Modesto, California Population 2020

215,030

Modesto is a city located in the state of California. It is the county seat of Stanislaus County, and it is also the largest city in the county by population. Its current population of 215,030 people makes it the 18th most populous city in California. It is one of the top farm production counties in California, with agricultural production including chickens, walnuts, almonds, and milk. The city has also been ranked as one of the most affordable cities in the nation.

Modesto History

Modesto was originally founded as a railroad town in 1870. Its original name was to be Ralston after the man who financed the endeavor, but the man asked for it to be named something else. It was named “Modesto” after the man’s modesty. In Modesto’s earliest years, it had a population of over 1,000. Its agricultural land and the railroad made it a desirable place to live, so the population began to grow from the very beginning. By the time the 1900s rolled around, the population had more than quadrupled to over 4,500 residents.

The city has long had a history of agriculture and was a provider of many supplies during World War II, including canned goods and fresh eggs. Modesto’s county has been ranked sixth in terms of farm production. In 2011 alone, the county earned grossed over $3 billion in agricultural goods. The city is not just known for its agrarian goods but also for its architecture, which has been featured in the Museum of Modern Art publications multiple times. The city has also been ranked as one of the most affordable, although it is rated poorly in terms of job forecast growth.

Modesto is also a popular tourist destination, with people from all over the country coming to visit its museums, walk through its downtown streets, or to visit historical landmarks like the McHenry Mansion. Today, the city’s downtown area has been modernized to add new attractions and to create a tourist walk to showcase one of the original locations featured in the film, “American Graffiti.”

Modesto Population Statistics

Modesto’s population is estimated to be about 212,175. The last official population was recorded at the time of the 2010 census and showed that the city had 201,165 residents. The city stretches across nearly 45 miles, with a population density of over 4,937 people per square mile.

The largest age group is those under the age of 18, making up 26.8% of the population. This is followed by those aged 25 to 44, who make up 26.4% of the population. People aged 45 to 64 make up almost one-quarter of the people, while 11.7% are 65 or older. The median age is 34.2 years old. There are 95 males for every 100 females in Modesto. About 18.5% live below the federal poverty line. Another interesting fact is that about 32% of the population in Modesto is obese, which exceeds the state average of 22.7%.

Modesto Population Growth

Modesto has experienced growth in its population during almost every census. The exception was the period between 1890 and 1900 when a 15.7% loss was recorded. However, the city immediately bounced back, nearly doubling its population by the time of the 1910 census. While population growth was high through the 1990s, it has recently slowed. Estimates in 2016 show that the population at this time was 5.5% higher than the last recorded numbers in the 2010 census.

Modesto, California's estimated population is 215,030 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Modesto, California is the 18th largest city in California based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 5004.71 people/mi² (1932.32 people/km²).

The overall median age is 35.6 years, 33.8 years for males, and 37.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.8 males.

The median income for households in Modesto, California is $, while the mean household income is $.

Modesto Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Modesto was:

  • White: 74.17%
  • Other race: 7.76%
  • Asian: 7.34%
  • Two or more races: 4.40%
  • Black or African American: 4.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.18%
  • Native American: 0.89%

How Many People Live in Modesto, California?

215,030
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018215,0301,8320.86%
2017213,1981,8640.88%
2016211,3341,9680.94%
2015209,3661,5850.76%
2014207,7811,5990.78%
2013206,1821,0740.52%
2012205,1081,0670.52%
2011204,0417270.36%
2010203,31414,4580.74%
2000188,85624,1261.38%
1990164,73057,7674.41%
1980106,96345,2515.65%
197061,71225,1275.37%
196036,58519,1967.72%
195017,3891,0100.60%
194016,3792,5371.70%
193013,8424,6014.12%
19209,2415,2078.64%
19104,0342,0107.14%
19002,024-378-1.70%
18902,4027093.56%
18801,6930.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018549,8154,5480.83%
2017545,2675,7251.05%
2016539,5426,0081.11%
2015533,5345,1880.97%
2014528,3464,6240.88%
2013523,7223,1280.60%
2012520,5942,9800.57%
2011517,6142,4490.47%
2010515,1650.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White156,75374.17%
Some Other Race16,4087.76%
Asian15,5027.34%
Two or More Races9,3034.40%
Black or African American9,0074.26%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,4881.18%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,8750.89%

Modesto Population Pyramid 2020

Modesto Median Age

35.6


Total

33.8


Male

37.7


Female

Modesto Adults

There are 157,795 adults, (29,261 of whom are seniors) in Modesto.

Modesto Age Dependency

64.4

Age Dependency Ratio

22.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Modesto Sex Ratio

Female

107,363

50.80%

Male

103,973

49.20%

Modesto Households and Families

Modesto Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Modesto Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.5%32.5%
All55%45%
Male48%52%
Non Family46.5%53.5%
Female36.1%63.9%

55.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All72,1062.8955
Married34,4293.5767.5
Non Family21,8651.2846.5
Female11,1523.6636.1
Male4,6603.6348

3.46

Average Family Size

2.89

Average Household Size

7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Modesto Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade11,7688.54%
9th to 12th Grade12,8569.33%
High School Graduate37,96627.56%
Some College37,63327.32%
Associates Degree11,4908.34%
Bachelors Degree17,48212.69%
Graduate Degree8,5776.23%

Modesto Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White72,33265,71717,247
Hispanic44,60429,7473,718
Asian10,4978,5993,277
Other Race9,9475,733951
Black5,5525,055826
Multiple Races3,9943,308712
Islander1,6361,250210
Native American1,4431,188169

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 91.05%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 31.22%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,411$42,323$31,694
Less Than High School$22,395$26,859$14,380
High School Grad$32,452$38,656$25,812
Some College$36,882$45,328$31,248
Bachelors Degree$61,171$66,755$55,308
Graduate Degree$80,589$87,054$76,176

$37,411

Average Earnings

$42,323

Average Male

$31,694

Average Female

Modesto Language

Modesto Language by Age

Modesto Language

63.74% of Modesto residents speak only English, while 36.26% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 25.84% of the population.

Modesto Poverty

Modesto Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic81,70014,97018.32%
White95,06812,25012.89%
Asian15,4232,96519.22%
Other16,3302,74316.80%
Multiple9,1921,87520.40%
Black8,9001,75319.70%
Native1,86640621.76%
Islander2,4851385.55%

15.94%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.35%

Male Poverty Rate

17.47%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Modesto

The race most likely to be in poverty in Modesto is Native, with 21.76% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Modesto is Islander, with 5.55% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.12%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.37%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.03%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.93%
High School14.18%
Some College11.15%
Bachelors or Greater4.80%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.40%
Male Unemployed31.03%
Female Employed7.75%
Male Employed6.50%

Modesto Income

Modesto Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$57,233$74,999
Families$63,856$82,965
Married Families$78,024$97,784
Non Families$37,657$50,229

Modesto Marital Status

Modesto Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.7%

Male Marriage Rate

44.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Modesto Married by Age and Sex

Modesto Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Modesto Marital Status by Race

Modesto Veterans

9,603

Number of Veterans

9,053

Male Veterans

550

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,814
Second Gulf War1,411
First Gulf War1,249
Korea656
World War II421
Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,725
75+2,295
55 to 641,964
35 to 541,923
18 to 34696

Modesto Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,0796.79%
Hispanic1,8663.44%
Black4747.36%
Other3783.20%
Asian2532.12%
2 or More2354.55%
Indian1328.46%
Hawaiian522.69%

Modesto Veterans by Education

7.15%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.41%

Veteran Disability Rate

Modesto Employment Status

60%

Labor Force Participation

53.8%

Employment Rate

10.3%

Unemployment Rate

Modesto Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

67.43%

Born in California

81.98%

Native Born

18.02%

Foreign Born

9.30%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

81.98% of Modesto residents were born in the United States, with 67.43% having been born in California. 9.30% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.