New York City, New York Population 2020

8,398,748

New York City, in the state of New York, is by far the largest city in the United States, with an estimated 2016 population of 8.55 million.

Since the first US census in 1790, it has held that position and continues to have more than double the population of Los Angeles, the second largest city. Chicago is the third largest city in the US but has just 1/3 the number of people as New York City.

New York City continues to have significant influence and impact on the world’s economy, entertainment, media, education, art, technology, and scientific research.

Boroughs in New York City

The city features five separate boroughs: Staten Island, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Manhattan. As many as 800 languages are spoken throughout New York City, making it the most diverse city in the world when it comes to linguistic multiplicity.

Recent Boroughs Population Increases

The estimated population for New York City in 2016 is 8,550,405. This reflects a growth of 375,300 people, a 4.6% increase since the 2010 census recorded 8.175 million residents.

The most significant increase in New York City’s population occurred in the borough of Brooklyn, which showed a population increase of 5.3% between the 2010 census and 2016 estimates. The second most substantial change is in the Bronx, which reflected a 5.1% increase, followed by Queens (4.9%), Manhattan (3.7%) and Staten Island (1.2%).

New York City Population History

The first recorded population count for New York City was 7,681 in 1698. The city grew at a moderate rate in the 18th century, but exploded in the 19th century, more than doubling in the final ten year period. The town of 80,000 in 1800 became a city of 3.4 million by the end of the 1800s. This growth continued until the 1930s but has tapered off in the 80 years since.

New York City officially crossed the 8 million mark for the first time in 2010, after seeing almost no net growth between 1950 and 2000. The city's population dropped by nearly a million during the 1970s due to migration to the suburbs, driven by increasing crime and decreasing economic prospects. The city rebounded throughout the 80s and has continued a slow upward climb in each census since.  

New York City Life Expectancy

The latest research shows that people who live in New York City have a higher life expectancy than the rest of the country. In 2010, the life expectancy of a person living in New York City was 80.9 years of age. This is 2.2 years longer than the life expectancy of the entire country, which is 78.7 years of age. That increase in life expectancy is 2 percent higher than the previous year (2009). This research was completed by New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and the city’s Department of Health.

New York City Population Statistics

The income disparity between the citizens of New York City is vast. According to the latest census, the median household income for a wealthy citizen was $188,697 per year, and the poorest median income was reported at $9,320. This city houses the highest number of millionaires and billionaires in the world. Moscow, Russia, follows in a close second.

New York City has the highest population density in the US, far ahead of second place San Francisco. Overall, 26,403 people live in each square mile, and in Manhattan, that number is over 66 thousand per square mile.

New York City's Population Projections

New York City's population is expected to reach 9 million by 2040, based on recent projections created by the city. Among the five boroughs, the Bronx's growth is projected to be the highest at 14% between 2010 and 2040. On the flip side, Manhattan is expected to grow by 6.7% by 2040.

If these projections are accurate, Brooklyn will extend its lead over Queens as the largest borough in New York City, growing to nearly 3 million by 2040.

New York City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New York City was:

  • White: 42.67%
  • Black or African American: 24.27%
  • Other race: 15.12%
  • Asian: 13.95%
  • Two or more races: 3.51%
  • Native American: 0.43%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%

How Many People Live in New York City, New York?

8,398,748
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20188,398,748-39,523-0.47%
20178,438,271-37,705-0.44%
20168,475,9767,7950.09%
20158,468,18130,7940.36%
20148,437,38738,6480.46%
20138,398,73950,7070.61%
20128,348,03275,0690.91%
20118,272,96382,6081.01%
20108,190,355182,0770.23%
20008,008,278685,7140.90%
19907,322,564250,9250.35%
19807,071,639-823,924-1.10%
19707,895,563113,5790.15%
19607,781,984-109,973-0.14%
19507,891,957436,9620.57%
19407,454,995524,5490.73%
19306,930,4461,310,3982.12%
19205,620,048853,1651.66%
19104,766,8831,329,6813.32%
19003,437,2021,921,9018.54%
18901,515,301309,0022.31%
18801,206,299264,0072.50%
1870942,292128,6231.48%
1860813,669298,1224.67%
1850515,547202,8375.13%
1840312,710110,1214.44%
1830202,58978,8835.06%
1820123,70627,3332.53%
181096,37335,8584.76%
180060,51527,3846.21%
179033,1310.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201819,979,477-19,474-0.10%
201719,998,951-17,965-0.09%
201620,016,91616,9810.08%
201519,999,93542,2660.21%
201419,957,66955,9730.28%
201319,901,69679,0110.40%
201219,822,68597,9770.49%
201119,724,708129,7310.66%
201019,594,9770.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White3,603,05742.67%
Black or African American2,049,41824.27%
Some Other Race1,277,05015.12%
Asian1,177,70013.95%
Two or More Races296,0743.51%
American Indian and Alaska Native36,0750.43%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,3390.05%

New York City Population Pyramid 2020

New York City Median Age

36.5


Total

35.2


Male

37.8


Female

New York City Adults

There are 6,677,142 adults, (1,189,361 of whom are seniors) in New York City.

New York City Age Dependency

53.9

Age Dependency Ratio

21.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.2

Child Dependency Ratio

New York City Sex Ratio

Female

4,418,616

52.33%

Male

4,025,097

47.67%

New York City Households and Families

New York City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

New York City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married47.7%52.3%
All32.7%67.3%
Male28.9%71.1%
Non Family23.6%76.4%
Female23.1%76.9%

32.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,154,1032.6232.7
Non Family1,266,1251.3123.6
Married1,159,9063.5447.7
Female555,1443.4623.1
Male172,9283.428.9

3.39

Average Family Size

2.62

Average Household Size

4.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

New York City Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade565,3459.54%
9th to 12th Grade523,8738.84%
High School Graduate1,421,61724.00%
Some College815,96113.77%
Associates Degree379,4576.41%
Bachelors Degree1,292,81421.83%
Graduate Degree924,43115.61%

New York City Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White2,064,5371,924,5811,206,238
Hispanic1,571,9331,064,667281,071
Black1,398,1151,160,648338,438
Asian868,465656,860362,529
Other Race797,060511,112110,988
Multiple Races163,206130,81360,444
Native American24,26816,8504,195
Islander3,1242,552781

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.22%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 58.43%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$42,320$46,826$39,790
Less Than High School$21,131$24,467$17,159
High School Grad$30,121$34,000$24,644
Some College$37,432$42,191$33,353
Bachelors Degree$60,544$66,129$54,703
Graduate Degree$78,897$92,459$71,590

$42,320

Average Earnings

$46,826

Average Male

$39,790

Average Female

New York City Language

New York City Language by Age

New York City Language

51.33% of New York City residents speak only English, while 48.67% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 24.21% of the population.

New York City Poverty

New York City Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic2,424,185636,94226.27%
Black2,008,031434,11621.62%
Other1,264,315371,00129.34%
White2,661,719309,68411.63%
Asian1,164,927205,50717.64%
Multiple291,82157,07919.56%
Native35,6238,59224.12%
Islander4,17895522.86%

18.91%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.27%

Male Poverty Rate

20.41%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New York City

The race most likely to be in poverty in New York City is Other, with 29.34% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New York City is White, with 11.63% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.39%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.67%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.40%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.67%
High School19.16%
Some College14.58%
Bachelors or Greater6.81%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.93%
Male Unemployed32.26%
Female Employed8.56%
Male Employed6.72%

New York City Income

New York City Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$60,762$97,647
Families$68,004$109,515
Married Families$91,031$139,642
Non Families$45,515$75,536

New York City Marital Status

New York City Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.8%

Male Marriage Rate

37.0%

Female Marriage Rate

New York City Married by Age and Sex

New York City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

New York City Marital Status by Race

New York City Veterans

156,514

Number of Veterans

144,272

Male Veterans

12,242

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam47,206
Second Gulf War25,276
First Gulf War19,721
Korea18,238
World War II10,668
Age Group Veterans
75+49,716
65 to 7436,794
35 to 5430,957
55 to 6424,517
18 to 3414,530

New York City Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White88,4593.00%
Black44,7012.80%
Hispanic32,9811.80%
Other11,4551.22%
Asian6,5980.68%
2 or More4,4092.28%
Indian7332.62%
Hawaiian1594.46%

New York City Veterans by Education

10.55%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.02%

Veteran Disability Rate

New York City Employment Status

63.5%

Labor Force Participation

59.1%

Employment Rate

6.9%

Unemployment Rate

New York City Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

48.25%

Born in New York

62.96%

Native Born

37.04%

Foreign Born

16.31%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

62.96% of New York City residents were born in the United States, with 48.25% having been born in New York. 16.31% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.