Palo Alto, California Population 2019

Palo Alto is a city located in the state of California. It is located in Santa Clara County within the Bay Area. This city is known for having one of the highest costs of living in the United States, as well as having one of the most educated populations in the nation.

Recent estimates show that Palo Alto’s population is 67,024.

Palo Alto History

The region that is now Palo Alto was originally inhabited by the Ohlone. The city was not explored by the Europeans until 1769, according to written records. It was in 1777 when Father Junipero Serra established Mission Santa Clara de Asis, which was under the control of Spain. After the Mexican War of Independence, Mexico was made an independent country, and the land sold or granted.

Following the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexican citizens could choose to become U.S. citizens, and their land grants count be recognized. The grant Rando Rinconada del Arroyo de San Francisquito was granted in 1841 and was sold in 1849. A hacienda was constructed that was the site of bullfights and fiestas but was destroyed during an earthquake in 1906.

In 1855, a township by the name of Mayfield was established. The San Francisco and San Jose railroad was extended to Mayfield in 1863. In 1875, a French financier purchased land that came to be known as Ayrshire Farm. Another man, Leland Stanford, began purchasing property and established the Palo Alto Stock Farm. He also bought Ayrshire Farm, which sold to Leland Stanford St., the founder of Stanford University. Before founding the university, Stanford wanted to build the college in Mayfield but had a condition that alcohol was to be banned from the town. However, this didn’t happen and led to the establishment of Temperance Town. Stanford University was established, and a train stop was located in the area. The area was initially known as University Park but upon its incorporation in the late 1900s was named Palo Alto.

Palo Alto quickly grew to be as large as Mayfield, and in the 20th century, Mayfield was annexed to become part of Palo Alto. More land was annexed as the city continued to grow, both in terms of development and population.

Today, the city’s economy revolves around the tech industry, as it is a focal point of Silicon Valley. It also has a large student population because of Stanford University. The residents of Palo Alto are some of the most educated in the country. However, Palo Alto has become known as a city with one of the highest costs of living in the nation.

Palo Alto Demographics

The city of Palo Alto has an estimated population of over 67,000 people. The city is nearly 26 square miles, and it has a population density of over 2,808.

Over 64% of Palo Alto’s population is white, while over 27% is Asian, 1.9% is black, 2.2% are another race, 4.2% are mixed race, and 6.2% are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest age group residing in Palo Alto is 45 to 64, making up 28% of the population. Over 23% of the population is under 18, while over 17% are at least 65 years old. There are more females than males, with 93 men for every 100 women. Less than 5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Palo Alto is home to over 7,000 businesses which provide jobs to over 98,000 people. Notable businesses in the area include the Palo Alto Medical Foundation, Amazon’s A9.com, HP, Houzz, and Xerox.

Palo Alto Population Growth

Palo Alto experienced substantial growth in its early years, although that growth has slowed in recent years. The population in 1920 was climbing toward 6,000 and more than doubled at the time of the next census in 1930. The population in 1950 surpassed 25,000 before doubling again in 1960. It was about this time that growth slowed before declining by 1.5% in 1980. However, the next census in 1990 showed that the population was on the rise again and has continued to grow ever since. Recent population estimates show that it has increased over 4% since the last census in 2010, indicating that while growth has slowed, it should be expected to continue.

Palo Alto Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Palo Alto was:

  • White: 61.18%
  • Asian: 31.27%
  • Two or more races: 4.57%
  • Other race: 1.38%
  • Black or African American: 1.20%
  • Native American: 0.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.17%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201767,178-312-0.46%
201667,4905860.88%
201566,904-127-0.19%
201467,0312310.35%
201366,8005420.82%
201266,2588261.26%
201165,4328561.33%
201064,5765,9780.98%
200058,5982,6980.47%
199055,9006750.12%
198055,225-815-0.15%
197056,0403,7530.70%
196052,28726,8127.46%
195025,4758,7014.27%
194016,7743,1222.08%
193013,6527,7528.75%
19205,9001,4142.78%
19104,4862,82810.47%
19001,6580.00%

Palo Alto Population in 2018Source: Nimur at the English language Wikipedia [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White41,040
Asian20,977
Two or More Races3,064
Some Other Race929
Black or African American808
American Indian and Alaska Native151
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander113

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Palo Alto Population Pyramid 2019

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Palo Alto Median Age

41.8


Total

39.8


Male

43


Female

Palo Alto Adults

There are 51,424 adults, (12,415 of whom are seniors) in Palo Alto.

Palo Alto Age Dependency

72

Age Dependency Ratio

31.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Palo Alto Sex Ratio

Female

33,927

50.58%

Male

33,155

49.42%

Palo Alto Households and Families

Palo Alto Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Palo Alto Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.9%33.1%
All54.9%45.1%
Female49.9%50.1%
Male47.4%52.6%
Non Family36.2%63.8%

54.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Palo Alto Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All26,2382.5454.9
Married14,8253.266.9
Non Family8,6761.3536.2
Female1,9542.7149.9
Male7832.6647.4

3.08

Average Family Size

2.54

Average Household Size

3.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Palo Alto Households

Palo Alto Education

Palo Alto Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8091.70%
9th to 12th Grade5361.13%
High School Graduate2,3554.95%
Some College3,6867.74%
Associates Degree1,6033.37%
Bachelors Degree13,91429.23%
Graduate Degree24,70451.89%

Palo Alto Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White28,23227,98623,577
Asian14,52914,18212,437
Hispanic2,9532,2161,243
Multiple Races1,0981,070826
Black633615404
Other Race578321209
Islander10510540
Native American767425

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 85.60%.

Palo Alto Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$93,543$128,471$67,184
Less Than High School$20,613$21,767$17,924
High School Grad$21,075$$17,768
Some College$41,861$46,717$41,231
Bachelors Degree$82,535$112,571$56,985
Graduate Degree$124,433$156,241$92,500

$93,543

Average Earnings

$128,471

Average Male

$67,184

Average Female

Palo Alto Language

Palo Alto Language by Age

Palo Alto Language

59.83% of Palo Alto residents speak only English, while 40.17% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian, which is spoken by 21.21% of the population.

Palo Alto Poverty

Palo Alto Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian20,8831,6697.99%
White37,0601,5814.27%
Hispanic4,81752210.84%
Multiple3,0522648.65%
Other90911512.65%
Native1502416.00%
Black77020.26%

6.03%

Overall Poverty Rate

4.87%

Male Poverty Rate

7.16%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Palo Alto

The race most likely to be in poverty in Palo Alto is Native, with 16.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Palo Alto is Black, with 0.26% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.36%. Among those working part-time, it was 7.54%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.33%.

Palo Alto Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
High School17.76%
Less Than High School12.67%
Some College8.19%
Bachelors or Greater4.16%

Palo Alto Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed24.39%
Male Unemployed16.97%
Female Employed3.34%
Male Employed1.49%

Palo Alto Income

Palo Alto Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$147,537$207,423
Families$184,943$247,079
Married Families$208,025$
Non Families$75,000$122,634

Palo Alto Marital Status

Palo Alto Marital Status

Marriage Rates

58.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

60.0%

Male Marriage Rate

57.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Palo Alto Married by Age and Sex

Palo Alto Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Palo Alto Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Palo Alto Veterans

Palo Alto Veterans by War

2,206

Number of Veterans

2,097

Male Veterans

109

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam747
Korea453
World War II422
Second Gulf War204
First Gulf War156

Palo Alto Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+1,128
65 to 74574
35 to 54177
55 to 64176
18 to 34151

Palo Alto Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,8855.71%
Asian2151.40%
Black638.96%
Hispanic591.76%
Hawaiian2019.05%
2 or More130.92%
Indian76.93%
Other30.40%

Palo Alto Veterans by Education

3.17%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.42%

Veteran Disability Rate

Palo Alto Employment Status

Palo Alto Employment by Age

63.8%

Labor Force Participation

61%

Employment Rate

4.3%

Unemployment Rate

Palo Alto Employment by Race

Palo Alto Employment by Education

Palo Alto Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

36.21%

Born in California

65.32%

Native Born

34.68%

Foreign Born

15.50%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

65.32% of Palo Alto residents were born in the United States, with 36.21% having been born in California. 15.50% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.