Oakland, California Population 2018

Oakland is a large port city in California located on the San Francisco Bay. It is the third-largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area, and the eight largest city in California. Oakland has a population estimated at 405,000 in 2014, which ranks 47th in the United States.

Oakland has a population of about 405,000, up from 390,000 in 2010. Oakland is a major transportation and trade hub and the principal city of the East Bay region of the Bay Area, sitting right across from the bay and 6 miles east of San Francisco. Oakland has a population density of 7,0005 people per square mile.

Oakland has worked to reduce its high crime rate, and it continues to rank among the top cities in the United States for sustainability. It has become a major tourist destination as well. Two years ago, Oakland was named the top North American city to visit, and it was ranked 16th on "America's Coolest Cities."

Oakland Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic composition of Oakland was: White: 34.5% (non-Hispanic: 25.9%) Black or African American: 28.0% Asian: 16.8% (8.7% Chinese, 2.2% Vietnamese, 1.6% Filipino, 0.7% Cambodian, 0.7% Laotian, 0.6% Korean, 0.5% Japanese, 0.5% Indian, 0.1% Mongolian) Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.6% American Indian and Alaska Native: 0.8% Other race: 13.7% Two or more races: 5.6% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 25.4% (18.1% Mexican, 1.9% Salvadoran, 1.3% Guatemalan, 0.7% Puerto Rican)

Oakland has the 5th highest cluster of "elite zip codes," which are ranked by the number of households with the highest combination of education and income, with close to 38% of the population over 25 having a bachelors degree or higher. Oakland is also in the top 20 cities in the U.S. for median household income.

Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse major U.S. cities, ranking 4th in diversity with a diversity score of 91.4. The white population has fallen from 95.3% in 1940 to 32.5% in 1990, and it has become a center for the African American population of Northern California, although it has lost nearly 25% of its black population since 2000, with many leaving for the Southern U.S. or the Bay Area suburbs.

Oakland also has the 3rd highest concentration of gay and lesbian people among the 50 largest cities in the country after San Francisco and Seattle.

Oakland Population Growth

In 2011, Oakland lost about 25% of its African American population. This made Oakland one of the only big cities in California to decline in size with the second largest overall population decline in California. Only Santa Ana lost more residents during this time.

The declining population trend did turn around somewhat, however, and the Bay Area went on to become the fastest-growing region in California by 2013. Alameda County was the second-fastest growing county in California from 2012 to 2013, adding 1.2%.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017425,1953,6290.86%
2016421,5662,6370.63%
2015418,9294,9961.21%
2014413,9336,3661.56%
2013407,5675,6611.41%
2012401,9065,4261.37%
2011396,4804,9091.25%
2010391,571-7,913-0.20%
2000399,48427,2420.71%
1990372,24232,9050.93%
1980339,337-22,224-0.63%
1970361,561-5,987-0.16%
1960367,548-17,027-0.45%
1950384,57582,4122.44%
1940302,16318,1000.62%
1930284,06367,8022.76%
1920216,26166,0873.71%
1910150,17483,2148.41%
190066,96018,2783.24%
189048,68214,1273.49%
188034,55524,05512.65%
187010,5008,95121.09%
18601,5490.00%

Oakland Population in 2018Source: By ArielGlenn [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White157,414
Black or African American101,936
Asian65,724
Some Other Race54,000
Two or More Races27,320
American Indian and Alaska Native3,274
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,372

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Oakland Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Oakland Median Age

36.2


Total

35.6


Male

36.9


Female

Oakland Adults

There are 327,984 adults, (50,269 of which are seniors) in Oakland.

Oakland Age Dependency

48.3

Age Dependency Ratio

18

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Oakland Sex Ratio

Female

210,966

51.20%

Male

201,074

48.80%

Oakland Households and Families

Oakland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Oakland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57%43%
All39.6%60.4%
Male33.8%66.2%
Female31.2%68.8%
Non Family29.5%70.5%

39.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Oakland Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All158,9372.5539.6
Non Family71,4241.4129.5
Married55,5343.4457
Female22,8923.5331.2
Male9,0873.633.8

3.32

Average Family Size

2.55

Average Household Size

7.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Oakland Households

Oakland Education

Oakland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade32,16610.99%
9th to 12th Grade24,8288.48%
High School Graduate46,29315.82%
Some College55,83019.08%
Associates Degree17,2895.91%
Bachelors Degree65,32622.32%
Graduate Degree50,91917.40%

Oakland Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White93,55190,88465,999
Black72,31163,00316,677
Hispanic63,53535,36111,104
Asian51,00635,28317,671
Other Race31,50415,1593,505
Multiple Races13,90112,5965,954
Native American2,1541,624371
Islander1,4991,217189

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.15%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 70.55%.

Oakland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,755$40,004$36,496
Less Than High School$19,935$22,398$15,281
High School Grad$24,291$27,303$20,872
Some College$32,248$35,790$30,223
Bachelors Degree$52,504$59,497$48,434
Graduate Degree$72,038$84,765$64,534

$37,755

Average Earnings

$40,004

Average Male

$36,496

Average Female

Oakland Language

Oakland Language by Age

Oakland Language

59.74% of Oakland residents speak only English, while 40.26% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 22.04% of the population.

Oakland Poverty

Oakland Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic108,72027,35725.16%
Black100,97627,14226.88%
Other53,50414,21726.57%
Asian64,95113,12120.20%
White111,2139,9568.95%
Multiple26,9474,94218.34%
Native3,23298230.38%
Islander2,29265428.53%

20.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.34%

Male Poverty Rate

21.63%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oakland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oakland is Native, with 30.38% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oakland is White, with 8.95% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.66%.

Oakland Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.89%
High School23.35%
Some College17.47%
Bachelors or Greater6.52%

Oakland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed41.18%
Male Unemployed36.99%
Female Employed10.08%
Male Employed9.37%

Oakland Income

Oakland Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$57,778$87,330
Families$64,555$99,641
Married Families$91,683$126,268
Non Families$48,247$67,572

Oakland Marital Status

Oakland Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.6%

Male Marriage Rate

36.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Oakland Married by Age and Sex

Oakland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Oakland Marital Status by Race

Oakland Veterans

Oakland Veterans by War

13,262

Number of Veterans

12,105

Male Veterans

1,157

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam4,944
First Gulf War1,724
Second Gulf War1,438
Korea1,403
World War II1,040

Oakland Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+3,615
65 to 743,011
35 to 542,897
55 to 642,871
18 to 34868

Oakland Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black5,6386.88%
White5,4354.15%
Hispanic1,1741.55%
Asian9411.66%
2 or More5763.51%
Other3951.05%
Hawaiian1599.23%
Indian1184.63%

Oakland Veterans by Education

10.48%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.23%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oakland Employment Status

Oakland Employment by Age

67.7%

Labor Force Participation

61.3%

Employment Rate

9.3%

Unemployment Rate

Oakland Employment by Race

Oakland Employment by Education

Oakland Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

49.24%

Born in California

72.74%

Native Born

27.26%

Foreign Born

14.84%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

72.74% of Oakland residents were born in the United States, with 49.24% having been born in California. 14.84% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.