Olympia is a city located in the state of Washington. It is the county seat of Thurston County, and it is also the state capital. The city has an estimated population of 51,202 residents, making it only the 24th most populous city in the state.
The area that is now Olympia was initially inhabited by many native tribes, including the Puyallup, Chehalis, and Duwamish, to name a few. The Europeans first came to the area in 1792, although it was not settled at that time. It was in 1846 when Levi Smith and Edmund Sylvester laid claim to the land that is now Olympia’s downtown area. The city was named Olympia in 1850.
In 1851, the customs house for the Customs District of Puget Sound for Washington was established in the area. During this time, the population rose as immigrants came to the region. The Northern Pacific Railroad bypassed Olympia during the 1870s, and because the residents knew the importance of a railroad, they created their rail connection.
Washington was designated as a state in 1889 and Olympia was selected to serve as the capital city. The city’s capitol building was constructed in 1912 and was completed in 1928. During this time, the economy revolved around logging, oystering, sawmilling and other industries. It was also a shipping port for agricultural goods, sandstone, and coal. The Olympia Brewing Company was also established in the late 19th century and operated through 2003.
World War I and World War II resulted in population increases for the city as more people came to Olympia to work in wartime industries such as shipbuilding. Though the city and its population continued to grow, it did encounter hard times, including an earthquake in 1949 that destroyed much of the downtown area.
Today, Olympia has established itself as a center for art and music. It is also a center for activism and social justice.
Olympia Population Statistics
Olympia has a population estimated at over 50,000 residents. The city has a total area of over 19 square miles, and it has a population density of over 2,608 people per square mile.
The largest age group residing in Olympia is 25 to 44, making up over 28% of the population. Over 19% of residents are under age 18, while 13.9% are at least 65 years old. There are more female residents than males, with women accounting for 52.7% of the total population. Approximately 12% of Olympia’s residents live below the federal poverty line.
The State of Washington is the city’s top employer. It employs over 20,000 people. Local government is also a significant employer. Other top employers in Olympia include Providence St. Peter Hospital, tribal governments, and federal governments.
Olympia Population Growth
The city of Olympia has seen steady growth since it was founded, with the only exception occurring at the time of the 1900 census, when the population dropped by over 17%. However, the next year, the population had risen by over 81%. By 1930, the population had grown to over 10,000 residents. This number more than doubled by 1970. Current estimates show that the community has increased by over 10% since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that further growth is expected for this city.
Olympia, Washington's estimated population is 52,555 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Olympia, Washington is the 23rd largest city in Washington based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.
The population density is 2887.06 people/mi² (1114.70 people/km²).
The overall median age is 38.3 years, 35.8 years for males, and 40.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 91.3 males.
Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 23,228 households in the city, with an average size of 2.21 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%, with a median rent of $1031/month. The median house has 5 rooms, and has a value of $265,400.
The median income for households in Olympia, Washington is $55,539, while the mean household income is $72,497.