Portland, Oregon Population 2018

Portland is the most populous city in Oregon and the third most populous city in the Pacific Northwest, after Seattle and Vancouver. With its many rose gardens, Portland is known as the City of Roses and it has been incorporated since 1851.

Portland's population is 632,309, according to the most recent census estimates released in 2016 (for the year 2015). The population of Portland has been growing at around 10,000 per year since the last census, which was taken in 2010.

Portland is currently the 26th largest city in the US, just a few spots behind Seattle, the largest city in the Northwest. When the entire metro area of Portland (5 counties in Oregon, and 2 counties in Washington) is tallied, the total is nearly 2.4 million. There are about 4,375 Portlanders per square mile.

Portland Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic makeup of Portland was:

  • White: 76.1% (non-Hispanic: 72.2%)
  • Asian: 7.1%
  • Black or African American: 6.3%
  • Native American: 1.0%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.5%
  • Two or more races: 4.7%
  • Other races: 5.0%
  • Hispanic of any race: 9.4%

The African American population of Portland was just 2,000 in 1940, comprised mostly of railroad employees, many of whom were drawn to the area during the war time ship construction boom. Many black people who came to the area settled in certain neighborhoods, including Vanport and Abina. Today, the African American population of Portland (6.3%) is more than three times the Oregon average, with more than two-thirds of all African American residents of Oregon living in the city.

Vietnamese Americans make up 2.2% of the city's total population and represent the largest Asian ethnic group, followed by Chinese (1.7%), Filipino (0.6%), Korean (0.4%), Laotian (0.4%), Hmong (0.2%) and Cambodian (0.1%). There are two Chinatowns in Portland. About 12,000 Vietnamese people live in the city, which is one of the largest Vietnamese populations in the country.

Portland does remain a predominantly white city, although the percentage has dropped over the last fifty years. In 1940, 98% of the population was white. In 2009, Portland still had the 5th highest percentage of white residents among the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the country, while a study in 2007 found that Portland's urban area has the highest percentage of white people in the United States.

THe greatest influx of minorities into Portland occurred during World War II, when the African American population grew more than ten times. After the war, a flood in Vanport displaced many. Issues like police hostility, mortgage discrimination and job discrimination led to half of the black population leaving Portland after the war.

Portland History

The area that is now Portland was occupied for centuries by two different bands of Upper Chinook Indians, who fished and traded along the river. The Tualatin Plains eventually became a settlement of Portland. In 1843, a man named William Overton saw commercial potential but lacked the money for a land claim. He made a deal with his partner, Asa Lovejoy and Boston, for $0.25 to share the claim of 640 acres of land.

Overton eventually sold his half to Francis Pettygrove of Portland, Maine. Pettygrove and Lovejoy both wanted to name the new city after their home towns. This was settled in 1845 by a coin toss, which Pettygrove of Portland, Maine won.

When it was incorporated in 1851, Portland had more than 800 inhabitants, which grew to 17,500 by 1879.

Portland Population Growth

Portland's population grew more than 10% from 2000 and 2010, and population growth in the Portland metro area has outpaced the national average for the last decade. This trend is expected to continue for the next five decades. Since the 2010 census, the population has grown an additional 8.3%.

A recent Forbes article found that Portland is the 10th fastest growing metropolitan area in the United States with a stable growth rate of 1.8% per year. Portland also leads Oregon's population growth, with numbers declining in many rural and eastern areas in favor of the city.

In October 2015, Oregon Metro released its urban growth report, which contains their own population projections for the next twenty years. Metro is projecting continued growth until 2040, albeit at a slower rate than in previous projections. The metro area is anticipated to cross 3 million residents by 2040.

Oregon's population growth temporarily declined during the recession, which hit the region harder than most areas of the country, but it has already started to pick up with home values rising and job opportunities improving. The state still has higher-than-average unemployment and underemployment.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017647,8056,3110.98%
2016641,4949,7631.55%
2015631,73111,9911.93%
2014619,74010,6811.75%
2013609,0596,1041.01%
2012602,9558,9901.51%
2011593,9658,6251.47%
2010585,34056,21910.62%
2000529,12191,80220.99%
1990437,31969,17118.79%
1980368,148-11,819-3.11%
1970379,9677,2911.96%
1960372,676-952-0.25%
1950373,62868,23422.34%
1940305,3943,5791.19%
1930301,81543,52716.85%
1920258,28851,07424.65%
1910207,214116,788129.15%
190090,42644,04194.95%
189046,38528,808163.90%
188017,5779,284111.95%
18708,2935,419188.55%
18602,8740.00%

Portland Population in 2018Source: � Steven Pavlov�/�http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Senapa

Population by Race

Race Population
White482,410
Asian47,045
Black or African American35,465
Two or More Races32,264
Some Other Race15,111
American Indian and Alaska Native4,280
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,014

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Portland Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Portland Median Age

36.8


Total

36.5


Male

37


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 528,609 adults in Portland.

Portland Age Dependency

43

Age Dependency Ratio

16.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

26.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Portland Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5
Houses Without Mortgage
34,497
Houses With Mortgage
101,617
Vacancy Rate
5.9
Median Rent
1,025
Median Home Value
319,400
Renter-Occupied Units
120,318
Owner-Occupied Units
136,114
Total Housing Units
272,551

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Portland for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.2% and the labor force participation rate is 69.6%.

Portland Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.36
Average Family Size
3.04
Total Households
256432
Married Couple Households
98027
Male Householder (no wife) Families
9823
Female Householder (no husband) Families
25044
Non Family Households
123538
Total Families
132894
Households With Own Children
59431
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
8.9
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
1.3

Portland Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
20,833
$10,000 to $14,999
12,844
$15,000 to $24,999
22,768
$25,000 to $34,999
23,452
$35,000 to $49,999
32,118
$50,000 to $74,999
43,455
$75,000 to $99,999
32,520
$100,000 to $149,999
37,525
$150,000 to $199,999
13,832
Over $200,000
17,085

Portland Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Portland

Oregon

$58,423

$53,270

$81,308

$72,013

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Portland Education Data

Portland Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
16,8763.72%
9th to 12th Grade
21,3034.70%
High School Graduate
72,15915.91%
Some College
98,20321.66%
Associates Degree
31,9997.06%
Bachelors Degree
127,62828.15%
Graduate Degree
85,25918.80%