Newark Population 2018

Newark is a city in New Jersey. Not only is it the seat of Essex County, but it is the most populous city in the state. It is also one of the country’s most populated cities, ranking 67th nationwide. The city’s population is 281,764. Newark is notable for many reasons, beginning with its history dating back to the 1600s. Newark is one of the oldest cities in the US. The city is also home to one of the busiest airports in the US and has a significant number of company headquarters and higher educations institutions that are known nationwide.

Newark History

Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It was first settled by Puritans in 1666. In 1693, it was designated as a township. It was not incorporated as a city until 1836.

It is believed that the name was derived from “New Ark” or “New Work,” although others believe that the name was derived from the English city of Newark-on-Trent due to the influence of the pastor Abraham Pierson. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city saw explosive population growth. However, in the latter part of the 20th century, the Newark riots led to a decline in population. However, the city has since rebounded following its revitalization efforts that began during the 1990s.

The city is divided into five different political wards: East, West, North South and Central. There are multiple neighborhoods throughout each district showcasing the diversity of this city. The city is home to the oldest county park in the nation, and it also the location of headquarters of international corporations including Panasonic, Audible.com, IDT and Prudential. The city is also known for its colleges and universities, including Rutgers and the New Jersey Institute of Technology.

Newark Demographics

Newark’s population per the latest estimates exceeds 281,000. This reflects quite a bit of growth since the last official census taken in 2010, which recorded a population of 277,140. The city’s total area is over 26 square miles, with a population density of 11,458 people per square mile.

The city’s ethnic makeup has changed significantly since the early 1900s. At one time, over 97% of the population was White. However, this number dropped to just over 26% at the time of the 2010 census. African Americans make up the majority of the population – 52.4% of the total population. This is primarily due to “white flight” as white people moved from the city to the suburbs, particularly after the 1967 riots. The largest age group in the city is the 25 to 44 age group, which makes up a total of 31.9% of the population. Over one-quarter of the population is under the age of 18. Over 8% are 65 years or older. The median age of Newark is 32.3. There is a higher concentration of females than males.

Approximately 22% of Newark’s population lives below the federal poverty line. Despite revitalization, poverty remains a problem and has led to residents moving to other areas, resulting in population losses.

Newark Population Growth

Newark saw population growth through the 1800s into the 1930s. However, losses in population were recorded during the 1940 census. Racial tensions contributed to further losses throughout the years, with the population dropping from over 442,000 in 1930 to over 281,000 today. Population losses have slowed in recent years, and growth was recorded between the 2000 and 2010 census, although it was just 1.3%. Since the last census was taken, the numbers have increased by 1.7%, suggesting that perhaps the population is on an upswing again.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2016281,7646640.24%
2015281,1006590.23%
2014280,4411,3020.47%
2013279,1397930.28%
2012278,3464040.15%
2011277,9428020.29%
2010277,1403,5941.31%
2000273,546-1,675-0.61%
1990275,221-54,027-16.41%
1980329,248-52,682-13.79%
1970381,930-23,290-5.75%
1960405,220-33,556-7.65%
1950438,7769,0162.10%
1940429,760-12,577-2.84%
1930442,33727,8136.71%
1920414,52467,05519.30%
1910347,469101,39941.21%
1900246,07064,24035.33%
1890181,83045,32233.20%
1880136,50831,44929.93%
1870105,05933,11846.03%
186071,94133,04784.97%
185038,89421,604124.95%
184017,2906,33757.86%
183010,9530.00%

Newark Race Data

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American140,28949.79%
White68,04724.15%
Some Other Race55,99919.87%
Two or More Races8,7933.12%
Asian5,1001.81%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,3230.47%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2420.09%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Newark Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.4
Houses Without Mortgage
5,088
Houses With Mortgage
14,998
Vacancy Rate
15.9
Median Rent
973
Median Home Value
223,400
Renter-Occupied Units
72,589
Owner-Occupied Units
20,086
Total Housing Units
110,243

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Newark for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 11.6% and the labor force participation rate is 63.2%.

Newark Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.3
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
8.3
Non Family Households
0
Female Householder (no husband) Families
26375
Male Householder (no wife) Families
7914
Married Couple Families
24131
Average Family Size
3.6
Average Household Size
2.87