Missoula, Montana Population 2019

Missoula is a city located in the state of Montana. It is located in Missoula County, where it is the county seat. With an estimated population of 72,072, Missoula is the second largest city in the state.

Missoula History

Evidence shows that the area that is now Missoula was first inhabited about 12,000 years ago. In the 18th century, the city was primarily occupied by native tribes including the Shoshone, Blackfeet, and Salish.

The first citizens of the United States came to the area during the expedition of Lewis and Clark of the 19th century, where they camped nearby during their westbound trip and their return. In 1860, Hell Gate Village was established by Frank Worden and Christopher Higgins. It was originally located about five miles west of the current-day downtown area, but the need for a water supply led to relocation just four years later.

Missoula Mills was established in 1866 and was the county seat. Fort Missoula was created during the next decade to offer protection for settlers. The area continued to grow when the Northern Pacific Railway arrived, and during the same year, Missoula was designated as a town. Many sawmills were opened during this period because of the need for lumber to construct bridges and railways. This launched the city’s lumber industry, which was an essential part of the economy through the 20th century.

Logging was a primary industry throughout the mid-20th century with the opening of the Hoerner-Waldorf pulp mill, although the pulp mill severely impacted the air quality. However, the lumber industry was affected by a recession in the 1980s, which led to the city focusing on other sectors.

Today, education and health care are the primary drivers of the economy. The University of Montana is a higher education institution that has been expanded and renovated significantly in recent years. The city’s hospital, St. Patrick Hospital, and Health Sciences Center, was founded in 1873 and has since gone through several expansions.

Missoula Demographics

Missoula has an estimated population of over 72,000 people. Spread across over 29 square miles, the city has a population density of 2,300 people per square mile.

Over 92% of the city’s population is white, 2.8% is Native America, 1.2% Asian, 2.8% mixed race and 2.9% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest age group is 25 to 44, making up almost 30% of the population. Almost 18% of the population is under 18, while 10.7% are at least 65 years old. There are more female residents than males, with women accounting for 50.1% of the total population. Over 95% of residents at least 25 years old have at least a high school education, while 45.7% have a Bachelor’s degree or higher, exceeding both the state and national averages. About 19.7% of the population live below the federal poverty line.

The city’s largest employers include Missoula County Public Schools, the city’s hospital and the University of Montana.

Missoula Population Growth

Missoula started quite small, with a population of just 400 in 1870. This number decreased further in 1880. However, the community jumped by over 887% in 1890, bringing the population to over 3,400. Though the city never saw growth quite this substantial again, it has seen continuous growth throughout its history. In 1950, the city’s population exceeding 22,000. This number rose to over 57,000 in 2000. Recent estimates show that the population has risen 7.9% since the last census was taken in 2010.

Missoula Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Missoula was:

  • White: 91.49%
  • Two or more races: 3.35%
  • Native American: 2.44%
  • Asian: 1.92%
  • Black or African American: 0.49%
  • Other race: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

Missoula, Montana's estimated population is 73,340 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Missoula, Montana is the 2nd largest city in Montana based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 2509.00 people/mi² (968.73 people/km²), with a household density of 432.65 people/km² (1120.57 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 32.7 years, 32.3 years for males, and 33.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 100.6 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 32,755 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.5%, with a median rent of $785/month. The median house has 4.8 rooms, and has a value of $253,100.

The median income for households in Missoula, Montana is $43,602, while the mean household income is $63,321.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201773,3401,3371.86%
201672,0031,4112.00%
201570,5921,0621.53%
201469,5307271.06%
201368,8034230.62%
201268,3808291.23%
201167,5515890.88%
201066,9629,9091.61%
200057,05314,1352.89%
199042,9189,5672.55%
198033,3513,8541.24%
197029,4972,4070.85%
196027,0904,6051.88%
195022,4854,0362.00%
194018,4493,7922.33%
193014,6571,9891.47%
192012,668-201-0.16%
191012,8698,50311.42%
19004,3669402.45%
18903,4260.00%

Missoula Population in 2018Source: By Prizrak 2084 from Missoula, Montana, USA (View_From_The_M26_(GeneratedHDR_Tonemapped)) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White64,817
Two or More Races2,376
American Indian and Alaska Native1,727
Asian1,358
Black or African American350
Some Other Race197
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander22

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Missoula Population Pyramid 2019

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Missoula Median Age

32.7


Total

32.3


Male

33.5


Female

Missoula Adults

There are 58,486 adults, (8,909 of whom are seniors) in Missoula.

Missoula Age Dependency

42.9

Age Dependency Ratio

18

Old Age Dependency Ratio

24.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Missoula Sex Ratio

Female

35,309

49.84%

Male

35,538

50.16%

Missoula Households and Families

Missoula Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Missoula Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.4%20.6%
Male53.1%46.9%
All47.2%52.8%
Female33.3%66.7%
Non Family27.4%72.6%

47.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Missoula Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All30,9142.1947.2
Non Family16,0301.4627.4
Married10,8162.9779.4
Female2,7692.9233.3
Male1,2993.1653.1

2.88

Average Family Size

2.19

Average Household Size

9.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Missoula Households

Missoula Education

Missoula Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5101.13%
9th to 12th Grade1,4083.13%
High School Graduate8,03017.84%
Some College10,73123.83%
Associates Degree3,0156.70%
Bachelors Degree12,40427.55%
Graduate Degree8,92519.82%

Missoula Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White41,21739,65020,049
Hispanic1,091998365
Native American927817130
Multiple Races882874426
Asian847748449
Black27222477
Other Race13013024
Islander22

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among other race people with a rate of 53.01%.

Missoula Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,265$32,485$26,724
Less Than High School$16,821$20,391$12,052
High School Grad$24,185$27,419$19,271
Some College$25,199$26,720$23,232
Bachelors Degree$31,228$32,450$30,528
Graduate Degree$50,691$62,643$42,733

$30,265

Average Earnings

$32,485

Average Male

$26,724

Average Female

Missoula Language

Missoula Language by Age

Missoula Language

95.34% of Missoula residents speak only English, while 4.66% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.56% of the population.

Missoula Poverty

Missoula Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White60,95311,54018.93%
Native1,64170342.84%
Multiple2,29852622.89%
Hispanic2,13444020.62%
Asian1,22027722.70%
Black3195216.30%
Other1963618.37%
Islander2222100.00%

19.79%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.97%

Male Poverty Rate

19.60%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Missoula

The race most likely to be in poverty in Missoula is Islander, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Missoula is Black, with 16.30% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.85%. Among those working part-time, it was 33.23%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.97%.

Missoula Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.43%
High School20.20%
Some College16.80%
Bachelors or Greater7.47%

Missoula Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed48.06%
Male Unemployed45.06%
Female Employed16.07%
Male Employed15.55%

Missoula Income

Missoula Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$43,602$63,321
Families$71,740$88,078
Married Families$86,187$
Non Families$28,508$38,613

Missoula Marital Status

Missoula Marital Status

Marriage Rates

37.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.1%

Male Marriage Rate

37.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Missoula Married by Age and Sex

Missoula Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Missoula Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Missoula Veterans

Missoula Veterans by War

4,287

Number of Veterans

3,974

Male Veterans

313

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,545
Second Gulf War892
First Gulf War813
Korea346
World War II148

Missoula Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 541,223
65 to 741,026
75+880
55 to 64653
18 to 34505

Missoula Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,0117.42%
Hispanic15610.28%
2 or More1017.20%
Indian806.21%
Other5534.16%
Asian221.93%
Black185.77%

Missoula Veterans by Education

13.68%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Missoula Employment Status

Missoula Employment by Age

71%

Labor Force Participation

66.4%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

Missoula Employment by Race

Missoula Employment by Education

Missoula Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

49.35%

Born in Montana

97.00%

Native Born

3.00%

Foreign Born

1.68%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

97.00% of Missoula residents were born in the United States, with 49.35% having been born in Montana. 1.68% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.