Nashville, Tennessee Population 2018

Nashville is the capital of Tennessee and known for its music industries, earning it the nickname Music City, and it is also known for several colleges and universities. Nashville has a consolidated city-county government with 6 municipalities. At the 2010 census, the population of the city, not including semi-independent municipalities, was 601,000. As a whole, with all municipalities, Nashville had a population of 626,600. The estimated population of Nashville in 2016 is 659,042.

The Nashville metropolitan statistical area is estimated to have 1.75 million people, up from 1.59 million in 2010. In 2016, the population of the city proper is estimated at 659,042 -- not including semi-independent municipalities.

Nashville is the second largest city in the state, behind Memphis, and the 3rd largest in the Southeastern US. In 2010, the 13-county Nashville metropolitan area was home to 1.59 million people. With 528 square miles of land, the consolidated population of Nashville is estimated at 659,042 in 2016. Nashville's metropolitan area is the largest in Tennessee and encompasses all Middle Tennessee counties.

In 2009, a survey found 628,434 people living in the city, with a density of 1,204 people per square mile (465/square kilometer).

Nashville Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial makeup of Nashville was:

  • White: 60.5% (non-Hispanic: 56.3%)
  • African American: 28.4%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native: 0.3%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 2.5%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 10.0%

The non-Hispanic white population, while still a majority, has decreased from 79.5% in 1970.

Nashville has become a very popular destination for immigrants due to a healthy job market and fairly low cost of living. The foreign-born population of the city tripled between 1990 and 2000, from 12,600 to 39,500. The foreign-born population has nearly doubled over the last decade and makes up about 12% of the population. The city is home to large populations of Mexicans, Kurds, Vietnamese, Cambodians, Laotians, Arabs and Bantus. There are also small communities of Pashtuns from Pakistan and Afghanistan, mostly concentrated in Antioch. Nashville is home to the largest community of Kurdish people in the country, while many of around 60,000 Bhutanese refugees admitted to the country settled in the area. There is also a strong American Jewish community here with a history dating back more than 150 years.

Nashville History

Nashville was founded in 1779 near the original Cumberland settlement of Fort Nashborough. The city was named in honor of the Revolutionary War hero, Francis Nash, and it quickly grew in population thanks to its strategic location along the river and later the railroads. Nashville was incorporated in 1806 and became the county seat. It was named as the capital of Tennessee in 1843.

In 1963, the city consolidated its government with nearby Davidson County to form a metropolitan government. Nashville has enjoyed steady growth since the 1970s, particularly during the boom of the 90s, and it is today one of the fastest-growing regions in the Upland South.


## Nashville Population Growth Nashville is enjoying healthy growth due to its music industry, tourists and new residents primarily comprised of immigrants and young people. A Gallup poll in 2013 ranked Nashville as one of the top 5 regions for job growth in the country.

Despite its growth and improvements, many point out that the city still has work to do if it wants to continue on this path. The city is more socially progressive than the state as a whole, but its mostly white population is still struggling with its legacy of segregation.

The modest growth in Nashville allowed it to recover more quickly from the recession, with real estate closings up 28% in 2012 over the previous year, and the unemployment rate still remains lower than the national average.

Nashville's metropolitan area is expected to reach 2 million by the next census in 2020, placing it in 10th place for largest metropolitan growth.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017667,5602,7980.42%
2016664,7627,8001.19%
2015656,96211,0121.70%
2014645,95010,2481.61%
2013635,70210,1731.63%
2012625,52913,3232.18%
2011612,2067,4071.22%
2010604,79959,2751.04%
2000545,52457,1501.11%
1990488,37432,7230.70%
1980455,6517,6480.17%
1970448,003277,12910.12%
1960170,874-3,433-0.20%
1950174,3076,9050.41%
1940167,40213,5360.85%
1930153,86635,5242.66%
1920118,3427,9780.70%
1910110,36429,4993.16%
190080,8654,6970.60%
189076,16832,8185.80%
188043,35017,4855.30%
187025,8658,8774.29%
186016,9886,8235.27%
185010,1653,2363.91%
18406,9291,3632.21%
18305,5665,26610.23%
18003000.00%

Nashville Population in 2018Source: By Jacknstock [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White401,360
Black or African American180,481
Asian22,680
Some Other Race21,744
Two or More Races15,383
American Indian and Alaska Native1,720
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander403

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Nashville Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Nashville Median Age

34


Total

33.4


Male

34.6


Female

Nashville Adults

There are 505,360 adults, (69,527 of which are seniors) in Nashville.

Nashville Age Dependency

47.9

Age Dependency Ratio

16

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Nashville Sex Ratio

Female

333,643

51.83%

Male

310,128

48.17%

Nashville Households and Families

Nashville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Nashville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.7%27.3%
All53.5%46.5%
Male46.6%53.4%
Non Family42.3%57.7%
Female41.6%58.4%

53.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Nashville Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All259,4272.453.5
Non Family115,9021.3442.3
Married95,1243.1572.7
Female37,1053.4241.6
Male11,2963.5546.6

3.15

Average Family Size

2.4

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Nashville Households

Nashville Education

Nashville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade21,9275.02%
9th to 12th Grade33,8177.74%
High School Graduate102,95523.56%
Some College86,07219.70%
Associates Degree27,7576.35%
Bachelors Degree102,88923.55%
Graduate Degree61,52114.08%

Nashville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White269,815249,297121,292
Black111,03394,95728,121
Hispanic34,02019,0044,554
Asian14,91511,8647,367
Other Race11,9185,7461,552
Multiple Races6,0015,0222,398
Native American1,189898288
Islander20717260

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.40%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 49.39%.

Nashville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,542$36,412$32,087
Less Than High School$20,301$22,402$15,683
High School Grad$26,136$28,637$23,421
Some College$31,622$34,576$30,006
Bachelors Degree$42,297$48,464$39,417
Graduate Degree$54,591$67,238$49,207

$34,542

Average Earnings

$36,412

Average Male

$32,087

Average Female

Nashville Language

Nashville Language by Age

Nashville Language

83.13% of Nashville residents speak only English, while 16.87% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.99% of the population.

Nashville Poverty

Nashville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black173,88345,81826.35%
White346,86239,46211.38%
Hispanic64,94320,37731.38%
Other21,4846,97432.46%
Multiple14,9463,22821.60%
Asian21,8193,14314.40%
Native1,68426515.74%
Islander40319247.64%

17.97%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.05%

Male Poverty Rate

18.81%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Nashville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Nashville is Islander, with 47.64% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Nashville is White, with 11.38% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.53%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.76%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.52%.

Nashville Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.86%
High School17.17%
Some College11.95%
Bachelors or Greater5.27%

Nashville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed43.86%
Male Unemployed36.00%
Female Employed8.73%
Male Employed8.03%

Nashville Income

Nashville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$49,891$69,626
Families$61,688$83,395
Married Families$78,098$101,780
Non Families$37,999$50,552

Nashville Marital Status

Nashville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.4%

Male Marriage Rate

37.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Nashville Married by Age and Sex

Nashville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Nashville Marital Status by Race

Nashville Veterans

Nashville Veterans by War

31,842

Number of Veterans

28,517

Male Veterans

3,325

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam11,127
First Gulf War5,455
Second Gulf War5,190
Korea2,720
World War II1,401

Nashville Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 548,024
65 to 747,250
55 to 647,111
75+6,275
18 to 343,182

Nashville Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White21,6216.55%
Black9,2866.94%
Hispanic9952.44%
2 or More4035.16%
Other1741.25%
Asian1670.95%
Indian15911.16%
Hawaiian3213.45%

Nashville Veterans by Education

9.11%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.92%

Veteran Disability Rate

Nashville Employment Status

Nashville Employment by Age

70.2%

Labor Force Participation

65.8%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

Nashville Employment by Race

Nashville Employment by Education

Nashville Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

51.17%

Born in Tennessee

87.48%

Native Born

12.52%

Foreign Born

8.51%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.48% of Nashville residents were born in the United States, with 51.17% having been born in Tennessee. 8.51% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.