Phoenix, Arizona Population 2018

Phoenix is the largest city and capital of Arizona, and the 6th most populous city in the United States. It's also the most populous state capital and the center of the Phoenix metropolitan area (or the Valley of the Sun), which is home to over 4.5 million people in 2016.

Phoenix's population in 2016 is expected to have grown to 1.5 million.

At the last census in 2010, Phoenix had a population of 1.445 million. In 2016, the population is estimated at 1,563,025 in the city proper, which makes it the 6th most populated city in the US.

During 2012, Phoenix increased its population by 1.7%. It's believed sometime in 2013, Phoenix passed Philadelphia in population, although in 2016, Philadelphia again surpassed Phoenix.

The Phoenix metropolitan area, meanwhile, is believed to have surpassed 4.5 million in 2015, and it's now the 12th largest metropolitan area in the country. In 2010, the Phoenix area was 13th with a metro population of 4.19 million.

Phoenix Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic and racial composition of Phoenix was:

  • White: 65.9% (45.6% non-Hispanic)
  • Black or African American: 6.5% (6% non-Hispanic)
  • Native American: 2.2%
  • Asian: 3.2%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Other race: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 3.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 40.8%

The most common ancestries in Phoenix were: Mexican (35.9%), German (15.3%), Irish (10.3%), English (9.4%), African American (6.5%), Italian (4.5%), American (2.7%) and Polish (2.5%).

Since the 2000 Census, the proportion of white people in Phoenix has dropped from 71% and African American proportion has grown from 5%. In 2000, Hispanics and Latinos accounted for just 34% of the population.

Im 2010, the metropolitan area was 35% Catholic, 22% Evangelical Protestant, 16% LDS, 14% nondenomiational, 7% Mainline Protestant, 2% Hindu, and 4% other religions.

Phoenix History

The Hohokam people lived in the area that eventually became Phoenix for over 2,000 years, developing a large system of irrigation canals to make the desert area arable. Some of these canals later became used for the modern Arizona Canal and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct. The Hohokam eventually abandoned the area between 1300 and 1450 due to floods and drought, and the Akimel O'odham settled here, as well as the Yavapai and eventually the Maricopa.

The end of the Mexican-American war in 1848 resulted in much of the land in the region passing to the US, and a fort was eventually created by the US Army in the area in 1865 to quell uprisings from local Native Americans.

Phoenix itself began with a Confederate veteran named Jack Swilling, who traveled there in the 1850s to seek wealth. When he found the abandoned river valley, he thought it would be good for farming and he built a series of canals following those of the old Native American System.

Land was sold in 1870 and a church opened in 1871, as well as a store and soon a school and a courtroom. Phoenix outgrew its form of government by 1881 and incorporated, and the population experienced high growth with the railroads in the 1880s.

By 1950, Phoenix was home to 100,000 people in the city and thousands in surrounding areas, and it continued to attract new business and become a popular tourist destination. In 2007, it became the second-fastest growing metro area in the US after Las Vegas with growth of 24%, but it was one of the hardest hit areas during the subprime mortgage crisis.

Phoenix Population Growth

In early 2013, Forbes ranked the Phoenix Metro Area as the 8th fastest growing major city in the United States, after Austin, Houston, Dallas, Raleigh, Salt Lake City, Seattle and Provo. In 2015, Phoenix remained on Forbes' list but dropped to number 11.

By 2020, it's forecasted that Phoenix will become the 4th most populous city in the US, and by 2030, the US Census Bureau estimates its population will reach 2.2 million with a metropolitan area that's home to 6.3 million.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20171,626,07824,0361.50%
20161,602,04227,0031.71%
20151,575,03927,3101.76%
20141,547,72926,5471.75%
20131,521,18225,3021.69%
20121,495,88028,3611.93%
20111,467,51918,4801.28%
20101,449,039127,9940.93%
20001,321,045337,6423.00%
1990983,403193,6992.22%
1980789,704205,4013.06%
1970584,303145,1332.90%
1960439,170332,35215.19%
1950106,81841,4045.03%
194065,41417,2963.12%
193048,11819,0655.17%
192029,05317,91910.07%
191011,1345,5907.22%
19005,5442,3925.81%
18903,1520.00%

Phoenix Population in 2018Source: By DGustafson [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White1,129,035
Some Other Race178,507
Black or African American105,910
Asian54,886
Two or More Races52,518
American Indian and Alaska Native31,243
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,225

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Phoenix Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Phoenix Median Age

33.3


Total

32.5


Male

34.1


Female

Phoenix Adults

There are 1,138,497 adults, (152,422 of which are seniors) in Phoenix.

Phoenix Age Dependency

57.8

Age Dependency Ratio

15.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Phoenix Sex Ratio

Female

780,058

50.15%

Male

775,266

49.85%

Phoenix Households and Families

Phoenix Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Phoenix Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.4%30.6%
All52.7%47.3%
Male43.7%56.3%
Non Family42.7%57.3%
Female35.9%64.1%

52.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Phoenix Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All538,8682.8552.7
Married220,6143.6269.4
Non Family198,6691.3542.7
Female82,9173.9835.9
Male36,6683.8643.7

3.58

Average Family Size

2.85

Average Household Size

8.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.9%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Phoenix Households

Phoenix Education

Phoenix Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade95,9559.79%
9th to 12th Grade90,7669.27%
High School Graduate231,47223.63%
Some College216,70922.12%
Associates Degree76,7917.84%
Bachelors Degree171,57617.51%
Graduate Degree96,3849.84%

Phoenix Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White518,876487,133196,252
Hispanic331,377193,65530,997
Other Race92,80648,8187,046
Black63,00354,36312,283
Asian38,89833,32321,471
Multiple Races20,39217,3725,513
Native American17,60814,2052,571
Islander2,0301,796390

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.88%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 55.20%.

Phoenix Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,184$36,927$31,239
Less Than High School$20,470$22,417$16,093
High School Grad$26,752$29,211$24,112
Some College$34,635$38,729$31,151
Bachelors Degree$50,809$60,069$42,371
Graduate Degree$64,749$81,584$54,359

$34,184

Average Earnings

$36,927

Average Male

$31,239

Average Female

Phoenix Language

Phoenix Language by Age

Phoenix Language

62.89% of Phoenix residents speak only English, while 37.11% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.85% of the population.

Phoenix Poverty

Phoenix Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic643,472212,24832.98%
White682,51281,45411.93%
Other176,93557,25132.36%
Black103,67830,67929.59%
Multiple51,86710,20919.68%
Native30,5709,14129.90%
Asian54,5717,02812.88%
Islander3,12361719.76%

22.33%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.86%

Male Poverty Rate

23.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Phoenix

The race most likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is Hispanic, with 32.98% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Phoenix is White, with 11.93% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.73%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.57%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.76%.

Phoenix Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.48%
High School20.67%
Some College13.43%
Bachelors or Greater5.55%

Phoenix Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.87%
Male Unemployed37.74%
Female Employed10.47%
Male Employed10.08%

Phoenix Income

Phoenix Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$49,328$69,216
Families$56,283$78,006
Married Families$72,485$96,132
Non Families$36,163$49,992

Phoenix Marital Status

Phoenix Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.4%

Male Marriage Rate

40.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Phoenix Married by Age and Sex

Phoenix Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Phoenix Marital Status by Race

Phoenix Veterans

Phoenix Veterans by War

74,983

Number of Veterans

68,096

Male Veterans

6,887

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam26,410
First Gulf War14,432
Second Gulf War11,492
Korea5,934
World War II3,639

Phoenix Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5420,580
65 to 7416,938
55 to 6415,806
75+14,160
18 to 347,499

Phoenix Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White63,2167.41%
Hispanic10,5572.54%
Black5,9377.86%
Other2,3031.97%
2 or More1,3765.34%
Asian1,0262.43%
Indian9504.38%
Hawaiian1757.69%

Phoenix Veterans by Education

9.16%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.25%

Veteran Disability Rate

Phoenix Employment Status

Phoenix Employment by Age

65.7%

Labor Force Participation

60.6%

Employment Rate

7.7%

Unemployment Rate

Phoenix Employment by Race

Phoenix Employment by Education

Phoenix Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

41.15%

Born in Arizona

80.24%

Native Born

19.76%

Foreign Born

13.57%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

80.24% of Phoenix residents were born in the United States, with 41.15% having been born in Arizona. 13.57% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.