Oakland, California Population 2018

Oakland is a large port city in California located on the San Francisco Bay. It is the third-largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area, and the eight largest city in California. Oakland has a population estimated at 405,000 in 2014, which ranks 47th in the United States.

Oakland has a population of about 405,000, up from 390,000 in 2010. Oakland is a major transportation and trade hub and the principal city of the East Bay region of the Bay Area, sitting right across from the bay and 6 miles east of San Francisco. Oakland has a population density of 7,0005 people per square mile.

Oakland has worked to reduce its high crime rate, and it continues to rank among the top cities in the United States for sustainability. It has become a major tourist destination as well. Two years ago, Oakland was named the top North American city to visit, and it was ranked 16th on "America's Coolest Cities."

Oakland Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic composition of Oakland was: White: 34.5% (non-Hispanic: 25.9%) Black or African American: 28.0% Asian: 16.8% (8.7% Chinese, 2.2% Vietnamese, 1.6% Filipino, 0.7% Cambodian, 0.7% Laotian, 0.6% Korean, 0.5% Japanese, 0.5% Indian, 0.1% Mongolian) Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.6% American Indian and Alaska Native: 0.8% Other race: 13.7% Two or more races: 5.6% Hispanic or Latino of any race: 25.4% (18.1% Mexican, 1.9% Salvadoran, 1.3% Guatemalan, 0.7% Puerto Rican)

Oakland has the 5th highest cluster of "elite zip codes," which are ranked by the number of households with the highest combination of education and income, with close to 38% of the population over 25 having a bachelors degree or higher. Oakland is also in the top 20 cities in the U.S. for median household income.

Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse major U.S. cities, ranking 4th in diversity with a diversity score of 91.4. The white population has fallen from 95.3% in 1940 to 32.5% in 1990, and it has become a center for the African American population of Northern California, although it has lost nearly 25% of its black population since 2000, with many leaving for the Southern U.S. or the Bay Area suburbs.

Oakland also has the 3rd highest concentration of gay and lesbian people among the 50 largest cities in the country after San Francisco and Seattle.

Oakland Population Growth

In 2011, Oakland lost about 25% of its African American population. This made Oakland one of the only big cities in California to decline in size with the second largest overall population decline in California. Only Santa Ana lost more residents during this time.

The declining population trend did turn around somewhat, however, and the Bay Area went on to become the fastest-growing region in California by 2013. Alameda County was the second-fastest growing county in California from 2012 to 2013, adding 1.2%.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017425,1953,6290.86%
2016421,5662,6370.63%
2015418,9294,9961.21%
2014413,9336,3661.56%
2013407,5675,6611.41%
2012401,9065,4261.37%
2011396,4804,9091.25%
2010391,571-7,913-1.98%
2000399,48427,2427.32%
1990372,24232,9059.70%
1980339,337-22,224-6.15%
1970361,561-5,987-1.63%
1960367,548-17,027-4.43%
1950384,57582,41227.27%
1940302,16318,1006.37%
1930284,06367,80231.35%
1920216,26166,08744.01%
1910150,17483,214124.27%
190066,96018,27837.55%
189048,68214,12740.88%
188034,55524,055229.10%
187010,5008,951577.86%
18601,5490.00%

Oakland Population in 2018Source: By ArielGlenn [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White157,414
Black or African American101,936
Asian65,724
Some Other Race54,000
Two or More Races27,320
American Indian and Alaska Native3,274
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,372

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Oakland Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Oakland Median Age

36.2


Total

35.6


Male

36.9


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 338,455 adults in Oakland.

Oakland Age Dependency

48.3

Age Dependency Ratio

18

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Oakland Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.4
Houses Without Mortgage
15,542
Houses With Mortgage
47,401
Vacancy Rate
6.3
Median Rent
1,189
Median Home Value
500,500
Renter-Occupied Units
95,994
Owner-Occupied Units
62,943
Total Housing Units
169,654

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Oakland for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.3% and the labor force participation rate is 67.7%.

Oakland Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.55
Average Family Size
3.32
Total Households
158937
Married Couple Households
55534
Male Householder (no wife) Families
9087
Female Householder (no husband) Families
22892
Non Family Households
71424
Total Families
87513
Households With Own Children
40003
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.5
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
1.3

Oakland Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
11,311
$10,000 to $14,999
11,551
$15,000 to $24,999
16,053
$25,000 to $34,999
13,946
$35,000 to $49,999
17,668
$50,000 to $74,999
25,081
$75,000 to $99,999
16,970
$100,000 to $149,999
21,628
$150,000 to $199,999
10,409
Over $200,000
14,320

Oakland Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Oakland

California

$57,778

$63,783

$87,330

$91,149

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Oakland Education Data

Oakland Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
32,16610.99%
9th to 12th Grade
24,8288.48%
High School Graduate
46,29315.82%
Some College
55,83019.08%
Associates Degree
17,2895.91%
Bachelors Degree
65,32622.32%
Graduate Degree
50,91917.40%