Midland, Texas Population 2019

142,344

Midland is located in Midland County, Texas and in the Southern Plains region of West Texas with a small section of the city in neighboring Martin County. Midland is located in the middle of El Paso, Dallas, and San Antonio, Texas and Albuquerque, New Mexico or about 330 miles west of Dallas and 305 miles east of El Paso. As of 2019, it's estimated that more than 142,344 people are living in Midland, making it the 24th most populous city in the state of Texas.

Diversity

Midland, Texas is almost an Hispanic-majority city. According to the state demographer, more migrants than ever moving into Texas are from an Asian country and have lived somewhere in the U.S. first such as Florida or California (https://www.texastribune.org/2015/10/09/more-foreign-born-migrants-come-tx-other-states/).

History

In spite of already being established on the Texas and Pacific Railway as Midway Station in June of 1881 (due to its central location between El Paso and Fort Worth) the granting of the town’s first Post Office in 1884 saw Midland having to change its name, due to other Texan Midways, and thus Midland was officially born. When Midland County was first organized and separated from Tom Green County a year later in 1885, Midland became the county seat.

By 1890, Midland had become one of the premier cattle shipping centers in all of Texas. In 1906, the city was incorporated, and by 1910 the city had established its first fire department.

The discovery of oil in the Permian Basin in 1923 changed the area significantly. Soon, Midland had been transformed into the administrative center of the West Texas oil fields. The Second World War saw Midland becoming the largest bombardier training base in the United States, and post-war Midland saw its second boom period beginning with the discovery of what is still ranked today as the third largest oil field in the United States by way of total reserves. The 1970s saw another boom period, and today, the Permian Basin, comprised of Midland and other surrounding areas in West Texas and south eastern New Mexico, produces one-fifth of the nation's total natural gas and petroleum output.

While the city’s economy is still heavily reliant on petroleum, it has also diversified and become a major regional telecommunications and distribution center.

Midland serves as the hometown of former First Lady Laura Bush, and the one-time home of former Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush.

Population Growth

In 1910, four years after Midland’s incorporation, the population stood at 2,192. After a brief drop of 18.1% over the following decade, the population skyrocketed with the discovery of oil, and the 1920s saw an increase of over 200%, bringing the population to almost 5,500. This slowed to only a 70% rise over the 1930s, but the 1950s and 1960s each saw an increase of more than 132%.

The last United States census in 2010 saw the population standing at 111,147, a percentage increase just shy of 5,000% since the first available record in 1910. Forbes magazine in 2014 ranked Midland as the 2nd fastest growing small city in the United States. Since 2010, Midland has experienced an impressive population growth of 26% (https://www.worldoil.com/news/2019/4/19/midland-sees-26-population-growth-over-last-decade), making it once again one of the fastest growing areas of the United States surpassed only by Austin, Texas and Myrtle Beach and The Villages in Florida.

Midland, Texas's estimated population is 142,344 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Midland, Texas is the 23rd largest city in Texas based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1913.96 people/mi² (738.98 people/km²).

The overall median age is 32.1 years, 30.8 years for males, and 33.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 101.5 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 48,835 households in the city, with an average size of 2.84 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.4%, with a median rent of $1179/month. The median house has 5.3 rooms, and has a value of $193,200.

The median income for households in Midland, Texas is $75,646, while the mean household income is $109,351.

Midland Tx Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Midland Tx was:

  • White: 80.91%
  • Black or African American: 7.38%
  • Other race: 6.87%
  • Two or more races: 2.26%
  • Asian: 2.12%
  • Native American: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%

How Many People Live in Midland, Texas?

142,344
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018142,3445,9914.39%
2017136,3531,3340.99%
2016135,0191,4961.12%
2015133,5235,0773.95%
2014128,4464,2233.40%
2013124,2234,3933.67%
2012119,8305,8815.16%
2011113,9492,6652.39%
2010111,28416,2881.60%
200094,9965,5530.60%
199089,44318,9182.40%
198070,52511,0621.72%
197059,463-3,162-0.52%
196062,62540,91211.17%
195021,71312,3618.79%
19409,3523,8685.48%
19305,4840.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018178,3317,3834.14%
2017170,9481,4480.85%
2016169,5001,4880.88%
2015168,0125,7633.43%
2014162,2494,5822.82%
2013157,6675,3303.38%
2012152,3377,2254.74%
2011145,1123,3182.29%
2010141,7940.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White106,22480.91%
Black or African American9,6927.38%
Some Other Race9,0186.87%
Two or More Races2,9642.26%
Asian2,7782.12%
American Indian and Alaska Native5430.41%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander670.05%

Midland Tx Population Pyramid 2019

Midland Tx Median Age

32.1


Total

30.8


Male

33.2


Female

Midland Tx Adults

There are 95,484 adults, (13,934 of whom are seniors) in Midland Tx.

Midland Tx Age Dependency

61

Age Dependency Ratio

17.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

43.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Midland Tx Sex Ratio

Female

65,157

49.63%

Male

66,129

50.37%

Midland Tx Households and Families

Midland Tx Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Midland Tx Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.9%18.1%
All65%35%
Male53.2%46.8%
Female47.3%52.7%
Non Family46.3%53.7%

65.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All45,6642.8465
Married23,3373.4681.9
Non Family14,0921.2946.3
Female5,8743.6247.3
Male2,3613.9253.2

3.42

Average Family Size

2.84

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Midland Tx Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,7316.96%
9th to 12th Grade7,3508.93%
High School Graduate20,33624.70%
Some College19,98124.27%
Associates Degree5,6716.89%
Bachelors Degree16,85720.47%
Graduate Degree6,4117.79%

Midland Tx Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White43,36841,30918,059
Hispanic30,53520,8333,517
Black6,0885,093862
Other Race5,4703,633588
Asian1,6271,296639
Multiple Races1,1731,015291
Native American314277130
Islander1313

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 41.64%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$48,056$62,003$31,780
Less Than High School$26,908$38,848$17,566
High School Grad$37,873$52,399$24,074
Some College$45,220$61,426$32,206
Bachelors Degree$60,408$83,620$48,300
Graduate Degree$80,147$102,782$65,653

$48,056

Average Earnings

$62,003

Average Male

$31,780

Average Female

Midland Tx Language

Midland Tx Language by Age

Midland Tx Language

67.08% of Midland Tx residents speak only English, while 32.92% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 29.90% of the population.

Midland Tx Poverty

Midland Tx Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic55,6667,27013.06%
White60,0952,8154.68%
Other8,9171,46116.38%
Black9,4071,01410.78%
Multiple2,94232310.98%
Asian2,7551144.14%

8.72%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.25%

Male Poverty Rate

10.22%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Midland Tx

The race most likely to be in poverty in Midland Tx is Other, with 16.38% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Midland Tx is Asian, with 4.14% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.66%. Among those working part-time, it was 11.42%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 16.41%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School16.44%
High School8.03%
Some College4.87%
Bachelors or Greater2.95%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed26.79%
Female Unemployed24.63%
Female Employed5.01%
Male Employed2.79%

Midland Tx Income

Midland Tx Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$75,646$109,351
Families$88,875$122,899
Married Families$105,031$145,425
Non Families$47,538$70,668

Midland Tx Marital Status

Midland Tx Marital Status

Marriage Rates

52.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.5%

Male Marriage Rate

52.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Midland Tx Married by Age and Sex

Midland Tx Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Midland Tx Marital Status by Race

Midland Tx Veterans

6,022

Number of Veterans

5,604

Male Veterans

418

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,772
First Gulf War1,235
Second Gulf War1,164
Korea395
World War II297
Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,806
75+1,335
65 to 741,139
55 to 641,057
18 to 34685

Midland Tx Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White5,0636.50%
Hispanic1,2383.32%
Black6479.14%
Other2493.81%
2 or More493.28%
Indian142.90%

Midland Tx Veterans by Education

3.93%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

Midland Tx Employment Status

70.2%

Labor Force Participation

67.5%

Employment Rate

3.8%

Unemployment Rate

Midland Tx Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

67.57%

Born in Texas

87.64%

Native Born

12.36%

Foreign Born

8.22%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.64% of Midland Tx residents were born in the United States, with 67.57% having been born in Texas. 8.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.