New York City, New York Population 2018

New York City is by far the largest city in the United States, with an estimated 2016 population of 8.55 million. Since the first US census in 1790, it has held that position, and continues to have more than double the population of Los Angeles, the second largest city. Chicago is the third largest city in the US, but has just 1/3 the number of people as New York City. New York City continues to have major influence and impact on the world’s economy, entertainment, media, education, art, technology, and scientific research. The city features five separate boroughs:) Staten Island, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Manhattan. As many as 800 languages are spoken throughout New York City, making it the most diverse city in the world when it comes to linguistic multiplicity.

The estimated population for New York City in 2016 is 8,550,405. This reflects growth of 375,300 people, a 4.6% increase, since the 2010 census recorded 8.175 million residents.

The largest increase in New York City’s population occurred in the borough of Brooklyn, which showed a population increase of 5.3% between the 2010 census and 2016 estimates. The second largest change is in the Bronx, which reflected a 5.1% increase, followed by Queens (4.9%), Manhattan (3.7%) and Staten Island (1.2%).

New York City Population History

The first recorded population count for New York City was 7,681 in 1698. The city grew at a moderate rate in the 18th century, but exploded in the 19th century, more than doubling in the final 10 year period. The city of 80,000 in 1800 became a city of 3.4 million by the end of the 1800s. This growth continued until the 1930s, but has tapered off in the 80 years since.

New York City officialy crossed the 8 million mark for the first time in 2010, after seeing almost no net growth between 1950 and 2000. The city's population dropped by nearly a million during the 1970s due to migration to the suburbs, driven by increasing crime and decreasing economic prospects. The city rebounded throughout the 80s, and has continued a slow upward climb in each census since.  

New York City Life Expectancy

The latest research shows that people who live in New York City have a higher life expectancy than the rest of the country. In 2010, the life expectancy of a person living in New York City was 80.9 years of age. This is 2.2 years longer than the life expectancy of the entire country, which is 78.7 years of age. That increase in life expectancy is actually 2 percent higher than the previous year (2009). This research was completed by New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and the city’s Department of Health.

New York City Demographics

In New York City, 44.6% of the population is white, 25.1% is black, and 11.8% are of Asian descent. Hispanics of any race represent about 27.5% percent of New York City’s population, while those who are of Asian descent represented the fastest-growing demographic between the years 2000 and 2010. As a whole, the non-Hispanic white population of the city has decreased by about 3 percent. For the first time since the end of the Civil War, the percentage of blacks in the city has decreased over the span of a decade.

The income disparity between the citizens of New York City is very wide. According to the latest census, the median household income for a wealthy citizen was $188,697 per year, and the poorest median income was reported at $9,320. This city houses the highest number of millionaires and billionaires in the world. Moscow, Russia, follows in a close second.

New York City has the highest population density in the US, far ahead of second place San Francisco. Overall, 26,403 people live in each square mile, and in Mahattan, that number is over 66 thousand per square mile.

New York City's Population Projections

New York City's population is expected to reach 9 million by 2040, based on recent projections created by the city. Among the 5 boroughs, the Bronx's growth is projected to be the highest at 14% between 2010 and 2040. On the flip side, Manhattan is expected to grow by 6.7% by 2040.

If these projections are accurate, Brooklyn will extend its lead over Queens as the largest borough in New York City, growing to nearly 3 million by 2040.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20178,622,6987,2720.08%
20168,615,42632,9670.38%
20158,582,45961,3240.72%
20148,521,13562,4930.74%
20138,458,64275,1380.90%
20128,383,50490,8161.10%
20118,292,68898,9851.21%
20108,193,703185,4250.23%
20008,008,278685,7140.90%
19907,322,564250,9250.35%
19807,071,639-823,924-1.10%
19707,895,563113,5790.15%
19607,781,984-109,973-0.14%
19507,891,957436,9620.57%
19407,454,995524,5490.73%
19306,930,4461,310,3982.12%
19205,620,048853,1651.66%
19104,766,8831,329,6813.32%
19003,437,2021,921,9018.54%
18901,515,301309,0022.31%
18801,206,299264,0072.50%
1870942,292128,6231.48%
1860813,669298,1224.67%
1850515,547202,8375.13%
1840312,710110,1214.44%
1830202,58978,8835.06%
1820123,70627,3332.53%
181096,37335,8584.76%
180060,51527,3846.21%
179033,1310.00%

New York City Population in 2018Source: By Eric Kilby (Flickr: Empire State Building (HDR)) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White3,644,982
Black or African American2,064,927
Some Other Race1,277,265
Asian1,159,883
Two or More Races277,521
American Indian and Alaska Native33,388
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,995

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

New York City Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

New York City Median Age

35.9


Total

34.6


Male

37.2


Female

New York City Adults

There are 6,668,025 adults, (1,100,055 of which are seniors) in New York City.

New York City Age Dependency

52

Age Dependency Ratio

19.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.2

Child Dependency Ratio

New York City Sex Ratio

Female

4,428,225

52.33%

Male

4,033,736

47.67%

New York City Households and Families

New York City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

New York City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married47.3%52.7%
All32%68%
Male27.6%72.4%
Non Family23.2%76.8%
Female22.2%77.8%

32.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

New York City Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,128,2462.6532
Non Family1,258,2311.3123.2
Married1,132,7933.5747.3
Female562,8283.5122.2
Male174,3943.5227.6

3.44

Average Family Size

2.65

Average Household Size

4.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

New York City Households

New York City Education

New York City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade579,7849.91%
9th to 12th Grade544,6979.31%
High School Graduate1,402,71423.97%
Some College829,20114.17%
Associates Degree375,8516.42%
Bachelors Degree1,246,53821.30%
Graduate Degree872,98714.92%

New York City Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White2,067,0191,916,6801,168,878
Hispanic1,541,0551,017,811261,085
Black1,380,0421,130,386318,649
Asian840,437632,130345,370
Other Race778,133490,933104,866
Multiple Races150,012117,23552,141
Native American21,25013,9813,195
Islander2,7312,182788

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.73%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 56.55%.

New York City Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,409$42,459$36,842
Less Than High School$19,662$22,011$15,934
High School Grad$27,535$31,564$23,161
Some College$36,202$40,785$32,252
Bachelors Degree$56,376$62,098$51,815
Graduate Degree$73,827$85,081$66,812

$40,409

Average Earnings

$42,459

Average Male

$36,842

Average Female

New York City Language

New York City Language by Age

New York City Language

51.04% of New York City residents speak only English, while 48.96% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 24.47% of the population.

New York City Poverty

New York City Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic2,426,175690,97328.48%
Black2,025,313461,55422.79%
Other1,263,828399,40131.60%
White2,677,122328,26812.26%
Asian1,148,182224,54719.56%
Multiple273,15558,09121.27%
Native32,9369,01927.38%
Islander3,84873419.07%

20.30%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.58%

Male Poverty Rate

21.86%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New York City

The race most likely to be in poverty in New York City is Other, with 31.60% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New York City is White, with 12.26% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.97%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.46%.

New York City Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.79%
High School20.14%
Some College15.12%
Bachelors or Greater7.21%

New York City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.66%
Male Unemployed32.66%
Female Employed9.48%
Male Employed7.56%

New York City Income

New York City Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$55,191$88,437
Families$61,343$98,156
Married Families$83,041$126,327
Non Families$42,520$70,376

New York City Marital Status

New York City Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.8%

Male Marriage Rate

36.4%

Female Marriage Rate

New York City Married by Age and Sex

New York City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

New York City Marital Status by Race

New York City Veterans

New York City Veterans by War

167,591

Number of Veterans

155,397

Male Veterans

12,194

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam49,500
Second Gulf War23,906
Korea20,683
First Gulf War19,447
World War II14,596

New York City Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+51,613
65 to 7438,741
35 to 5434,039
55 to 6427,263
18 to 3415,935

New York City Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White97,6203.28%
Black47,2702.96%
Hispanic33,6371.85%
Other11,8521.27%
Asian6,0870.64%
2 or More4,0292.24%
Indian5622.22%
Hawaiian1715.25%

New York City Veterans by Education

10.59%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.81%

Veteran Disability Rate

New York City Employment Status

New York City Employment by Age

63.7%

Labor Force Participation

58.2%

Employment Rate

8.6%

Unemployment Rate

New York City Employment by Race

New York City Employment by Education

New York City Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

48.38%

Born in New York

62.82%

Native Born

37.18%

Foreign Born

17.00%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

62.82% of New York City residents were born in the United States, with 48.38% having been born in New York. 17.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.