McAllen, Texas Population 2019

143,433

McAllen is a city located in the state of Texas. More specifically, it is located in Hidalgo County. McAllen is within 80 miles of the Gulf of Mexico, and the city limits reach to the Rio Grande at the city of Reynosa, Mexico. The city’s population makes it the 22nd most populous in Texas. The last census of 2010 showed a population count of 129,877. This number has jumped quite considerably to 143,433, per recent estimates.

City Size and Population Density in McAllen

The city is over 48 square miles, and the population density is 2,942 people per square mile. McAllen is part of the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission metro area, which has a population of over 750,000 people.

McAllen Population Statistics

Residents under the age of 18 make up the city’s largest age group, accounting for 30.1% of the total population. More than 9% of people are between 18 and 24, over 28% are 25 to 44, over 21% are 45 to 64, and just under 11% are at least 65 years old.

More females than males reside in McAllen, with 91.5 men for every 100 women.

Unemployment and Poverty in McAllen

More than one-quarter of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The city has struggled with high unemployment rates in recent years, but that number continues to drop. However, McAllen is still considered one of the poorest cities in the United States, and because of this, the cost of living is over 16% less than the national average.

Population Growth in McAllen, TX

Despite these struggles, however, the city’s population only continues to grow. A population of 150 in 1910 exploded to over 5,000 in 1920. By 1940, this figure had more than doubled. In 2000, the city’s population surpassed 100,000 and has only continued to grow larger. Recent estimates show that the population is up 9.5% since the last census in 2010, indicating that this city is continuing to experience rapid growth that is showing no signs of slowing down.

McAllen, Texas's estimated population is 143,433 according to the most recent United States census estimates. McAllen, Texas is the 21st largest city in Texas based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 2457.88 people/mi² (948.99 people/km²).

The overall median age is 32.9 years, 31 years for males, and 34.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 98.6 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 49,902 households in the city, with an average size of 3.15 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.9%, with a median rent of $758/month. The median house has 5.2 rooms, and has a value of $120,500.

The median income for households in McAllen, Texas is $45,057, while the mean household income is $66,023.

Mcallen Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mcallen was:

  • White: 80.08%
  • Other race: 14.71%
  • Asian: 2.58%
  • Two or more races: 1.15%
  • Black or African American: 1.03%
  • Native American: 0.35%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.10%

How Many People Live in McAllen, Texas?

143,433
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018143,4335920.41%
2017142,8414230.30%
2016142,4182,0951.49%
2015140,3231,2960.93%
2014139,0271,3781.00%
2013137,6491,2150.89%
2012136,4341,7171.27%
2011134,7172,5941.96%
2010132,12325,7092.19%
2000106,41422,3932.39%
199084,02117,7402.40%
198066,28128,6455.82%
197037,6364,9081.41%
196032,72812,6615.01%
195020,0678,1905.38%
194011,8772,8032.73%
19309,0743,7435.46%
19205,3310.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018865,9397,6160.88%
2017858,3237,5250.88%
2016850,7989,7371.14%
2015841,06110,2371.22%
2014830,82411,4501.38%
2013819,37410,5391.29%
2012808,83513,0941.62%
2011795,74116,5282.08%
2010779,2130.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White111,98280.08%
Some Other Race20,56614.71%
Asian3,6042.58%
Two or More Races1,6151.15%
Black or African American1,4471.03%
American Indian and Alaska Native4860.35%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1380.10%

Mcallen Population Pyramid 2019

Mcallen Median Age

32.9


Total

31


Male

34.8


Female

Mcallen Adults

There are 99,450 adults, (17,312 of whom are seniors) in Mcallen.

Mcallen Age Dependency

70.2

Age Dependency Ratio

21.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

49.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Mcallen Sex Ratio

Female

70,413

50.35%

Male

69,425

49.65%

Mcallen Households and Families

Mcallen Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Mcallen Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.9%29.1%
All59.6%40.4%
Female52.4%47.6%
Male45%55%
Non Family43.6%56.4%

59.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All43,9873.1559.6
Married23,0553.7770.9
Non Family10,4591.2743.6
Female7,9883.7252.4
Male2,4853.4845

3.69

Average Family Size

3.15

Average Household Size

2.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Mcallen Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,65315.96%
9th to 12th Grade8,65710.12%
High School Graduate16,53919.33%
Some College16,42319.20%
Associates Degree5,1836.06%
Bachelors Degree17,71420.71%
Graduate Degree7,3728.62%

Mcallen Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic70,86049,39417,821
Other Race12,2467,3132,575
White11,50210,8785,645
Asian2,3642,2031,397
Black680587117
Multiple Races621517209
Native American36222442
Islander827959

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 96.34%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 71.95%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,364$35,476$24,237
Less Than High School$15,038$18,563$11,923
High School Grad$22,782$26,447$19,719
Some College$30,618$35,153$24,178
Bachelors Degree$45,090$50,880$41,449
Graduate Degree$61,322$70,466$53,807

$30,364

Average Earnings

$35,476

Average Male

$24,237

Average Female

Mcallen Language

Mcallen Language by Age

Mcallen Language

22.60% of Mcallen residents speak only English, while 77.40% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 74.91% of the population.

Mcallen Poverty

Mcallen Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic117,86633,20328.17%
Other20,2327,46436.89%
White15,1491,0887.18%
Asian3,60437410.38%
Multiple1,61537223.03%
Black1,44232322.40%
Native4866312.96%
Islander1381712.32%

25.24%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.29%

Male Poverty Rate

27.17%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mcallen

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mcallen is Other, with 36.89% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mcallen is White, with 7.18% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.62%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.27%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.54%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.66%
High School19.14%
Some College17.45%
Bachelors or Greater7.36%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.25%
Male Unemployed24.48%
Female Employed13.47%
Male Employed13.36%

Mcallen Income

Mcallen Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$45,057$66,023
Families$50,982$72,186
Married Families$63,013$85,915
Non Families$29,435$44,174

Mcallen Marital Status

Mcallen Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

54.1%

Male Marriage Rate

47.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Mcallen Married by Age and Sex

Mcallen Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Mcallen Marital Status by Race

Mcallen Veterans

4,310

Number of Veterans

4,076

Male Veterans

234

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,451
First Gulf War930
Second Gulf War744
Korea443
World War II168

Mcallen Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,0615.09%
Hispanic2,5063.01%
Other930.64%
2 or More617.74%
Black465.59%
Asian331.15%
Indian164.20%

Mcallen Veterans by Education

6.71%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.60%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mcallen Employment Status

60.8%

Labor Force Participation

56.1%

Employment Rate

7.6%

Unemployment Rate

Mcallen Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

60.37%

Born in Texas

72.58%

Native Born

27.42%

Foreign Born

17.18%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

72.58% of Mcallen residents were born in the United States, with 60.37% having been born in Texas. 17.18% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.