Mesa, Arizona Population 2019

Mesa is a city in the state of Arizona. It is a suburb located outside of Phoenix and is in Maricopa County. The city’s population is 484,587, which makes it the third-largest city in the state and the 38th largest in the country. Mesa is best known for its educational institutions, including Arizona State University’s Polytechnic campus.

Mesa History

Mesa was first inhabited by the Hohokam people thousands of years ago. During its early history, the people built a canal system that was one of the most sophisticated of its time. By the year 1450, hundreds of miles of canals were built, and many of them are still used in modern times.

The US Army came to the area in the late 19th century. At that time, it was opened for settlement. Daniel Webster Jones came from Utah to Arizona to found a Mormon settlement and arrived along the north edge of the city. This settlement was known as Lehi in 1883. The First Mesa Company came to the area to develop canals, followed by the Second Mesa Company who settled west of the First Mesa Company. It was during 1878 that Mesa City was designated as a town. Shortly after that, the first school was built and in 1883, the city was incorporated.

During the 1800s, the Mesa Canal was widened to construct a power plant. The city later purchased the plant and used funds to pave roads and build new buildings, including a hospital and library. During the 1940s, the city saw an increase in tourism, which led to population growth. Until the 1960s, agriculture was a significant contributor to the economy, until the city became more industrialized.

Today, Mesa is known for its schools, including Arizona State University, A.T. Still University’s Osteopathic Medical School and the CAE Global Academy Phoenix.

Mesa Population and Economy Statistics

Mesa has a population of over 496,000 people. The last census that was taken in 2010 shows that the city had a population of 439,041 people. Mesa covers over 138 square miles and has a population density of over 3,514 people per square mile.

Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18. The largest group is those who are 25 to 44, making up 29.7% of the population. Over 13% are at least age 65. There are 98.2 males for every 100 females in Mesa. About 8.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Banner Health System is the largest employer in the city, providing almost 10,000 jobs. Other top employers include Mesa Public Schools, Boeing, City of Mesa and Walmart, which each provide thousands of jobs to Mesa residents.

Mesa Population Growth

Mesa has seen an increase in population in every census taken since the early 1900s. The most substantial increase was recorded between the poll taken in 1970 and 1980, reflecting a 141.7% increase. While recent numbers haven’t been quite that high, the city most recently has seen 10.4% growth since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this city still has more growth in its future.

Mesa Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mesa was:

  • White: 83.77%
  • Other race: 4.73%
  • Black or African American: 3.66%
  • Two or more races: 3.13%
  • Native American: 2.30%
  • Asian: 2.01%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.41%

Mesa, Arizona's estimated population is 508,958 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Mesa, Arizona is the 3rd largest city in Arizona based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 3688.08 people/mi² (1423.97 people/km²), with a household density of 577.49 people/km² (1495.69 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 35.9 years, 34.6 years for males, and 37.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.5 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 206,406 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%, with a median rent of $943/month. The median house has 5 rooms, and has a value of $187,900.

The median income for households in Mesa, Arizona is $52,155, while the mean household income is $69,553.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018508,9588,5631.71%
2017500,3959,3541.90%
2016491,0418,9331.85%
2015482,1088,7181.84%
2014473,3908,4101.81%
2013464,9807,9191.73%
2012457,0619,3802.10%
2011447,6816,6861.52%
2010440,99544,6201.07%
2000396,375108,2843.24%
1990288,091135,6876.57%
1980152,40489,3559.23%
197063,04929,2776.44%
196033,77216,9827.24%
195016,7909,5668.80%
19407,2243,5136.89%
19303,7116752.03%
19203,0362,83614.57%
19002000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White401,506
Some Other Race22,653
Black or African American17,550
Two or More Races14,979
American Indian and Alaska Native11,030
Asian9,611
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,988

Mesa Population Pyramid 2019

Mesa Median Age

35.9


Total

34.6


Male

37.5


Female

Mesa Adults

There are 361,704 adults, (75,903 of whom are seniors) in Mesa.

Mesa Age Dependency

67.7

Age Dependency Ratio

26.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Mesa Sex Ratio

Female

242,737

50.64%

Male

236,580

49.36%

Mesa Households and Families

Mesa Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Mesa Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.4%25.6%
All60.2%39.8%
Non Family49.6%50.4%
Male47.3%52.7%
Female40.2%59.8%

60.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All174,6682.7260.2
Married83,9053.3774.4
Non Family59,8411.3449.6
Female21,3773.6840.2
Male9,5453.647.3

3.33

Average Family Size

2.72

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Mesa Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade17,3285.48%
9th to 12th Grade21,4866.79%
High School Graduate81,04825.61%
Some College85,64327.06%
Associates Degree28,4278.98%
Bachelors Degree54,78217.31%
Graduate Degree27,7218.76%

Mesa Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White220,567208,12366,283
Hispanic68,25645,1577,917
Other Race12,6488,1691,249
Black10,5969,1912,481
Asian6,9306,0223,193
Native American5,9325,1171,210
Multiple Races5,7245,0631,576
Islander1,1521,098144

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 95.31%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 46.08%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,627$39,022$30,266
Less Than High School$21,746$24,251$17,174
High School Grad$28,192$31,720$22,905
Some College$34,983$40,594$30,291
Bachelors Degree$45,898$55,478$39,622
Graduate Degree$55,597$69,985$48,811

$34,627

Average Earnings

$39,022

Average Male

$30,266

Average Female

Mesa Language

Mesa Language by Age

Mesa Language

78.69% of Mesa residents speak only English, while 21.31% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 17.62% of the population.

Mesa Poverty

Mesa Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic130,43935,14226.94%
White298,07830,66810.29%
Other22,4696,57029.24%
Black17,3204,14623.94%
Multiple14,8373,17221.38%
Native10,9112,72324.96%
Asian9,50799710.49%
Islander1,96139320.04%

15.84%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.24%

Male Poverty Rate

16.42%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mesa

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mesa is Other, with 29.24% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mesa is White, with 10.29% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.54%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.26%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.69%
High School14.84%
Some College10.28%
Bachelors or Greater5.83%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed37.58%
Male Unemployed35.93%
Male Employed8.40%
Female Employed8.21%

Mesa Income

Mesa Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,155$69,553
Families$62,956$80,183
Married Families$74,349$91,072
Non Families$33,685$45,178

Mesa Marital Status

Mesa Marital Status

Marriage Rates

47.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.2%

Male Marriage Rate

46.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Mesa Married by Age and Sex

Mesa Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Mesa Marital Status by Race

Mesa Veterans

31,907

Number of Veterans

29,286

Male Veterans

2,621

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam11,146
First Gulf War5,317
Second Gulf War4,174
Korea3,843
World War II1,891
Age Group Veterans
75+8,799
65 to 748,018
35 to 546,748
55 to 645,769
18 to 342,573

Mesa Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White29,3279.50%
Hispanic3,0713.66%
Black1,1139.01%
2 or More4345.53%
Other3762.40%
Indian3294.41%
Asian2272.86%
Hawaiian1017.27%

Mesa Veterans by Education

7.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.39%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mesa Employment Status

63.3%

Labor Force Participation

59.4%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Mesa Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.46%

Born in Arizona

87.89%

Native Born

12.11%

Foreign Born

8.01%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.89% of Mesa residents were born in the United States, with 39.46% having been born in Arizona. 8.01% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.