Omaha, Nebraska Population 2018

Omaha is the largest city in Nebraska and sits on the Missouri River, around 10 miles north of the mouth of the Platte River. Omaha also anchors the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area. In 2014, Omaha has an estimated population of 411,000, making it the 42nd largest city in the United States.

Omaha has an estimated population of 411,000, although the population including the suburbs is around 423,000. The 2010 census found a population of 408,958 with a population density of 3,218 people per square mile in Omaha.

The Omaha-Council Bluffs-Fremont, NE-IA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has a population of about 935,000, and there are about 1.3 million people in the Greater Omaha area with a 50-mile radius around the city center.

Omaha today is a very diverse city, both in terms of population and economy. Forbes ranked Omaha as the Best Bang-For-The-Buck City in 2009 and the number one Fastest-Recovering City in America.

Omaha Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Omaha was:

  • White: 73.1% (non-Hispanic: 68.0%)
  • African American: 13.7%
  • Asian: 2.4%
  • Native American: 0.8%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other race: 6.9%
  • Two or more races: 3.0%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 13.1%

Since 2000, the Asian population has grown from 1.7% while the Hispanic and Latino population has grown from 7.5%.

Native Americans were the first inhabitants of the area, with the city of Omaha established by European Americans from Council Bluffs. Over the next century, many ethnic groups made their way to Omaha. In 1910, the population was 3.9% black. Irish immigrants also moved to the area in great numbers, settling in present-day North Omaha, or Gophertown. Irish immigrants were followed by people from Poland who settled in Sheelytown. In the beginning, immigrants to the city worked in the stockyards and meatpacking industries, although later German immigrants founded the beer industry.

Jewish immigrants moved to Omaha in the early 20th century and began setting up businesses in the commercial area, which is now the heart of the African American community. Omaha also has a Little Italy neighborhood south of downtown.

There is a sizable population of Czechs in the city, and many institutions in South Omaha and Downtown show the history of European immigrants in Omaha. The majority of Omaha's Hispanic population are Mexican, who originally came to the city to work in rail yards. Other early ethnic groups include Danes, Swedes and Poles.

In the last two decades, a number of African immigrants have settled in Omaha. There are around 8,500 Sudanese in the city, which is the largest population of Sudanese refugees in the U.S. There are ten tribes from Sudan in Omaha, along with immigrants from Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Cameroon and Togo.

Omaha History

The area of Omaha was first inhabited by several Native American tribes, including the Omaha and Ponca. The Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through the area that would later become Omaha in 1804, and members of the expedition met with tribal leaders at the Council Bluff twenty miles from present-day Omaha. Fur trading outposts were eventually built in the area. Through treaties with the federal government, Native American tribes in the state eventually ceded the lands that currently make up Nebraska.

Omaha was settled as residents from nearby Council Bluffs began to stake out claims. The young city has several booms and busts in its early years. From the late 19th century through the 21st century, immigrants have created enclaves throughout Omaha, such as the Irish in Sheelytown, Germans in the Near North Side, and Little Italy and Little Bohemia in South Omaha.

Omaha Population Growth

Since 2000, Omaha has grown more than 13%, and the state has a whole has grown steadily, although it has lagged behind the national average for more than twenty years. Omaha and its suburbs are expected to continue moderate population growth in the coming decade.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017466,8931,6600.36%
2016465,2331,8120.39%
2015463,4212,4290.53%
2014460,9922,0820.45%
2013458,9102,9480.65%
2012455,9623,2990.73%
2011452,6632,6190.58%
2010450,04460,0371.44%
2000390,00754,2121.51%
1990335,79521,8560.68%
1980313,939-32,990-0.99%
1970346,92945,3311.41%
1960301,59850,4811.85%
1950251,11727,2731.16%
1940223,8449,8380.45%
1930214,00622,4051.11%
1920191,60167,5054.44%
1910124,09621,5411.92%
1900102,555-37,897-3.10%
1890140,452109,93416.49%
188030,51814,4356.62%
187016,08314,18323.81%
18601,9000.00%

Omaha Population in 2018Source: By Raymond Bucko, SJ (Flickr: downtown_in_spring) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White342,400
Black or African American56,222
Asian14,411
Some Other Race14,214
Two or More Races13,193
American Indian and Alaska Native2,450
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander182

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Omaha Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Omaha Median Age

34.2


Total

33.4


Male

35


Female

Omaha Adults

There are 332,304 adults, (53,612 of which are seniors) in Omaha.

Omaha Age Dependency

59

Age Dependency Ratio

19.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Omaha Sex Ratio

Female

224,697

50.71%

Male

218,375

49.29%

Omaha Households and Families

Omaha Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Omaha Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80%20%
All57.5%42.5%
Male54.4%45.6%
Female41.3%58.7%
Non Family40.3%59.7%

57.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Omaha Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All174,8282.4757.5
Married72,3093.2880
Non Family71,4531.2640.3
Female22,9063.3841.3
Male8,1603.3654.4

3.21

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Omaha Households

Omaha Education

Omaha Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade16,6845.81%
9th to 12th Grade18,3666.39%
High School Graduate65,72522.88%
Some College65,90822.94%
Associates Degree21,0777.34%
Bachelors Degree65,16122.68%
Graduate Degree34,40011.97%

Omaha Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White212,737201,08885,273
Black32,16227,4446,248
Hispanic28,65513,2782,727
Asian8,5385,9784,035
Other Race6,8763,226524
Multiple Races4,5833,9661,245
Native American1,4281,043123
Islander76518

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.52%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 47.26%.

Omaha Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,556$40,050$31,416
Less Than High School$22,210$24,184$19,287
High School Grad$27,240$30,653$24,109
Some College$32,786$40,060$29,307
Bachelors Degree$46,241$54,836$40,531
Graduate Degree$60,723$74,982$52,190

$35,556

Average Earnings

$40,050

Average Male

$31,416

Average Female

Omaha Language

Omaha Language by Age

Omaha Language

83.89% of Omaha residents speak only English, while 16.11% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 10.72% of the population.

Omaha Poverty

Omaha Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White290,57628,4899.80%
Hispanic59,93717,54129.27%
Black54,47317,38731.92%
Asian14,0264,07229.03%
Other13,9653,50525.10%
Multiple12,6972,60220.49%
Native2,35471730.46%
Islander1332015.04%

16.30%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.75%

Male Poverty Rate

17.80%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Omaha

The race most likely to be in poverty in Omaha is Black, with 31.92% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Omaha is White, with 9.80% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.58%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.47%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.74%.

Omaha Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School29.25%
High School14.83%
Some College12.08%
Bachelors or Greater5.07%

Omaha Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed46.44%
Male Unemployed35.82%
Female Employed9.47%
Male Employed6.72%

Omaha Income

Omaha Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$50,827$70,442
Families$66,867$87,080
Married Families$84,270$105,662
Non Families$32,612$43,721

Omaha Marital Status

Omaha Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.2%

Male Marriage Rate

43.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Omaha Married by Age and Sex

Omaha Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Omaha Marital Status by Race

Omaha Veterans

Omaha Veterans by War

25,737

Number of Veterans

23,298

Male Veterans

2,439

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam8,881
First Gulf War4,865
Second Gulf War3,989
Korea2,457
World War II1,518

Omaha Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 546,474
65 to 746,131
75+5,592
55 to 644,955
18 to 342,585

Omaha Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White21,9888.27%
Black2,9907.75%
Hispanic7762.19%
2 or More4046.59%
Indian1337.98%
Asian1081.02%
Other1061.22%
Hawaiian85.19%

Omaha Veterans by Education

7.96%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.06%

Veteran Disability Rate

Omaha Employment Status

Omaha Employment by Age

69.8%

Labor Force Participation

65.8%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Omaha Employment by Race

Omaha Employment by Education

Omaha Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

58.92%

Born in Nebraska

89.80%

Native Born

10.20%

Foreign Born

7.25%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.80% of Omaha residents were born in the United States, with 58.92% having been born in Nebraska. 7.25% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.