Portland, Oregon Population 2018

Portland is the most populous city in Oregon and the third most populous city in the Pacific Northwest, after Seattle and Vancouver. With its many rose gardens, Portland is known as the City of Roses and it has been incorporated since 1851.

Portland's population is 632,309, according to the most recent census estimates released in 2016 (for the year 2015). The population of Portland has been growing at around 10,000 per year since the last census, which was taken in 2010.

Portland is currently the 26th largest city in the US, just a few spots behind Seattle, the largest city in the Northwest. When the entire metro area of Portland (5 counties in Oregon, and 2 counties in Washington) is tallied, the total is nearly 2.4 million. There are about 4,375 Portlanders per square mile.

Portland Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic makeup of Portland was:

  • White: 76.1% (non-Hispanic: 72.2%)
  • Asian: 7.1%
  • Black or African American: 6.3%
  • Native American: 1.0%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.5%
  • Two or more races: 4.7%
  • Other races: 5.0%
  • Hispanic of any race: 9.4%

The African American population of Portland was just 2,000 in 1940, comprised mostly of railroad employees, many of whom were drawn to the area during the war time ship construction boom. Many black people who came to the area settled in certain neighborhoods, including Vanport and Abina. Today, the African American population of Portland (6.3%) is more than three times the Oregon average, with more than two-thirds of all African American residents of Oregon living in the city.

Vietnamese Americans make up 2.2% of the city's total population and represent the largest Asian ethnic group, followed by Chinese (1.7%), Filipino (0.6%), Korean (0.4%), Laotian (0.4%), Hmong (0.2%) and Cambodian (0.1%). There are two Chinatowns in Portland. About 12,000 Vietnamese people live in the city, which is one of the largest Vietnamese populations in the country.

Portland does remain a predominantly white city, although the percentage has dropped over the last fifty years. In 1940, 98% of the population was white. In 2009, Portland still had the 5th highest percentage of white residents among the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the country, while a study in 2007 found that Portland's urban area has the highest percentage of white people in the United States.

THe greatest influx of minorities into Portland occurred during World War II, when the African American population grew more than ten times. After the war, a flood in Vanport displaced many. Issues like police hostility, mortgage discrimination and job discrimination led to half of the black population leaving Portland after the war.

Portland History

The area that is now Portland was occupied for centuries by two different bands of Upper Chinook Indians, who fished and traded along the river. The Tualatin Plains eventually became a settlement of Portland. In 1843, a man named William Overton saw commercial potential but lacked the money for a land claim. He made a deal with his partner, Asa Lovejoy and Boston, for $0.25 to share the claim of 640 acres of land.

Overton eventually sold his half to Francis Pettygrove of Portland, Maine. Pettygrove and Lovejoy both wanted to name the new city after their home towns. This was settled in 1845 by a coin toss, which Pettygrove of Portland, Maine won.

When it was incorporated in 1851, Portland had more than 800 inhabitants, which grew to 17,500 by 1879.

Portland Population Growth

Portland's population grew more than 10% from 2000 and 2010, and population growth in the Portland metro area has outpaced the national average for the last decade. This trend is expected to continue for the next five decades. Since the 2010 census, the population has grown an additional 8.3%.

A recent Forbes article found that Portland is the 10th fastest growing metropolitan area in the United States with a stable growth rate of 1.8% per year. Portland also leads Oregon's population growth, with numbers declining in many rural and eastern areas in favor of the city.

In October 2015, Oregon Metro released its urban growth report, which contains their own population projections for the next twenty years. Metro is projecting continued growth until 2040, albeit at a slower rate than in previous projections. The metro area is anticipated to cross 3 million residents by 2040.

Oregon's population growth temporarily declined during the recession, which hit the region harder than most areas of the country, but it has already started to pick up with home values rising and job opportunities improving. The state still has higher-than-average unemployment and underemployment.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017647,8056,3110.98%
2016641,4949,7631.55%
2015631,73111,9911.93%
2014619,74010,6811.75%
2013609,0596,1041.01%
2012602,9558,9901.51%
2011593,9658,6251.47%
2010585,34056,2191.01%
2000529,12191,8021.92%
1990437,31969,1711.74%
1980368,148-11,819-0.32%
1970379,9677,2910.19%
1960372,676-952-0.03%
1950373,62868,2342.04%
1940305,3943,5790.12%
1930301,81543,5271.57%
1920258,28851,0742.23%
1910207,214116,7888.65%
190090,42644,0416.90%
189046,38528,80810.19%
188017,5779,2847.80%
18708,2935,41911.18%
18602,8740.00%

Portland Population in 2018Source: � Steven Pavlov�/�http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Senapa

Population by Race

Race Population
White487,660
Asian49,200
Black or African American35,929
Two or More Races34,358
Some Other Race14,399
American Indian and Alaska Native4,871
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,914

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Portland Population Pyramid 2018

5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,00035,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,00035,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Portland Median Age

36.8


Total

36.6


Male

37


Female

Portland Adults

There are 515,078 adults, (75,602 of whom are seniors) in Portland.

Portland Age Dependency

43.4

Age Dependency Ratio

17.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Portland Sex Ratio

Female

318,310

50.50%

Male

312,021

49.50%

Portland Households and Families

Portland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Portland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.1%23.9%
All53.4%46.6%
Male48.8%51.2%
Female45.3%54.7%
Non Family37.3%62.7%

53.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Portland Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All260,9492.3553.4
Non Family125,4061.4737.3
Married100,7763.1276.1
Female24,8243.3245.3
Male9,9433.2548.8

3.03

Average Family Size

2.35

Average Household Size

9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Portland Households

Portland Education

Portland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade17,0643.69%
9th to 12th Grade20,7144.48%
High School Graduate72,66215.72%
Some College96,87020.95%
Associates Degree32,3787.00%
Bachelors Degree133,19028.81%
Graduate Degree89,48419.35%

Portland Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White350,266335,345188,115
Asian35,62327,28813,546
Hispanic34,59925,1659,376
Black23,06920,0674,967
Multiple Races16,15314,7036,865
Other Race8,3975,6911,763
Native American3,2682,839595
Islander2,2241,712319

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.74%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 53.71%.

Portland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,638$41,929$35,154
Less Than High School$21,782$25,121$18,961
High School Grad$27,241$29,284$24,834
Some College$30,840$33,403$27,164
Bachelors Degree$45,295$53,325$39,225
Graduate Degree$65,191$76,287$58,562

$38,638

Average Earnings

$41,929

Average Male

$35,154

Average Female

Portland Language

Portland Language by Age

Portland Language

80.64% of Portland residents speak only English, while 19.36% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.96% of the population.

Portland Poverty

Portland Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White439,20055,12612.55%
Hispanic59,54215,64426.27%
Black35,05612,89136.77%
Asian48,1869,05318.79%
Multiple33,0746,86720.76%
Other13,9213,46524.89%
Native4,6871,51532.32%
Islander3,79778720.73%

16.22%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.44%

Male Poverty Rate

16.98%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Portland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Portland is Black, with 36.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Portland is White, with 12.55% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.62%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.37%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.01%.

Portland Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.21%
High School20.33%
Some College16.02%
Bachelors or Greater7.02%

Portland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.98%
Male Unemployed42.02%
Female Employed9.38%
Male Employed7.82%

Portland Income

Portland Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$61,532$85,335
Families$80,212$105,103
Married Families$96,535$123,426
Non Families$42,537$60,819

Portland Marital Status

Portland Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.9%

Male Marriage Rate

40.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Portland Married by Age and Sex

Portland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Portland Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Portland Veterans

Portland Veterans by War

30,076

Number of Veterans

27,429

Male Veterans

2,647

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam11,296
First Gulf War5,593
Second Gulf War4,710
Korea2,019
World War II1,875

Portland Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 747,984
35 to 547,801
75+6,036
55 to 645,566
18 to 342,689

Portland Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White26,1676.40%
Black1,4815.53%
Hispanic1,3093.11%
2 or More1,1275.52%
Asian7351.78%
Other2562.43%
Indian2215.99%
Hawaiian893.07%

Portland Veterans by Education

10.94%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.39%

Veteran Disability Rate

Portland Employment Status

Portland Employment by Age

69.8%

Labor Force Participation

65.1%

Employment Rate

6.6%

Unemployment Rate

Portland Employment by Race

Portland Employment by Education

Portland Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.00%

Born in Oregon

86.01%

Native Born

13.99%

Foreign Born

7.30%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.01% of Portland residents were born in the United States, with 39.00% having been born in Oregon. 7.30% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.