Mobile, Alabama Population 2020

189,572

Mobile is a city located in the state of Alabama. It is located in Mobile County, where it serves as the county seat and is also the most populous city. When compared to the rest of the state, Mobile is the third most populous in Alabama. The current estimated population is 189,572.

The city is most known for being the only saltwater port in the state, and the Port of Mobile has contributed significantly to the city’s economy throughout its history. The city’s population at the time of the 2010 census was recorded as 195,111.

Recent Population Changes

Since that last census was taken, estimates show that the population has dropped to 192,904.

City Size and Population Density

The total area of the city is just over 180 square miles, and Mobile has a population density of 1,383.82 people per square mile.

Mobile Population Statistics

There are more females than males living in Mobile, with women making up 53% of the population. 15.5% of the population is over the age of 65 years, and just 22% of the population is 18 years or under.

Median rent in the last five years has been approximately $800 per month.

Population Growth in Mobile

Mobile’s population saw rapid growth throughout the 19th century and through the early half of the 20th century. In 1960, the population reached its peak of over 202,000 residents. This was more than double the number recorded at the time of the 1940 census. However, in 1970, the population dropped below 200,000. It rose again in 1980 before dropping again in 1990. Though 2000 saw some growth, it did not again surpass 200,000. Recent population estimates show that the population is down over 1% since the 2010 census. The city has recently attracted more businesses, including Carnival cruise line, the Airbus assembly line, and a Walmart distribution center, which city officials hope will lead to growth in both the economy and the population.

Mobile, Alabama's estimated population is 189,572 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Mobile, Alabama is the 4th largest city in Alabama based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1359.95 people/mi² (525.08 people/km²).

The overall median age is 37.1 years, 35.9 years for males, and 38.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 90.2 males.

The median income for households in Mobile, Alabama is $, while the mean household income is $.

Mobile Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mobile was:

  • Black or African American: 50.64%
  • White: 44.81%
  • Asian: 1.76%
  • Two or more races: 1.75%
  • Other race: 0.83%
  • Native American: 0.20%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%

How Many People Live in Mobile, Alabama?

189,572
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018189,572-929-0.49%
2017190,501-1,384-0.72%
2016191,885-492-0.26%
2015192,377-602-0.31%
2014192,979-576-0.30%
2013193,555-303-0.16%
2012193,858-134-0.07%
2011193,992-585-0.30%
2010194,577-4,338-0.22%
2000198,9152,6370.13%
1990196,278-4,174-0.21%
1980200,45210,4260.54%
1970190,026-4,830-0.25%
1960194,85665,8474.21%
1950129,00950,2895.06%
194078,72010,5181.44%
193068,2027,4251.16%
192060,7779,2561.67%
191051,52113,0522.96%
190038,4697,3932.16%
189031,0761,9440.65%
188029,132-2,902-0.95%
187032,0342,7760.91%
186029,2588,7433.61%
185020,5157,8434.94%
184012,6729,47814.78%
18303,1940.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018413,757-758-0.18%
2017414,515-984-0.24%
2016415,4995640.14%
2015414,9353450.08%
2014414,5903800.09%
2013414,2102880.07%
2012413,9226800.16%
2011413,242-77-0.02%
2010413,3190.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American96,97450.64%
White85,81344.81%
Asian3,3631.76%
Two or More Races3,3481.75%
Some Other Race1,5840.83%
American Indian and Alaska Native3810.20%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander220.01%

Mobile Population Pyramid 2020

Mobile Median Age

37.1


Total

35.9


Male

38.4


Female

Mobile Adults

There are 150,024 adults, (30,654 of whom are seniors) in Mobile.

Mobile Age Dependency

60.4

Age Dependency Ratio

25.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Mobile Sex Ratio

Female

100,675

52.58%

Male

90,810

47.42%

Mobile Households and Families

Mobile Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Mobile Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.5%23.5%
All53.9%46.1%
Male51.2%48.8%
Non Family42%58%
Female41.8%58.2%

53.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All77,6682.3753.9
Non Family34,3121.1942
Married26,1203.0976.5
Female14,2863.6741.8
Male2,9503.3751.2

3.25

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Mobile Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,4892.68%
9th to 12th Grade11,5258.85%
High School Graduate38,49329.55%
Some College29,08722.33%
Associates Degree10,5608.11%
Bachelors Degree23,36717.94%
Graduate Degree13,75310.56%

Mobile Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White61,57657,33924,970
Black61,47851,7929,610
Hispanic3,3132,899907
Asian2,2821,7661,032
Multiple Races1,4971,346474
Other Race836646167
Native American29223494
Islander222216

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 72.73%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,545$39,755$27,422
Less Than High School$17,768$18,953$16,092
High School Grad$25,291$31,009$19,363
Some College$29,229$36,862$25,137
Bachelors Degree$45,373$58,307$39,035
Graduate Degree$54,503$78,052$47,456

$32,545

Average Earnings

$39,755

Average Male

$27,422

Average Female

Mobile Language

Mobile Language by Age

Mobile Language

95.33% of Mobile residents speak only English, while 4.67% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.18% of the population.

Mobile Poverty

Mobile Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black93,69728,99330.94%
White79,2519,79212.36%
Hispanic4,75064613.60%
Asian3,32555016.54%
Multiple3,25452116.01%
Other1,54527517.80%
Native3373610.68%
Islander22627.27%

22.00%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.11%

Male Poverty Rate

23.67%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mobile

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mobile is Black, with 30.94% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mobile is Native, with 10.68% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.75%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.41%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.70%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.46%
High School21.76%
Some College15.75%
Bachelors or Greater5.29%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed55.21%
Male Unemployed33.81%
Female Employed13.07%
Male Employed7.06%

Mobile Income

Mobile Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$40,588$60,481
Families$54,338$76,003
Married Families$78,186$101,166
Non Families$26,133$39,642

Mobile Marital Status

Mobile Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.9%

Male Marriage Rate

34.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Mobile Married by Age and Sex

Mobile Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Mobile Marital Status by Race

Mobile Veterans

12,292

Number of Veterans

10,829

Male Veterans

1,463

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,710
Second Gulf War2,448
First Gulf War2,368
Korea1,009
World War II442
Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,024
35 to 542,826
55 to 642,709
75+2,445
18 to 341,288

Mobile Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White6,5309.15%
Black5,3187.39%
Hispanic2907.48%
2 or More1717.94%
Asian1325.02%
Other998.47%
Indian267.56%
Hawaiian1672.73%

Mobile Veterans by Education

9.99%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.66%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mobile Employment Status

56.7%

Labor Force Participation

52.8%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Mobile Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

74.54%

Born in Alabama

96.62%

Native Born

3.38%

Foreign Born

1.71%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.62% of Mobile residents were born in the United States, with 74.54% having been born in Alabama. 1.71% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.