Newark, New Jersey Population 2018

Newark is a city in New Jersey. Not only is it the seat of Essex County, but it is the most populous city in the state. It is also one of the country’s most populated cities, ranking 67th nationwide. The city’s population is 281,764. Newark is notable for many reasons, beginning with its history dating back to the 1600s. Newark is one of the oldest cities in the US. The city is also home to one of the busiest airports in the US and has a significant number of company headquarters and higher educations institutions that are known nationwide.

Newark History

Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It was first settled by Puritans in 1666. In 1693, it was designated as a township. It was not incorporated as a city until 1836.

It is believed that the name was derived from “New Ark” or “New Work,” although others believe that the name was derived from the English city of Newark-on-Trent due to the influence of the pastor Abraham Pierson. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city saw explosive population growth. However, in the latter part of the 20th century, the Newark riots led to a decline in population. However, the city has since rebounded following its revitalization efforts that began during the 1990s.

The city is divided into five different political wards: East, West, North South and Central. There are multiple neighborhoods throughout each district showcasing the diversity of this city. The city is home to the oldest county park in the nation, and it also the location of headquarters of international corporations including Panasonic, Audible.com, IDT and Prudential. The city is also known for its colleges and universities, including Rutgers and the New Jersey Institute of Technology.

Newark Demographics

Newark’s population per the latest estimates exceeds 281,000. This reflects quite a bit of growth since the last official census taken in 2010, which recorded a population of 277,140. The city’s total area is over 26 square miles, with a population density of 11,458 people per square mile.

The city’s ethnic makeup has changed significantly since the early 1900s. At one time, over 97% of the population was White. However, this number dropped to just over 26% at the time of the 2010 census. African Americans make up the majority of the population – 52.4% of the total population. This is primarily due to “white flight” as white people moved from the city to the suburbs, particularly after the 1967 riots. The largest age group in the city is the 25 to 44 age group, which makes up a total of 31.9% of the population. Over one-quarter of the population is under the age of 18. Over 8% are 65 years or older. The median age of Newark is 32.3. There is a higher concentration of females than males.

Approximately 22% of Newark’s population lives below the federal poverty line. Despite revitalization, poverty remains a problem and has led to residents moving to other areas, resulting in population losses.

Newark Population Growth

Newark saw population growth through the 1800s into the 1930s. However, losses in population were recorded during the 1940 census. Racial tensions contributed to further losses throughout the years, with the population dropping from over 442,000 in 1930 to over 281,000 today. Population losses have slowed in recent years, and growth was recorded between the 2000 and 2010 census, although it was just 1.3%. Since the last census was taken, the numbers have increased by 1.7%, suggesting that perhaps the population is on an upswing again.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017285,1547680.27%
2016284,3861,5320.54%
2015282,8541,1940.42%
2014281,6601,6550.59%
2013280,0051,2150.44%
2012278,7907120.26%
2011278,0787460.27%
2010277,3323,7860.14%
2000273,546-1,675-0.06%
1990275,221-54,027-1.78%
1980329,248-52,682-1.47%
1970381,930-23,290-0.59%
1960405,220-33,556-0.79%
1950438,7769,0160.21%
1940429,760-12,577-0.29%
1930442,33727,8130.65%
1920414,52467,0551.78%
1910347,469101,3993.51%
1900246,07064,2403.07%
1890181,83045,3222.91%
1880136,50831,4492.65%
1870105,05933,1183.86%
186071,94133,0476.34%
185038,89421,6048.44%
184017,2906,3374.67%
183010,9530.00%

Newark Population in 2018Source: By Jenn ModernWiki [CC BY-SA 1.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0), GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American140,750
White68,226
Some Other Race56,702
Two or More Races7,987
Asian4,914
American Indian and Alaska Native1,407
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander153

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Newark Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Newark Median Age

33


Total

31.9


Male

34.1


Female

Newark Adults

There are 209,544 adults, (25,493 of which are seniors) in Newark.

Newark Age Dependency

52

Age Dependency Ratio

13.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Newark Sex Ratio

Female

141,738

50.60%

Male

138,401

49.40%

Newark Households and Families

Newark Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Newark Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married38.5%61.5%
Male22.1%77.9%
All21.8%78.2%
Female16.4%83.6%
Non Family14.1%85.9%

21.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Newark Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All94,1582.8321.8
Non Family35,9921.3114.1
Female26,0913.7416.4
Married24,5743.8238.5
Male7,5013.7722.1

3.6

Average Family Size

2.83

Average Household Size

7.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Newark Households

Newark Education

Newark Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade24,20613.60%
9th to 12th Grade23,33413.11%
High School Graduate63,59235.74%
Some College33,66518.92%
Associates Degree8,8404.97%
Bachelors Degree17,1499.64%
Graduate Degree7,1474.02%

Newark Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black88,47173,15011,489
Hispanic61,97638,4416,561
Other Race35,33221,2093,268
White21,79114,7314,339
Multiple Races4,0672,686676
Asian3,0372,5341,341
Native American96954371
Islander9364

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 83.44%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 44.16%.

Newark Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,100$30,562$23,908
Less Than High School$21,061$23,886$15,589
High School Grad$25,854$30,091$20,695
Some College$29,639$31,624$26,970
Bachelors Degree$36,091$41,093$32,579
Graduate Degree$54,960$65,222$50,675

$27,100

Average Earnings

$30,562

Average Male

$23,908

Average Female

Newark Language

Newark Language by Age

Newark Language

53.70% of Newark residents speak only English, while 46.30% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.37% of the population.

Newark Poverty

Newark Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black133,76843,55132.56%
Hispanic99,27528,51728.73%
Other56,47815,22926.96%
White27,7835,20818.75%
Multiple7,8702,90836.95%
Asian4,13897723.61%
Native1,40743530.92%
Islander1454128.28%

29.09%

Overall Poverty Rate

26.34%

Male Poverty Rate

31.62%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Newark

The race most likely to be in poverty in Newark is Multiple, with 36.95% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Newark is White, with 18.75% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 42.30%.

Newark Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.10%
High School25.63%
Some College19.31%
Bachelors or Greater12.30%

Newark Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed51.75%
Male Unemployed38.23%
Female Employed15.81%
Male Employed9.66%

Newark Income

Newark Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$33,025$46,417
Families$38,720$51,406
Married Families$56,340$69,247
Non Families$21,615$34,116

Newark Marital Status

Newark Marital Status

Marriage Rates

28.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.1%

Male Marriage Rate

26.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Newark Married by Age and Sex

Newark Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Newark Marital Status by Race

Newark Veterans

Newark Veterans by War

5,969

Number of Veterans

5,308

Male Veterans

661

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,480
First Gulf War980
Second Gulf War810
Korea445
World War II169

Newark Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 541,944
55 to 641,581
75+982
65 to 74927
18 to 34535

Newark Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black4,3034.11%
Hispanic1,1261.56%
White9891.87%
Other5481.33%
2 or More1021.92%
Indian272.34%

Newark Veterans by Education

18.45%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.82%

Veteran Disability Rate

Newark Employment Status

Newark Employment by Age

62.3%

Labor Force Participation

51.6%

Employment Rate

17.2%

Unemployment Rate

Newark Employment by Race

Newark Employment by Education

Newark Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

51.94%

Born in New Jersey

71.70%

Native Born

28.30%

Foreign Born

17.17%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

71.70% of Newark residents were born in the United States, with 51.94% having been born in New Jersey. 17.17% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.