Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Population 2019

Philadelphia is Pennsylvania's largest city, the second-largest city on the US's East Coast and the 5th most populous city in the US. It also has the designation of the only consolidated city-county in the state with a population that was 1,526,006 according to the last official census in 2010. The population of Philadelphia is growing steadily, however, and was estimated at 1.547 in 2012, a figure that should now be about 9,000 higher. That means Philadelphia's 2013 population is estimated to be 1,556,600.

Philadelphia's estimated population of 1.556 million represents a substantial increase over the 2010 census. The city's population has been growing for seven years straight, and it's now the second-fastest growing county in the region.

This substantial population is even more significant when you consider the metropolitan area. Philadelphia is the center of the Delaware Valley, which is the 6th largest metro area in the United States with more than 6 million residents. The Philadelphia metro division is made up of 5 counties in the state with a population of 4 million.

The consolidated city-county of Philadelphia has an area of 141.6 square miles (367 square kilometers), but the urban area is 1,799.5 square miles, while the metropolitan area has 4,629 square miles of territory. The city itself has a density of 11,379.6 people per square mile (4,393.8/square kilometer).

Philadelphia Founding and Early History

The Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape (or Delaware) Indians in the Shackamaxon village before the arrival of Europeans. The first European settlements in the area were built by the Dutch, who constructed Fort Nassau in 1623 in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey. The entire Delaware River Valley area that is now part of Philadelphia was considered part of the Dutch New Netherland colony.

Dutch settlers continued to spread through the valley, and the English eventually conquered the New Netherland colony by 1664. A charter from Charles II of England was given to William Penn in 1681 for what eventually became the Pennsylvania colony. The land was purchased from the Lenape people, and Penn named the new city Philadelphia. The town grew rapidly, in part due to Penn's insistence on allowing anyone to worship freely in the community, which led to better relationships with local Indian tribes than other colonies enjoyed.

Eventually, Benjamin Franklin helped to improve the city services in the area, founding one of the first hospitals in the American colonies. From 1790 to 1800, Philadelphia served as a temporary capital for the country, and Philadelphia was left with the largest population (approximately 50,000 people) by the turn of the 19th century.

Philadelphia Diversity

As far as the age composition, 22.5% were under 18, 13.3% were 18-25, 28.5% were 25 to 44, 23.5% were 45 to 64, and 12.1% were 65 or older, with a median age of 33.5 years.

The largest ancestry groups in Philadelphia, according to the 2010 census, were: Irish (13.6%), Italian (9.2%), German (8.1%), Polish (4.3%) and English (2.9%).

Philadelphia is home to the second largest Italian, Irish and Jamaican-American populations in the country. It also has the 4th largest African-American community in the United States and created the first black denomination, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, before 1800. Philadelphia has the 6th largest population of Jewish people and the 4th largest population of Polish Americans.

As of 2008, the Philadelphia metropolitan area was home to over 500,000 immigrants, 1/5 of whom had arrived since 2000. This increased immigration by about 113,000 between 2000 and 2006, which is the same amount that entered during the entire 1990s. Immigrants now account for 10.9% of Philadelphia's population, and it's believed the area will once again become a popular destination for immigrants, which was common during the mid-20th century.

Philadelphia Population Growth

Philadelphia's population growth was stalled for some time, but this has finally reversed with positive growth for seven consecutive years. The last time Philadelphia posted such gains was from 1930-1950 when its population peaked just over 2 million.

The new growth in the area has even prompted the City Planning Commission to release two new district plans, as the CPC found that 51% of all jobs in the city are in the greater Center City and University Center, which are leading the growth.

The bad news is that Philadelphia still needs to make up the jobs for its growing population. The city's population dropped over the last four decades and those who left found employment outside the city. When Philadelphia lost a fifth of its citizens, it lost 25% of its jobs. It's estimated that population growth will continue to outpace job growth.

Philadelphia has many problems that must be addressed to see more significant growth, including one of the country's highest poverty rates, high crime rates, a declining real estate market and an unemployment rate above the nation's average.

It's still not known how much the city will continue its growth and if it can overcome these issues that hold back growth. Some projections place the Philadelphia population at 2.1 million by 2050, but time will tell.

Philadelphia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Philadelphia was:

  • Black or African American: 42.56%
  • White: 41.55%
  • Asian: 7.10%
  • Other race: 5.57%
  • Two or more races: 2.80%
  • Native American: 0.36%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20181,584,1383,9170.25%
20171,580,2213,8310.24%
20161,576,3905,1320.33%
20151,571,2585,6540.36%
20141,565,6047,2330.46%
20131,558,3716,5740.42%
20121,551,79711,4750.74%
20111,540,32212,0290.79%
20101,528,29310,7430.07%
20001,517,550-68,027-0.44%
19901,585,577-102,633-0.63%
19801,688,210-261,786-1.43%
19701,949,996-52,516-0.27%
19602,002,512-69,093-0.34%
19502,071,605140,2710.70%
19401,931,334-19,627-0.10%
19301,950,961127,1820.68%
19201,823,779274,7711.65%
19101,549,008255,3111.82%
19001,293,697246,7332.14%
18901,046,964199,7942.14%
1880847,170173,1482.31%
1870674,022108,4931.77%
1860565,529444,15316.64%
1850121,37627,7112.63%
184093,66513,2031.53%
183080,46216,6602.35%
182063,80210,0801.73%
181053,72212,5022.68%
180041,22012,6983.75%
179028,5220.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20186,096,37217,9210.29%
20176,078,45110,7600.18%
20166,067,69110,0700.17%
20156,057,62110,5150.17%
20146,047,10616,5650.27%
20136,030,54113,8840.23%
20126,016,65720,8880.35%
20115,995,76924,8210.41%
20105,970,9480.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American668,123
White652,204
Asian111,487
Some Other Race87,384
Two or More Races43,987
American Indian and Alaska Native5,641
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander831

Philadelphia Population Pyramid 2019

Philadelphia Median Age

34.1


Total

32.6


Male

35.5


Female

Philadelphia Adults

There are 1,224,068 adults, (203,007 of whom are seniors) in Philadelphia.

Philadelphia Age Dependency

53.7

Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Philadelphia Sex Ratio

Female

827,245

52.70%

Male

742,412

47.30%

Philadelphia Households and Families

Philadelphia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Philadelphia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74%26%
Male55.3%44.7%
All52.2%47.8%
Female47.8%52.2%
Non Family41%59%

52.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All591,2802.5752.2
Non Family279,5461.3141
Married163,0273.4674
Female116,2484.0147.8
Male32,4593.855.3

3.58

Average Family Size

2.57

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Philadelphia Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade60,7575.78%
9th to 12th Grade115,25610.96%
High School Graduate355,80933.82%
Some College177,04216.83%
Associates Degree58,2965.54%
Bachelors Degree166,56715.83%
Graduate Degree118,26911.24%

Philadelphia Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black423,595353,00266,398
White422,349382,182169,677
Hispanic120,17277,70215,741
Asian75,09452,19527,740
Other Race48,75330,5074,100
Multiple Races20,36917,0366,288
Native American3,7282,685731
Islander534407137

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.49%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 40.17%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,418$37,635$32,752
Less Than High School$20,361$22,379$17,372
High School Grad$27,738$31,030$24,980
Some College$33,001$36,762$31,083
Bachelors Degree$47,317$51,967$43,550
Graduate Degree$60,652$67,367$56,071

$35,418

Average Earnings

$37,635

Average Male

$32,752

Average Female

Philadelphia Language

Philadelphia Language by Age

Philadelphia Language

77.34% of Philadelphia residents speak only English, while 22.66% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 10.38% of the population.

Philadelphia Poverty

Philadelphia Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black655,229196,99030.06%
Hispanic217,85086,69039.79%
White526,56379,26515.05%
Other86,18635,55641.25%
Asian107,33828,69826.74%
Multiple43,13911,94027.68%
Native5,4831,75932.08%
Islander81933240.54%

25.80%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.40%

Male Poverty Rate

27.06%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Philadelphia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is Other, with 41.25% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is White, with 15.05% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.48%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.09%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.35%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.94%
High School25.00%
Some College17.11%
Bachelors or Greater8.88%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.36%
Male Unemployed38.48%
Female Employed11.14%
Male Employed7.94%

Philadelphia Income

Philadelphia Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$40,649$60,517
Families$50,434$72,392
Married Families$75,327$98,098
Non Families$28,351$45,138

Philadelphia Marital Status

Philadelphia Marital Status

Marriage Rates

29.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.1%

Male Marriage Rate

27.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Philadelphia Married by Age and Sex

Philadelphia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Philadelphia Marital Status by Race

Philadelphia Veterans

60,637

Number of Veterans

55,147

Male Veterans

5,490

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam21,147
Second Gulf War7,383
First Gulf War7,258
Korea5,769
World War II3,865
Age Group Veterans
75+15,689
65 to 7415,222
55 to 6413,377
35 to 5411,955
18 to 344,394

Philadelphia Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White28,6605.26%
Black28,2595.67%
Hispanic3,1212.11%
2 or More1,3395.26%
Asian1,2001.33%
Other8651.45%
Indian2986.96%
Hawaiian162.35%

Philadelphia Veterans by Education

11.90%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.53%

Veteran Disability Rate

Philadelphia Employment Status

59.6%

Labor Force Participation

52.8%

Employment Rate

11.3%

Unemployment Rate

Philadelphia Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.73%

Born in Pennsylvania

86.62%

Native Born

13.38%

Foreign Born

6.74%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.62% of Philadelphia residents were born in the United States, with 66.73% having been born in Pennsylvania. 6.74% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.