New Orleans, Louisiana Population 2018

New Orleans is the largest city and metro area of Louisiana, and its name comes from Orléans, a city on the Loire River in France. Known for its French Creole architecture and multilingual and cultural heritage, New Orleans is often called the most unique city in the United States.

The estimated population of New Orleans is 369,000, down significantly from a decade ago.

New Orleans is estimated to have 369,000 people in 2013, which is down dramatically from 484,674 in 2000. This is up from the 2010 Census population of 343,800, however, and New Orleans is growing and recovering from Hurricane Katrina that struck its coast in 2005.

The New Orleans metropolitan area has a population of 1.167 million, which makes it the 46th largest in the country, and the New Orleans-Metairie-Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area has a population of 1.2 million.

The city itself currently has a density of 1,965 people per square mile (759/square kilometer), so there's definitely room for growth.

Impact of Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina had a major impact on New Orleans and it was called the "worst engineering disaster in the world since Chernobyl" by Dr. Raymond B. Seed of the University California Brekeley after the Federal levee system failed. The hurricane approached the city in August 2005 and, while most residents were evacuated, the federal flood protection system failed and 80% of New Orleans was flooded.

Tens of thousands of residents who were left in the city were rescued, but many stayed in shelters -- including the Louisiana Superdome -- for days. Officially, 1,500 people died in Louisiana, but there were many more never accounted for.

Tens of thousands of people left New Orleans and never returned, and in 2006, the Census Bureau estimated the population was just 223,000. A year later, 32,000 people returned, which brought the city's population to just 56% of pre-Katrina levels.

In 2013, the US Census Bureau estimated the population of New Orleans at 369,000, which is 76% of its 2000 population, while the metro area has 92% of its 2000 population. Another survey in June 2013 found that more than half of the 72 neighborhoods of New Orleans had recovered 90% of their pre-Katrina population.

While African Americans still represent a majority in the city, their numbers dropped significantly after the hurricane.

New Orleans Demographics

At the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic composition of New Orleans was:

  • African American: 60.2%
  • White: 33%
  • Asian: 2.9%
  • Two or more races: 1.7%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 5.3%

In 2006, it was estimated that there are about 10,000 to 14,000 illegal immigrants in New Orleans, mostly from Mexico. Janet Murguia, president of the National Council of La Raza, said there may be about 120,000 Hispanic workers in the city.

New Orleans has become more diverse over the last decade, and its Latino population in the metropolitan area has jumped 69% from 2000 to 2012, which is much higher than the national 50% growth.

The French and Spanish colonial history of New Orleans gives its population a strong Catholic traditional, and Catholicism is still the predominant religion. 35.9% of its population is Roman Catholic. There is also a strong presence of Louisiana Voodoo, which is a syncretism with African and Afro-Caribbean Roman Catholic beliefs. While this Voodoo image is promoted a great deal by the tourism industry, there are very few true adherents in New Orleans.

New Orleans History

La Nouvelle-Orleans (New Orleans) was founded in 1718 by the French Mississippi Company on land inhabited at the time by the Chitimacha. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 ceded this French colony to the Spanish Empire, and it became a port to smuggle aid to rebels during the American Revolutionary War.

In 1779, a successful campaign pushed the British from the city, and New Orleans stayed under Spanish control until 1801, when it reverted to France. Napoleon then sold the territory to the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase and it grew quickly as French, Creoles, Americans, Africans, Germans and Irish moved to the region.

The end of the Haitian Revolution in 1804 brought a huge wage of refugees to New Orleans, both white and free people of color, many of which brought African slaves. New Orleans went on to have the largest slave trade for many years. After the Civil War, Louisiana was readmitted to the Union in 1868 and the city of New Orleans continued to grow in size and economic power through the 20th century.

New Orleans Population Growth

In 2012, 24/7 Wall St. identified the 10 largest cities with the fastest growing populations in the US based on Census Bureau data. New Orleans ranked #1, with 4.9% growth from 2010 to 2011. This is more than 6 times the national average of just 0.73%, although New Orleans remains at 80% pre-Katrina levels.

The good news is that New Orleans is on the rise again, eight years after Hurricane Katrina. In recent years, the population has started to grow and the city recovered all the jobs it lost as of 2012 with new growth in knowledge-based industries. This is good news for The Big Easy, and it's a trend that is expected to continue.

There's no doubt that Hurricane Katrina was a terrible disaster and tragedy, but it gave New Orleans the money and opportunity to rebuild and reinvent itself. The city was saved by the once-imminent fate of Detroit and its real estate market has seen a rebirth.

If current trends hold, New Orleans should have no trouble making its way back to pre-Katrina levels and possibly beyond before the next census in 2020.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017393,2922710.07%
2016393,0212,3100.59%
2015390,7115,9481.55%
2014384,7635,6381.49%
2013379,1259,0452.44%
2012370,0809,4192.61%
2011360,66112,8373.69%
2010347,824-136,850-3.26%
2000484,674-12,264-0.25%
1990496,938-60,989-1.15%
1980557,927-35,544-0.62%
1970593,471-34,054-0.56%
1960627,52557,0800.96%
1950570,44575,9081.44%
1940494,53735,7750.75%
1930458,76271,5431.71%
1920387,21948,1441.34%
1910339,07551,9711.68%
1900287,10445,0651.72%
1890242,03925,9491.14%
1880216,09024,6721.22%
1870191,41822,7431.27%
1860168,67552,3003.78%
1850116,37514,1821.31%
1840102,19356,1118.29%
183046,08218,9065.42%
182027,1769,9344.65%
181017,2420.00%

New Orleans Population in 2018Source: By thepipe26 (Flickr: new orleans skyline 2) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American232,127
White132,202
Asian11,567
Two or More Races6,801
Some Other Race4,764
American Indian and Alaska Native602
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander119

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

New Orleans Population Pyramid 2018

5,00010,00015,00020,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

New Orleans Median Age

35.9


Total

35.2


Male

36.7


Female

New Orleans Adults

There are 309,300 adults, (50,009 of whom are seniors) in New Orleans.

New Orleans Age Dependency

49.7

Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.4

Child Dependency Ratio

New Orleans Sex Ratio

Female

203,119

52.33%

Male

185,063

47.67%

New Orleans Households and Families

New Orleans Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

New Orleans Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.2%24.8%
All47.1%52.9%
Male45.8%54.2%
Female37%63%
Non Family35.8%64.2%

47.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

New Orleans Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All154,8952.4247.1
Non Family78,9711.2935.8
Married41,8753.2775.2
Female27,7214.0237
Male6,3283.9345.8

3.51

Average Family Size

2.42

Average Household Size

5.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

New Orleans Households

New Orleans Education

New Orleans Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade11,5604.26%
9th to 12th Grade26,8259.88%
High School Graduate62,49323.01%
Some College58,96821.71%
Associates Degree12,6544.66%
Bachelors Degree56,25820.72%
Graduate Degree42,81215.76%

New Orleans Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black151,337121,28227,735
White94,82091,76461,753
Hispanic14,42111,3274,788
Asian8,3396,1053,213
Multiple Races3,8343,4421,686
Other Race3,0352,358734
Native American494439127
Islander958054

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.78%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 65.13%.

New Orleans Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,014$38,602$30,006
Less Than High School$17,076$20,382$13,758
High School Grad$23,097$26,781$19,874
Some College$28,541$34,167$25,051
Bachelors Degree$42,907$50,034$39,922
Graduate Degree$59,061$75,766$50,480

$33,014

Average Earnings

$38,602

Average Male

$30,006

Average Female

New Orleans Language

New Orleans Language by Age

New Orleans Language

91.28% of New Orleans residents speak only English, while 8.72% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.20% of the population.

New Orleans Poverty

New Orleans Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black225,90474,96733.19%
White113,95313,04411.45%
Hispanic20,7904,68422.53%
Asian11,1381,86216.72%
Other4,6431,43730.95%
Multiple6,4151,33020.73%
Native60219131.73%

25.36%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.21%

Male Poverty Rate

27.30%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Orleans

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Orleans is Black, with 33.19% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Orleans is White, with 11.45% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.81%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 38.39%.

New Orleans Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School41.01%
High School29.22%
Some College19.91%
Bachelors or Greater7.13%

New Orleans Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.82%
Male Unemployed38.80%
Female Employed13.69%
Male Employed8.50%

New Orleans Income

New Orleans Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$38,721$67,224
Families$54,339$88,843
Married Families$86,792$126,959
Non Families$26,927$44,815

New Orleans Marital Status

New Orleans Marital Status

Marriage Rates

29.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.2%

Male Marriage Rate

27.6%

Female Marriage Rate

New Orleans Married by Age and Sex

New Orleans Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

New Orleans Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

New Orleans Veterans

New Orleans Veterans by War

16,793

Number of Veterans

15,147

Male Veterans

1,646

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,995
First Gulf War3,171
Second Gulf War2,826
Korea1,146
World War II927

New Orleans Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 744,287
35 to 544,148
55 to 643,655
75+3,285
18 to 341,418

New Orleans Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black9,8335.60%
White6,4675.65%
Hispanic5133.13%
2 or More3517.50%
Asian650.67%
Indian376.81%
Other351.00%
Hawaiian54.20%

New Orleans Veterans by Education

12.30%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.84%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Orleans Employment Status

New Orleans Employment by Age

61.7%

Labor Force Participation

56.1%

Employment Rate

8.7%

Unemployment Rate

New Orleans Employment by Race

New Orleans Employment by Education

New Orleans Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

70.93%

Born in Louisiana

94.13%

Native Born

5.87%

Foreign Born

3.26%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.13% of New Orleans residents were born in the United States, with 70.93% having been born in Louisiana. 3.26% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.