Portland Population 2017

Portland's population is 632,309, according to the most recent census estimates released in 2016 (for the year 2015). The population of Portland has been growing at around 10,000 per year since the last census, which was taken in 2010.

Portland is currently the 26th largest city in the US, just a few spots behind Seattle, the largest city in the Northwest. When the entire metro area of Portland (5 counties in Oregon, and 2 counties in Washington) is tallied, the total is nearly 2.4 million. There are about 4,375 Portlanders per square mile.

Portland Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic makeup of Portland was:

  • White: 76.1% (non-Hispanic: 72.2%)
  • Asian: 7.1%
  • Black or African American: 6.3%
  • Native American: 1.0%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.5%
  • Two or more races: 4.7%
  • Other races: 5.0%
  • Hispanic of any race: 9.4%

The African American population of Portland was just 2,000 in 1940, comprised mostly of railroad employees, many of whom were drawn to the area during the war time ship construction boom. Many black people who came to the area settled in certain neighborhoods, including Vanport and Abina. Today, the African American population of Portland (6.3%) is more than three times the Oregon average, with more than two-thirds of all African American residents of Oregon living in the city.

Vietnamese Americans make up 2.2% of the city's total population and represent the largest Asian ethnic group, followed by Chinese (1.7%), Filipino (0.6%), Korean (0.4%), Laotian (0.4%), Hmong (0.2%) and Cambodian (0.1%). There are two Chinatowns in Portland. About 12,000 Vietnamese people live in the city, which is one of the largest Vietnamese populations in the country.

Portland does remain a predominantly white city, although the percentage has dropped over the last fifty years. In 1940, 98% of the population was white. In 2009, Portland still had the 5th highest percentage of white residents among the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the country, while a study in 2007 found that Portland's urban area has the highest percentage of white people in the United States.

THe greatest influx of minorities into Portland occurred during World War II, when the African American population grew more than ten times. After the war, a flood in Vanport displaced many. Issues like police hostility, mortgage discrimination and job discrimination led to half of the black population leaving Portland after the war.

Portland History

The area that is now Portland was occupied for centuries by two different bands of Upper Chinook Indians, who fished and traded along the river. The Tualatin Plains eventually became a settlement of Portland. In 1843, a man named William Overton saw commercial potential but lacked the money for a land claim. He made a deal with his partner, Asa Lovejoy and Boston, for $0.25 to share the claim of 640 acres of land.

Overton eventually sold his half to Francis Pettygrove of Portland, Maine. Pettygrove and Lovejoy both wanted to name the new city after their home towns. This was settled in 1845 by a coin toss, which Pettygrove of Portland, Maine won.

When it was incorporated in 1851, Portland had more than 800 inhabitants, which grew to 17,500 by 1879.

Portland Population Growth

Portland's population grew more than 10% from 2000 and 2010, and population growth in the Portland metro area has outpaced the national average for the last decade. This trend is expected to continue for the next five decades. Since the 2010 census, the population has grown an additional 8.3%.

A recent Forbes article found that Portland is the 10th fastest growing metropolitan area in the United States with a stable growth rate of 1.8% per year. Portland also leads Oregon's population growth, with numbers declining in many rural and eastern areas in favor of the city.

In October 2015, Oregon Metro released its urban growth report, which contains their own population projections for the next twenty years. Metro is projecting continued growth until 2040, albeit at a slower rate than in previous projections. The metro area is anticipated to cross 3 million residents by 2040.

Oregon's population growth temporarily declined during the recession, which hit the region harder than most areas of the country, but it has already started to pick up with home values rising and job opportunities improving. The state still has higher-than-average unemployment and underemployment.

Year Population Change
2015 632,309 8.30%
2010 583,776 10.30%
2000 529,121 21.00%
1990 437,319 18.80%
1980 368,148 -3.10%
1970 379,967 2.00%
1960 372,676 -0.30%
1950 373,628 22.30%
1940 305,394 1.20%
1930 301,815 16.90%
1920 258,288 24.60%
1910 207,214 129.20%
1900 90,426 94.90%
1890 46,385 163.90%
1880 17,577 111.90%
1870 8,293 188.60%
1860 2,874 0.00%

Portland Population in 2017 Source: Spyder Monkey

Portland Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 466,065 77.35%
Black or African American 36,597 6.07%
American Indian and Alaska Native 4,763 0.79%
Asian 45,340 7.52%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 3,123 0.52%
Some Other Race 18,927 3.14%
Two or More Races 27,753 4.61%

Population Pyramid

Portland Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Total Housing Units 269,917
Owner-Occupied Units 134,535
Renter-Occupied Units 119,632
Median Home Value $295,100
Median Rent $971
Vacancy Rate 5.8%
Houses With Mortgage 100,459
Houses Without Mortgage 34,076
Median Number of Rooms (per House) 5

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Portland for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.9% and the labor force participation rate is 69.5%.

Portland Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size 2.34
Average Family Size 3.05
Married Couple Families 96,476
Male Householder (no wife) Families 9,787
Female Householder (no husband) Families 24,259
Non Family Households
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex) 8.5%
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex) 1.4%