Mesa, Arizona Population 2018

Mesa is a city in Arizona. It is a suburb located outside of Phoenix and is in Maricopa County. The city’s population is 484,587, which makes it the third-largest city in the state and the 38th largest in the country. Mesa is best known for its education institutions, including Arizona State University’s Polytechnic campus.

Mesa History

Mesa was first inhabited by the Hohokam people thousands of years ago. During its early history, the people built a canal system that was one of the most sophisticated of its time. By the year 1450, hundreds of miles of canals were built and many of them are still used in modern times.

The US Army came to the area in the late 19th century. At that time, it was opened for settlement. Daniel Webster Jones came from Utah to Arizona to found a Mormon settlement and arrived along the north edge of the city. This settlement was known as Lehi in 1883. The First Mesa Company came to the area to develop canals, followed by the Second Mesa Company who settled west of the First Mesa Company. It was during 1878 that Mesa City was designated as a town. Shortly thereafter, the first school was built. In 1883, the city was incorporated.

During the 1800s, the Mesa Canal was widened to construct a power plant. The city later purchased the plant and used funds to pave roads and build new buildings, including a hospital and library. During the 1940s, the city saw an increase in tourism, which led to population growth. Until the 1960s, agriculture was a big contributor to the economy but gradually declined as the city became more industrialized.

Today, Mesa is known for its schools, including Arizona State University, A.T. Still University’s Osteopathic Medical School and the CAE Global Academy Phoenix.

Mesa Demographics

Mesa has a population of over 484,000 people. The last census that was taken in 2010 shows that the city had a population of 439,041 people. Mesa covers over 138 square miles and has a population density of over 3,514 people per square mile.

Over three-quarters of the population is White. Over one-quarter of the population is Hispanic or Latino. Blacks and African Americans make up 3.5% of the population, Mixed race residents account for 3.4% of the population, 2.4% of the population is Native American, 1.9% is Filipino, 0.4% is Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, and 5.8% are classified as another race. Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18. The largest group is those who are 25 to 44, making up 29.7% of the population. Over 13% are at least age 65. There are 98.2 males for every 100 females in Mesa. About 8.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Banner Health System is the largest employer in the city, providing almost 10,000 jobs. Other top employers include Mesa Public Schools, Boeing, City of Mesa and Walmart, which each provide thousands of jobs to Mesa residents.

Mesa Population Growth

Mesa has seen an increase in population in every census taken since the early 1900s. The largest increase was recorded between the census taken in 1970 and 1980, reflecting a 141.7% increase. While recent numbers haven’t been quite that high, the city most recently has seen 10.4% growth since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this city still has more growth in its future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017496,4019,0251.85%
2016487,3768,2681.73%
2015479,1088,3861.78%
2014470,7227,5981.64%
2013463,1247,2431.59%
2012455,8818,9402.00%
2011446,9415,9891.36%
2010440,95244,5771.07%
2000396,375108,2843.24%
1990288,091135,6876.57%
1980152,40489,3559.23%
197063,04929,2776.44%
196033,77216,9827.24%
195016,7909,5668.80%
19407,2243,5136.89%
19303,7116752.03%
19203,0362,83614.57%
19002000.00%

Mesa Population in 2018Source: Qfl247 at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White398,554
Some Other Race20,420
Black or African American16,695
Two or More Races13,687
American Indian and Alaska Native10,261
Asian9,196
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,643

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Mesa Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Mesa Median Age

36.1


Total

34.8


Male

37.7


Female

Mesa Adults

There are 356,135 adults, (75,743 of which are seniors) in Mesa.

Mesa Age Dependency

67.7

Age Dependency Ratio

26.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Mesa Sex Ratio

Female

238,539

50.70%

Male

231,917

49.30%

Mesa Households and Families

Mesa Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Mesa Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.1%25.9%
All60.1%39.9%
Non Family49.7%50.3%
Male47%53%
Female40.7%59.3%

60.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Mesa Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All172,7052.760.1
Married82,5233.3474.1
Non Family59,5291.3449.7
Female21,2273.6840.7
Male9,4263.5347

3.3

Average Family Size

2.7

Average Household Size

7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Mesa Households

Mesa Education

Mesa Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade17,5355.65%
9th to 12th Grade20,4066.57%
High School Graduate80,93726.06%
Some College84,17927.11%
Associates Degree27,8908.98%
Bachelors Degree52,71416.97%
Graduate Degree26,8978.66%

Mesa Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White219,359207,35064,620
Hispanic66,05243,0467,440
Other Race11,4267,4911,080
Black10,1158,8032,261
Asian6,4565,5453,051
Native American5,2274,508892
Multiple Races4,8554,3751,552
Islander990941104

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 95.05%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 47.26%.

Mesa Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,883$38,394$29,603
Less Than High School$21,226$23,438$16,075
High School Grad$28,506$31,719$22,976
Some College$34,083$40,302$29,193
Bachelors Degree$45,858$54,918$39,081
Graduate Degree$55,012$66,482$49,396

$33,883

Average Earnings

$38,394

Average Male

$29,603

Average Female

Mesa Language

Mesa Language by Age

Mesa Language

78.84% of Mesa residents speak only English, while 21.16% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 17.42% of the population.

Mesa Poverty

Mesa Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic126,32235,65828.23%
White296,86030,61510.31%
Other20,2106,03729.87%
Black16,4464,51427.45%
Multiple13,6222,56718.84%
Native10,1502,55525.17%
Asian9,0931,19413.13%
Islander1,61623614.60%

16.20%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.62%

Male Poverty Rate

16.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mesa

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mesa is Other, with 29.87% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mesa is White, with 10.31% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.02%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.56%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.64%.

Mesa Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.54%
High School14.55%
Some College10.35%
Bachelors or Greater5.87%

Mesa Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed37.85%
Female Unemployed37.11%
Male Employed8.48%
Female Employed8.12%

Mesa Income

Mesa Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$50,615$66,753
Families$60,388$76,812
Married Families$71,056$87,379
Non Families$32,047$43,471

Mesa Marital Status

Mesa Marital Status

Marriage Rates

47.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.2%

Male Marriage Rate

46.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Mesa Married by Age and Sex

Mesa Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Mesa Marital Status by Race

Mesa Veterans

Mesa Veterans by War

32,639

Number of Veterans

30,102

Male Veterans

2,537

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam11,414
First Gulf War5,611
Korea4,207
Second Gulf War3,664
World War II2,221

Mesa Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+9,049
65 to 748,081
35 to 547,002
55 to 645,881
18 to 342,626

Mesa Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White30,2859.84%
Hispanic2,7393.37%
Black1,1119.27%
2 or More3715.47%
Other3442.42%
Indian2243.30%
Asian2112.86%
Hawaiian938.42%

Mesa Veterans by Education

7.68%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.75%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mesa Employment Status

Mesa Employment by Age

62.6%

Labor Force Participation

58.2%

Employment Rate

6.9%

Unemployment Rate

Mesa Employment by Race

Mesa Employment by Education

Mesa Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.08%

Born in Arizona

88.01%

Native Born

11.99%

Foreign Born

7.94%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.01% of Mesa residents were born in the United States, with 39.08% having been born in Arizona. 7.94% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.