Miami Population 2017

It's estimated that Miami has a population of 441,003 in 2016 with a density of 12,139.5 people per square mile (or 4,687/square mile). This makes Miami the 44th most populous city in the US. The urban area, however, is home to 5.5 million, which is the 4th largest in the country, and the metro area is home to a slightly higher number of 5.56 million, which is the 8th largest in the country.

Miami is broken into several areas: the North, South, West and Downtown. Downtown Miami, located on the eastern side, is the heart of the city and includes Brickell and the Port of Miami, which is known as the Cruise Capital of the World. It's also the central business district for all of South Florida. South Beach is located to the east across the Biscayne Bay. Northwest of Downtown is Civic Center.

Southern Miami includes Coconut Grove and Coral Way, which is a historic residential area that was constructed in 1922. Coconut Grove was established in 1822. The west side of the city includes Flagami and Little Havana and it's home to many traditional immigrant neighborhoods from Central America and Cuba.

Miami Demographics

The city proper of Miami has 1 in 13 residents of South Florida, and 52% of Miami-Dade County does not actually live in an incorporated city. According to the 2010 Census, the racial/ethnic breakdown of Miami was:

  • White: 72.6% (non-Hispanic: 11.9%)
  • Black or African American: 19.2%
  • Asian: 1.0%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian: 0%
  • Two or more races: 4.2%
  • Other race: 5.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 70%

In 2000, the largest ethnic/national origin in Miami was Cuban (34.1% of the population), followed by Nicaraguan (5.6%), Haitian (5.5%), Honduran (3.3%), Dominican (1.7%) and Colombian (1.6%). The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) also ranked Miami first in terms of its percentage of foreign-born residents at 59%, followed fairly far behind by Toronto at 50%.


## Miami History The Miami region was inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous people of the area, most notably the Tequestas, who inhabited this region for 1,000 years before Europeans arrived.

In 1566, an explorer named Pedro Menendez de Aviles claimed the area for Spain, and a mission was built just a year later. Great Britain and Spain then alternated control of Florida for years until Spain ceded it in 1821 to the United States.

The United States constructed Fort Dallas in 1836 to remove local Seminoles, and it became the first major city in the country conceived by a woman, a local citrus grower named Julia Tuttle. For much of its early history, Miami was known as Biscayne Bay Country, and it wasn't until the very end of the 19th century that its potential was seen.

Miami was incorporated in 1896 with just 300 people, but it began to attract a lot of people from the north and it grew massively during the 1920s. By 1940, Miami had a population of 172,000, and the wealthy Cubans who left after Fidel Castro came into power in 1959 further boosted the city's population. In just 110 years, Miami and its metropolitan region grew from 1,000 to 5.5 million, and it's been known as a popular resort destination for nearly as long.

Miami Population Growth

Miami's huge growth was been driven by internal migration from other areas in the country through the 1980s, along wth immigration. Immigration to the city has slowed a great deal in the last decade, and now Miami's growth is due to a fast urbanization rate and high-rise construction, which has increased its population densities in inner city regions, most notably Downtown and Brickell. In one area of Downtown Miami, there was a 2,069% increase in ten years.

Nearly 32% of Metro Miami's growth in 2011 was foreign-born, and more than half went on to become US citizens. While South Florida's population has been fairly stagnant for a decade, it's starting an unexpected shift upward, with Miami-Dade's population growing 2.1% in one year. It's now the 6th fastest growing region in the United States, when it didn't even make the top 50 from 2000 to 2010.

It's possible that Miami's metro population will top 7.5 million by 2040, although projections do show this population will be disproportionately older.

Year Population Change
2015 441,003 10.40%
2010 399,457 10.20%
2000 362,470 1.10%
1990 358,548 3.40%
1980 346,681 3.50%
1970 334,859 14.80%
1960 291,688 17.00%
1950 249,276 44.80%
1940 172,172 55.60%
1930 110,637 274.10%
1920 29,571 440.50%
1910 5,471 221.80%
1900 1,700 0.00%

Miami Population in 2017 Source: Marc Averette

Miami Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 311,765 74.87%
Black or African American 81,697 19.62%
American Indian and Alaska Native 630 0.15%
Asian 3,663 0.88%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 43 0.01%
Some Other Race 13,467 3.23%
Two or More Races 5,167 1.24%

Population Pyramid

Miami Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Total Housing Units 192,067
Owner-Occupied Units 48,735
Renter-Occupied Units 108,612
Median Home Value $224,600
Median Rent $971
Vacancy Rate 18.1%
Houses With Mortgage 27,369
Houses Without Mortgage 21,366
Median Number of Rooms (per House) 3.9

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Miami for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.8% and the labor force participation rate is 62%.

Miami Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size 2.63
Average Family Size 3.57
Married Couple Families 48,397
Male Householder (no wife) Families 10,804
Female Householder (no husband) Families 27,317
Non Family Households
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex) 5.5%
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex) 0.5%