Madison, Wisconsin Population 2018

Madison is the capital of Wisconsin and the county seat of Dane County in the southern part of the state, about 122 miles northwest of Chicago, Illinois and 77 miles west of Milwaukee. Madison is the second-largest city in Wisconsin and the 83rd largest in the United States.

Madison has an estimated population of 247,000, making it the second-largest city in the state behind Milwaukee. The Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area, including Dane, Iowa and Columbia counties, has a population estimated at 578,000, the 86th largest metro area in the United States. Madison has a population density of 3,037 people per square mile, or 1,173 per square kilometer.

Madison Demographics

At the 2010 census, the racial composition of Madison was:

  • White: 78.9%
  • African American: 7.3%
  • Asian: 7.4%
  • Native American: 0.4%
  • Other races: 2.9%
  • Two or more races: 3.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 6.8%

Madison is home to the third-largest congregation of Unitarian Universalists in the country, and the First Unitarian Society of Madison has its home in the Unitarian Meeting House, which was designed by world-famous architect and member, Frank Lloyd Wright. There are many Christian denominations present in the city, along with Buddhism, Hinduism and more. Long known as a center for non-theists, Madison is also home to the Freedom From Religion Foundation.

Madison Population Growth

Madison is the fastest-growing municipality in Wisconsin, with a population growth rate of almost 3% in 2011 and 2012. Madison has a high quality of life, which has helped its population grow nearly 11% from 2000 to 2008. By 2030, Madison is projected to have a population of 270,000. 
## Madison History Madison's history dates back to 1829, when former federal judge James Doty bought more than one thousand acres of forest and swamp land on the isthmus between Lakes Monona and Mendota. He intended to build a city. When the Wisconsin Territory was created seven years later, the legislature was tasked with choosing a permanent location for the capital. Doty lobbied for Madison as the new capital and offered buffalo robes to the cold legislators and promised the best lots in the city at a discount to undecided voters. The city -- which only existed on paper at this point -- was named the capital of the territory.

Madison was incorporated as a village in 1846 with a population of just over 600. When Wisconsin became a state two years later, Madison remained the capital and it then became the site of the University of Wisconsin. It was incorporated as a city in 1856 with a population of nearly 6,700.

Madison served as the center for the Union Army in Wisconsin during the Civil War, and it was a last stop for soldiers heading to fight the Confederates. Camp Randall in Madison was used as a prison camp, military hospital and training camp, and it was absorbed into the University of Wisconsin and Camp Randall Stadium in 1917.

Madison Facts

  • No buildings may be constructed in Madison that are taller than or overshadow the State Capital.
  • Madison is one of just 2 U.S. cities built on an isthmus.
  • Madison is named for James Madison, the fourth president of the United States who died the year of the city's founding. The streets of Madison were named for the other 39 signers of the Constitution.
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017255,2143,1071.23%
2016252,1073,8381.55%
2015248,2692,6851.09%
2014245,5842,5381.04%
2013243,0463,1421.31%
2012239,9043,0231.28%
2011236,8813,2441.39%
2010233,63725,5831.17%
2000208,05416,7920.85%
1990191,26220,6461.15%
1980170,616-1,193-0.07%
1970171,80945,1033.09%
1960126,70630,6502.81%
195096,05628,6093.60%
194067,4479,5481.54%
193057,89919,5214.20%
192038,37812,8474.16%
191025,5316,3672.91%
190019,1645,7383.62%
189013,4263,1022.66%
188010,3241,1481.19%
18709,1762,5653.33%
18606,611110.02%
18506,6005,10015.97%
18401,5000.00%

Madison Population in 2018Source: By Archbob (http://www.goodfreephotos.com) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White193,729
Asian21,058
Black or African American17,275
Two or More Races8,483
Some Other Race4,509
American Indian and Alaska Native930
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander50

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Madison Population Pyramid 2018

0%5%10%15% Male Population0%5%10%15% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Madison Median Age

30.8


Total

30.2


Male

31.4


Female

Madison Adults

There are 203,962 adults, (26,572 of which are seniors) in Madison.

Madison Age Dependency

38.7

Age Dependency Ratio

14.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

23.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Madison Sex Ratio

Female

124,629

50.66%

Male

121,405

49.34%

Madison Households and Families

Madison Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Madison Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78%22%
All47.6%52.4%
Male38%62%
Female34.8%65.2%
Non Family29.7%70.3%

47.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Madison Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All105,7892.2147.6
Non Family55,4401.5329.7
Married37,8062.9578
Female8,7682.9934.8
Male3,7753.0938

2.88

Average Family Size

2.21

Average Household Size

7.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Madison Households

Madison Education

Madison Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,4262.25%
9th to 12th Grade3,9252.58%
High School Graduate22,05214.51%
Some College24,38016.04%
Associates Degree12,5838.28%
Bachelors Degree48,32831.80%
Graduate Degree37,30424.54%

Madison Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White121,298118,33572,089
Asian10,8459,4627,331
Black9,1268,0672,064
Hispanic7,8886,0062,646
Multiple Races2,9682,8161,656
Other Race2,2751,619512
Native American640605112
Islander187

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.56%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 67.60%.

Madison Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,587$45,307$36,245
Less Than High School$18,876$22,477$15,832
High School Grad$26,971$28,280$25,231
Some College$32,055$34,592$30,601
Bachelors Degree$46,567$53,276$40,429
Graduate Degree$57,110$65,396$51,192

$40,587

Average Earnings

$45,307

Average Male

$36,245

Average Female

Madison Language

Madison Language by Age

Madison Language

84.43% of Madison residents speak only English, while 15.57% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 6.29% of the population.

Madison Poverty

Madison Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White175,61226,27214.96%
Asian19,9865,65828.31%
Black16,5785,39832.56%
Hispanic15,5634,53829.16%
Multiple7,8211,96325.10%
Other4,45993921.06%
Native87221124.20%

18.57%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.45%

Male Poverty Rate

19.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Madison

The race most likely to be in poverty in Madison is Black, with 32.56% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Madison is White, with 14.96% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.54%. Among those working part-time, it was 36.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.34%.

Madison Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.45%
High School14.84%
Some College11.37%
Bachelors or Greater4.83%

Madison Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed43.39%
Male Unemployed41.88%
Female Employed15.62%
Male Employed11.73%

Madison Income

Madison Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,464$75,870
Families$81,936$100,948
Married Families$97,119$118,333
Non Families$38,781$51,663

Madison Marital Status

Madison Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.8%

Male Marriage Rate

37.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Madison Married by Age and Sex

Madison Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Madison Marital Status by Race

Madison Veterans

Madison Veterans by War

9,736

Number of Veterans

8,911

Male Veterans

825

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,380
First Gulf War1,607
Second Gulf War1,555
World War II1,018
Korea988

Madison Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+2,524
65 to 742,281
35 to 542,050
55 to 641,854
18 to 341,027

Madison Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,8025.28%
Black6325.37%
Hispanic2912.70%
Asian1070.65%
2 or More861.75%
Indian618.18%
Other481.54%

Madison Veterans by Education

7.35%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Madison Employment Status

Madison Employment by Age

72.4%

Labor Force Participation

68.9%

Employment Rate

4.8%

Unemployment Rate

Madison Employment by Race

Madison Employment by Education

Madison Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

54.29%

Born in Wisconsin

88.96%

Native Born

11.04%

Foreign Born

7.00%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.96% of Madison residents were born in the United States, with 54.29% having been born in Wisconsin. 7.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.