Minneapolis, Minnesota Population 2019
Minneapolis is the largest city in the state of Minnesota and its name is attributed to the first schoolteacher in the city who combined "mini," a Dakota word for water, with "polis," the Greek word for city. This name is appropriate, as Minneapolis has twenty lakes and wetlands, creeks, waterfalls and the Mississippi River, which are connected by the Chain of Lakes and the Grand Rounds National Scenic Byway.
The population of Minneapolis is estimated at 422,331 with a population that's grown by about 40,000 since 2010.
In July 2013, it was estimated at the Minneapolis population had reached 393,000, up from the 2010 Census population of 382,578. This means Minneapolis ranks 47th in the United States in terms of population, and it has a density of 7,019 people per square mile (2,710/square kilometer). The urban population is much larger at 2.9 million people, while the metropolitan region is the 16th largest in the US with 3.42 million residents.
Minneapolis rests on both banks of the Mississippi River and adjoins Saint Paul, the state's capital, to the north. The two are know as the Twin Cities, and it's the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area that has more than 3.4 million residents.
This population of 3.4 million is based on the 2010 Census, but new census information shows the Twin Cities area has gained another 60,000 people, with Minneapolis leading the growth.
The growth in Minneapolis is great news, and it was a big surprise to demographers, who were hesitant to even call it a trend as the city seemed resigned to hollow success since the 1950's, with a flourishing culture and beautiful architecture, yet a shrinking population that was getting poorer.
By 1990, Minneapolis had lost 1/3 of its population, then grew at a modest pace for the next 20 years. During this time, its suburbs experience huge growth, tripling in population of 60 years to overtake Detroit as the second-largest metropolitan region in the Midwest in 2010.
It was in 2011 that the city started to see faster growth, adding more people in just the past two years than it has in the past 20.
According to the 2010 Census, the racial breakdown of Minneapolis was:
- White: 63.8%
- Black or African American: 18.6%
- American Indian: 2%
- Asian: 5.6% (Largest group is Hmong at 1.9%)
- Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.1%
- Other race: 5.6%
- Two or more races: 4.4%
- Hispanic or Latino of any race: 10.5% (Largest group is Mexican at 7%)
White people currently account for 3/5 of the city's population, mostly of German and Scandinavian descent. 23% of the population is German Americans (82,800), while the Scandinavian American population is mostly Swedish (8.5%) and Norwegian (10.9%). Danish Americans also have a large share of the population at 1.3%, and put together, the three groups account for 1 out of every 1 people in Minneapolis, while Germans and Scandinavians account for over 43% -- the majority of the non-Hispanic white population in the city.
While these groups make up a large share of the population, other common European ancestry groups include Irish (11.3%), English (7%), Polish (3.9%) and French (3.5%).
Interestingly, Minneapolis had the 4th highest percentage of gay, lesbian and bisexual people among all US cities in 2006 with 12.5%, putting it behind San Francisco but just behind Atlanta and Seattle. Minneapolis was also named the 7th gayest city in the country in 2012 by The Advocate.
Minneapolis Population History
The Dakota tribes, particularly the Mdewakanton, were permanent settlers in the area as early as the 16th century. New settlers began to arrive here between 1850 and 1865 from New York, Canada and New England and, by the mid-1860's, immigrants from Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark began moving into the area. There were also large populations of migrant workers from Latin America and Mexico moving here for work.
Immigrants from Greece, Poland, Italy, Germany and Southern and Eastern Europe began moving to Minneapolis later, and they settled in the Northeast neighborhood of the city, which is still known for its high Polish population.
By the 1880's, Jews from Russia and Eastern Europe began to arrive and settled in the northern area of the city before moving to the western suburbs in the 1950's and 60's.
The next wave of immigrants was Asians from the Philippines, Japan, Korea and China. Government relocations also brought in two populations: Japanese during the 1940's and Native Americans in the next decade.
From the 1970's onward, Asians began to arrive from other countries like Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. The Latino wave of immigrants was next in the 1990's, followed by immigrants from the Horn of Africa, particularly Somalia.
Between 1990 and 2000, the metro area had a 127% increase in its foreign-born population, and it's no surprise that Minneapolis is considered an immigrant gateway to the US.
Minneapolis Population Growth
It's hard to say if Minneapolis can continue the great growth its seen in the last three years. Mayor R.T. Rybak said in his final state of the city speech in April 2013, "By 2025, we want 450,000 people to live in Minneapolis -- about 65,000 more than today." He added he wants to do this without putting a single new car on the roads or disrupting the character of the city's neighborhoods.
Minneapolis has led the large metropolitan area in new housing units for the last six years and, while it's only growing half as fast as Seattle or Denver, it will reach this goal if this trend continues. By 2040, it's possible for Minneapolis to reach its historic high of 522,000 in the early 50's. This article in the Star Tribune goes through several things Minneapolis will need to do to take advantage of this trend and see maximum growth.
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