Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Population 2018

Oklahoma City is the capital and largest city of Oklahoma, and ranks 29th in the US in terms of population. At the 2010 census, its population was 579,999, but a metropolitan population exceeding 1.25 million. In 2014, Oklahoma City has an estimated population of 1.31 million people.

Oklahoma City metro is home to 1.41 million residents, up from 1.25 million in 2010. The Oklahoma City-Shawnee Combined Statistical Area is a bit larger with a population of 1.34 million. While the 29th most populous city in the United States, Oklahoma City is 8th in terms of pure size.

Oklahoma City has a population density of 956 people per square mile (321 per square kilometer), which makes it one of the least densely populated major cities in the country.

Oklahoma City Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial makeup of Oklahoma City was:

  • White American: 62.7% (non-Hispanic: 56.7%)
  • African American: 15.1%
  • Native American: 3.5%
  • Asian American: 4.0%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other race: 9.4%
  • Two or more races: 5.2%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 17.2%

Interestingly, Oklahoma City is one of the most diverse cities in the state, and its Hispanic population has grown dramatically over the years. The Hispanic population of Oklahoma City grew 85% from 2000 to 2010, with a proportion increasing from 5.2% to 8.9% in that same time period.

Oklahoma City History

Oklahoma City was founded in 1889 during The Land Run, with about 10,000 homesteaders settling the area. The small town grew very rapidly with a population that doubled in just ten years.

Oklahoma City was admitted to the Union in 1907 as the population and commercial center of the state, surpassing the city of Guthrie. Shortly afterward, the capital was moved from Guthrie to Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma City experienced a declining population in its city center during the 1970's and 1980's, following a trend common among many US cities at the time, as families began to move to the suburbs. Urban renewal projects removed a great deal of historic structures in the city but left Oklahoma City with a lot of vacant lots rather than the new development the city hoped for.

In the early 90's, Oklahoma City began a major redevelopment project that established new life to its downtown area, including a baseball park, library, fairgrounds and a water canal with water taxis. This project, known as Metropolitan Area Projects (MAPS) became one of the most successful public-private partnerships in the country and increased downtown housing and a demand for retail and residential features.

Downtown Oklahoma City development has continued since then and the city has certainly succeeded in its goals, enjoying positive population growth in every census since its founding.

Oklahoma City Population Growth

Oklahoma City has experienced very healthy growth over the last two decades, particularly among the suburbs. From 2000 to 2010, Oklahoma City grew 8.1%. It finally became the 29th most populous city in the US, passing Milwaukee and Las Vegas, in 2012.

Oklahoma City seems to be attracting residents from across the United States and the rural areas of the state, as more people move to the metropolitan area for jobs, education and a strong economy. While Oklahoma enjoyed a lower-than-average unemployment rate at the height of the recession, Oklahoma City's rate was even lower.

Oklahoma City is expected to continue its healthy grow into the future, reaching 1.5 million in its metropolitan area by 2020.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017643,6484,4850.70%
2016639,1638,0141.27%
2015631,14910,2571.65%
2014620,8929,6401.58%
2013611,25211,0481.84%
2012600,2049,9991.69%
2011590,2057,9521.37%
2010582,25376,1211.41%
2000506,13261,4131.30%
1990444,71940,7050.96%
1980404,01435,8500.93%
1970368,16443,9111.28%
1960324,25380,7492.91%
1950243,50439,0801.76%
1940204,42419,0350.98%
1930185,38994,0947.34%
192091,29527,0903.58%
191064,20554,16820.39%
190010,0375,8869.23%
18904,1510.00%

Oklahoma City Population in 2018Source: By katsrcool (Flickr: Automobile Alley in Oklahoma City) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White420,033
Black or African American88,854
Two or More Races41,499
Asian27,248
Some Other Race23,720
American Indian and Alaska Native18,380
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander281

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Oklahoma City Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Oklahoma City Median Age

34


Total

33.3


Male

34.8


Female

Oklahoma City Adults

There are 460,051 adults, (72,542 of which are seniors) in Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma City Age Dependency

59.9

Age Dependency Ratio

18.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Oklahoma City Sex Ratio

Female

315,777

50.93%

Male

304,238

49.07%

Oklahoma City Households and Families

Oklahoma City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Oklahoma City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.1%21.9%
All58.6%41.4%
Male49.4%50.6%
Non Family43.8%56.2%
Female40.3%59.7%

58.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Oklahoma City Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All235,5102.5758.6
Married102,7093.3278.1
Non Family88,8511.2743.8
Female31,6323.4840.3
Male12,3183.4649.4

3.28

Average Family Size

2.57

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Oklahoma City Households

Oklahoma City Education

Oklahoma City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade25,4106.32%
9th to 12th Grade33,9148.43%
High School Graduate101,35425.19%
Some College95,30023.69%
Associates Degree28,2747.03%
Bachelors Degree78,16319.43%
Graduate Degree39,8879.91%

Oklahoma City Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White249,653229,89288,626
Black55,39249,18910,481
Hispanic53,70827,0354,713
Asian18,41414,6897,451
Multiple Races17,35814,7224,761
Other Race11,8455,348700
Native American11,4469,9052,646
Islander14211023

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.08%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 40.46%.

Oklahoma City Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,705$39,646$29,192
Less Than High School$20,963$24,686$14,752
High School Grad$25,971$30,719$21,668
Some College$33,363$40,525$28,955
Bachelors Degree$46,815$57,815$38,378
Graduate Degree$60,575$73,497$51,264

$33,705

Average Earnings

$39,646

Average Male

$29,192

Average Female

Oklahoma City Language

Oklahoma City Language by Age

Oklahoma City Language

79.92% of Oklahoma City residents speak only English, while 20.08% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.68% of the population.

Oklahoma City Poverty

Oklahoma City Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White332,83535,29310.60%
Hispanic113,54934,27330.18%
Black86,25325,35429.39%
Multiple40,40410,63026.31%
Other23,4045,85625.02%
Native17,6943,34018.88%
Asian27,0123,02011.18%
Islander27814150.72%

17.81%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.98%

Male Poverty Rate

19.56%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oklahoma City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oklahoma City is Islander, with 50.72% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oklahoma City is White, with 10.60% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.85%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.65%.

Oklahoma City Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.71%
High School17.93%
Some College10.75%
Bachelors or Greater4.58%

Oklahoma City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed43.28%
Male Unemployed32.57%
Female Employed9.72%
Male Employed7.54%

Oklahoma City Income

Oklahoma City Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$50,070$69,438
Families$61,831$82,715
Married Families$77,107$99,349
Non Families$32,774$44,852

Oklahoma City Marital Status

Oklahoma City Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.9%

Male Marriage Rate

45.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Oklahoma City Married by Age and Sex

Oklahoma City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Oklahoma City Marital Status by Race

Oklahoma City Veterans

Oklahoma City Veterans by War

42,000

Number of Veterans

37,753

Male Veterans

4,247

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam14,526
First Gulf War10,269
Second Gulf War9,428
Korea3,347
World War II1,893

Oklahoma City Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5411,501
65 to 749,208
55 to 649,061
75+7,358
18 to 344,872

Oklahoma City Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White32,15910.02%
Black6,4149.93%
2 or More1,6727.63%
Hispanic1,4602.19%
Indian1,1027.98%
Asian3721.80%
Other2741.88%
Hawaiian73.78%

Oklahoma City Veterans by Education

8.49%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.15%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oklahoma City Employment Status

Oklahoma City Employment by Age

66.8%

Labor Force Participation

62.4%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

Oklahoma City Employment by Race

Oklahoma City Employment by Education

Oklahoma City Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

57.86%

Born in Oklahoma

87.78%

Native Born

12.22%

Foreign Born

8.39%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.78% of Oklahoma City residents were born in the United States, with 57.86% having been born in Oklahoma. 8.39% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.