Peoria, Arizona Population 2019

172,259

Located mostly in Maricopa Arizona, Peoria is a major Phoenix suburb located about 14 miles northwest of the city. Peoria, a name which is a corrupted version of an Illini word for "prairie fire," is the 9th largest city in Arizona in terms of population and the 8th largest in Metro Phoenix. Maricopa County is Arizona's population center with 61% of the state's population. While Metro Phoenix has a population of about 4.6 million, Peoria has an estimated population of 172,259 in 2019.

Diversity

Peoria is less diverse than Metro Phoenix as a whole as Arizona has the 3rd highest number of American Indians of any state at more than 10% of the U.S. American Indian population. Phoenix borders an American Indian reservation. The American Indian population of Peoria is just 0.7%, however.

In the Phoenix Metro area, the most common ancestry groups include Mexican, German, English, and Irish. Almost 12% of people in Peoria claim Irish ancestry. The largest Asian-American subgroup in Peoria is Filipino Americans.

About 8.7% of Peoria's residents were born outside of the U.S. The city has a notable gender disparity: for every 100 females over the age of 18, there are only 88 males.

History

The history of Peoria as a city dates back to 1886. William John Murphy, who worked on the major Arizona Canal project, recruited settlers to create a community in Arizona. Many of the first settlers were from Peoria, Illinois. After a year, a new road called Grand Avenue was laid out to connect the new town sites of Peoria, Glendale, and Alhambra and it became the primary route from Phoenix to Vulture Mine, a gold mine and major settlement in Maricopa County. The town was incorporated as Peoria in 1887.

Within 10 years, a spur line of the Santa, Prescott, and Phoenix Railroad was installed to connect Peoria to Phoenix as well as Hesperia, Alhambra, Glendale, and Marinette. This helped the new town grow steadily. Eventually, the Luke Air Force Base and a growing economy -- as well as mass-produced air conditioning -- allowed Peoria to grow faster than ever. Peoria became a major suburb of Phoenix after WWII thaks to a construction boom.

Population Growth

Arizona's population has been surging in recent year. In 2019, it was ranked as the 4th fastest growing state in the U.S. Maricopa County, which includes most of Peoria, is believed to have hit 4 million people in 2016. The growth of Metro Phoenix has averaged over 40% per decade between 1950 and 2000 but its growth slowed to 20% between 2000 and 2010 due to water restraints and other resources. It's predicted that the Metro Phoenix area will reach 6-7 million within 20 years, up from 4.6 million in 2019. Peoria is certain to enjoy some of this growth.

Peoria, Arizona's estimated population is 172,259 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Peoria, Arizona is the 9th largest city in Arizona based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 980.42 people/mi² (378.54 people/km²).

The overall median age is 39.5 years, 37.7 years for males, and 40.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.7 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 64,862 households in the city, with an average size of 2.79 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.4%, with a median rent of $1159/month. The median house has 5.8 rooms, and has a value of $230,400.

The median income for households in Peoria, Arizona is $69,589, while the mean household income is $86,245.

Peoria Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Peoria was:

  • White: 84.89%
  • Asian: 3.83%
  • Two or more races: 3.70%
  • Other race: 3.53%
  • Black or African American: 3.16%
  • Native American: 0.66%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.23%

How Many People Live in Peoria, Arizona?

172,259
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018172,2594,0672.42%
2017168,1923,9802.42%
2016164,2123,7802.36%
2015160,4322,6521.68%
2014157,7801,4090.90%
2013156,3711,0190.66%
2012155,3523020.19%
2011155,0501590.10%
2010154,89146,5273.64%
2000108,36457,7467.91%
199050,61838,44715.32%
198012,1717,3799.77%
19704,7922,1926.31%
19602,6001,9006.78%
19407000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White137,00484.89%
Asian6,1773.83%
Two or More Races5,9723.70%
Some Other Race5,6963.53%
Black or African American5,1063.16%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,0620.66%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3660.23%

Peoria Population Pyramid 2019

Peoria Median Age

39.5


Total

37.7


Male

40.8


Female

Peoria Adults

There are 121,411 adults, (25,764 of whom are seniors) in Peoria.

Peoria Age Dependency

68.7

Age Dependency Ratio

26.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Peoria Sex Ratio

Female

83,745

51.89%

Male

77,638

48.11%

Peoria Households and Families

Peoria Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Peoria Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married83.7%16.3%
All72%28%
Non Family58.9%41.1%
Female57.6%42.4%
Male52.3%47.7%

72.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All57,3972.7972
Married31,3503.3683.7
Non Family16,5451.2858.9
Female6,6473.5257.6
Male2,8553.5352.3

3.31

Average Family Size

2.79

Average Household Size

5.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Peoria Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,5252.34%
9th to 12th Grade5,3424.95%
High School Graduate26,99424.99%
Some College29,37727.19%
Associates Degree10,2319.47%
Bachelors Degree21,97820.35%
Graduate Degree11,57810.72%

Peoria Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White81,81777,96826,642
Hispanic16,42813,1852,570
Asian4,2793,8512,442
Other Race3,5162,776460
Black3,1192,8881,130
Multiple Races2,1022,023723
Native American755617164
Islander25824660

The highest rate of high school graduation is among multiple races people with a rate of 96.24%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.07%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$42,239$50,390$37,673
Less Than High School$25,904$28,820$17,485
High School Grad$33,639$40,392$28,755
Some College$40,953$48,398$35,856
Bachelors Degree$52,797$68,378$46,743
Graduate Degree$72,110$91,563$54,489

$42,239

Average Earnings

$50,390

Average Male

$37,673

Average Female

Peoria Language

Peoria Language by Age

Peoria Language

85.61% of Peoria residents speak only English, while 14.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.67% of the population.

Peoria Poverty

Peoria Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White112,8657,7566.87%
Hispanic30,5563,53211.56%
Multiple5,82786614.86%
Other5,69664211.27%
Asian6,1656069.83%
Black5,0583617.14%
Native1,021898.72%
Islander366226.01%

8.17%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.21%

Male Poverty Rate

9.07%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Peoria

The race most likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Multiple, with 14.86% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Islander, with 6.01% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.58%. Among those working part-time, it was 9.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.92%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School18.72%
High School10.01%
Some College6.31%
Bachelors or Greater2.76%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed27.22%
Male Unemployed22.76%
Female Employed4.19%
Male Employed3.30%

Peoria Income

Peoria Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$69,589$86,245
Families$80,157$96,446
Married Families$92,017$109,150
Non Families$41,132$56,105

Peoria Marital Status

Peoria Marital Status

Marriage Rates

52.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

55.2%

Male Marriage Rate

50.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Peoria Married by Age and Sex

Peoria Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Peoria Marital Status by Race

Peoria Veterans

12,068

Number of Veterans

11,120

Male Veterans

948

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,201
First Gulf War2,472
Second Gulf War1,730
Korea1,047
World War II650
Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,938
75+2,819
35 to 542,797
55 to 642,586
18 to 34928

Peoria Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White11,05610.54%
Hispanic1,0655.28%
Black44912.37%
2 or More1836.91%
Other1694.06%
Asian1523.26%
Indian414.53%
Hawaiian186.72%

Peoria Veterans by Education

5.20%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.35%

Veteran Disability Rate

Peoria Employment Status

64%

Labor Force Participation

59.9%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

Peoria Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.02%

Born in Arizona

91.33%

Native Born

8.67%

Foreign Born

3.71%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.33% of Peoria residents were born in the United States, with 39.02% having been born in Arizona. 3.71% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.