Phoenix, Arizona Population 2018

Phoenix is the largest city and capital of Arizona, and the 6th most populous city in the United States. It's also the most populous state capital and the center of the Phoenix metropolitan area (or the Valley of the Sun), which is home to over 4.5 million people in 2016.

Phoenix's population in 2016 is expected to have grown to 1.5 million.

At the last census in 2010, Phoenix had a population of 1.445 million. In 2016, the population is estimated at 1,563,025 in the city proper, which makes it the 6th most populated city in the US.

During 2012, Phoenix increased its population by 1.7%. It's believed sometime in 2013, Phoenix passed Philadelphia in population, although in 2016, Philadelphia again surpassed Phoenix.

The Phoenix metropolitan area, meanwhile, is believed to have surpassed 4.5 million in 2015, and it's now the 12th largest metropolitan area in the country. In 2010, the Phoenix area was 13th with a metro population of 4.19 million.

Phoenix Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic and racial composition of Phoenix was:

  • White: 65.9% (45.6% non-Hispanic)
  • Black or African American: 6.5% (6% non-Hispanic)
  • Native American: 2.2%
  • Asian: 3.2%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Other race: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 3.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 40.8%

The most common ancestries in Phoenix were: Mexican (35.9%), German (15.3%), Irish (10.3%), English (9.4%), African American (6.5%), Italian (4.5%), American (2.7%) and Polish (2.5%).

Since the 2000 Census, the proportion of white people in Phoenix has dropped from 71% and African American proportion has grown from 5%. In 2000, Hispanics and Latinos accounted for just 34% of the population.

Im 2010, the metropolitan area was 35% Catholic, 22% Evangelical Protestant, 16% LDS, 14% nondenomiational, 7% Mainline Protestant, 2% Hindu, and 4% other religions.

Phoenix History

The Hohokam people lived in the area that eventually became Phoenix for over 2,000 years, developing a large system of irrigation canals to make the desert area arable. Some of these canals later became used for the modern Arizona Canal and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct. The Hohokam eventually abandoned the area between 1300 and 1450 due to floods and drought, and the Akimel O'odham settled here, as well as the Yavapai and eventually the Maricopa.

The end of the Mexican-American war in 1848 resulted in much of the land in the region passing to the US, and a fort was eventually created by the US Army in the area in 1865 to quell uprisings from local Native Americans.

Phoenix itself began with a Confederate veteran named Jack Swilling, who traveled there in the 1850s to seek wealth. When he found the abandoned river valley, he thought it would be good for farming and he built a series of canals following those of the old Native American System.

Land was sold in 1870 and a church opened in 1871, as well as a store and soon a school and a courtroom. Phoenix outgrew its form of government by 1881 and incorporated, and the population experienced high growth with the railroads in the 1880s.

By 1950, Phoenix was home to 100,000 people in the city and thousands in surrounding areas, and it continued to attract new business and become a popular tourist destination. In 2007, it became the second-fastest growing metro area in the US after Las Vegas with growth of 24%, but it was one of the hardest hit areas during the subprime mortgage crisis.

Phoenix Population Growth

In early 2013, Forbes ranked the Phoenix Metro Area as the 8th fastest growing major city in the United States, after Austin, Houston, Dallas, Raleigh, Salt Lake City, Seattle and Provo. In 2015, Phoenix remained on Forbes' list but dropped to number 11.

By 2020, it's forecasted that Phoenix will become the 4th most populous city in the US, and by 2030, the US Census Bureau estimates its population will reach 2.2 million with a metropolitan area that's home to 6.3 million.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20171,626,07824,0361.50%
20161,602,04227,0031.71%
20151,575,03927,3101.76%
20141,547,72926,5471.75%
20131,521,18225,3021.69%
20121,495,88028,3611.93%
20111,467,51918,4801.28%
20101,449,039127,9949.69%
20001,321,045337,64234.33%
1990983,403193,69924.53%
1980789,704205,40135.15%
1970584,303145,13333.05%
1960439,170332,352311.14%
1950106,81841,40463.30%
194065,41417,29635.94%
193048,11819,06565.62%
192029,05317,919160.94%
191011,1345,590100.83%
19005,5442,39275.89%
18903,1520.00%

Phoenix Population in 2018Source: By DGustafson [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White1,129,035
Some Other Race178,507
Black or African American105,910
Asian54,886
Two or More Races52,518
American Indian and Alaska Native31,243
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,225

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Phoenix Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Phoenix Median Age

33.3


Total

32.5


Male

34.1


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 1,190,289 adults in Phoenix.

Phoenix Age Dependency

57.8

Age Dependency Ratio

15.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Phoenix Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.1
Houses Without Mortgage
77,432
Houses With Mortgage
206,308
Vacancy Rate
11
Median Rent
914
Median Home Value
178,200
Renter-Occupied Units
255,128
Owner-Occupied Units
283,740
Total Housing Units
605,756

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Phoenix for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.1% and the labor force participation rate is 65.7%.

Phoenix Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.85
Average Family Size
3.58
Total Households
538868
Married Couple Households
220614
Male Householder (no wife) Families
36668
Female Householder (no husband) Families
82917
Non Family Households
198669
Total Families
340199
Households With Own Children
170327
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
8.2
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.9

Phoenix Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
45,382
$10,000 to $14,999
28,395
$15,000 to $24,999
59,293
$25,000 to $34,999
59,142
$35,000 to $49,999
79,920
$50,000 to $74,999
97,773
$75,000 to $99,999
59,375
$100,000 to $149,999
62,724
$150,000 to $199,999
23,200
Over $200,000
23,664

Phoenix Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Phoenix

Arizona

$49,328

$51,340

$69,216

$70,432

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Phoenix Education Data

Phoenix Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
95,9559.79%
9th to 12th Grade
90,7669.27%
High School Graduate
231,47223.63%
Some College
216,70922.12%
Associates Degree
76,7917.84%
Bachelors Degree
171,57617.51%
Graduate Degree
96,3849.84%