Norfolk Population 2018

Norfolk is an independent city in Virginia. With a population of 245,115, the city is the second largest in population in the state behind Virginia Beach. It is part of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area which is made up of a total of nine cities and seven counties. It is one of the oldest cities in the region, and it is a center of history, culture, and finance.

Norfolk History

The city of Norfolk is one of the oldest cities in the Hampton Roads metro area. It was officially founded in 1682. Before that, it was a jurisdiction under the Elizabeth Cittie incorporation. It was later incorporated in 1705. By the end of the century, it was considered the most prosperous city in the state because of its role as a port for exporting goods to the British Isles and other areas around the world. In 1776 during the Revolutionary War, the city was attacked for more than eight hours, destroying nearly two-thirds of the city’s buildings. The city began to rebuild, but faced another challenge following a fire in 1804.

Like other areas in the south, Norfolk was affected by a recession in 1820 that led to the migration of many residents. The population was affected again in the mid-1800s with an outbreak of yellow fever that killed many people, and one-third of the residents left the city to avoid the illness. Neighboring cities and the state of New York banned residents from Norfolk as the epidemic continued to spread, primarily because of sanitation issues and mosquitoes. The cooler weather finally brought some relief, although over 3,000 people were dead after it all.

In the early 1900s, the Naval Air Station Hampton Roads was erected ahead of World War I. The Virginian Railway was also part of the city during this period. The city continued its expansion through annexation, with its current borders finally established in the 1980s. After World War II, highways, bridges, and tunnels furthered the city’s expansion. This led to the construction of more residential housing in the suburbs. This ultimately led to a decline in population as middle-class white residents moved out of the city and into the suburbs. To draw in more residents, the city built malls and shopping centers in the 1960s and 1970s. In the 1980s, revitalization efforts continued with the construction of the Waterside marketplace. The city continued its expansion to include a stadium, restaurants and retail centers. The downtown area has brought in revenues that will used to revitalize other neighborhoods in Norfolk.

Today, the city is home to the Norfolk Southern Railway headquarters, as well as the Maerks Line headquarters. It boasts many attractions that appeal to residents and tourists, including the beaches of Chesapeake Bay.

Norfolk Demographics

The population of Norfolk is over 245,000. The total area of the city is 96 square miles, and the population density is 4,488 residents per square mile.

Norfolk has a diverse population, with over 44% of its residents identifying as white, over 43% as African American, and 3.3% Asian, just to name a few of the ethnicities. The median age is 30 years old. The largest age group is 25 to 44, which makes up almost 30% of the population. Nearly one-quarter of the population is under 18, while 10.9% are 65 or older. There are more males than females due to the city’s military presence.

About 19.4% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The total crime in Norfolk falls above the national average, although it does seem to be improving. The city’s top employer is the US Department of Defense. Sentara Healthcare, Norfolk City Public Schools, the City of Norfolk and Old Dominion University round out the top five employers in Norfolk.

Norfolk Population Growth

The city of Norfolk has seen its share of ups and downs throughout the years when it comes to population. For many years, Norfolk saw steady growth, more than doubling its population between 1790 and 1800. The city reached a population of more than 100,000 at the time of the 1920 census and rose to more than 200,000 in 1950. It reached its peak in 1970 with more than 307,000 residents. However, the population began to decline after this, dropping to 234,403 in 2000 before rising again to 242,803 in 2010. The population seems to be on the upswing again, growing 1% between the 2010 census and estimates taken in 2016.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2016245,115-1,015-0.41%
2015246,130-115-0.05%
2014246,2451,0770.44%
2013245,168-794-0.32%
2012245,9622,3800.98%
2011243,5827790.32%
2010242,8038,4003.58%
2000234,403-26,826-10.27%
1990261,229-5,750-2.15%
1980266,979-40,972-13.30%
1970307,9513,0821.01%
1960304,86991,35642.79%
1950213,51369,18147.93%
1940144,33214,62211.27%
1930129,71013,93312.03%
1920115,77748,32571.64%
191067,45220,82844.67%
190046,62411,75333.70%
189034,87112,90558.75%
188021,9662,73714.23%
187019,2294,60931.53%
186014,6202942.05%
185014,3263,40631.19%
184010,9201,10611.27%
18309,8141,33615.76%
18208,478-715-7.78%
18109,1932,26732.73%
18006,9263,967134.07%
17902,9590.00%

Norfolk Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White117,39647.89%
Black or African American103,44842.20%
Two or More Races9,3093.80%
Asian8,3263.40%
Some Other Race5,3502.18%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1820.48%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4410.18%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Norfolk Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.2
Houses Without Mortgage
9,910
Houses With Mortgage
27,943
Vacancy Rate
9.4
Median Rent
970
Median Home Value
193,400
Renter-Occupied Units
49,192
Owner-Occupied Units
37,853
Total Housing Units
96,121

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Norfolk for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.2% and the labor force participation rate is 68.7%.

Norfolk Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.5
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
5.6
Non Family Households
0
Female Householder (no husband) Families
15794
Male Householder (no wife) Families
4600
Married Couple Families
29863
Average Family Size
3.24
Average Household Size
2.53