Miami, Florida Population 2018

Miami is the county seat of Florida's Miami-Dade County and the most populous city in the Miami metropolitan area, which is the most populous metro region in the Southern US after Washington, D.C. It is also one of the largest urban areas in the country, and a global city with the largest concentration of international banks in the United States. In 2016, the population is estimated to be just over 440,000.

It's estimated that Miami has a population of 441,003 in 2016 with a density of 12,139.5 people per square mile (or 4,687/square mile). This makes Miami the 44th most populous city in the US. The urban area, however, is home to 5.5 million, which is the 4th largest in the country, and the metro area is home to a slightly higher number of 5.56 million, which is the 8th largest in the country.

Miami is broken into several areas: the North, South, West and Downtown. Downtown Miami, located on the eastern side, is the heart of the city and includes Brickell and the Port of Miami, which is known as the Cruise Capital of the World. It's also the central business district for all of South Florida. South Beach is located to the east across the Biscayne Bay. Northwest of Downtown is Civic Center.

Southern Miami includes Coconut Grove and Coral Way, which is a historic residential area that was constructed in 1922. Coconut Grove was established in 1822. The west side of the city includes Flagami and Little Havana and it's home to many traditional immigrant neighborhoods from Central America and Cuba.

Miami Demographics

The city proper of Miami has 1 in 13 residents of South Florida, and 52% of Miami-Dade County does not actually live in an incorporated city. According to the 2010 Census, the racial/ethnic breakdown of Miami was:

  • White: 72.6% (non-Hispanic: 11.9%)
  • Black or African American: 19.2%
  • Asian: 1.0%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian: 0%
  • Two or more races: 4.2%
  • Other race: 5.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 70%

In 2000, the largest ethnic/national origin in Miami was Cuban (34.1% of the population), followed by Nicaraguan (5.6%), Haitian (5.5%), Honduran (3.3%), Dominican (1.7%) and Colombian (1.6%). The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) also ranked Miami first in terms of its percentage of foreign-born residents at 59%, followed fairly far behind by Toronto at 50%.


## Miami History The Miami region was inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous people of the area, most notably the Tequestas, who inhabited this region for 1,000 years before Europeans arrived.

In 1566, an explorer named Pedro Menendez de Aviles claimed the area for Spain, and a mission was built just a year later. Great Britain and Spain then alternated control of Florida for years until Spain ceded it in 1821 to the United States.

The United States constructed Fort Dallas in 1836 to remove local Seminoles, and it became the first major city in the country conceived by a woman, a local citrus grower named Julia Tuttle. For much of its early history, Miami was known as Biscayne Bay Country, and it wasn't until the very end of the 19th century that its potential was seen.

Miami was incorporated in 1896 with just 300 people, but it began to attract a lot of people from the north and it grew massively during the 1920s. By 1940, Miami had a population of 172,000, and the wealthy Cubans who left after Fidel Castro came into power in 1959 further boosted the city's population. In just 110 years, Miami and its metropolitan region grew from 1,000 to 5.5 million, and it's been known as a popular resort destination for nearly as long.

Miami Population Growth

Miami's huge growth was been driven by internal migration from other areas in the country through the 1980s, along wth immigration. Immigration to the city has slowed a great deal in the last decade, and now Miami's growth is due to a fast urbanization rate and high-rise construction, which has increased its population densities in inner city regions, most notably Downtown and Brickell. In one area of Downtown Miami, there was a 2,069% increase in ten years.

Nearly 32% of Metro Miami's growth in 2011 was foreign-born, and more than half went on to become US citizens. While South Florida's population has been fairly stagnant for a decade, it's starting an unexpected shift upward, with Miami-Dade's population growing 2.1% in one year. It's now the 6th fastest growing region in the United States, when it didn't even make the top 50 from 2000 to 2010.

It's possible that Miami's metro population will top 7.5 million by 2040, although projections do show this population will be disproportionately older.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017463,3476,7151.47%
2016456,63214,3553.25%
2015442,27710,6322.46%
2014431,64510,4962.49%
2013421,1494,9921.20%
2012416,1575,2251.27%
2011410,93210,0682.51%
2010400,86438,39410.59%
2000362,4703,9221.09%
1990358,54811,8673.42%
1980346,68111,8223.53%
1970334,85943,17114.80%
1960291,68842,41217.01%
1950249,27677,10444.78%
1940172,17261,53555.62%
1930110,63781,066274.14%
192029,57124,100440.50%
19105,4713,771221.82%
19001,7000.00%

Miami Population in 2018Source: Photograph by D Ramey Logan [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White327,162
Black or African American81,531
Some Other Race12,965
Two or More Races6,144
Asian3,918
American Indian and Alaska Native769
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander133

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Miami Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Miami Median Age

39.7


Total

38.8


Male

40.7


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 379,945 adults in Miami.

Miami Age Dependency

52.5

Age Dependency Ratio

25.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Miami Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
3.8
Houses Without Mortgage
22,102
Houses With Mortgage
27,242
Vacancy Rate
16.8
Median Rent
995
Median Home Value
241,200
Renter-Occupied Units
112,261
Owner-Occupied Units
49,344
Total Housing Units
194,277

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Miami for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.8% and the labor force participation rate is 61.5%.

Miami Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.61
Average Family Size
3.56
Total Households
161605
Married Couple Households
49359
Male Householder (no wife) Families
11105
Female Householder (no husband) Families
27735
Non Family Households
73406
Total Families
88199
Households With Own Children
34566
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
5.4
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.3

Miami Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
26,380
$10,000 to $14,999
14,096
$15,000 to $24,999
25,655
$25,000 to $34,999
20,331
$35,000 to $49,999
20,855
$50,000 to $74,999
21,081
$75,000 to $99,999
10,982
$100,000 to $149,999
11,425
$150,000 to $199,999
4,019
Over $200,000
6,781

Miami Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Miami

Florida

$31,642

$48,900

$56,325

$69,936

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Miami Education Data

Miami Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
49,80315.58%
9th to 12th Grade
32,77310.25%
High School Graduate
96,04130.05%
Some College
39,04612.22%
Associates Degree
22,1706.94%
Bachelors Degree
49,23615.41%
Graduate Degree
30,5269.55%