Mesquite, Texas Population 2019

142,816

Mesquite is located about 14 miles east of Dallas, Texas. The city is mostly in Dallas County with a small section in Kaufman County. Mesquite is a suburb of both Dallas and Fort Worth and part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, the country's fourth-largest metro area with an estimated population of 7.3 million. In 2019, Mesquite has an estimated population of 142,816.

Diversity

Almost 19% of Mesquite's population is foreign-born. Mesquite is a Hispanic-majority city. Mexican Americans are the largest subgroup followed by Salvadoran Americans. The African-American population of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area grew 178% between 2000 and 2010 with much of the growth in suburbs like Mesquite. Throughout Dallas County and Texas as a whole, the most recent census data shows decreasing populations of non-Hispanic whites. In a decade, Dallas lost over 200,000 white residents or about 20%.

History

Mesquite is a fairly young city, founded in 1878 on land next to the Texas & Pacific Railway which ran from Shreveport, LA to Dallas. It was incorporated in 1887. During the early years, Mesquite was known for its outlaws but it grew in the 1900s as a farming community that used the railroad to ship goods like cotton, sugar, and corn. It wasn't until the end of WWII that the suburban boom in Dallas took off and Mesquite began to grow rapidly.

Population Growth

In 1940, Mesquite had a population of just 1,050 which grew 62% by 1950. The next decade saw population growth of 1,523% to more than 27,000 people and 100% population growth the next decade to 55,000 in 1970. Mesquite posted strong double-digit growth up until 2010 when its growth slowed. Over the last decade, Mesquite has added an estimated 3,000 people. It seems things are changing in Mesquite, however.

After 15 years without a single new subdivision, Mesquite is showing signs that it's getting ready to grow again with a new development in 2017 and homes remaining on the market for just 14 days on average. Expansion and distribution center plans will also create new jobs in the community to fuel further growth in the coming years.

Mesquite, Texas's estimated population is 142,816 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Mesquite, Texas is the 22nd largest city in Texas based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 2879063.49 people/mi² (1111607.53 people/km²).

The overall median age is 32.8 years, 30.1 years for males, and 35.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.9 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 50,363 households in the city, with an average size of 3.06 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%, with a median rent of $1018/month. The median house has 5.5 rooms, and has a value of $119,000.

The median income for households in Mesquite, Texas is $52,167, while the mean household income is $65,019.

Mesquite Tx Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mesquite Tx was:

  • White: 64.90%
  • Black or African American: 25.04%
  • Other race: 3.46%
  • Two or more races: 3.16%
  • Asian: 2.79%
  • Native American: 0.61%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%

How Many People Live in Mesquite, Texas?

142,816
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018142,816-1,420-0.98%
2017144,236-445-0.31%
2016144,681-296-0.20%
2015144,9774820.33%
2014144,4959300.65%
2013143,5652680.19%
2012143,2971,8761.33%
2011141,4211,5611.12%
2010139,86015,3371.17%
2000124,52323,0392.07%
1990101,48434,4314.23%
198067,05311,9221.98%
197055,13127,6057.19%
196027,52627,4269.82%
19001000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White93,53264.90%
Black or African American36,09125.04%
Some Other Race4,9843.46%
Two or More Races4,5483.16%
Asian4,0212.79%
American Indian and Alaska Native8860.61%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander560.04%

Mesquite Tx Population Pyramid 2019

Mesquite Tx Median Age

32.8


Total

30.1


Male

35.5


Female

Mesquite Tx Adults

There are 102,501 adults, (14,046 of whom are seniors) in Mesquite Tx.

Mesquite Tx Age Dependency

62.9

Age Dependency Ratio

15.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47

Child Dependency Ratio

Mesquite Tx Sex Ratio

Female

74,717

51.84%

Male

69,401

48.16%

Mesquite Tx Households and Families

Mesquite Tx Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Mesquite Tx Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.8%23.2%
All57.7%42.3%
Male50%50%
Non Family44.9%55.1%
Female33.5%66.5%

57.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All46,8763.0657.7
Married21,5173.7376.8
Non Family12,5281.2444.9
Female9,1763.6933.5
Male3,6553.7450

3.61

Average Family Size

3.06

Average Household Size

6.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Mesquite Tx Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,3698.39%
9th to 12th Grade9,97011.36%
High School Graduate25,85929.46%
Some College22,35425.46%
Associates Degree6,5297.44%
Bachelors Degree10,90512.42%
Graduate Degree4,8025.47%

Mesquite Tx Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White35,43631,8436,892
Hispanic27,92416,1582,532
Black20,30218,8834,708
Asian3,0872,6991,416
Other Race2,5651,647229
Multiple Races1,5721,226280
Native American54639643
Islander343420

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 58.82%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,622$36,597$30,573
Less Than High School$23,205$27,357$15,826
High School Grad$29,308$32,015$25,125
Some College$36,900$41,987$33,625
Bachelors Degree$46,324$50,300$44,180
Graduate Degree$54,299$53,418$54,501

$33,622

Average Earnings

$36,597

Average Male

$30,573

Average Female

Mesquite Tx Language

Mesquite Tx Language by Age

Mesquite Tx Language

62.74% of Mesquite Tx residents speak only English, while 37.26% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.33% of the population.

Mesquite Tx Poverty

Mesquite Tx Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic55,8909,58817.16%
Black35,8425,54715.48%
White44,8664,3459.68%
Multiple4,50983318.47%
Other4,98471714.39%
Asian4,0213127.76%
Native88620222.80%

14.31%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.22%

Male Poverty Rate

16.26%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mesquite Tx

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mesquite Tx is Native, with 22.80% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mesquite Tx is Asian, with 7.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.38%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.92%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.77%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School21.12%
High School10.94%
Some College8.11%
Bachelors or Greater3.74%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed28.61%
Male Unemployed15.68%
Female Employed8.96%
Male Employed6.08%

Mesquite Tx Income

Mesquite Tx Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,167$65,019
Families$59,524$70,741
Married Families$74,152$85,258
Non Families$35,884$43,682

Mesquite Tx Marital Status

Mesquite Tx Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.6%

Male Marriage Rate

41.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Mesquite Tx Married by Age and Sex

Mesquite Tx Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Mesquite Tx Marital Status by Race

Mesquite Tx Veterans

6,474

Number of Veterans

5,921

Male Veterans

553

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,076
First Gulf War1,436
Second Gulf War1,277
Korea420
World War II174

Mesquite Tx Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,6366.79%
Black1,4225.74%
Hispanic8432.48%
Other1253.95%
Indian12020.10%
Asian1113.38%
2 or More401.73%
Hawaiian2035.71%

Mesquite Tx Veterans by Education

4.97%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.84%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mesquite Tx Employment Status

69.5%

Labor Force Participation

65%

Employment Rate

6.4%

Unemployment Rate

Mesquite Tx Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

61.62%

Born in Texas

81.42%

Native Born

18.58%

Foreign Born

12.48%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

81.42% of Mesquite Tx residents were born in the United States, with 61.62% having been born in Texas. 12.48% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.