.02%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.53%

Veteran Disability Rate

Louisville Employment Status

Louisville Employment by Age

65.3%

Labor Force Participation

60%

Employment Rate

7.9%

Unemployment Rate

Louisville Employment by Race

Louisville Employment by Education

Louisville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

70.00%

Born in Kentucky

93.07%

Native Born

6.93%

Foreign Born

4.13%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.07% of Louisville residents were born in the United States, with 70.00% having been born in Kentucky. 4.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.