Phoenix Population 2018

Phoenix is the largest city and capital of Arizona, and the 6th most populous city in the United States. It's also the most populous state capital and the center of the Phoenix metropolitan area (or the Valley of the Sun), which is home to over 4.5 million people in 2016.

Phoenix's population in 2016 is expected to have grown to 1.5 million.

At the last census in 2010, Phoenix had a population of 1.445 million. In 2016, the population is estimated at 1,563,025 in the city proper, which makes it the 6th most populated city in the US.

During 2012, Phoenix increased its population by 1.7%. It's believed sometime in 2013, Phoenix passed Philadelphia in population, although in 2016, Philadelphia again surpassed Phoenix.

The Phoenix metropolitan area, meanwhile, is believed to have surpassed 4.5 million in 2015, and it's now the 12th largest metropolitan area in the country. In 2010, the Phoenix area was 13th with a metro population of 4.19 million.

Phoenix Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic and racial composition of Phoenix was:

  • White: 65.9% (45.6% non-Hispanic)
  • Black or African American: 6.5% (6% non-Hispanic)
  • Native American: 2.2%
  • Asian: 3.2%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Other race: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 3.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 40.8%

The most common ancestries in Phoenix were: Mexican (35.9%), German (15.3%), Irish (10.3%), English (9.4%), African American (6.5%), Italian (4.5%), American (2.7%) and Polish (2.5%).

Since the 2000 Census, the proportion of white people in Phoenix has dropped from 71% and African American proportion has grown from 5%. In 2000, Hispanics and Latinos accounted for just 34% of the population.

Im 2010, the metropolitan area was 35% Catholic, 22% Evangelical Protestant, 16% LDS, 14% nondenomiational, 7% Mainline Protestant, 2% Hindu, and 4% other religions.

Phoenix History

The Hohokam people lived in the area that eventually became Phoenix for over 2,000 years, developing a large system of irrigation canals to make the desert area arable. Some of these canals later became used for the modern Arizona Canal and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct. The Hohokam eventually abandoned the area between 1300 and 1450 due to floods and drought, and the Akimel O'odham settled here, as well as the Yavapai and eventually the Maricopa.

The end of the Mexican-American war in 1848 resulted in much of the land in the region passing to the US, and a fort was eventually created by the US Army in the area in 1865 to quell uprisings from local Native Americans.

Phoenix itself began with a Confederate veteran named Jack Swilling, who traveled there in the 1850s to seek wealth. When he found the abandoned river valley, he thought it would be good for farming and he built a series of canals following those of the old Native American System.

Land was sold in 1870 and a church opened in 1871, as well as a store and soon a school and a courtroom. Phoenix outgrew its form of government by 1881 and incorporated, and the population experienced high growth with the railroads in the 1880s.

By 1950, Phoenix was home to 100,000 people in the city and thousands in surrounding areas, and it continued to attract new business and become a popular tourist destination. In 2007, it became the second-fastest growing metro area in the US after Las Vegas with growth of 24%, but it was one of the hardest hit areas during the subprime mortgage crisis.

Phoenix Population Growth

In early 2013, Forbes ranked the Phoenix Metro Area as the 8th fastest growing major city in the United States, after Austin, Houston, Dallas, Raleigh, Salt Lake City, Seattle and Provo. In 2015, Phoenix remained on Forbes' list but dropped to number 11.

By 2020, it's forecasted that Phoenix will become the 4th most populous city in the US, and by 2030, the US Census Bureau estimates its population will reach 2.2 million with a metropolitan area that's home to 6.3 million.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate

Phoenix Population in 2018Source: DPPed

Phoenix Race Data

Race Population Percentage
Some Other Race148,2329.18%
Black or African American104,9496.50%
Two or More Races47,2912.93%
American Indian and Alaska Native30,7201.90%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,0360.19%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Phoenix Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
Houses Without Mortgage
Houses With Mortgage
Vacancy Rate
Median Rent
Median Home Value
Renter-Occupied Units
Owner-Occupied Units
Total Housing Units

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Phoenix for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.8% and the labor force participation rate is 65.6%.

Phoenix Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
Non Family Households
Female Householder (no husband) Families
Male Householder (no wife) Families
Married Couple Families
Average Family Size
Average Household Size