Nashville, Tennessee Population 2019

Nashville is the capital of the state of Tennessee and known for its music industries, earning it the nickname Music City, and it is also known for several colleges and universities. Nashville has a consolidated city-county government with 6 municipalities. At the 2010 census, the population of the city, not including semi-independent municipalities, was 601,000. As a whole, with all municipalities, Nashville had a population of 626,600. The estimated population of Nashville in 2016 is 659,042.

The Nashville metropolitan statistical area is estimated to have 1.75 million people, up from 1.59 million in 2010. In 2016, the population of the city proper is estimated at 659,042 -- not including semi-independent municipalities.

Nashville is the second largest city in the state, behind Memphis, and the 3rd largest in the Southeastern US. In 2010, the 13-county Nashville metropolitan area was home to 1.59 million people. With 528 square miles of land, the consolidated population of Nashville is estimated at 659,042 in 2016. Nashville's metropolitan area is the largest in Tennessee and encompasses all Middle Tennessee counties.

In 2009, a survey found 628,434 people living in the city, with a density of 1,204 people per square mile (465/square kilometer).

Nashville Demographics

  • White: 60.5% (non-Hispanic: 56.3%)
  • African American: 28.4%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native: 0.3%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 2.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 10.0%

The non-Hispanic white population, while still a majority, has decreased from 79.5% in 1970.

Nashville has become a very popular destination for immigrants due to a healthy job market and fairly low cost of living. The foreign-born population of the city tripled between 1990 and 2000, from 12,600 to 39,500. The foreign-born population has nearly doubled over the last decade and makes up about 12% of the population. The city is home to large populations of Mexicans, Kurds, Vietnamese, Cambodians, Laotians, Arabs and Bantus. There are also small communities of Pashtuns from Pakistan and Afghanistan, mostly concentrated in Antioch. Nashville is home to the largest community of Kurdish people in the country, while many of around 60,000 Bhutanese refugees admitted to the country settled in the area. There is also a strong American Jewish community here with a history dating back more than 150 years.

Nashville History

Nashville was founded in 1779 near the original Cumberland settlement of Fort Nashborough. The city was named in honor of the Revolutionary War hero, Francis Nash, and it quickly grew in population thanks to its strategic location along the river and later the railroads. Nashville was incorporated in 1806 and became the county seat. It was named as the capital of Tennessee in 1843.

In 1963, the city consolidated its government with nearby Davidson County to form a metropolitan government. Nashville has enjoyed steady growth since the 1970s, particularly during the boom of the 90s, and it is today one of the fastest-growing regions in the Upland South.

Nashville Population Growth

Nashville is enjoying healthy growth due to its music industry, tourists and new residents primarily comprised of immigrants and young people. A Gallup poll in 2013 ranked Nashville as one of the top 5 regions for job growth in the country.

Despite its growth and improvements, many point out that the city still has work to do if it wants to continue on this path. The city is more socially progressive than the state as a whole, but its mostly white population is still struggling with its legacy of segregation.

The modest growth in Nashville allowed it to recover more quickly from the recession, with real estate closings up 28% in 2012 over the previous year, and the unemployment rate still remains lower than the national average.

Nashville's metropolitan area is expected to reach 2 million by the next census in 2020, placing it in 10th place for largest metropolitan growth.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017667,5602,7980.42%
2016664,7627,8001.19%
2015656,96211,0121.70%
2014645,95010,2481.61%
2013635,70210,1731.63%
2012625,52913,3232.18%
2011612,2067,4071.22%
2010604,79959,2751.04%
2000545,52457,1501.11%
1990488,37432,7230.70%
1980455,6517,6480.17%
1970448,003277,12910.12%
1960170,874-3,433-0.20%
1950174,3076,9050.41%
1940167,40213,5360.85%
1930153,86635,5242.66%
1920118,3427,9780.70%
1910110,36429,4993.16%
190080,8654,6970.60%
189076,16832,8185.80%
188043,35017,4855.30%
187025,8658,8774.29%
186016,9886,8235.27%
185010,1653,2363.91%
18406,9291,3632.21%
18305,5665,26610.23%
18003000.00%

Nashville Population in 2018Source: By Jacknstock [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White412,563
Black or African American181,681
Asian23,617
Some Other Race17,797
Two or More Races16,247
American Indian and Alaska Native1,845
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander437

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Nashville Population Pyramid 2019

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Nashville Median Age

34.1


Total

33.6


Male

34.7


Female

Nashville Adults

There are 514,159 adults, (73,240 of whom are seniors) in Nashville.

Nashville Age Dependency

48.4

Age Dependency Ratio

16.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Nashville Sex Ratio

Female

338,921

51.81%

Male

315,266

48.19%

Nashville Households and Families

Nashville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Nashville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.9%27.1%
All54%46%
Male45%55%
Non Family42.8%57.2%
Female41.9%58.1%

54.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Nashville Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All263,5272.454
Non Family116,2551.3542.8
Married98,0063.1572.9
Female37,6283.3441.9
Male11,6383.5745

3.13

Average Family Size

2.4

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Nashville Households

Nashville Education

Nashville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade21,8654.90%
9th to 12th Grade32,7527.33%
High School Graduate103,81023.25%
Some College87,05919.50%
Associates Degree28,9606.49%
Bachelors Degree108,68224.34%
Graduate Degree63,42114.20%

Nashville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White274,911254,621126,171
Black113,59298,49930,463
Hispanic34,80420,1735,032
Asian15,67712,2137,395
Other Race9,6054,5611,335
Multiple Races6,1655,3322,533
Native American1,233911287
Islander27219544

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.62%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 47.17%.

Nashville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,830$37,333$33,659
Less Than High School$21,465$23,788$17,221
High School Grad$26,806$29,294$24,573
Some College$32,921$36,065$31,015
Bachelors Degree$44,269$49,418$41,125
Graduate Degree$56,334$69,995$50,527

$35,830

Average Earnings

$37,333

Average Male

$33,659

Average Female

Nashville Language

Nashville Language by Age

Nashville Language

82.74% of Nashville residents speak only English, while 17.26% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.08% of the population.

Nashville Poverty

Nashville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black175,12743,49724.84%
White352,44639,28711.15%
Hispanic66,67020,03230.05%
Other17,7076,05534.20%
Multiple15,6963,08119.63%
Asian22,7502,97713.09%
Islander41526062.65%
Native1,81118810.38%

17.18%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.54%

Male Poverty Rate

17.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Nashville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Nashville is Islander, with 62.65% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Nashville is Native, with 10.38% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.49%.

Nashville Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.67%
High School17.08%
Some College11.21%
Bachelors or Greater5.44%

Nashville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed42.26%
Male Unemployed38.53%
Female Employed8.42%
Male Employed7.90%

Nashville Income

Nashville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,858$74,021
Families$64,196$88,129
Married Families$82,118$107,422
Non Families$41,030$53,820

Nashville Marital Status

Nashville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.8%

Male Marriage Rate

38.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Nashville Married by Age and Sex

Nashville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Nashville Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Nashville Veterans

Nashville Veterans by War

30,865

Number of Veterans

27,498

Male Veterans

3,367

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam10,936
First Gulf War5,988
Second Gulf War5,126
Korea2,217
World War II1,217

Nashville Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 547,709
65 to 747,425
55 to 646,681
75+6,183
18 to 342,867

Nashville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White20,9696.20%
Black9,1416.73%
Hispanic9722.33%
2 or More2723.30%
Indian19012.51%
Asian1720.94%
Other1100.98%
Hawaiian113.68%

Nashville Veterans by Education

9.37%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.61%

Veteran Disability Rate

Nashville Employment Status

Nashville Employment by Age

70.6%

Labor Force Participation

66.7%

Employment Rate

5.3%

Unemployment Rate

Nashville Employment by Race

Nashville Employment by Education

Nashville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

50.46%

Born in Tennessee

87.17%

Native Born

12.83%

Foreign Born

8.58%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.17% of Nashville residents were born in the United States, with 50.46% having been born in Tennessee. 8.58% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.