Norfolk, Virginia Population 2018

Norfolk is an independent city in Virginia. With a population of 245,115, the city is the second largest in population in the state behind Virginia Beach. It is part of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area which is made up of a total of nine cities and seven counties. It is one of the oldest cities in the region, and it is a center of history, culture, and finance.

Norfolk History

The city of Norfolk is one of the oldest cities in the Hampton Roads metro area. It was officially founded in 1682. Before that, it was a jurisdiction under the Elizabeth Cittie incorporation. It was later incorporated in 1705. By the end of the century, it was considered the most prosperous city in the state because of its role as a port for exporting goods to the British Isles and other areas around the world. In 1776 during the Revolutionary War, the city was attacked for more than eight hours, destroying nearly two-thirds of the city’s buildings. The city began to rebuild, but faced another challenge following a fire in 1804.

Like other areas in the south, Norfolk was affected by a recession in 1820 that led to the migration of many residents. The population was affected again in the mid-1800s with an outbreak of yellow fever that killed many people, and one-third of the residents left the city to avoid the illness. Neighboring cities and the state of New York banned residents from Norfolk as the epidemic continued to spread, primarily because of sanitation issues and mosquitoes. The cooler weather finally brought some relief, although over 3,000 people were dead after it all.

In the early 1900s, the Naval Air Station Hampton Roads was erected ahead of World War I. The Virginian Railway was also part of the city during this period. The city continued its expansion through annexation, with its current borders finally established in the 1980s. After World War II, highways, bridges, and tunnels furthered the city’s expansion. This led to the construction of more residential housing in the suburbs. This ultimately led to a decline in population as middle-class white residents moved out of the city and into the suburbs. To draw in more residents, the city built malls and shopping centers in the 1960s and 1970s. In the 1980s, revitalization efforts continued with the construction of the Waterside marketplace. The city continued its expansion to include a stadium, restaurants and retail centers. The downtown area has brought in revenues that will used to revitalize other neighborhoods in Norfolk.

Today, the city is home to the Norfolk Southern Railway headquarters, as well as the Maerks Line headquarters. It boasts many attractions that appeal to residents and tourists, including the beaches of Chesapeake Bay.

Norfolk Demographics

The population of Norfolk is over 245,000. The total area of the city is 96 square miles, and the population density is 4,488 residents per square mile.

Norfolk has a diverse population, with over 44% of its residents identifying as white, over 43% as African American, and 3.3% Asian, just to name a few of the ethnicities. The median age is 30 years old. The largest age group is 25 to 44, which makes up almost 30% of the population. Nearly one-quarter of the population is under 18, while 10.9% are 65 or older. There are more males than females due to the city’s military presence.

About 19.4% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The total crime in Norfolk falls above the national average, although it does seem to be improving. The city’s top employer is the US Department of Defense. Sentara Healthcare, Norfolk City Public Schools, the City of Norfolk and Old Dominion University round out the top five employers in Norfolk.

Norfolk Population Growth

The city of Norfolk has seen its share of ups and downs throughout the years when it comes to population. For many years, Norfolk saw steady growth, more than doubling its population between 1790 and 1800. The city reached a population of more than 100,000 at the time of the 1920 census and rose to more than 200,000 in 1950. It reached its peak in 1970 with more than 307,000 residents. However, the population began to decline after this, dropping to 234,403 in 2000 before rising again to 242,803 in 2010. The population seems to be on the upswing again, growing 1% between the 2010 census and estimates taken in 2016.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017244,703-829-0.34%
2016245,532-820-0.33%
2015246,352-222-0.09%
2014246,5749730.40%
2013245,601-559-0.23%
2012246,1602,4351.00%
2011243,7256980.29%
2010243,0278,6240.36%
2000234,403-26,826-1.08%
1990261,229-5,750-0.22%
1980266,979-40,972-1.42%
1970307,9513,0820.10%
1960304,86991,3563.63%
1950213,51369,1813.99%
1940144,33214,6221.07%
1930129,71013,9331.14%
1920115,77748,3255.55%
191067,45220,8283.76%
190046,62411,7532.95%
189034,87112,9054.73%
188021,9662,7371.34%
187019,2294,6092.78%
186014,6202940.20%
185014,3263,4062.75%
184010,9201,1061.07%
18309,8141,3361.47%
18208,478-715-0.81%
18109,1932,2672.87%
18006,9263,9678.88%
17902,9590.00%

Norfolk Population in 2018Source: By Antony-22 [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White117,165
Black or African American103,652
Two or More Races9,127
Asian8,381
Some Other Race6,068
American Indian and Alaska Native1,117
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander214

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Norfolk Population Pyramid 2018

0%5%10%15% Male Population0%5%10%15% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Norfolk Median Age

30.2


Total

28.6


Male

32.5


Female

Norfolk Adults

There are 196,088 adults, (24,327 of which are seniors) in Norfolk.

Norfolk Age Dependency

43.2

Age Dependency Ratio

14.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

29

Child Dependency Ratio

Norfolk Sex Ratio

Female

117,713

47.90%

Male

128,011

52.10%

Norfolk Households and Families

Norfolk Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Norfolk Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married62.3%37.7%
All42.8%57.2%
Male38.8%61.2%
Non Family33.7%66.3%
Female27.5%72.5%

42.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Norfolk Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All87,3672.5242.8
Non Family36,6821.3933.7
Married30,4793.2262.3
Female15,7783.5627.5
Male4,4283.338.8

3.22

Average Family Size

2.52

Average Household Size

5.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Norfolk Households

Norfolk Education

Norfolk Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,5913.72%
9th to 12th Grade13,1888.77%
High School Graduate39,82526.48%
Some College39,28126.12%
Associates Degree12,4728.29%
Bachelors Degree24,06416.00%
Graduate Degree15,95310.61%

Norfolk Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White72,54666,86826,532
Black60,06749,5198,634
Hispanic8,8817,2391,506
Asian5,7935,1982,364
Other Race3,6152,752431
Multiple Races3,3863,0181,013
Native American651589138
Islander969613

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 40.81%.

Norfolk Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,131$38,432$27,467
Less Than High School$19,501$23,424$16,025
High School Grad$26,369$31,070$22,425
Some College$30,706$36,507$26,150
Bachelors Degree$43,167$50,659$38,238
Graduate Degree$62,182$76,006$54,854

$32,131

Average Earnings

$38,432

Average Male

$27,467

Average Female

Norfolk Language

Norfolk Language by Age

Norfolk Language

89.62% of Norfolk residents speak only English, while 10.38% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.03% of the population.

Norfolk Poverty

Norfolk Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black94,43327,90229.55%
White95,02612,62013.28%
Hispanic15,5273,39521.87%
Multiple8,6221,85521.51%
Other5,6731,25222.07%
Asian7,6591,13714.85%
Native1,03615915.35%
Islander20673.40%

21.04%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.63%

Male Poverty Rate

22.43%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Norfolk

The race most likely to be in poverty in Norfolk is Black, with 29.55% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Norfolk is Islander, with 3.40% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.02%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.29%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.70%.

Norfolk Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.35%
High School19.47%
Some College14.59%
Bachelors or Greater5.93%

Norfolk Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed41.58%
Male Unemployed36.84%
Female Employed13.83%
Male Employed8.37%

Norfolk Income

Norfolk Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$45,268$62,704
Families$53,219$74,007
Married Families$73,282$94,758
Non Families$32,379$44,824

Norfolk Marital Status

Norfolk Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.5%

Male Marriage Rate

34.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Norfolk Married by Age and Sex

Norfolk Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Norfolk Marital Status by Race

Norfolk Veterans

Norfolk Veterans by War

28,122

Number of Veterans

23,212

Male Veterans

4,910

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Second Gulf War12,181
First Gulf War9,518
Vietnam6,431
Korea1,277
World War II758

Norfolk Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 548,961
18 to 347,865
55 to 645,123
65 to 743,268
75+2,905

Norfolk Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White16,28419.77%
Black9,87413.41%
Hispanic1,99719.36%
Asian69510.27%
2 or More58213.12%
Other48611.78%
Indian15119.87%
Hawaiian5025.64%

Norfolk Veterans by Education

10.34%

Veteran Poverty Rate

16.05%

Veteran Disability Rate

Norfolk Employment Status

Norfolk Employment by Age

68.4%

Labor Force Participation

51.1%

Employment Rate

9.7%

Unemployment Rate

Norfolk Employment by Race

Norfolk Employment by Education

Norfolk Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

49.58%

Born in Virginia

92.89%

Native Born

7.11%

Foreign Born

3.51%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.89% of Norfolk residents were born in the United States, with 49.58% having been born in Virginia. 3.51% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.