Montgomery, Alabama Population 2019

198,218

Montgomery is a city located in the state of Alabama. In addition to being the county seat for Montgomery County, it is also the state capital. It is the second most populated city in the state, falling only behind Birmingham.

The last census taken in 2010 recorded a population of 205,764 for the city. This number has since dropped to 198,218 according to recent estimates. The city has won multiple awards throughout its history, including being named All-America City, being listed as one of the top cities for job growth, and named the “happiest city in Alabama.”

Montgomery Population Statistics

Residents between the ages of 25 and 44 make up the largest age group in the city, comprising about 27.3% of the population. Nearly one-quarter of residents are under age 18, while 11.8% are at least 65 years old.

There are more females than males residing in Montgomery, with 88.6 men for every 100 women.

Over 21% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The city’s crime rates fall below the state and national averages for violent crimes but have a higher percentage of property crimes.

Montgomery Population Growth and Loss

Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 2.8% since the last census after experiencing years of growth. However, with the many educational and employment opportunities, its military presence and its culture and recent city revitalization projects, there is no indicating that this downward trend will continue.

Montgomery, Alabama's estimated population is 198,218 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Montgomery, Alabama is the 2nd largest city in Alabama based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1240.14 people/mi² (478.82 people/km²).

The overall median age is 35 years, 33.1 years for males, and 36.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 88.9 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 92,040 households in the city, with an average size of 2.45 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.8%, with a median rent of $845/month. The median house has 5.7 rooms, and has a value of $118,000.

The median income for households in Montgomery, Alabama is $44,339, while the mean household income is $62,902.

Montgomery Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Montgomery was:

  • Black or African American: 59.97%
  • White: 34.09%
  • Asian: 2.52%
  • Two or more races: 1.89%
  • Other race: 1.32%
  • Native American: 0.20%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%

How Many People Live in Montgomery, Alabama?

198,218
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018198,218-1,674-0.84%
2017199,892-468-0.23%
2016200,360-633-0.31%
2015200,993-442-0.22%
2014201,435-991-0.49%
2013202,426-1,511-0.74%
2012203,937-1,243-0.61%
2011205,180-413-0.20%
2010205,5934,0250.20%
2000201,56814,4620.75%
1990187,1069,2490.51%
1980177,85744,4712.92%
1970133,386-1,007-0.08%
1960134,39327,8682.35%
1950106,52528,4413.15%
194078,08412,0051.68%
193066,07922,6154.28%
192043,4645,3281.32%
191038,1367,7902.31%
190030,3468,4633.32%
189021,8835,1702.73%
188016,7136,1254.67%
187010,5881,7451.82%
18608,8431150.13%
18508,7286,52814.78%
18402,2000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018373,225-817-0.22%
2017374,0422120.06%
2016373,8304710.13%
2015373,359-129-0.03%
2014373,488-632-0.17%
2013374,120-746-0.20%
2012374,866-658-0.18%
2011375,5243940.10%
2010375,1300.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American120,39959.97%
White68,43734.09%
Asian5,0632.52%
Two or More Races3,8001.89%
Some Other Race2,6431.32%
American Indian and Alaska Native3960.20%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander230.01%

Montgomery Population Pyramid 2019

Montgomery Median Age

35


Total

33.1


Male

36.5


Female

Montgomery Adults

There are 152,134 adults, (26,921 of whom are seniors) in Montgomery.

Montgomery Age Dependency

60.3

Age Dependency Ratio

21.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Montgomery Sex Ratio

Female

106,292

52.94%

Male

94,469

47.06%

Montgomery Households and Families

Montgomery Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Montgomery Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.6%23.4%
All56%44%
Male49.9%50.1%
Non Family46.6%53.4%
Female40.6%59.4%

56.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All79,4332.4556
Non Family30,8661.1946.6
Married27,7283.1576.6
Female16,7883.4140.6
Male4,0513.2449.9

3.16

Average Family Size

2.45

Average Household Size

4.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Montgomery Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,6524.34%
9th to 12th Grade13,32710.24%
High School Graduate33,28425.58%
Some College28,10421.60%
Associates Degree8,4146.47%
Bachelors Degree24,94619.17%
Graduate Degree16,37412.59%

Montgomery Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black73,12158,99216,310
White48,74445,64421,738
Asian3,4763,2412,157
Hispanic3,1961,777490
Multiple Races1,6101,465596
Other Race1,076558166
Native American22418556
Islander1399

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.64%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 69.23%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,981$37,958$28,249
Less Than High School$18,189$22,083$12,727
High School Grad$23,345$28,161$20,211
Some College$29,868$35,110$25,529
Bachelors Degree$42,599$52,380$36,551
Graduate Degree$57,062$77,707$51,037

$31,981

Average Earnings

$37,958

Average Male

$28,249

Average Female

Montgomery Language

Montgomery Language by Age

Montgomery Language

94.09% of Montgomery residents speak only English, while 5.91% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.69% of the population.

Montgomery Poverty

Montgomery Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black116,63334,00629.16%
White62,7095,2578.38%
Hispanic6,7302,86042.50%
Other2,60098137.73%
Multiple3,54760116.94%
Asian4,9954438.87%
Native38282.09%

22.12%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.12%

Male Poverty Rate

23.86%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Montgomery

The race most likely to be in poverty in Montgomery is Hispanic, with 42.50% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Montgomery is Native, with 2.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.21%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.71%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.00%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.27%
High School21.70%
Some College14.92%
Bachelors or Greater4.97%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed55.05%
Male Unemployed40.99%
Female Employed13.65%
Male Employed8.64%

Montgomery Income

Montgomery Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$44,339$62,902
Families$56,056$75,629
Married Families$84,143$102,388
Non Families$30,587$40,974

Montgomery Marital Status

Montgomery Marital Status

Marriage Rates

37.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.6%

Male Marriage Rate

34.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Montgomery Married by Age and Sex

Montgomery Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Montgomery Marital Status by Race

Montgomery Veterans

14,509

Number of Veterans

12,410

Male Veterans

2,099

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,929
First Gulf War4,525
Second Gulf War3,710
Korea1,008
World War II363
Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,429
55 to 643,542
65 to 742,794
75+2,313
18 to 341,431

Montgomery Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black7,8008.86%
White6,29611.41%
Hispanic2165.85%
2 or More20110.81%
Asian982.60%
Other816.25%
Indian3310.71%

Montgomery Veterans by Education

7.24%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.40%

Veteran Disability Rate

Montgomery Employment Status

61.8%

Labor Force Participation

55.9%

Employment Rate

7.9%

Unemployment Rate

Montgomery Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

71.39%

Born in Alabama

95.14%

Native Born

4.86%

Foreign Born

3.23%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.14% of Montgomery residents were born in the United States, with 71.39% having been born in Alabama. 3.23% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.