Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Population 2018

Pittsburgh is the second largest city in Pennsylvania and has the largest metropolitan combined statistical area in the Ohio Valley and Appalachia. Known as the Steel City for its 300 steel-based businesses and the City of Bridges for a world-record 446 bridges, Pittsburgh has earned the title of the "most livable city" by Forbes and The Economist and a reputation for its environmental design.

Pittsburgh is estimated to be home to 306,500 people, with a metro area that has a population of 2.36 million.

While many people consider Pittsburgh to be one of the largest cities in the United States, it's actually only the 62nd most populous, down from a high of 8th in 1910. Pittsburgh has lost half of its population from that height, and its 2013 population is now estimated at 306,500. Interestingly, Pittsburgh is still more densely populated than 5 of the top 10 cities.

This may seem at odds until you consider that Pittsburgh's city limits are virtually unchanged from a century ago, while other cities like Houston, Phoenix and San Diego keep annexing their suburbs and gaining land area. The last time Pittsburgh expanded its city boundaries was in 1907.

If Pittsburgh expanded its city limits to around the same area as any other city in the top 10, its population would grow from around 300,000 to over one million, and it would become the 9th most populous city in the US, a huge jump from 56.

That means that while Pittsburgh seems to be shrinking on paper, it's actually growing quite massive as more people move to the suburbs. The city population density is now at 5,540 people per square mile (2,140/square kilometer). The urban area is home to 1.733 million, the metro area has 2.36 million and the Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has an estimated 2.62 million in 2013.

Pittsburgh Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, Pittsburgh experienced an 8.6% drop in population. On paper, the city has been shrinking since the 1960's, and hasn't seen growth above 1% since 1930, although this is due, in part, to its unchanging city limits.

At the 2010 Census, the population of Pittsburgh consisted of:

  • White: 64.8%
  • Black or African American: 25.8%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native: 0.2%
  • Asian: 4.4%
  • Other: 0.3%
  • Two or more races: 2.3%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 2.3%

The largest white ancestry groups in Pittsburgh include: German (19.7%), Irish (15.8%), Italian (11.8%), Polish (8.4%) and English (4.6). The metropolitan area as a whole is 22% German, 21% Irish and 12% Italian. This means Pittsburgh has one of the largest Italian communities in the United States. It also has the largest Croatian community at over 200,000 and the 5th largest Ukranian population in the US.

Pittsburgh Population Growth

While known for its steel-dominant industries, Pittsburgh has started to branch out and transition from manufacturing dependence to a more diverse economy. This could be the opportunity it needs to get away from the slump its population has seen over the past 60 years. After many decades, it seems Pittsburgh may actually be the latest boomtown in the United States.

In 2012, Forbes called Pittsburgh the "comeback city," as it's actually started to reverse population decline. Forbes pointed to the fact that Allegheny County has reverse its decline between 2005, when it was down 1,000 taxpayers according to the IRS, to 2009, when more had moved into the country than out.

This means both out-migration and natural decline could be at an end, and it means Pittsburgh may soon see a population that gets younger. From 2000 to 2010, its median age dropped from 35.5 to 33.2.

It's still too early to make a prediction about Pittsburgh's population at the next census in 2020, but signs are good that the city will finally post positive growth.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017302,407-2,610-0.86%
2016305,0175640.19%
2015304,453-1,728-0.56%
2014306,181-883-0.29%
2013307,0645950.19%
2012306,4694470.15%
2011306,0226170.20%
2010305,405-29,158-0.91%
2000334,563-35,316-1.00%
1990369,879-54,080-1.36%
1980423,959-96,130-2.02%
1970520,089-84,243-1.49%
1960604,332-72,474-1.13%
1950676,8065,1470.08%
1940671,6591,8420.03%
1930669,81781,4741.31%
1920588,34354,4380.98%
1910533,905212,2895.20%
1900321,61682,9993.03%
1890238,61782,2284.32%
1880156,38970,3136.15%
187086,07636,8555.75%
186049,2212,6200.55%
185046,60125,4868.24%
184021,1158,5475.33%
183012,5685,3205.66%
18207,2482,4804.28%
18104,7680.00%

Pittsburgh Population in 2018Source: By Dllu [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White202,324
Black or African American74,101
Asian16,858
Two or More Races9,875
Some Other Race1,472
American Indian and Alaska Native549
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander126

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Pittsburgh Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Pittsburgh Median Age

32.9


Total

31.8


Male

34.2


Female

Pittsburgh Adults

There are 257,067 adults, (42,743 of which are seniors) in Pittsburgh.

Pittsburgh Age Dependency

42.5

Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

22.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Pittsburgh Sex Ratio

Female

156,055

51.11%

Male

149,250

48.89%

Pittsburgh Households and Families

Pittsburgh Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Pittsburgh Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.4%24.6%
Male49.3%50.7%
All47.7%52.3%
Female40.4%59.6%
Non Family35%65%

47.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Pittsburgh Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All132,8022.1247.7
Non Family72,9511.3735
Married37,5422.9975.4
Female17,5273.1140.4
Male4,782349.3

2.94

Average Family Size

2.12

Average Household Size

6.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Pittsburgh Households

Pittsburgh Education

Pittsburgh Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,6002.26%
9th to 12th Grade11,8065.79%
High School Graduate56,19627.55%
Some College32,14115.76%
Associates Degree16,1447.92%
Bachelors Degree43,47221.31%
Graduate Degree39,60519.42%

Pittsburgh Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White139,907130,89764,109
Black45,89940,3857,862
Asian9,6848,7787,603
Hispanic4,6363,9722,175
Multiple Races3,9963,6561,401
Other Race775646261
Native American36728665
Islander635212

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.56%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 78.51%.

Pittsburgh Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,419$40,073$31,645
Less Than High School$17,259$20,777$12,714
High School Grad$25,742$28,527$22,713
Some College$30,543$31,969$28,164
Bachelors Degree$41,789$47,880$36,420
Graduate Degree$53,691$60,664$50,299

$35,419

Average Earnings

$40,073

Average Male

$31,645

Average Female

Pittsburgh Language

Pittsburgh Language by Age

Pittsburgh Language

89.23% of Pittsburgh residents speak only English, while 10.77% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is OtherIndoEuro, which is spoken by 3.94% of the population.

Pittsburgh Poverty

Pittsburgh Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White180,88928,32615.66%
Black70,01923,68333.82%
Asian14,8195,15934.81%
Multiple9,1413,37636.93%
Hispanic7,9272,37930.01%
Other1,38561444.33%
Native47021345.32%
Islander1262519.84%

22.26%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.76%

Male Poverty Rate

23.68%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Pittsburgh

The race most likely to be in poverty in Pittsburgh is Native, with 45.32% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Pittsburgh is White, with 15.66% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.85%. Among those working part-time, it was 33.87%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.25%.

Pittsburgh Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.93%
High School19.57%
Some College17.79%
Bachelors or Greater8.18%

Pittsburgh Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed53.35%
Male Unemployed40.98%
Female Employed13.02%
Male Employed9.52%

Pittsburgh Income

Pittsburgh Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$42,450$64,607
Families$59,128$85,255
Married Families$80,751$110,886
Non Families$30,702$46,281

Pittsburgh Marital Status

Pittsburgh Marital Status

Marriage Rates

31.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.2%

Male Marriage Rate

29.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Pittsburgh Married by Age and Sex

Pittsburgh Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Pittsburgh Marital Status by Race

Pittsburgh Veterans

Pittsburgh Veterans by War

17,435

Number of Veterans

16,119

Male Veterans

1,316

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam6,054
Second Gulf War2,446
First Gulf War2,239
Korea1,871
World War II1,607

Pittsburgh Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+4,549
65 to 744,076
35 to 543,577
55 to 643,491
18 to 341,742

Pittsburgh Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White12,3696.91%
Black4,5668.22%
2 or More3215.70%
Hispanic2253.54%
Asian1460.98%
Other222.03%
Indian112.32%

Pittsburgh Veterans by Education

11.96%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.22%

Veteran Disability Rate

Pittsburgh Employment Status

Pittsburgh Employment by Age

62.6%

Labor Force Participation

57.8%

Employment Rate

7.7%

Unemployment Rate

Pittsburgh Employment by Race

Pittsburgh Employment by Education

Pittsburgh Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

70.39%

Born in Pennsylvania

91.49%

Native Born

8.51%

Foreign Born

5.56%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.49% of Pittsburgh residents were born in the United States, with 70.39% having been born in Pennsylvania. 5.56% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.