Miami, Florida Population 2019

Miami is the county seat of Florida's Miami-Dade County and the most populous city in the Miami metropolitan area, which is the most populous metro region in the Southern US after Washington, D.C. It is also one of the largest urban areas in the country, and a global city with the largest concentration of international banks in the United States. In 2016, the population is estimated to be just over 440,000.

It's estimated that Miami has a population of 441,003 in 2016 with a density of 12,139.5 people per square mile (or 4,687/square mile). This makes Miami the 44th most populous city in the US. The urban area, however, is home to 5.5 million, which is the 4th largest in the country, and the metro area is home to a slightly higher number of 5.56 million, which is the 8th largest in the country.

Miami is broken into several areas: the North, South, West and Downtown. Downtown Miami, located on the eastern side, is the heart of the city and includes Brickell and the Port of Miami, which is known as the Cruise Capital of the World. It's also the central business district for all of South Florida. South Beach is located to the east across the Biscayne Bay. Northwest of Downtown is Civic Center.

Southern Miami includes Coconut Grove and Coral Way, which is a historic residential area that was constructed in 1922. Coconut Grove was established in 1822. The west side of the city includes Flagami and Little Havana and it's home to many traditional immigrant neighborhoods from Central America and Cuba.

Miami Demographics

The city proper of Miami has 1 in 13 residents of South Florida, and 52% of Miami-Dade County does not actually live in an incorporated city. According to the 2010 Census, the racial/ethnic breakdown of Miami was:

  • White: 72.6% (non-Hispanic: 11.9%)
  • Black or African American: 19.2%
  • Asian: 1.0%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian: 0%
  • Two or more races: 4.2%
  • Other race: 5.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 70%

In 2000, the largest ethnic/national origin in Miami was Cuban (34.1% of the population), followed by Nicaraguan (5.6%), Haitian (5.5%), Honduran (3.3%), Dominican (1.7%) and Colombian (1.6%). The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) also ranked Miami first in terms of its percentage of foreign-born residents at 59%, followed fairly far behind by Toronto at 50%.

Miami History

The Miami region was inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous people of the area, most notably the Tequestas, who inhabited this region for 1,000 years before Europeans arrived.

In 1566, an explorer named Pedro Menendez de Aviles claimed the area for Spain, and a mission was built just a year later. Great Britain and Spain then alternated control of Florida for years until Spain ceded it in 1821 to the United States.

The United States constructed Fort Dallas in 1836 to remove local Seminoles, and it became the first major city in the country conceived by a woman, a local citrus grower named Julia Tuttle. For much of its early history, Miami was known as Biscayne Bay Country, and it wasn't until the very end of the 19th century that its potential was seen.

Miami was incorporated in 1896 with just 300 people, but it began to attract a lot of people from the north and it grew massively during the 1920s. By 1940, Miami had a population of 172,000, and the wealthy Cubans who left after Fidel Castro came into power in 1959 further boosted the city's population. In just 110 years, Miami and its metropolitan region grew from 1,000 to 5.5 million, and it's been known as a popular resort destination for nearly as long.

Miami Population Growth

Miami's huge growth was been driven by internal migration from other areas in the country through the 1980s, along wth immigration. Immigration to the city has slowed a great deal in the last decade, and now Miami's growth is due to a fast urbanization rate and high-rise construction, which has increased its population densities in inner city regions, most notably Downtown and Brickell. In one area of Downtown Miami, there was a 2,069% increase in ten years.

Nearly 32% of Metro Miami's growth in 2011 was foreign-born, and more than half went on to become US citizens. While South Florida's population has been fairly stagnant for a decade, it's starting an unexpected shift upward, with Miami-Dade's population growing 2.1% in one year. It's now the 6th fastest growing region in the United States, when it didn't even make the top 50 from 2000 to 2010.

It's possible that Miami's metro population will top 7.5 million by 2040, although projections do show this population will be disproportionately older.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017463,3476,7151.47%
2016456,63214,3553.25%
2015442,27710,6322.46%
2014431,64510,4962.49%
2013421,1494,9921.20%
2012416,1575,2251.27%
2011410,93210,0682.51%
2010400,86438,3941.01%
2000362,4703,9220.11%
1990358,54811,8670.34%
1980346,68111,8220.35%
1970334,85943,1711.39%
1960291,68842,4121.58%
1950249,27677,1043.77%
1940172,17261,5354.52%
1930110,63781,06614.10%
192029,57124,10018.38%
19105,4713,77112.40%
19001,7000.00%

Miami Population in 2018Source: Photograph by D Ramey Logan [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White333,912
Black or African American81,512
Some Other Race14,433
Two or More Races7,624
Asian4,172
American Indian and Alaska Native1,141
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander213

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Miami Population Pyramid 2019

5,00010,00015,00020,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Miami Median Age

40


Total

39.1


Male

40.9


Female

Miami Adults

There are 363,920 adults, (73,412 of whom are seniors) in Miami.

Miami Age Dependency

52.5

Age Dependency Ratio

25.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Miami Sex Ratio

Female

223,998

50.56%

Male

219,009

49.44%

Miami Households and Families

Miami Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Miami Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married40.5%59.5%
All30.2%69.8%
Male29.8%70.2%
Female25.3%74.7%
Non Family25.1%74.9%

30.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Miami Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All164,7342.6330.2
Non Family74,2291.2925.1
Married51,2043.5440.5
Female27,5003.9625.3
Male11,8013.9929.8

3.56

Average Family Size

2.63

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Miami Households

Miami Education

Miami Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade47,18014.39%
9th to 12th Grade32,94310.05%
High School Graduate97,59529.76%
Some College40,83912.45%
Associates Degree22,9867.01%
Bachelors Degree53,43116.29%
Graduate Degree32,94610.05%

Miami Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic240,565176,12754,966
Black53,69137,7196,508
White36,08234,67222,965
Other Race10,7427,6222,660
Multiple Races5,2964,0531,708
Asian3,6042,9742,028
Native American79741728
Islander171171

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 63.65%.

Miami Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,282$29,145$23,250
Less Than High School$17,830$21,206$14,036
High School Grad$21,018$23,180$17,417
Some College$27,492$31,782$23,931
Bachelors Degree$40,895$47,227$36,021
Graduate Degree$64,521$76,304$55,546

$26,282

Average Earnings

$29,145

Average Male

$23,250

Average Female

Miami Language

Miami Language by Age

Miami Language

23.04% of Miami residents speak only English, while 76.96% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 69.96% of the population.

Miami Poverty

Miami Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic316,07679,09225.02%
Black78,42930,01338.27%
White45,4315,61312.35%
Other14,3114,25029.70%
Multiple7,5001,37918.39%
Asian4,17282519.77%
Native1,14115713.76%
Islander2134722.07%

25.83%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.75%

Male Poverty Rate

27.84%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Miami

The race most likely to be in poverty in Miami is Black, with 38.27% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Miami is White, with 12.35% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.17%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.98%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 42.19%.

Miami Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.87%
High School27.53%
Some College18.75%
Bachelors or Greater10.52%

Miami Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.85%
Male Unemployed40.65%
Female Employed12.90%
Male Employed10.02%

Miami Income

Miami Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$33,999$60,341
Families$38,048$66,956
Married Families$49,955$85,873
Non Families$25,233$49,708

Miami Marital Status

Miami Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.5%

Male Marriage Rate

33.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Miami Married by Age and Sex

Miami Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Miami Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Miami Veterans

Miami Veterans by War

6,593

Number of Veterans

6,091

Male Veterans

502

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam2,086
Second Gulf War1,438
First Gulf War1,149
Korea316
World War II204

Miami Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 541,826
65 to 741,475
55 to 641,445
75+1,060
18 to 34787

Miami Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,1831.50%
Hispanic2,7541.04%
Black1,9513.11%
2 or More1803.03%
Indian11412.67%
Asian952.39%
Other420.35%
Hawaiian2813.79%

Miami Veterans by Education

17.53%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.92%

Veteran Disability Rate

Miami Employment Status

Miami Employment by Age

61.8%

Labor Force Participation

56.8%

Employment Rate

8.1%

Unemployment Rate

Miami Employment by Race

Miami Employment by Education

Miami Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

29.29%

Born in Florida

42.01%

Native Born

57.99%

Foreign Born

30.58%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

42.01% of Miami residents were born in the United States, with 29.29% having been born in Florida. 30.58% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.