Minneapolis, Minnesota Population 2018

Minneapolis is the largest city of Minnesota and its name is attributed to the first schoolteacher in the city who combined "mini," a Dakota word for water, with "polis," the Greek word for city. This name is appropriate, as Minneapolis has twenty lakes and wetlands, creeks, waterfalls and the Mississippi River, which are connected by the Chain of Lakes and the Grand Rounds National Scenic Byway.

The population of Minneapolis is estimated at 393,000 with a population that's grown over 9,000 since 2010.

In July 2013, it was estimated at the Minneapolis population had reached 393,000, up from the 2010 Census population of 382,578. This means Minneapolis ranks 47th in the United States in terms of population, and it has a density of 7,019 people per square mile (2,710/square kilometer). The urban population is much larger at 2.9 million people, while the metropolitan region is the 16th largest in the US with 3.42 million residents.

Minneapolis rests on both banks of the Mississippi River and adjoins Saint Paul, the state's capital, to the north. The two are know as the Twin Cities, and it's the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area that has more than 3.4 million residents.

This population of 3.4 million is based on the 2010 Census, but new census information shows the Twin Cities area has gained another 60,000 people, with Minneapolis leading the growth.

The growth in Minneapolis is great news, and it was a big surprise to demographers, who were hesitant to even call it a trend as the city seemed resigned to hollow success since the 1950's, with a flourishing culture and beautiful architecture, yet a shrinking population that was getting poorer.

By 1990, Minneapolis had lost 1/3 of its population, then grew at a modest pace for the next 20 years. During this time, its suburbs experience huge growth, tripling in population of 60 years to overtake Detroit as the second-largest metropolitan region in the Midwest in 2010.

It was in 2011 that the city started to see faster growth, adding more people in just the past two years than it has in the past 20.

Minneapolis Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial breakdown of Minneapolis was:

  • White: 63.8%
  • Black or African American: 18.6%
  • American Indian: 2%
  • Asian: 5.6% (Largest group is Hmong at 1.9%)
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other race: 5.6%
  • Two or more races: 4.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 10.5% (Largest group is Mexican at 7%)

White people currently account for 3/5 of the city's population, mostly of German and Scandinavian descent. 23% of the population is German Americans (82,800), while the Scandinavian American population is mostly Swedish (8.5%) and Norwegian (10.9%). Danish Americans also have a large share of the population at 1.3%, and put together, the three groups account for 1 out of every 1 people in Minneapolis, while Germans and Scandinavians account for over 43% -- the majority of the non-Hispanic white population in the city.

While these groups make up a large share of the population, other common European ancestry groups include Irish (11.3%), English (7%), Polish (3.9%) and French (3.5%).

Interestingly, Minneapolis had the 4th highest percentage of gay, lesbian and bisexual people among all US cities in 2006 with 12.5%, putting it behind San Francisco but just behind Atlanta and Seattle. Minneapolis was also named the 7th gayest city in the country in 2012 by The Advocate.

Minneapolis Population History

The Dakota tribes, particularly the Mdewakanton, were permanent settlers in the area as early as the 16th century. New settlers began to arrive here between 1850 and 1865 from New York, Canada and New England and, by the mid-1860's, immigrants from Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark began moving into the area. There were also large populations of migrant workers from Latin America and Mexico moving here for work.

Immigrants from Greece, Poland, Italy, Germany and Southern and Eastern Europe began moving to Minneapolis later, and they settled in the Northeast neighborhood of the city, which is still known for its high Polish population.

By the 1880's, Jews from Russia and Eastern Europe began to arrive and settled in the northern area of the city before moving to the western suburbs in the 1950's and 60's.

The next wave of immigrants was Asians from the Philippines, Japan, Korea and China. Government relocations also brought in two populations: Japanese during the 1940's and Native Americans in the next decade.

From the 1970's onward, Asians began to arrive from other countries like Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. The Latino wave of immigrants was next in the 1990's, followed by immigrants from the Horn of Africa, particularly Somalia.

Between 1990 and 2000, the metro area had a 127% increase in its foreign-born population, and it's no surprise that Minneapolis is considered an immigrant gateway to the US.

Minneapolis Population Growth

It's hard to say if Minneapolis can continue the great growth its seen in the last three years. Mayor R.T. Rybak said in his final state of the city speech in April 2013, "By 2025, we want 450,000 people to live in Minneapolis -- about 65,000 more than today." He added he wants to do this without putting a single new car on the roads or disrupting the character of the city's neighborhoods.

Minneapolis has led the large metropolitan area in new housing units for the last six years and, while it's only growing half as fast as Seattle or Denver, it will reach this goal if this trend continues. By 2040, it's possible for Minneapolis to reach its historic high of 522,000 in the early 50's. This article in the Star Tribune goes through several things Minneapolis will need to do to take advantage of this trend and see maximum growth.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017422,3316,7091.61%
2016415,6224,1961.02%
2015411,4264,0310.99%
2014407,3956,9311.73%
2013400,4647,5111.91%
2012392,9534,8671.25%
2011388,0865,0121.31%
2010383,0744560.01%
2000382,61814,2350.38%
1990368,383-2,568-0.07%
1980370,951-63,449-1.57%
1970434,400-48,472-1.05%
1960482,872-38,846-0.77%
1950521,71829,3480.58%
1940492,37028,0140.59%
1930464,35683,7742.01%
1920380,58279,1742.36%
1910301,40898,6904.05%
1900202,71837,9802.10%
1890164,738117,85113.39%
188046,88733,82113.63%
187013,06610,50217.69%
18602,5640.00%

Minneapolis Population in 2018Source: Michael Hicks [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White262,130
Black or African American76,070
Asian23,911
Two or More Races19,671
Some Other Race17,830
American Indian and Alaska Native4,974
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander84

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Minneapolis Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Minneapolis Median Age

31.9


Total

31.6


Male

32.2


Female

Minneapolis Adults

There are 323,736 adults, (35,611 of which are seniors) in Minneapolis.

Minneapolis Age Dependency

40.4

Age Dependency Ratio

12.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28

Child Dependency Ratio

Minneapolis Sex Ratio

Female

199,826

49.38%

Male

204,844

50.62%

Minneapolis Households and Families

Minneapolis Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Minneapolis Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.3%25.7%
All47.4%52.6%
Male41.2%58.8%
Non Family35.5%64.5%
Female34.5%65.5%

47.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Minneapolis Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All169,8032.2847.4
Non Family93,4681.4635.5
Married51,7743.1574.3
Female18,4533.5434.5
Male6,1083.5541.2

3.16

Average Family Size

2.28

Average Household Size

7.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Minneapolis Households

Minneapolis Education

Minneapolis Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade15,4395.77%
9th to 12th Grade13,9085.19%
High School Graduate44,34116.56%
Some College47,65117.79%
Associates Degree18,8017.02%
Bachelors Degree77,78329.04%
Graduate Degree49,88018.63%

Minneapolis Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White182,181176,471108,331
Black42,27231,4976,084
Hispanic20,08211,0803,231
Asian13,23210,4796,493
Other Race9,6234,602941
Multiple Races7,8657,0053,214
Native American3,2332,572476
Islander5050

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 59.46%.

Minneapolis Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,644$40,733$36,538
Less Than High School$18,788$21,739$14,589
High School Grad$25,497$26,783$23,500
Some College$31,145$33,374$27,694
Bachelors Degree$48,415$52,750$43,071
Graduate Degree$63,412$71,261$57,098

$38,644

Average Earnings

$40,733

Average Male

$36,538

Average Female

Minneapolis Language

Minneapolis Language by Age

Minneapolis Language

79.11% of Minneapolis residents speak only English, while 20.89% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.00% of the population.

Minneapolis Poverty

Minneapolis Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black73,43932,71244.54%
White234,25129,12012.43%
Hispanic38,03710,22626.88%
Asian22,7095,86725.84%
Other17,6324,92427.93%
Multiple18,7394,29222.90%
Native4,5341,49933.06%
Islander743040.54%

21.33%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.29%

Male Poverty Rate

22.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Minneapolis

The race most likely to be in poverty in Minneapolis is Black, with 44.54% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Minneapolis is White, with 12.43% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.02%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 38.57%.

Minneapolis Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.80%
High School24.04%
Some College17.88%
Bachelors or Greater5.85%

Minneapolis Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed48.88%
Male Unemployed42.94%
Female Employed13.04%
Male Employed10.17%

Minneapolis Income

Minneapolis Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,611$77,328
Families$72,970$100,660
Married Families$99,164$127,115
Non Families$39,680$56,285

Minneapolis Marital Status

Minneapolis Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.0%

Male Marriage Rate

34.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Minneapolis Married by Age and Sex

Minneapolis Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Minneapolis Marital Status by Race

Minneapolis Veterans

Minneapolis Veterans by War

15,198

Number of Veterans

13,959

Male Veterans

1,239

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,324
First Gulf War2,243
Second Gulf War2,038
Korea1,213
World War II1,122

Minneapolis Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 543,751
55 to 643,475
65 to 743,379
75+3,119
18 to 341,474

Minneapolis Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White12,0075.29%
Black2,2004.27%
2 or More3433.07%
Hispanic3401.36%
Asian2711.48%
Indian2536.79%
Other1241.05%

Minneapolis Veterans by Education

12.13%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

Minneapolis Employment Status

Minneapolis Employment by Age

74.1%

Labor Force Participation

69%

Employment Rate

6.9%

Unemployment Rate

Minneapolis Employment by Race

Minneapolis Employment by Education

Minneapolis Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

51.91%

Born in Minnesota

84.69%

Native Born

15.31%

Foreign Born

8.67%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.69% of Minneapolis residents were born in the United States, with 51.91% having been born in Minnesota. 8.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.