Madison, Wisconsin Population 2019

Madison is the capital of the state of Wisconsin and the county seat of Dane County in the southern part of the state, about 122 miles northwest of Chicago, Illinois and 77 miles west of Milwaukee. Madison is the second-largest city in Wisconsin and the 83rd largest in the United States.

Madison has an estimated population of 247,000, making it the second-largest city in the state behind Milwaukee. The Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area, including Dane, Iowa, and Columbia counties, has a population estimated at 578,000, the 86th largest metro area in the United States. Madison has a population density of 3,037 people per square mile or 1,173 per square kilometer.

Madison Religion

Madison is home to the third-largest congregation of Unitarian Universalists in the country, and the First Unitarian Society of Madison has its home in the Unitarian Meeting House, which was designed by world-famous architect and member, Frank Lloyd Wright. There are many Christian denominations present in the city, along with Buddhism, Hinduism and more. Long known as a center for non-theists, Madison is also home to the Freedom From Religion Foundation.

Madison Population Growth

Madison is the fastest-growing municipality in Wisconsin, with a population growth rate of almost 3% in 2011 and 2012. Madison has a high quality of life, which has helped its population grow nearly 11% from 2000 to 2008. By 2030, Madison is projected to have a population of 270,000.

Madison History

Madison's history dates back to 1829 when former federal judge James Doty bought more than one thousand acres of forest and swamp land on the isthmus between Lakes Monona and Mendota. He intended to build a city. When the Wisconsin Territory was created seven years later, the legislature was tasked with choosing a permanent location for the capital. Doty lobbied for Madison as the new capital and offered buffalo robes to the cold legislators and promised the best lots in the city at a discount to undecided voters. The city -- which only existed on paper at this point -- was named the capital of the territory.

Madison was incorporated as a village in 1846 with a population of just over 600. When Wisconsin became a state two years later, Madison remained the capital, and it then became the site of the University of Wisconsin. It was incorporated as a city in 1856 with a population of nearly 6,700.

Madison served as the center for the Union Army in Wisconsin during the Civil War, and it was the last stop for soldiers heading to fight the Confederates. Camp Randall in Madison was used as a prison camp, military hospital and training camp, and it was absorbed into the University of Wisconsin and Camp Randall Stadium in 1917.

Madison Facts

Madison Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Madison was:

  • White: 78.83%
  • Asian: 8.77%
  • Black or African American: 6.54%
  • Two or more races: 3.50%
  • Other race: 1.93%
  • Native American: 0.38%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%

Madison, Wisconsin's estimated population is 258,054 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Madison, Wisconsin is the 2nd largest city in Wisconsin based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 3350.62 people/mi² (1293.68 people/km²), with a household density of 564.89 people/km² (1463.07 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 31 years, 30.4 years for males, and 31.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.8 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 112,681 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%, with a median rent of $1008/month. The median house has 4.9 rooms, and has a value of $223,300.

The median income for households in Madison, Wisconsin is $59,387, while the mean household income is $79,063.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018258,0542,5811.01%
2017255,4732,9881.18%
2016252,4853,7711.52%
2015248,7142,8441.16%
2014245,8702,6241.08%
2013243,2463,3741.41%
2012239,8722,9951.26%
2011236,8773,1611.35%
2010233,71625,6621.17%
2000208,05416,7920.85%
1990191,26220,6461.15%
1980170,616-1,193-0.07%
1970171,80945,1033.09%
1960126,70630,6502.81%
195096,05628,6093.60%
194067,4479,5481.54%
193057,89919,5214.20%
192038,37812,8474.16%
191025,5316,3672.91%
190019,1645,7383.62%
189013,4263,1022.66%
188010,3241,1481.19%
18709,1762,5653.33%
18606,611110.02%
18506,6005,10015.97%
18401,5000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018660,4225,8450.89%
2017654,5776,6191.01%
2016647,9587,9301.22%
2015640,0286,6111.03%
2014633,4176,5641.04%
2013626,8537,1601.14%
2012619,6936,6151.07%
2011613,0786,4751.06%
2010606,6030.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White196,174
Asian21,836
Black or African American16,273
Two or More Races8,704
Some Other Race4,802
American Indian and Alaska Native947
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander120

Madison Population Pyramid 2019

Madison Median Age

31


Total

30.4


Male

31.5


Female

Madison Adults

There are 207,357 adults, (27,564 of whom are seniors) in Madison.

Madison Age Dependency

38.4

Age Dependency Ratio

15.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

23.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Madison Sex Ratio

Female

125,802

50.55%

Male

123,054

49.45%

Madison Households and Families

Madison Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Madison Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.7%22.3%
All47.6%52.4%
Female38.1%61.9%
Male37.9%62.1%
Non Family29.6%70.4%

47.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All107,8902.247.6
Non Family57,0841.5329.6
Married38,3402.9277.7
Female8,5922.9838.1
Male3,8743.0537.9

2.85

Average Family Size

2.2

Average Household Size

8.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Madison Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,1102.01%
9th to 12th Grade4,0592.63%
High School Graduate21,80614.12%
Some College24,34615.77%
Associates Degree12,9818.41%
Bachelors Degree49,67532.17%
Graduate Degree38,42024.88%

Madison Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White122,207119,32773,393
Asian11,53310,3467,909
Black8,8457,8792,120
Hispanic8,6396,5882,887
Multiple Races3,2503,1151,989
Other Race2,5721,840594
Native American589521108
Islander8272

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.64%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 68.58%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$42,002$47,172$37,584
Less Than High School$20,426$23,132$18,103
High School Grad$29,473$32,132$25,655
Some College$33,814$36,629$30,897
Bachelors Degree$48,510$55,478$41,679
Graduate Degree$59,423$67,040$53,519

$42,002

Average Earnings

$47,172

Average Male

$37,584

Average Female

Madison Language

Madison Language by Age

Madison Language

83.92% of Madison residents speak only English, while 16.08% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian, which is spoken by 6.13% of the population.

Madison Poverty

Madison Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White176,84826,65315.07%
Asian20,7175,31625.66%
Black15,6065,00432.06%
Hispanic16,9344,75428.07%
Multiple8,1802,00124.46%
Other4,65488018.91%
Native90322725.14%
Islander120119.17%

18.34%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.67%

Male Poverty Rate

19.00%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Madison

The race most likely to be in poverty in Madison is Black, with 32.06% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Madison is Islander, with 9.17% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.40%. Among those working part-time, it was 35.91%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.36%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.54%
High School14.70%
Some College11.27%
Bachelors or Greater5.30%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed41.92%
Female Unemployed39.23%
Female Employed15.43%
Male Employed11.60%

Madison Income

Madison Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$59,387$79,063
Families$85,045$104,915
Married Families$100,396$122,424
Non Families$40,992$54,034

Madison Marital Status

Madison Marital Status

Marriage Rates

37.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.4%

Male Marriage Rate

37.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Madison Married by Age and Sex

Madison Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Madison Marital Status by Race

Madison Veterans

9,440

Number of Veterans

8,620

Male Veterans

820

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,474
Second Gulf War1,647
First Gulf War1,637
Korea872
World War II759
Age Group Veterans
75+2,388
65 to 742,242
55 to 641,887
35 to 541,869
18 to 341,054

Madison Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,4885.01%
Black6365.57%
Hispanic2131.83%
Asian1230.71%
2 or More1072.15%
Other631.91%
Indian233.15%

Madison Veterans by Education

8.09%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.49%

Veteran Disability Rate

Madison Employment Status

72.1%

Labor Force Participation

69.1%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Madison Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

53.39%

Born in Wisconsin

88.33%

Native Born

11.67%

Foreign Born

7.37%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.33% of Madison residents were born in the United States, with 53.39% having been born in Wisconsin. 7.37% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.