Louisville, Kentucky Population 2018

Lousiville's estimated 2016 population is around 620,000. The most recent census estimates released put the population at 615,366 in 2015, up from 596,823 in 2010. Louisville is the largest city in Kentucky and the 27th most populous city in the United States. Since 2003, the borders of Louisville are the same as Jefferson County, making Louisville a consolidated city-county.

Louisville has an estimated population of 755,000, or 626,000 in the city proper excluding the consolidated population. The city has a population density of 1836 people per square mile. The larger metropolitan area has a population estimated at 1.34 million, which is the 42nd largest metro area in the United States.

Louisville Demographics

The racial and ethnic breakdown of Louisville's population is:

  • White: 74.8% (non-Hispanic: 71.7%)
  • Black: 22.2%
  • American Indian: 0.6%
  • Asian: 2.0%
  • Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other race: 1.4%
  • Two or more races: 1.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 2.9%

The pre-merger area population of Louisville is 60.1% white, 35.2% black, 1.9% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.0% other race and 2.4% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are around 136,000 Roman Catholics in the city, most of whom are of German descent from large-scale immigration in the 19th century. 30% of Louisvillians are Southern Baptist, many of whom are descendants of people who moved to the city from Tennessee and rural Kentucky to work in the factories. German immigrants also brought Evangelical and Lutheran faiths to the city, which are still present today.

There are about 8,500 Jewish people in Louisville, as many Jewish families moved to the area from Eastern Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as 4,000 to 10,000 practicing Muslims.

In 2005, Louisville was ranked as the 7th safest large city in the country.

Louisville History

The Louisville area was chosen as a settlement because it is located at the Falls of the Ohio, which created a barrier to river travel. The first European settlement was Corn Island in 1779. Two years later, the town charter for Louisville was approved and the city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were then helping Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents eventually moved out by the 1780s due to Indian raids.

The city's growth in the 1800's was greatly influenced by the fact that river boats had to unload and move downriver before reaching the falls. By 1828, the population reached 7,000 and the city was incorporated. It became a shipping port and it was known as a point of escape for slaves moving north. It was also a stronghold for Union troops during the Civil War.

During World War II, Louisville became a center for factory war production, which later transitioned into manufacturing tractors and agricultural equipment. Like many other older cities in the country, the population began to shift in the 1960s as more people fled to the suburbs.

Louisville Population Growth

About 30% of the population growth in all of Kentucky is in Louisville's CSA counties. The consolidation of Louisville and Jefferson County also caused Louisville to grow 189% from 2000 to 2010. The region has been growing slowly thanks to steady job growth, a low cost of living and affordable home prices. Louisville's growth can also be attributed to Kentucky residents moving from rural areas to the city, as the state as a whole grew just 6% from 2000 to 2010.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017621,3493,3190.54%
2016618,0302,5950.42%
2015615,4352,7560.45%
2014612,6792,6480.43%
2013610,0315,4430.90%
2012604,5884,1440.69%
2011600,4443,4540.58%
2010596,990340,759132.99%
2000256,231-12,832-4.77%
1990269,063-29,631-9.92%
1980298,694-63,012-17.42%
1970361,706-28,933-7.41%
1960390,63921,5105.83%
1950369,12950,05215.69%
1940319,07711,3323.68%
1930307,74572,85431.02%
1920234,89110,9634.90%
1910223,92819,1979.38%
1900204,73143,60227.06%
1890161,12937,37130.20%
1880123,75823,00522.83%
1870100,75332,72048.09%
186068,03324,83957.51%
185043,19421,984103.65%
184021,21010,869105.11%
183010,3416,329157.75%
18204,0122,612186.57%
18101,4001,000250.00%
1800400200100.00%
17902000.00%

Louisville Population in 2018Source: By Anindya Chakraborty [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White433,473
Black or African American139,933
Two or More Races18,685
Asian14,836
Some Other Race3,567
American Indian and Alaska Native729
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander350

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Louisville Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Louisville Median Age

37.3


Total

35.9


Male

38.7


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 479,060 adults in Louisville.

Louisville Age Dependency

57.9

Age Dependency Ratio

21.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Louisville Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.3
Houses Without Mortgage
48,808
Houses With Mortgage
98,542
Vacancy Rate
9.9
Median Rent
748
Median Home Value
143,100
Renter-Occupied Units
99,814
Owner-Occupied Units
147,350
Total Housing Units
274,374

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Louisville for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.1% and the labor force participation rate is 65.3%.

Louisville Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.42
Average Family Size
3.11
Total Households
247164
Married Couple Households
96214
Male Householder (no wife) Families
12943
Female Householder (no husband) Families
38394
Non Family Households
99613
Total Families
147551
Households With Own Children
63297
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.6

Louisville Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
22,213
$10,000 to $14,999
14,922
$15,000 to $24,999
29,580
$25,000 to $34,999
27,004
$35,000 to $49,999
36,290
$50,000 to $74,999
44,549
$75,000 to $99,999
27,636
$100,000 to $149,999
26,504
$150,000 to $199,999
9,099
Over $200,000
9,367

Louisville Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Louisville

Kentucky

$46,881

$44,811

$66,419

$61,757

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Louisville Education Data

Louisville Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
15,6933.79%
9th to 12th Grade
33,7978.16%
High School Graduate
120,06929.01%
Some College
94,84222.91%
Associates Degree
32,5817.87%
Bachelors Degree
68,84116.63%
Graduate Degree
48,10611.62%