Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Population 2018

Philadelphia is Pennsylvania's largest city, the second-largest city on the US's East Coast and the 5th most populous city in the US. It also has the designation of the only consolidated city-county in the state with a population that was 1,526,006 according to the last official census in 2010. The population of Philadelphia is growing steadily, however, and was estimated at 1.547 in 2012, a figure that should now be about 9,000 higher. That means Philadelphia's 2013 population is estimated at about 1,556,600.

Philadelphia's estimated population of 1.556 million represents a substantial increase over the 2010 census. The city's population has been growing for 7 years straight, and it's now the second-fastest growing county in the region.

This substantial population is even larger when you consider the metropolitan area. Philadelphia is the center of the Delaware Valley, which is the 6th largest metropolitan area in the United States with more than 6 million residents. The Philadelphia metropolitan division is made up of 5 counties in the state with a population of 4 million.

The consolidated city-county of Philadelphia has an area of 141.6 square miles (367 square kilometers), but the urban area is 1,799.5 square miles, while the metropolitan area has 4,629 square miles of area. The city itself has a density of 11,379.6 people per square mile (4,393.8/square kilometer).

Philadelphia Founding and Early History

The Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape (or Delaware) Indians in the Shackamaxon village before the arrival of Europeans. The first European settlements in the area were built by the Dutch, who constructed Fort Nassau in 1623 in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey. The entire Delaware River valley area that is now part of Philadelphia was considered part of the Dutch New Netherland colony.

Dutch settlers continued to spread through the valley, and the English eventually conquered the New Netherland colony by 1664. A charter from Charles II of England was given to William Penn in 1681 for what eventually became the Pennsylvania colony. The land was purchased from the Lenape people, and Penn named the new city Philadelphia. The city grew rapidly, in part due to Penn's insistence on allowing anyone to worship freely in the community, which led to better relationships with local Indian tribes than other colonies enjoyed.

Eventually, Benjamin Franklin helped to improve the city services in the area, founding one of the first hospitals in the American colonies. From 1790 to 1800, Philadelphia served as a temporary capital for the country, and Philadelphia was left with the largest population (approximately 50,000 people) by the turn of the 19th century.

Philadelphia Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Philadelphia was:

  • White: 41.0% (36.9% non-Hispanic)
  • Black or African American: 43.4% (42.2% non-Hispanic)
  • Native American: 0.5%
  • Asian: 6.3%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.0%
  • Other race: 5.9%
  • Two or more races: 2.8%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 12.3%

As far as the age composition, 22.5% were under 18, 13.3% were 18-25, 28.5% were 25 to 44, 23.5% were 45 to 64 and 12.1% were 65 or older, with a median age of 33.5 years.

The largest ancestry groups in Philadelphia, according to the 2010 census, were: Irish (13.6%), Italian (9.2%), German (8.1%), Polish (4.3%) and English (2.9%).

Philadelphia is home to the second largest Italian, Irish and Jamaican-American populations in the country. It also has the 4th largest African-American population in the United States and created the first black demonination, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, prior to 1800. Philadelphia has the 6th largest population of Jewish people, and the 4th largest population of Polish Americans.

As of 2008, the Philadelphia metropolitan area was home to over 500,000 immigrants, 1/5 of whom had arrived since 2000. This resulted in an increase of about 113,000 immigrants between 2000 and 2006, which is the same amount that arrived during the entire 1990's. Immigrants now account for 10.9% of Philadelphia's population, and it's believed the area will once again become a popular destination for immigrants, which was common during the mid-20th century.

Philadelphia Population Growth

Philadelphia's population growth was stalled for some time, but this has finally reversed with positive growth for 7 consecutive years. The last time Philadelphia posted such gains was from 1930-1950, when its population peaked just over 2 million.

The new growth in the area has even prompted the City Planning Commission to release two new district plans, as the CPC found that 51% of all jobs in the city are in the greater Center City and University Center, which are leading the growth.

The bad news is Philadelphia still needs to make up the jobs for its growing population. The city's population dropped over the last 4 decades, and those who left found employment outside the city. When Philadelphia lost a fifth of its citizens, it lost 25% of its jobs. It's estimated that population growth will continue to outpace job growth.

Philadelphia has many problems that must be addressed to see greater growth, including one of the country's highest poverty rates, high crime rates, a declining real estate market and an unemployment rate above the nation's average.

It's still not known how much the city will continue its growth and if it can overcome these issues that hold back growth. Some projections place the Philadelphia population at 2.1 million by 2050, but time will tell.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20171,580,8636,0980.39%
20161,574,7654,2580.27%
20151,570,5076,4650.41%
20141,564,0425,9330.38%
20131,558,1096,1650.40%
20121,551,94412,2950.80%
20111,539,64911,3780.74%
20101,528,27110,7210.07%
20001,517,550-68,027-0.44%
19901,585,577-102,633-0.63%
19801,688,210-261,786-1.43%
19701,949,996-52,516-0.27%
19602,002,512-69,093-0.34%
19502,071,605140,2710.70%
19401,931,334-19,627-0.10%
19301,950,961127,1820.68%
19201,823,779274,7711.65%
19101,549,008255,3111.82%
19001,293,697246,7332.14%
18901,046,964199,7942.14%
1880847,170173,1482.31%
1870674,022108,4931.77%
1860565,529444,15316.64%
1850121,37627,7112.63%
184093,66513,2031.53%
183080,46216,6602.35%
182063,80210,0801.73%
181053,72212,5022.68%
180041,22012,6983.75%
179028,5220.00%

Philadelphia Population in 2018Source: King of Hearts / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY-SA-3.0 [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American668,573
White643,570
Asian107,669
Some Other Race89,089
Two or More Races43,640
American Indian and Alaska Native5,734
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,663

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Philadelphia Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Philadelphia Median Age

33.9


Total

32.3


Male

35.3


Female

Philadelphia Adults

There are 1,213,632 adults, (194,992 of which are seniors) in Philadelphia.

Philadelphia Age Dependency

53.1

Age Dependency Ratio

19.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Philadelphia Sex Ratio

Female

822,039

52.70%

Male

737,899

47.30%

Philadelphia Households and Families

Philadelphia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Philadelphia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.8%26.2%
Male54.6%45.4%
All52.4%47.6%
Female47.8%52.2%
Non Family41.5%58.5%

52.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Philadelphia Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All582,5942.5952.4
Non Family271,8651.3241.5
Married160,7003.4773.8
Female118,6394.0147.8
Male31,3903.7954.6

3.58

Average Family Size

2.59

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Philadelphia Households

Philadelphia Education

Philadelphia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade62,1886.01%
9th to 12th Grade117,85111.38%
High School Graduate346,89533.51%
Some College178,54117.25%
Associates Degree56,9915.51%
Bachelors Degree160,37915.49%
Graduate Degree112,40710.86%

Philadelphia Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White419,651377,381165,023
Black419,606345,58262,097
Hispanic114,80973,00414,469
Asian71,66349,47626,223
Other Race47,88528,8834,035
Multiple Races20,21416,6995,832
Native American3,5862,460606
Islander791553147

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 89.93%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 39.32%.

Philadelphia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,137$36,748$31,833
Less Than High School$20,046$22,128$16,864
High School Grad$26,956$30,562$24,397
Some College$32,159$36,172$30,667
Bachelors Degree$45,788$50,600$42,120
Graduate Degree$59,011$65,923$54,274

$34,137

Average Earnings

$36,748

Average Male

$31,833

Average Female

Philadelphia Language

Philadelphia Language by Age

Philadelphia Language

77.59% of Philadelphia residents speak only English, while 22.41% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 10.30% of the population.

Philadelphia Poverty

Philadelphia Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black655,608201,11430.68%
Hispanic211,06084,76940.16%
White528,63276,63914.50%
Other88,00137,23942.32%
Asian103,49727,42226.50%
Multiple42,78012,59729.45%
Native5,6042,37542.38%
Islander1,52242627.99%

25.86%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.50%

Male Poverty Rate

27.09%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Philadelphia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is Native, with 42.38% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Philadelphia is White, with 14.50% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.58%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.01%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 39.65%.

Philadelphia Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.69%
High School23.39%
Some College17.14%
Bachelors or Greater8.96%

Philadelphia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.07%
Male Unemployed38.70%
Female Employed11.27%
Male Employed8.05%

Philadelphia Income

Philadelphia Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$39,770$58,372
Families$48,055$68,750
Married Families$72,128$94,031
Non Families$28,844$44,327

Philadelphia Marital Status

Philadelphia Marital Status

Marriage Rates

29.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.3%

Male Marriage Rate

27.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Philadelphia Married by Age and Sex

Philadelphia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Philadelphia Marital Status by Race

Philadelphia Veterans

Philadelphia Veterans by War

63,801

Number of Veterans

58,572

Male Veterans

5,229

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam22,156
Second Gulf War7,470
First Gulf War6,958
Korea6,221
World War II4,860

Philadelphia Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+16,158
65 to 7415,504
55 to 6414,545
35 to 5412,827
18 to 344,767

Philadelphia Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White30,6525.68%
Black29,7055.98%
Hispanic3,2272.26%
2 or More1,2704.87%
Asian9401.08%
Other8721.48%
Indian3478.23%
Hawaiian151.13%

Philadelphia Veterans by Education

12.05%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.80%

Veteran Disability Rate

Philadelphia Employment Status

Philadelphia Employment by Age

59.9%

Labor Force Participation

52.3%

Employment Rate

12.5%

Unemployment Rate

Philadelphia Employment by Race

Philadelphia Employment by Education

Philadelphia Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.85%

Born in Pennsylvania

86.93%

Native Born

13.07%

Foreign Born

6.61%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.93% of Philadelphia residents were born in the United States, with 66.85% having been born in Pennsylvania. 6.61% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.