Mesa Population 2018

Mesa is a city in Arizona. It is a suburb located outside of Phoenix and is in Maricopa County. The city’s population is 484,587, which makes it the third-largest city in the state and the 38th largest in the country. Mesa is best known for its education institutions, including Arizona State University’s Polytechnic campus.

Mesa History

Mesa was first inhabited by the Hohokam people thousands of years ago. During its early history, the people built a canal system that was one of the most sophisticated of its time. By the year 1450, hundreds of miles of canals were built and many of them are still used in modern times.

The US Army came to the area in the late 19th century. At that time, it was opened for settlement. Daniel Webster Jones came from Utah to Arizona to found a Mormon settlement and arrived along the north edge of the city. This settlement was known as Lehi in 1883. The First Mesa Company came to the area to develop canals, followed by the Second Mesa Company who settled west of the First Mesa Company. It was during 1878 that Mesa City was designated as a town. Shortly thereafter, the first school was built. In 1883, the city was incorporated.

During the 1800s, the Mesa Canal was widened to construct a power plant. The city later purchased the plant and used funds to pave roads and build new buildings, including a hospital and library. During the 1940s, the city saw an increase in tourism, which led to population growth. Until the 1960s, agriculture was a big contributor to the economy but gradually declined as the city became more industrialized.

Today, Mesa is known for its schools, including Arizona State University, A.T. Still University’s Osteopathic Medical School and the CAE Global Academy Phoenix.

Mesa Demographics

Mesa has a population of over 484,000 people. The last census that was taken in 2010 shows that the city had a population of 439,041 people. Mesa covers over 138 square miles and has a population density of over 3,514 people per square mile.

Over three-quarters of the population is White. Over one-quarter of the population is Hispanic or Latino. Blacks and African Americans make up 3.5% of the population, Mixed race residents account for 3.4% of the population, 2.4% of the population is Native American, 1.9% is Filipino, 0.4% is Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, and 5.8% are classified as another race. Over 27% of the population is under the age of 18. The largest group is those who are 25 to 44, making up 29.7% of the population. Over 13% are at least age 65. There are 98.2 males for every 100 females in Mesa. About 8.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Banner Health System is the largest employer in the city, providing almost 10,000 jobs. Other top employers include Mesa Public Schools, Boeing, City of Mesa and Walmart, which each provide thousands of jobs to Mesa residents.

Mesa Population Growth

Mesa has seen an increase in population in every census taken since the early 1900s. The largest increase was recorded between the census taken in 1970 and 1980, reflecting a 141.7% increase. While recent numbers haven’t been quite that high, the city most recently has seen 10.4% growth since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this city still has more growth in its future.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate

Mesa Race Data

Race Population Percentage
Some Other Race21,0744.35%
Black or African American16,5223.41%
Two or More Races13,1452.71%
American Indian and Alaska Native10,0282.07%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,8970.39%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Mesa Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
Houses Without Mortgage
Houses With Mortgage
Vacancy Rate
Median Rent
Median Home Value
Renter-Occupied Units
Owner-Occupied Units
Total Housing Units

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Mesa for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 4.9% and the labor force participation rate is 62.3%.

Mesa Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
Non Family Households
Female Householder (no husband) Families
Male Householder (no wife) Families
Married Couple Families
Average Family Size
Average Household Size