Mobile, Alabama Population 2019

Mobile is a city located in the state of Alabama. It is located in Mobile County, where it serves as the county seat and is also the most populous city. When compared to the rest of the state, Mobile is the third most populous in Alabama.

The city is most known for being the only saltwater port in the state, and the Port of Mobile has contributed significantly to the city’s economy throughout its history. The city’s population at the time of the 2010 census was recorded as 195,111.

Recent Population Changes

Since that last census was taken, estimates show that the population has dropped to 192,904.

City Size and Population Density

The total area of the city is just over 180 square miles, and Mobile has a population density of 1,383.82 people per square mile.

Mobile Population Statistics

There are more females than males living in Mobile, with women making up 53% of the population. 15.5% of the population is over the age of 65 years, and just 22% of the population is 18 years or under.

Median rent in the last five years has been approximately $800 per month.

Population Growth in Mobile

Mobile’s population saw rapid growth throughout the 19th century and through the early half of the 20th century. In 1960, the population reached its peak of over 202,000 residents. This was more than double the number recorded at the time of the 1940 census. However, in 1970, the population dropped below 200,000. It rose again in 1980 before dropping again in 1990. Though 2000 saw some growth, it did not again surpass 200,000. Recent population estimates show that the population is down over 1% since the 2010 census. The city has recently attracted more businesses, including Carnival cruise line, the Airbus assembly line, and a Walmart distribution center, which city officials hope will lead to growth in both the economy and the population.

Mobile Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mobile was:

  • Black or African American: 50.37%
  • White: 45.37%
  • Two or more races: 1.78%
  • Asian: 1.66%
  • Other race: 0.68%
  • Native American: 0.14%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%

Mobile, Alabama's estimated population is 189,572 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Mobile, Alabama is the 4th largest city in Alabama based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1359.95 people/mi² (525.08 people/km²), with a household density of 253.72 people/km² (657.13 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 36.7 years, 35.1 years for males, and 38.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 91.1 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 91,601 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3%, with a median rent of $812/month. The median house has 5.5 rooms, and has a value of $120,800.

The median income for households in Mobile, Alabama is $40,020, while the mean household income is $58,921.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018189,572-929-0.49%
2017190,501-1,384-0.72%
2016191,885-492-0.26%
2015192,377-602-0.31%
2014192,979-576-0.30%
2013193,555-303-0.16%
2012193,858-134-0.07%
2011193,992-585-0.30%
2010194,577-4,338-0.22%
2000198,9152,6370.13%
1990196,278-4,174-0.21%
1980200,45210,4260.54%
1970190,026-4,830-0.25%
1960194,85665,8474.21%
1950129,00950,2895.06%
194078,72010,5181.44%
193068,2027,4251.16%
192060,7779,2561.67%
191051,52113,0522.96%
190038,4697,3932.16%
189031,0761,9440.65%
188029,132-2,902-0.95%
187032,0342,7760.91%
186029,2588,7433.61%
185020,5157,8434.94%
184012,6729,47814.78%
18303,1940.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American96,761
White87,155
Two or More Races3,410
Asian3,181
Some Other Race1,303
American Indian and Alaska Native270
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander5

Mobile Population Pyramid 2019

Mobile Median Age

36.7


Total

35.1


Male

38.5


Female

Mobile Adults

There are 149,866 adults, (29,831 of whom are seniors) in Mobile.

Mobile Age Dependency

60

Age Dependency Ratio

24.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Mobile Sex Ratio

Female

100,515

52.33%

Male

91,570

47.67%

Mobile Households and Families

Mobile Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Mobile Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.7%22.3%
All55.7%44.3%
Male52.5%47.5%
Non Family43.5%56.5%
Female43%57%

55.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All76,0972.4255.7
Non Family32,0381.1943.5
Married26,5523.1377.7
Female14,7203.6143
Male2,7873.3852.5

3.26

Average Family Size

2.42

Average Household Size

3.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Mobile Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,9893.08%
9th to 12th Grade11,2478.68%
High School Graduate37,37328.86%
Some College29,44622.74%
Associates Degree11,0718.55%
Bachelors Degree22,81117.61%
Graduate Degree13,58010.49%

Mobile Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White62,03057,71524,759
Black60,47950,6869,163
Hispanic3,5312,996981
Asian2,1071,643922
Multiple Races1,5151,363514
Other Race718560168
Native American23518954
Islander55

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 43.76%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,152$37,395$26,156
Less Than High School$17,541$18,993$14,541
High School Grad$24,236$30,534$20,153
Some College$26,895$34,375$23,253
Bachelors Degree$44,331$56,747$38,131
Graduate Degree$53,582$77,241$46,950

$31,152

Average Earnings

$37,395

Average Male

$26,156

Average Female

Mobile Language

Mobile Language by Age

Mobile Language

95.10% of Mobile residents speak only English, while 4.90% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.30% of the population.

Mobile Poverty

Mobile Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black93,08928,83130.97%
White79,95710,39213.00%
Hispanic5,25298018.66%
Multiple3,27256617.30%
Asian3,14752616.71%
Other1,24432125.80%
Native2253314.67%
Islander55100.00%

22.37%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.36%

Male Poverty Rate

24.14%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mobile

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mobile is Islander, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mobile is White, with 13.00% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.99%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.41%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.01%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.75%
High School21.31%
Some College15.91%
Bachelors or Greater5.24%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.39%
Male Unemployed33.88%
Female Employed13.30%
Male Employed7.62%

Mobile Income

Mobile Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$40,020$58,921
Families$52,014$72,984
Married Families$76,020$97,492
Non Families$25,156$38,338

Mobile Marital Status

Mobile Marital Status

Marriage Rates

37.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.6%

Male Marriage Rate

34.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Mobile Married by Age and Sex

Mobile Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Mobile Marital Status by Race

Mobile Veterans

12,544

Number of Veterans

11,180

Male Veterans

1,364

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,854
First Gulf War2,343
Second Gulf War2,184
Korea1,052
World War II593
Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,064
35 to 542,942
55 to 642,867
75+2,476
18 to 341,195

Mobile Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White6,7599.38%
Black5,4447.58%
Hispanic2265.35%
2 or More1858.65%
Other616.48%
Asian592.39%
Indian3613.90%

Mobile Veterans by Education

9.17%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mobile Employment Status

57.2%

Labor Force Participation

52.6%

Employment Rate

7.9%

Unemployment Rate

Mobile Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

74.15%

Born in Alabama

96.61%

Native Born

3.39%

Foreign Born

1.83%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.61% of Mobile residents were born in the United States, with 74.15% having been born in Alabama. 1.83% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.