New Haven, Connecticut Population 2018

New Haven is a city located in the state of Connecticut. It is part of the New York metro area, and it’s also the second largest city in Connecticut by population. Recent estimates put the population at 129,934. What’s most notable about New Haven is that it was the first planned city in the United States. Throughout its long history, New Haven has grown to become a city with a strong economy and its many attractions including theaters, museums and other venues.

New Haven History

The region that is now the city of New Haven was first inhabited by the Quinnipiac tribe. The Dutch arrived to the area in the early 1600s and set up a trading post but did not settle the area. It was in the 1630s when a group of Puritans arrived and the next year, 500 more came to the area. The original tribes inhabiting the area sold their land to the Puritans in exchange for protection from the Pequot tribe.

During the next decade, plans for a town were put in place, making New Haven the first planned city in the United States. At the time, it was Newhaven and was the location of the New Haven Colony headquarters. It was during the 1660s when New Haven was merged with the Connecticut Colony. In the early 1700s, the city was made co-capital of Connecticut and held this role until the 1870s.

The Collegiate School was relocated to New Haven during the early 1700s. This school was later renamed to Yale, one of the most prestigious universities in the country today. Later that century, in 1784, New Haven was incorporated as a city.

It was during the late 1700s when the city became an industrial powerhouse, primarily due to the inventions of Eli Whitney, who had graduated from Yale. In addition to the cotton gin, Whitney also established a gun-manufacturing factory in the city, which today is the Eli Whitney Museum.

In the 19th century, the city continued to thrive, especially during the Civil War as the military purchased industrial goods from the cities. The city continued to grow following the war and doubled by the 20th century, fueled by an influx of European immigrants. Population further grew when more African Americans and Puerto Ricans moved to the city, bringing the population to its peak following World War II.

The city expanded with the development of residential housing in the 1950s throughout the suburbs. It was also during this decade that the mayor launched urban renewal projects, some of the first in the country. However, the city continued to see population loss as well as an increase in crime.

In the 2000s, New Haven’s downtown has added retail shops, restaurants and other businesses. Updated condos and apartments have also been added. Because of these efforts, the city’s population is once again rising.

New Haven Demographics

The city’s population is 129,934 according to recent estimates. New Haven’s total area is over 20 square miles, with a population density of 6,500 people per square mile.

The city of New Haven has a very diverse population. Over 42% of the population is white, over 35% is black, 4.6% is Asian, 3.9% are mixed race, and over 27% are Hispanic or Latino of any race. The Latino population is only expected to continue to grow.

Over one-quarter of the total population is under the age of 18. Over 31% are 25 to 44, making up the largest age group. Just over 10% are at least 65 years old. There are significantly more females than males in New Haven, with 87.6 men for every 100 women. Close to one-quarter of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city’s economy is reliant on the services industry, which accounts for about 56% of the total economy. The city’s largest employer is Yale University. Other top employers in New Haven include New Haven Hospital, Southern Connecticut State University and Assa Abloy.

New Haven Population Growth

Beginning in the 18th century, New Haven experienced many years of significant growth. By 1870, there were over 50,000 residents. By 1900, this number had more than doubled. The city’s population continued to grow and reached its peak at the time of the 1950 census with over 160,000 residents. However, high crime rates and job losses resulted in losses throughout the next few decades, bringing the population to a low of 123,626 in the year 2000. However, the population had risen once again when the 2010 census was taken, and recent estimates show that the population has grown by 0.1% since the last census. Though this increase is small, it indicates that efforts to revitalize the city could be working to help drive up population numbers once again.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017131,0142460.19%
2016130,7681520.12%
2015130,616-181-0.14%
2014130,797-384-0.29%
2013131,181-66-0.05%
2012131,2472650.20%
2011130,9821,1290.87%
2010129,8536,2270.49%
2000123,626-6,848-0.54%
1990130,4744,3850.34%
1980126,089-11,618-0.88%
1970137,707-14,341-0.99%
1960152,048-12,395-0.78%
1950164,4433,8380.24%
1940160,605-2,050-0.13%
1930162,6551180.01%
1920162,53728,9321.98%
1910133,60525,5782.15%
1900108,02721,9822.30%
189086,04523,1633.19%
188062,88212,0422.15%
187050,84011,5732.62%
186039,26718,9226.80%
185020,3457,3854.61%
184012,9602,7802.44%
183010,1803,0333.60%
18207,1471,3752.16%
18105,7721,7233.61%
18004,049-438-1.02%
17904,4870.00%

New Haven Population in 2018Source: By Sage Ross [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White56,332
Black or African American43,190
Some Other Race19,669
Asian6,116
Two or More Races5,125
American Indian and Alaska Native429
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander23

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

New Haven Population Pyramid 2018

2,0004,0006,0008,000 Male Population2,0004,0006,0008,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

New Haven Median Age

30.7


Total

29.7


Male

31.6


Female

New Haven Adults

There are 101,929 adults, (13,683 of whom are seniors) in New Haven.

New Haven Age Dependency

48.3

Age Dependency Ratio

15.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.8

Child Dependency Ratio

New Haven Sex Ratio

Female

68,924

52.66%

Male

61,960

47.34%

New Haven Households and Families

New Haven Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

New Haven Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married51.4%48.6%
Male28.8%71.2%
All27.8%72.2%
Female20.6%79.4%
Non Family19.5%80.5%

27.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

New Haven Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All49,9872.4327.8
Non Family25,2881.319.5
Married12,1103.5451.4
Female10,5413.6120.6
Male2,0483.6528.8

3.44

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

6.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

New Haven Households

New Haven Education

New Haven Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,0326.21%
9th to 12th Grade7,4119.14%
High School Graduate25,37631.31%
Some College12,09814.93%
Associates Degree3,6254.47%
Bachelors Degree12,58515.53%
Graduate Degree14,92018.41%

New Haven Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White28,50926,45115,724
Black26,20822,1955,359
Hispanic21,32015,0762,646
Other Race10,9497,397946
Asian4,0053,8393,221
Multiple Races1,9791,695618
Native American25222923
Islander232314

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 80.42%.

New Haven Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,077$36,690$32,001
Less Than High School$18,250$20,685$15,739
High School Grad$25,900$27,347$23,655
Some College$32,450$35,308$32,148
Bachelors Degree$45,313$54,108$37,388
Graduate Degree$56,592$59,836$54,490

$34,077

Average Earnings

$36,690

Average Male

$32,001

Average Female

New Haven Language

New Haven Language by Age

New Haven Language

65.15% of New Haven residents speak only English, while 34.85% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 26.21% of the population.

New Haven Poverty

New Haven Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic38,45811,88030.89%
Black41,84711,37527.18%
White35,0746,85519.54%
Other19,1446,05331.62%
Multiple4,6281,61734.94%
Asian5,1131,16522.79%
Native4118520.68%
Islander231460.87%

25.62%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.65%

Male Poverty Rate

26.49%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Haven

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Haven is Islander, with 60.87% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Haven is White, with 19.54% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.23%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.19%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.32%.

New Haven Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.85%
High School25.38%
Some College17.94%
Bachelors or Greater12.08%

New Haven Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed42.44%
Male Unemployed38.10%
Female Employed14.04%
Male Employed9.96%

New Haven Income

New Haven Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$39,191$60,020
Families$46,671$72,605
Married Families$77,983$104,321
Non Families$29,531$45,456

New Haven Marital Status

New Haven Marital Status

Marriage Rates

26.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.6%

Male Marriage Rate

24.7%

Female Marriage Rate

New Haven Married by Age and Sex

New Haven Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35To44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

New Haven Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

New Haven Veterans

New Haven Veterans by War

3,518

Number of Veterans

3,177

Male Veterans

341

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,134
Second Gulf War579
First Gulf War560
Korea328
World War II173

New Haven Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 74903
35 to 54872
75+787
55 to 64527
18 to 34429

New Haven Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,0614.31%
Black1,3524.27%
Hispanic4251.57%
Asian400.73%
Other320.24%
Indian225.38%
2 or More110.33%

New Haven Veterans by Education

11.79%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.37%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Haven Employment Status

New Haven Employment by Age

63.6%

Labor Force Participation

57%

Employment Rate

10.4%

Unemployment Rate

New Haven Employment by Race

New Haven Employment by Education

New Haven Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

49.23%

Born in Connecticut

83.61%

Native Born

16.39%

Foreign Born

12.19%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

83.61% of New Haven residents were born in the United States, with 49.23% having been born in Connecticut. 12.19% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.