Olympia, Washington Population 2019

Olympia is a city located in the state of Washington. It is the county seat of Thurston County, and it is also the state capital. The city has an estimated population of 51,202 residents, making it only the 24th most populous city in the state.

Olympia History

The area that is now Olympia was initially inhabited by many native tribes, including the Puyallup, Chehalis, and Duwamish, to name a few. The Europeans first came to the area in 1792, although it was not settled at that time. It was in 1846 when Levi Smith and Edmund Sylvester laid claim to the land that is now Olympia’s downtown area. The city was named Olympia in 1850.

In 1851, the customs house for the Customs District of Puget Sound for Washington was established in the area. During this time, the population rose as immigrants came to the region. The Northern Pacific Railroad bypassed Olympia during the 1870s, and because the residents knew the importance of a railroad, they created their rail connection.

Washington was designated as a state in 1889 and Olympia was selected to serve as the capital city. The city’s capitol building was constructed in 1912 and was completed in 1928. During this time, the economy revolved around logging, oystering, sawmilling and other industries. It was also a shipping port for agricultural goods, sandstone, and coal. The Olympia Brewing Company was also established in the late 19th century and operated through 2003.

World War I and World War II resulted in population increases for the city as more people came to Olympia to work in wartime industries such as shipbuilding. Though the city and its population continued to grow, it did encounter hard times, including an earthquake in 1949 that destroyed much of the downtown area.

Today, Olympia has established itself as a center for art and music. It is also a center for activism and social justice.

Olympia Population Statistics

Olympia has a population estimated at over 50,000 residents. The city has a total area of over 19 square miles, and it has a population density of over 2,608 people per square mile.

The largest age group residing in Olympia is 25 to 44, making up over 28% of the population. Over 19% of residents are under age 18, while 13.9% are at least 65 years old. There are more female residents than males, with women accounting for 52.7% of the total population. Approximately 12% of Olympia’s residents live below the federal poverty line.

The State of Washington is the city’s top employer. It employs over 20,000 people. Local government is also a significant employer. Other top employers in Olympia include Providence St. Peter Hospital, tribal governments, and federal governments.

Olympia Population Growth

The city of Olympia has seen steady growth since it was founded, with the only exception occurring at the time of the 1900 census, when the population dropped by over 17%. However, the next year, the population had risen by over 81%. By 1930, the population had grown to over 10,000 residents. This number more than doubled by 1970. Current estimates show that the community has increased by over 10% since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that further growth is expected for this city.

Olympia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Olympia was:

  • White: 84.25%
  • Asian: 6.81%
  • Two or more races: 4.31%
  • Black or African American: 2.62%
  • Native American: 1.01%
  • Other race: 0.78%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.22%

Olympia, Washington's estimated population is 52,555 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Olympia, Washington is the 23rd largest city in Washington based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 2887.06 people/mi² (1114.70 people/km²), with a household density of 492.67 people/km² (1276.01 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 38.3 years, 35.8 years for males, and 40.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 91.3 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 23,228 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%, with a median rent of $1031/month. The median house has 5 rooms, and has a value of $265,400.

The median income for households in Olympia, Washington is $55,539, while the mean household income is $72,497.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201852,5558911.72%
201751,6649361.85%
201650,7288821.77%
201549,8465211.06%
201449,3258561.77%
201348,4693870.80%
201248,0823950.83%
201147,6876251.33%
201047,0624,5481.02%
200042,5148,6742.31%
199033,8406,3932.12%
198027,4474,1511.65%
197023,2965,0232.46%
196018,2732,4541.45%
195015,8192,5651.78%
194013,2541,5211.23%
193011,7333,9384.17%
19207,7957991.09%
19106,9963,1336.12%
19003,863-835-1.94%
18904,6980.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018286,4196,1302.14%
2017280,2896,5682.34%
2016273,7215,7072.08%
2015268,0143,0391.13%
2014264,9753,1841.20%
2013261,7913,3021.26%
2012258,4892,1680.84%
2011256,3213,3251.30%
2010252,9960.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White42,066
Asian3,399
Two or More Races2,152
Black or African American1,310
American Indian and Alaska Native503
Some Other Race389
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander109

Olympia Population Pyramid 2019

Olympia Median Age

38.3


Total

35.8


Male

40.9


Female

Olympia Adults

There are 40,903 adults, (7,892 of whom are seniors) in Olympia.

Olympia Age Dependency

51.2

Age Dependency Ratio

23.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Olympia Sex Ratio

Female

26,105

52.29%

Male

23,823

47.71%

Olympia Households and Families

Olympia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Olympia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.2%28.8%
Male46.4%53.6%
All45.2%54.8%
Non Family29.9%70.1%
Female28.5%71.5%

45.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All21,9602.2145.2
Non Family10,8341.429.9
Married7,9462.9971.2
Female2,5123.0628.5
Male6682.8246.4

2.87

Average Family Size

2.21

Average Household Size

8.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Olympia Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,1473.19%
9th to 12th Grade1,2593.51%
High School Graduate5,57715.53%
Some College8,82524.58%
Associates Degree3,2589.07%
Bachelors Degree9,36626.09%
Graduate Degree6,46918.02%

Olympia Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White29,38728,06613,560
Asian2,3861,791799
Hispanic1,7991,442560
Multiple Races1,2081,158554
Black942823348
Native American37034878
Other Race15615059
Islander919140

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 46.14%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,172$47,102$35,797
Less Than High School$25,405$30,665$21,189
High School Grad$24,124$27,217$22,548
Some College$36,524$45,856$28,492
Bachelors Degree$43,362$50,523$38,205
Graduate Degree$60,946$68,517$54,537

$41,172

Average Earnings

$47,102

Average Male

$35,797

Average Female

Olympia Language

Olympia Language by Age

Olympia Language

88.07% of Olympia residents speak only English, while 11.93% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian, which is spoken by 5.42% of the population.

Olympia Poverty

Olympia Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White38,2836,07415.87%
Hispanic3,6191,29135.67%
Asian3,36067420.06%
Multiple2,13650523.64%
Black1,19336930.93%
Other38917344.47%
Native49715931.99%

18.40%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.35%

Male Poverty Rate

18.44%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Olympia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Olympia is Other, with 44.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Olympia is White, with 15.87% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.70%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.87%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.17%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.69%
High School24.42%
Some College17.82%
Bachelors or Greater7.95%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed55.28%
Female Employed12.47%
Female Unemployed12.30%
Male Employed7.85%

Olympia Income

Olympia Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$55,539$72,497
Families$77,623$94,266
Married Families$95,336-
Non Families$38,927$47,289

Olympia Marital Status

Olympia Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.7%

Male Marriage Rate

38.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Olympia Married by Age and Sex

Olympia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Olympia Marital Status by Race

Olympia Veterans

3,615

Number of Veterans

3,165

Male Veterans

450

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,087
First Gulf War874
Second Gulf War792
Korea324
World War II163
Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,090
75+751
55 to 64728
65 to 74705
18 to 34341

Olympia Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White3,1179.06%
Black26925.47%
Hispanic1556.52%
2 or More1006.96%
Indian6614.54%
Asian632.23%

Olympia Veterans by Education

7.08%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Olympia Employment Status

63.1%

Labor Force Participation

57.6%

Employment Rate

7.5%

Unemployment Rate

Olympia Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

43.53%

Born in Washington

91.00%

Native Born

9.00%

Foreign Born

4.22%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.00% of Olympia residents were born in the United States, with 43.53% having been born in Washington. 4.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.