Newark, New Jersey Population 2019

Newark is a city in New Jersey. Not only is it the seat of Essex County, but it is the most populous city in the state. It is also one of the country’s most populated cities, ranking 67th nationwide. The city’s population is 281,764. Newark is notable for many reasons, beginning with its history dating back to the 1600s. Newark is one of the oldest cities in the US. The city is also home to one of the busiest airports in the US and has a significant number of company headquarters and higher educations institutions that are known nationwide.

Newark History

Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It was first settled by Puritans in 1666. In 1693, it was designated as a township. It was not incorporated as a city until 1836.

It is believed that the name was derived from “New Ark” or “New Work,” although others believe that the name was derived from the English city of Newark-on-Trent due to the influence of the pastor Abraham Pierson. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city saw explosive population growth. However, in the latter part of the 20th century, the Newark riots led to a decline in population. However, the city has since rebounded following its revitalization efforts that began during the 1990s.

The city is divided into five different political wards: East, West, North South and Central. There are multiple neighborhoods throughout each district showcasing the diversity of this city, which is home to the oldest county park in the nation and is also the location of headquarters of international corporations including Panasonic, Audible.com, IDT, and Prudential. The city is also known for its colleges and universities, including Rutgers and the New Jersey Institute of Technology.

Newark Population Statistics

Newark’s population per the latest estimates exceeds 281,000. This reflects quite a bit of growth since the last official census taken in 2010, which recorded a population of 277,140. The city’s total area is over 26 square miles, with a population density of 11,458 people per square mile.

The largest age group in the town is the 25 to 44 age group, which makes up a total of 31.9% of the population. Over one-quarter of the population is under the age of 18. Over 8% are 65 years or older. The median age of Newark is 32.3. There is a higher concentration of females than males.

Approximately 22% of Newark’s population lives below the federal poverty line. Despite revitalization, poverty remains a problem and has led to residents moving to other areas, resulting in population losses.

Newark Population Growth

Newark saw population growth through the 1800s into the 1930s. However, losses in the population were recorded during the 1940 census. Racial tensions contributed to further losses throughout the years, with the population dropping from over 442,000 in 1930 to over 281,000 today. Population losses have slowed in recent years, and growth was recorded between the 2000 and 2010 census, although it was just 1.3%. Since the last poll was taken, the numbers have increased by 1.7%, suggesting that perhaps the population is on an upswing again.

Newark Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Newark was:

  • Black or African American: 50.12%
  • White: 25.29%
  • Other race: 19.59%
  • Two or more races: 2.67%
  • Asian: 1.75%
  • Native American: 0.55%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

Newark, New Jersey's estimated population is 285,154 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Newark, New Jersey is the 1st largest city in New Jersey based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 11810.85 people/mi² (4560.17 people/km²), with a household density of 1788.09 people/km² (4631.16 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 33.6 years, 32.4 years for males, and 34.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.7 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 111,812 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.2%, with a median rent of $1014/month. The median house has 4.5 rooms, and has a value of $222,800.

The median income for households in Newark, New Jersey is $34,826, while the mean household income is $48,984.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017285,1547680.27%
2016284,3861,5320.54%
2015282,8541,1940.42%
2014281,6601,6550.59%
2013280,0051,2150.44%
2012278,7907120.26%
2011278,0787460.27%
2010277,3323,7860.14%
2000273,546-1,675-0.06%
1990275,221-54,027-1.78%
1980329,248-52,682-1.47%
1970381,930-23,290-0.59%
1960405,220-33,556-0.79%
1950438,7769,0160.21%
1940429,760-12,577-0.29%
1930442,33727,8130.65%
1920414,52467,0551.78%
1910347,469101,3993.51%
1900246,07064,2403.07%
1890181,83045,3222.91%
1880136,50831,4492.65%
1870105,05933,1183.86%
186071,94133,0476.34%
185038,89421,6048.44%
184017,2906,3374.67%
183010,9530.00%

Newark Population in 2018Source: By Jenn ModernWiki [CC BY-SA 1.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0), GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American141,740
White71,516
Some Other Race55,408
Two or More Races7,560
Asian4,938
American Indian and Alaska Native1,566
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander75

Newark Population Pyramid 2019

Newark Median Age

33.6


Total

32.4


Male

34.9


Female

Newark Adults

There are 212,694 adults, (27,341 of whom are seniors) in Newark.

Newark Age Dependency

52.6

Age Dependency Ratio

14.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Newark Sex Ratio

Female

143,065

50.59%

Male

139,738

49.41%

Newark Households and Families

Newark Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Newark Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married38.7%61.3%
Male24.1%75.9%
All22.8%77.2%
Female16.7%83.3%
Non Family15.9%84.1%

22.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All95,3162.8322.8
Non Family36,9481.2915.9
Female25,6853.7616.7
Married25,1713.8638.7
Male7,5123.7624.1

3.63

Average Family Size

2.83

Average Household Size

7.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Newark Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade24,65613.56%
9th to 12th Grade22,68812.48%
High School Graduate64,81735.65%
Some College34,15418.79%
Associates Degree9,3855.16%
Bachelors Degree18,68910.28%
Graduate Degree7,4254.08%

Newark Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black90,47475,31212,627
Hispanic63,65439,9097,015
Other Race34,76120,8583,387
White22,31015,1644,432
Multiple Races3,9302,754748
Asian3,1152,6531,481
Native American1,03958060
Islander6429

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 85.17%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.54%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,990$31,455$24,680
Less Than High School$21,527$25,132$15,982
High School Grad$26,189$30,503$21,175
Some College$29,816$32,477$26,970
Bachelors Degree$40,060$43,191$35,580
Graduate Degree$55,951$63,164$51,776

$27,990

Average Earnings

$31,455

Average Male

$24,680

Average Female

Newark Language

Newark Language by Age

Newark Language

52.77% of Newark residents speak only English, while 47.23% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.67% of the population.

Newark Poverty

Newark Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black134,96542,33331.37%
Hispanic101,10028,58628.27%
Other55,14415,18027.53%
White27,9555,17318.50%
Multiple7,4582,37431.83%
Asian4,24988120.73%
Native1,56657536.72%
Islander672740.30%

28.29%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.53%

Male Poverty Rate

30.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Newark

The race most likely to be in poverty in Newark is Islander, with 40.30% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Newark is White, with 18.50% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.10%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.94%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.77%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.52%
High School25.28%
Some College18.94%
Bachelors or Greater11.17%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed53.12%
Male Unemployed41.01%
Female Employed15.78%
Male Employed9.40%

Newark Income

Newark Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$34,826$48,984
Families$39,654$54,358
Married Families$59,157$72,949
Non Families$22,882$36,067

Newark Marital Status

Newark Marital Status

Marriage Rates

28.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.1%

Male Marriage Rate

26.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Newark Married by Age and Sex

Newark Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Newark Marital Status by Race

Newark Veterans

5,565

Number of Veterans

4,893

Male Veterans

672

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,370
First Gulf War1,040
Second Gulf War706
Korea422
World War II168
Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,715
55 to 641,464
65 to 74961
75+931
18 to 34494

Newark Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black3,8703.65%
Hispanic1,0241.38%
White9971.78%
Other4931.22%
2 or More1412.92%
Indian393.08%
Asian250.59%

Newark Veterans by Education

19.02%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.78%

Veteran Disability Rate

Newark Employment Status

61.9%

Labor Force Participation

52.8%

Employment Rate

14.8%

Unemployment Rate

Newark Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

51.59%

Born in New Jersey

70.60%

Native Born

29.40%

Foreign Born

17.32%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

70.60% of Newark residents were born in the United States, with 51.59% having been born in New Jersey. 17.32% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.