Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Population 2018

Philadelphia is Pennsylvania's largest city, the second-largest city on the US's East Coast and the 5th most populous city in the US. It also has the designation of the only consolidated city-county in the state with a population that was 1,526,006 according to the last official census in 2010. The population of Philadelphia is growing steadily, however, and was estimated at 1.547 in 2012, a figure that should now be about 9,000 higher. That means Philadelphia's 2013 population is estimated at about 1,556,600.

Philadelphia's estimated population of 1.556 million represents a substantial increase over the 2010 census. The city's population has been growing for 7 years straight, and it's now the second-fastest growing county in the region.

This substantial population is even larger when you consider the metropolitan area. Philadelphia is the center of the Delaware Valley, which is the 6th largest metropolitan area in the United States with more than 6 million residents. The Philadelphia metropolitan division is made up of 5 counties in the state with a population of 4 million.

The consolidated city-county of Philadelphia has an area of 141.6 square miles (367 square kilometers), but the urban area is 1,799.5 square miles, while the metropolitan area has 4,629 square miles of area. The city itself has a density of 11,379.6 people per square mile (4,393.8/square kilometer).

Philadelphia Founding and Early History

The Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape (or Delaware) Indians in the Shackamaxon village before the arrival of Europeans. The first European settlements in the area were built by the Dutch, who constructed Fort Nassau in 1623 in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey. The entire Delaware River valley area that is now part of Philadelphia was considered part of the Dutch New Netherland colony.

Dutch settlers continued to spread through the valley, and the English eventually conquered the New Netherland colony by 1664. A charter from Charles II of England was given to William Penn in 1681 for what eventually became the Pennsylvania colony. The land was purchased from the Lenape people, and Penn named the new city Philadelphia. The city grew rapidly, in part due to Penn's insistence on allowing anyone to worship freely in the community, which led to better relationships with local Indian tribes than other colonies enjoyed.

Eventually, Benjamin Franklin helped to improve the city services in the area, founding one of the first hospitals in the American colonies. From 1790 to 1800, Philadelphia served as a temporary capital for the country, and Philadelphia was left with the largest population (approximately 50,000 people) by the turn of the 19th century.

Philadelphia Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Philadelphia was:

  • White: 41.0% (36.9% non-Hispanic)
  • Black or African American: 43.4% (42.2% non-Hispanic)
  • Native American: 0.5%
  • Asian: 6.3%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.0%
  • Other race: 5.9%
  • Two or more races: 2.8%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 12.3%

As far as the age composition, 22.5% were under 18, 13.3% were 18-25, 28.5% were 25 to 44, 23.5% were 45 to 64 and 12.1% were 65 or older, with a median age of 33.5 years.

The largest ancestry groups in Philadelphia, according to the 2010 census, were: Irish (13.6%), Italian (9.2%), German (8.1%), Polish (4.3%) and English (2.9%).

Philadelphia is home to the second largest Italian, Irish and Jamaican-American populations in the country. It also has the 4th largest African-American population in the United States and created the first black demonination, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, prior to 1800. Philadelphia has the 6th largest population of Jewish people, and the 4th largest population of Polish Americans.

As of 2008, the Philadelphia metropolitan area was home to over 500,000 immigrants, 1/5 of whom had arrived since 2000. This resulted in an increase of about 113,000 immigrants between 2000 and 2006, which is the same amount that arrived during the entire 1990's. Immigrants now account for 10.9% of Philadelphia's population, and it's believed the area will once again become a popular destination for immigrants, which was common during the mid-20th century.

Philadelphia Population Growth

Philadelphia's population growth was stalled for some time, but this has finally reversed with positive growth for 7 consecutive years. The last time Philadelphia posted such gains was from 1930-1950, when its population peaked just over 2 million.

The new growth in the area has even prompted the City Planning Commission to release two new district plans, as the CPC found that 51% of all jobs in the city are in the greater Center City and University Center, which are leading the growth.

The bad news is Philadelphia still needs to make up the jobs for its growing population. The city's population dropped over the last 4 decades, and those who left found employment outside the city. When Philadelphia lost a fifth of its citizens, it lost 25% of its jobs. It's estimated that population growth will continue to outpace job growth.

Philadelphia has many problems that must be addressed to see greater growth, including one of the country's highest poverty rates, high crime rates, a declining real estate market and an unemployment rate above the nation's average.

It's still not known how much the city will continue its growth and if it can overcome these issues that hold back growth. Some projections place the Philadelphia population at 2.1 million by 2050, but time will tell.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20171,580,8636,0980.39%
20161,574,7654,2580.27%
20151,570,5076,4650.41%
20141,564,0425,9330.38%
20131,558,1096,1650.40%
20121,551,94412,2950.80%
20111,539,64911,3780.74%
20101,528,27110,7210.71%
20001,517,550-68,027-4.29%
19901,585,577-102,633-6.08%
19801,688,210-261,786-13.42%
19701,949,996-52,516-2.62%
19602,002,512-69,093-3.34%
19502,071,605140,2717.26%
19401,931,334-19,627-1.01%
19301,950,961127,1826.97%
19201,823,779274,77117.74%
19101,549,008255,31119.73%
19001,293,697246,73323.57%
18901,046,964199,79423.58%
1880847,170173,14825.69%
1870674,022108,49319.18%
1860565,529444,153365.93%
1850121,37627,71129.59%
184093,66513,20316.41%
183080,46216,66026.11%
182063,80210,08018.76%
181053,72212,50230.33%
180041,22012,69844.52%
179028,5220.00%

Philadelphia Population in 2018Source: King of Hearts / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY-SA-3.0 [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American668,573
White643,570
Asian107,669
Some Other Race89,089
Two or More Races43,640
American Indian and Alaska Native5,734
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,663

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Philadelphia Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Philadelphia Median Age

33.9


Total

32.3


Male

35.3


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 1,229,911 adults in Philadelphia.

Philadelphia Age Dependency

53.1

Age Dependency Ratio

19.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Philadelphia Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.6
Houses Without Mortgage
121,778
Houses With Mortgage
183,436
Vacancy Rate
13.2
Median Rent
943
Median Home Value
147,300
Renter-Occupied Units
277,380
Owner-Occupied Units
305,214
Total Housing Units
671,125

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Philadelphia for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 7.5% and the labor force participation rate is 59.9%.

Philadelphia Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.59
Average Family Size
3.58
Total Households
582594
Married Couple Households
160700
Male Householder (no wife) Families
31390
Female Householder (no husband) Families
118639
Non Family Households
271865
Total Families
310729
Households With Own Children
130856
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.2
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.6

Philadelphia Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
81,339
$10,000 to $14,999
42,831
$15,000 to $24,999
74,750
$25,000 to $34,999
65,837
$35,000 to $49,999
79,587
$50,000 to $74,999
92,090
$75,000 to $99,999
54,696
$100,000 to $149,999
54,208
$150,000 to $199,999
19,517
Over $200,000
17,739

Philadelphia Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Philadelphia

Pennsylvania

$39,770

$54,895

$58,372

$75,235

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Philadelphia Education Data

Philadelphia Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
62,1886.01%
9th to 12th Grade
117,85111.38%
High School Graduate
346,89533.51%
Some College
178,54117.25%
Associates Degree
56,9915.51%
Bachelors Degree
160,37915.49%
Graduate Degree
112,40710.86%