Modesto, California Population 2018

Modesto is a city located in the state of California. It is the county seat of Stanislaus County, and it is also the largest city in the county by population. Its current population of 212,175 people makes it the 18th most populous city in California. It is one of the top farm production counties in California, with agricultural production including chickens, walnuts, almonds and milk. The city has also been ranked as one of the most affordable cities in the nation.

Modesto History

Modesto was originally founded as a railroad town in 1870. Its original name was to be Ralston after the man who financed the endeavor, but the man asked for it to be named something else. It was named “Modesto” after the man’s modesty. In Modesto’s earliest years, it had a population of over 1,000. Its agricultural land and the railroad made it a desirable place to live, so the population began to grow from the very beginning. By the time the 1900s rolled around, the population had more than quadrupled to over 4,500 residents.

The city has long had a history of agriculture and was a provider of many supplies during World War II, including canned goods and fresh eggs. Modesto’s county has been ranked sixth in terms of farm production. In 2011 alone, the county earned grossed over $3 billion in agricultural goods. The city is not just known for its agricultural goods but also for its architecture, which has been featured in Museum of Modern Art publications multiple times. The city has also been ranked as one of the most affordable, although it is ranked poorly in terms of job forecast growth.

Modesto is also a popular tourist destination, with people from all over the country coming to visit its museums, walk through its downtown streets, or to visit historic landmarks like the McHenry Mansion. Today, the city’s downtown area has been modernized to add new attractions and to create a tourist walk to showcase one of the original locations featured in the film, “American Graffiti.”

Modesto Demographics

Modesto’s population is estimated to be about 212,175. The last official population was recorded at the time of the 2010 census and shows that the city had 201,165 residents. The city stretches across nearly 45 miles, with a population density of over 4,937 people per square mile.

Sixty-five percent of Modesto’s population is white. Over 6% of the population is Asian, including Pakistanis, Koreans, Laotians, Chinese and Cambodians. Over 71,000 people are Hispanic or Latino, while there are nearly 2,500 Native Americans and almost 8,400 African Americans.

The largest age group is those under the age of 18, making up 26.8% of the population. This is followed by those aged 25 to 44, who make up 26.4% of the population. People aged 45 to 64 make up almost one-quarter of the population, while 11.7% are 65 or older. The median age is 34.2 years old. There are 95 males for every 100 females in Modesto. About 18.5% live below the federal poverty line. Another interesting fact is that about 32% of the population in Modesto is obese, which exceeds the state average of 22.7%.

Modesto Population Growth

Modesto has experienced growth in its population during almost every census. The exception was the period between 1890 and 1900 when a 15.7% loss was recorded. However, the city immediately bounced back, nearly doubling its population by the time of the 1910 census. While population growth was high through the 1990s, it has recently slowed. Estimates in 2016 show that the population at this time was 5.5% higher than the last recorded numbers in the 2010 census.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017214,2212,1861.03%
2016212,0352,0971.00%
2015209,9381,6880.81%
2014208,2501,7150.83%
2013206,5351,1290.55%
2012205,4061,1990.59%
2011204,2078630.42%
2010203,34414,4880.74%
2000188,85624,1261.38%
1990164,73057,7674.41%
1980106,96345,2515.65%
197061,71225,1275.37%
196036,58519,1967.72%
195017,3891,0100.60%
194016,3792,5371.70%
193013,8424,6014.12%
19209,2415,2078.64%
19104,0342,0107.14%
19002,024-378-1.70%
18902,4027093.56%
18801,6930.00%

Modesto Population in 2018Source: Photograph by D Ramey Logan [CC BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White152,693
Some Other Race18,804
Asian16,263
Two or More Races9,942
Black or African American8,741
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,109
American Indian and Alaska Native1,614

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Modesto Population Pyramid 2018

2,0004,0006,0008,000 Male Population2,0004,0006,0008,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Modesto Median Age

35.3


Total

33.7


Male

36.8


Female

Modesto Adults

There are 156,491 adults, (28,469 of whom are seniors) in Modesto.

Modesto Age Dependency

64.2

Age Dependency Ratio

22.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Modesto Sex Ratio

Female

106,977

50.90%

Male

103,189

49.10%

Modesto Households and Families

Modesto Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Modesto Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.8%32.2%
All54.6%45.4%
Male48.5%51.5%
Non Family44.9%55.1%
Female35.7%64.3%

54.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Modesto Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All71,3712.9154.6
Married33,9153.5867.8
Non Family21,5741.2844.9
Female11,2413.6735.7
Male4,6413.6848.5

3.47

Average Family Size

2.91

Average Household Size

7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Modesto Households

Modesto Education

Modesto Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade12,1718.96%
9th to 12th Grade12,4469.16%
High School Graduate36,50626.86%
Some College36,92327.17%
Associates Degree11,8378.71%
Bachelors Degree17,48312.86%
Graduate Degree8,5446.29%

Modesto Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White72,77365,95217,352
Hispanic42,13027,7903,624
Other Race10,9636,2851,049
Asian10,7778,6843,169
Black5,3364,694719
Multiple Races4,2723,557855
Islander1,4441,114230
Native American1,208989136

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.63%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 29.41%.

Modesto Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,014$41,648$30,571
Less Than High School$21,096$25,524$12,803
High School Grad$31,161$36,521$24,603
Some College$36,017$45,148$29,855
Bachelors Degree$58,725$64,463$53,389
Graduate Degree$76,194$82,138$70,227

$36,014

Average Earnings

$41,648

Average Male

$30,571

Average Female

Modesto Language

Modesto Language by Age

Modesto Language

65.11% of Modesto residents speak only English, while 34.89% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 24.75% of the population.

Modesto Poverty

Modesto Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic78,93115,77619.99%
White96,09913,59614.15%
Other18,6554,24022.73%
Asian16,1913,04718.82%
Black8,5802,16025.17%
Multiple9,7961,68117.16%
Native1,61434121.13%
Islander2,1061286.08%

17.04%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.86%

Male Poverty Rate

18.17%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Modesto

The race most likely to be in poverty in Modesto is Black, with 25.17% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Modesto is Islander, with 6.08% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.52%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.89%.

Modesto Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.27%
High School15.06%
Some College11.78%
Bachelors or Greater5.35%

Modesto Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed34.52%
Male Unemployed34.03%
Female Employed9.03%
Male Employed7.19%

Modesto Income

Modesto Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$54,024$71,393
Families$61,116$79,523
Married Families$75,983$94,678
Non Families$34,955$46,748

Modesto Marital Status

Modesto Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.3%

Male Marriage Rate

44.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Modesto Married by Age and Sex

Modesto Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Modesto Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Modesto Veterans

Modesto Veterans by War

9,604

Number of Veterans

9,212

Male Veterans

392

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,948
First Gulf War1,167
Second Gulf War1,120
Korea643
World War II492

Modesto Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 742,624
55 to 642,254
75+2,144
35 to 541,947
18 to 34635

Modesto Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,0676.94%
Hispanic1,5422.97%
Black4527.31%
Other3492.67%
Asian3432.77%
2 or More2374.23%
Indian1007.70%
Hawaiian563.37%

Modesto Veterans by Education

9.51%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.40%

Veteran Disability Rate

Modesto Employment Status

Modesto Employment by Age

59.9%

Labor Force Participation

53.1%

Employment Rate

11.3%

Unemployment Rate

Modesto Employment by Race

Modesto Employment by Education

Modesto Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

67.09%

Born in California

81.98%

Native Born

18.02%

Foreign Born

9.15%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

81.98% of Modesto residents were born in the United States, with 67.09% having been born in California. 9.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.