Pasadena is located in Harris County, Texas as part of the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land metropolitan area. Named for Pasadena, California, it's the second largest city in Harris County, and the seventeenth most populous overall in the state of Texas. In 2019, Pasadena, Texas has an estimated population of 152,000.
Pasadena is a Hispanic-majority city. According to a new Pew Research study (https://patch.com/texas/houstonheights/houstons-undocumented-immigrant-population-tops-575-000-pew-research), it's estimated that there are 1 million undocumented immigrants in Texas with almost 600,000 of them in the Houston-Woodlands-Sugar Land metro area, including Pasadena.
Prior to Europeans settling on the area near Galveston Bay, various native tribes like the Akokisa had inhabited it. Following the declaration of Mexican independence from Spain, Mexico offered land grants to settlers from both Mexico and the United States in order to colonize Texas, its northernmost territory. This brought in a rapid wave of settlement around the Galveston Bay area.
After a coup in the Mexican government in 1835, Texas revolted against Mexico. The last battle of the Texas Revolution took place in 1836, near modern-day Pasadena. Due to this being the final conflict leading to the Mexican surrender, Pasadena has adopted the nickname the “Birthplace of Texas.”
The year 1900 saw The Great Galveston hurricane, the deadliest natural disaster in United States history at the time, bring heavy damage to Pasadena, and destroying Galveston completely. Many Galveston refugees moved to Pasadena, and amongst the vast donations from the newly created Red Cross were millions of strawberry plants, leading to Pasadena becoming a major producer of fruit.
The following year saw the beginning of the Texas Oil Boom, and the discovery of an oil field in nearby Goose Creek. This lead to ever petroleum exploration around the area, and by 1917 to 1920, refinery operations had made their way to Pasadena. The onset of World Wars I and II helped spur increased industrial development in the region, and Pasadena surpassed even Houston in terms of growth rate.
Pasadena voted in 1923 to incorporate, however in the following year residents decided to cancel the process. It was not until 5 years later in 1928 that Pasadena finally did incorporate, and as a result of this was not incorporated into Houston when it annexed surrounded unincorporated areas.
Post World War II, Pasadena saw a huge growth in population of just over 20%, from 3,436 in 1940 to 22,483. 1960 saw this rise to 58,737, and this only continued to rise. 50 years later, in 1990, Pasadena saw a more than 3,000% increase from 3,436 to 119,363. After another boom of over 22,000 people in the 2000s, growth has started to slow, and since 2014 has had a year on year decline.
Pasadena, Texas's estimated population is 153,219 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Pasadena, Texas is the 19th largest city in Texas based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.
The population density is 3512.66 people/mi² (1356.24 people/km²).
The overall median age is 31.3 years, 30 years for males, and 32.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 101.4 males.
Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 53,817 households in the city, with an average size of 3.13 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%, with a median rent of $867/month. The median house has 4.9 rooms, and has a value of $108,700.
The median income for households in Pasadena, Texas is $50,207, while the mean household income is $66,618.