Mesa is a city in the state of Arizona. It is a suburb located outside of Phoenix and is in Maricopa County. The city’s population is 484,587, which makes it the third-largest city in the state and the 38th largest in the country. Mesa is best known for its educational institutions, including Arizona State University’s Polytechnic campus.
Mesa was first inhabited by the Hohokam people thousands of years ago. During its early history, the people built a canal system that was one of the most sophisticated of its time. By the year 1450, hundreds of miles of canals were built, and many of them are still used in modern times.
The US Army came to the area in the late 19th century. At that time, it was opened for settlement. Daniel Webster Jones came from Utah to Arizona to found a Mormon settlement and arrived along the north edge of the city. This settlement was known as Lehi in 1883. The First Mesa Company came to the area to develop canals, followed by the Second Mesa Company who settled west of the First Mesa Company. It was during 1878 that Mesa City was designated as a town. Shortly after that, the first school was built and in 1883, the city was incorporated.
During the 1800s, the Mesa Canal was widened to construct a power plant. The city later purchased the plant and used funds to pave roads and build new buildings, including a hospital and library. During the 1940s, the city saw an increase in tourism, which led to population growth. Until the 1960s, agriculture was a significant contributor to the economy, until the city became more industrialized.
Today, Mesa is known for its schools, including Arizona State University, A.T. Still University’s Osteopathic Medical School and the CAE Global Academy Phoenix.
Mesa Population and Economy Statistics
Mesa has a population of over 496,000 people. The last census that was taken in 2010 shows that the city had a population of 439,041 people. Mesa covers over 138 square miles and has a population density of over 3,514 people per square mile.
Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18. The largest group is those who are 25 to 44, making up 29.7% of the population. Over 13% are at least age 65. There are 98.2 males for every 100 females in Mesa. About 8.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.
Banner Health System is the largest employer in the city, providing almost 10,000 jobs. Other top employers include Mesa Public Schools, Boeing, City of Mesa and Walmart, which each provide thousands of jobs to Mesa residents.
Mesa Population Growth
Mesa has seen an increase in population in every census taken since the early 1900s. The most substantial increase was recorded between the poll taken in 1970 and 1980, reflecting a 141.7% increase. While recent numbers haven’t been quite that high, the city most recently has seen 10.4% growth since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this city still has more growth in its future.
Mesa, Arizona's estimated population is 508,958 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Mesa, Arizona is the 3rd largest city in Arizona based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.
The population density is 3688.08 people/mi² (1423.97 people/km²).
The overall median age is 35.9 years, 34.6 years for males, and 37.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.5 males.
Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 206,406 households in the city, with an average size of 2.72 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%, with a median rent of $943/month. The median house has 5 rooms, and has a value of $187,900.
The median income for households in Mesa, Arizona is $52,155, while the mean household income is $69,553.