Peoria, Arizona Population 2020

172,259

Located mostly in Maricopa Arizona, Peoria is a major Phoenix suburb located about 14 miles northwest of the city. Peoria, a name which is a corrupted version of an Illini word for "prairie fire," is the 9th largest city in Arizona in terms of population and the 8th largest in Metro Phoenix. Maricopa County is Arizona's population center with 61% of the state's population. While Metro Phoenix has a population of about 4.6 million, Peoria has an estimated population of 172,259 in 2019.

Diversity

Peoria is less diverse than Metro Phoenix as a whole as Arizona has the 3rd highest number of American Indians of any state at more than 10% of the U.S. American Indian population. Phoenix borders an American Indian reservation. The American Indian population of Peoria is just 0.7%, however.

In the Phoenix Metro area, the most common ancestry groups include Mexican, German, English, and Irish. Almost 12% of people in Peoria claim Irish ancestry. The largest Asian-American subgroup in Peoria is Filipino Americans.

About 8.7% of Peoria's residents were born outside of the U.S. The city has a notable gender disparity: for every 100 females over the age of 18, there are only 88 males.

History

The history of Peoria as a city dates back to 1886. William John Murphy, who worked on the major Arizona Canal project, recruited settlers to create a community in Arizona. Many of the first settlers were from Peoria, Illinois. After a year, a new road called Grand Avenue was laid out to connect the new town sites of Peoria, Glendale, and Alhambra and it became the primary route from Phoenix to Vulture Mine, a gold mine and major settlement in Maricopa County. The town was incorporated as Peoria in 1887.

Within 10 years, a spur line of the Santa, Prescott, and Phoenix Railroad was installed to connect Peoria to Phoenix as well as Hesperia, Alhambra, Glendale, and Marinette. This helped the new town grow steadily. Eventually, the Luke Air Force Base and a growing economy -- as well as mass-produced air conditioning -- allowed Peoria to grow faster than ever. Peoria became a major suburb of Phoenix after WWII thaks to a construction boom.

Population Growth

Arizona's population has been surging in recent year. In 2019, it was ranked as the 4th fastest growing state in the U.S. Maricopa County, which includes most of Peoria, is believed to have hit 4 million people in 2016. The growth of Metro Phoenix has averaged over 40% per decade between 1950 and 2000 but its growth slowed to 20% between 2000 and 2010 due to water restraints and other resources. It's predicted that the Metro Phoenix area will reach 6-7 million within 20 years, up from 4.6 million in 2019. Peoria is certain to enjoy some of this growth.

Peoria, Arizona's estimated population is 172,259 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Peoria, Arizona is the 9th largest city in Arizona based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 980.42 people/mi² (378.54 people/km²).

The overall median age is 39.5 years, 37.5 years for males, and 41.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.8 males.

The median income for households in Peoria, Arizona is $, while the mean household income is $.

Peoria Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Peoria was:

  • White: 83.80%
  • Asian: 4.20%
  • Two or more races: 3.94%
  • Other race: 3.76%
  • Black or African American: 3.34%
  • Native American: 0.71%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.25%

How Many People Live in Peoria, Arizona?

172,259
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018172,2594,0672.42%
2017168,1923,9802.42%
2016164,2123,7802.36%
2015160,4322,6521.68%
2014157,7801,4090.90%
2013156,3711,0190.66%
2012155,3523020.19%
2011155,0501590.10%
2010154,89146,5273.64%
2000108,36457,7467.91%
199050,61838,44715.32%
198012,1717,3799.77%
19704,7922,1926.31%
19602,6001,9006.78%
19407000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White137,90583.80%
Asian6,9064.20%
Two or More Races6,4833.94%
Some Other Race6,1913.76%
Black or African American5,5043.34%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1760.71%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4070.25%

Peoria Population Pyramid 2020

Peoria Median Age

39.5


Total

37.5


Male

41.1


Female

Peoria Adults

There are 124,291 adults, (26,710 of whom are seniors) in Peoria.

Peoria Age Dependency

68.7

Age Dependency Ratio

27.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Peoria Sex Ratio

Female

84,927

51.60%

Male

79,645

48.40%

Peoria Households and Families

Peoria Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Peoria Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married84.4%15.6%
All73.2%26.8%
Female61.1%38.9%
Non Family59.5%40.5%
Male57%43%

73.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All58,2012.873.2
Married32,0023.3884.4
Non Family16,7691.2959.5
Female6,6723.5661.1
Male2,7583.5257

3.33

Average Family Size

2.8

Average Household Size

5.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Peoria Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,7222.44%
9th to 12th Grade5,4324.88%
High School Graduate27,28924.51%
Some College29,74026.71%
Associates Degree10,7259.63%
Bachelors Degree23,36920.99%
Graduate Degree12,06410.84%

Peoria Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White82,69178,41427,284
Hispanic17,75914,7193,117
Asian4,7964,4012,816
Other Race3,8103,002562
Black3,3803,1361,268
Multiple Races2,4142,247778
Native American848722267
Islander271239116

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.83%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.72%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$42,979$50,869$38,159
Less Than High School$25,585$31,284$17,009
High School Grad$34,606$40,704$29,127
Some College$41,655$50,581$36,002
Bachelors Degree$52,490$68,034$46,360
Graduate Degree$71,518$90,538$54,308

$42,979

Average Earnings

$50,869

Average Male

$38,159

Average Female

Peoria Language

Peoria Language by Age

Peoria Language

85.97% of Peoria residents speak only English, while 14.03% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.21% of the population.

Peoria Poverty

Peoria Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White112,6916,6945.94%
Hispanic32,5153,50210.77%
Asian6,8946799.85%
Multiple6,28264110.20%
Other6,1906089.82%
Black5,4424307.90%
Native1,15512110.48%
Islander407317.62%

7.31%

Overall Poverty Rate

6.72%

Male Poverty Rate

7.85%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Peoria

The race most likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Hispanic, with 10.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Peoria is White, with 5.94% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.37%. Among those working part-time, it was 9.60%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 12.56%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School18.96%
High School9.03%
Some College5.64%
Bachelors or Greater2.84%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed23.87%
Male Unemployed17.23%
Female Employed4.09%
Male Employed3.34%

Peoria Income

Peoria Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$73,039$89,644
Families$83,934$100,908
Married Families$95,526$112,990
Non Families$41,305$56,834

Peoria Marital Status

Peoria Marital Status

Marriage Rates

52.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

55.2%

Male Marriage Rate

50.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Peoria Married by Age and Sex

Peoria Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Peoria Marital Status by Race

Peoria Veterans

11,997

Number of Veterans

10,943

Male Veterans

1,054

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,298
First Gulf War2,639
Second Gulf War1,784
Korea999
World War II511
Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,972
35 to 542,851
75+2,801
55 to 642,507
18 to 34866

Peoria Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White10,92910.31%
Hispanic1,0574.88%
Black46311.87%
Asian1913.65%
2 or More1906.18%
Other1773.95%
Indian353.46%
Hawaiian124.26%

Peoria Veterans by Education

4.49%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.46%

Veteran Disability Rate

Peoria Employment Status

64.1%

Labor Force Participation

60.4%

Employment Rate

5.5%

Unemployment Rate

Peoria Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.00%

Born in Arizona

91.49%

Native Born

8.51%

Foreign Born

3.45%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.49% of Peoria residents were born in the United States, with 39.00% having been born in Arizona. 3.45% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.