Providence, Rhode Island Population 2018

Providence is a city located in the state of Rhode Island. It is the capital city and it is also the most populous in the state. The city was founded in 1636, making it one of the oldest cities in the nation. According to recent estimates, Providence has a population of 179,219.

Providence History

Providence was first settled in 1636 by Roger Williams. The area was one of the original colonies of the United States. The city was founded after Williams withdrew from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and quickly became an area where persecuted dissenters settled.

Providence was the first colony to renounce allegiance to the British in 1776 and later was the last of the colonies to ratify the Constitution, only doing so after it was assured that the Bill of Rights would be included.

After the American Revolution, Providence was the ninth-largest city in the country by population. In its earliest history, the economy revolved around maritime activity but following the war, this changed. Instead, the economy was based around manufacturing products including but not limited to textiles, machinery and jewelry. This would continue throughout the city’s history, later attracting manufacturers including Gorham Silverware and Brown & Sharpe.

Providence was incorporated as a city in 1832. The city only continued to grow, with the population climbing significantly during the Civil War. Because of its manufacturing, the city thrived during this time.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Providence was one of the richest cities in the country. Its manufacturing industry was thriving, and many immigrants came to the area to work in the city’s industrial manufacturing centers. More companies came to the area, including Fruit of the Loom and Babcock & Wilcox.

Later, in the 1970s, millions of dollars were spent to revitalize the city. This including uncovering the rivers that were paved over, creating river walks and constructing the Providence Place Mall. Today, the city is broken up into 25 official neighborhoods. Providence is home to many parks, shopping centers, restaurants and historic landmarks and buildings. As with most post-industrial cities, poverty is now a problem, with close to 28% of the total population living below the federal poverty line. Recent increases in median housing prices have further contributed to this problem. The city has been also working to rebrand itself to emphasize its cultural and educational opportunities.

Providence Demographics

Recent estimates show that Providence has a population of over 179,000 residents. The city is over 20 square miles in area, and it has a population density of over 9,676 people per square mile.

Close to half of the population of Providence is white, according to 2010 census data. Sixteen percent of the population is black, almost 28% is of Hispanic or Latino origin, and over 6% is Asian. Approximately 14% of the total population is of Italian ancestry. The city also has a large Jewish community that makes up about 5% of the population. Many immigrants from all over the world live in Providence, with many originally hailing from Brazil, Portugal and Cape Verde.

The largest age group in the city is the 20 to 24 year group. The median age of the city is 28, and the number of people under the age of 18 has grown significantly in recent years. About 29% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Providence has a higher rate of property crime than the national average. The rate of violent crimes is about equal to the national average.

The largest employer in the city is Brown University, which employs over 4% of city residents. Other top employers include Rhode Island Hospital, Life Span, Women & Infants Hospital and the Roger Williams Medical Center.

Providence Population Growth

Providence was once on the largest cities in the nation, and it experienced rapid growth in its early history. By the time of the 20th century, the population was nearing 200,000. That number was well exceeded by the time of the 1910 census. The population continued to grow until it peaked at 253,504 according to the 1940 census. However, each 10-year census following through 1980 showed that population was on the decline, dropping to below 200,000 in 1970. Beginning in 1990, the population was on the rise again. Recent estimates show that the current population is around 0.7% higher than the numbers posted during the 2010 census, indicating that revitalization efforts by the city could be working, despite the financial troubles faced by many residents.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017180,3934390.24%
2016179,9545460.30%
2015179,4081780.10%
2014179,2307500.42%
2013178,480-171-0.10%
2012178,6513510.20%
2011178,3002170.12%
2010178,0834,4650.25%
2000173,61812,8900.77%
1990160,7283,9240.25%
1980156,804-22,312-1.32%
1970179,116-28,382-1.46%
1960207,498-41,176-1.79%
1950248,674-4,830-0.19%
1940253,5045230.02%
1930252,98115,3860.63%
1920237,59513,2690.58%
1910224,32648,7292.48%
1900175,59743,4512.88%
1890132,14627,2892.34%
1880104,85735,9534.29%
187068,90418,2383.12%
186050,6669,1532.01%
185041,51318,3426.00%
184023,1716,3383.25%
183016,8335,0663.65%
182011,7671,6961.57%
181010,0712,4572.84%
18007,6141,2341.78%
17906,3800.00%

Providence Population in 2018Source: By Will Hart from Fullerton, U.S.A. - flickr.com/photos/cthulhuwho1 - cthulhuwho1.com - youtube.com/user/CthulhuWho1 [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White95,040
Some Other Race35,036
Black or African American28,069
Asian11,213
Two or More Races7,526
American Indian and Alaska Native2,319
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander306

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Providence Population Pyramid 2018

2,0004,0006,0008,00010,00012,000 Male Population2,0004,0006,0008,00010,00012,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Providence Median Age

29.8


Total

29.8


Male

29.9


Female

Providence Adults

There are 138,889 adults, (17,242 of whom are seniors) in Providence.

Providence Age Dependency

47.6

Age Dependency Ratio

14.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Providence Sex Ratio

Female

93,067

51.85%

Male

86,442

48.15%

Providence Households and Families

Providence Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Providence Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married55.2%44.8%
Male37.7%62.3%
All34.7%65.3%
Non Family24.7%75.3%
Female23.4%76.6%

34.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Providence Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All62,0572.6634.7
Non Family26,5661.4324.7
Married19,2573.5655.2
Female12,6593.6623.4
Male3,5753.4837.7

3.46

Average Family Size

2.66

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Providence Households

Providence Education

Providence Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade12,72811.88%
9th to 12th Grade11,05210.32%
High School Graduate28,85826.94%
Some College16,70915.60%
Associates Degree5,4805.12%
Bachelors Degree17,38716.23%
Graduate Degree14,89213.90%

Providence Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White42,68637,61821,471
Hispanic40,31626,2353,816
Other Race19,52211,1481,240
Black16,38913,0853,239
Asian6,1404,6712,971
Multiple Races3,2482,7591,109
Native American1,28397251
Islander1831838

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 50.30%.

Providence Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,918$36,285$27,363
Less Than High School$22,325$26,601$16,939
High School Grad$27,388$31,558$22,472
Some College$28,226$33,519$25,009
Bachelors Degree$39,984$42,816$36,130
Graduate Degree$62,321$72,258$56,875

$31,918

Average Earnings

$36,285

Average Male

$27,363

Average Female

Providence Language

Providence Language by Age

Providence Language

50.46% of Providence residents speak only English, while 49.54% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 37.30% of the population.

Providence Poverty

Providence Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic73,91424,31032.89%
Other34,72511,00831.70%
White52,9659,40117.75%
Black26,7347,38627.63%
Asian9,8012,89329.52%
Multiple6,7492,27433.69%
Native2,2671,23754.57%

26.92%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.12%

Male Poverty Rate

29.58%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Providence

The race most likely to be in poverty in Providence is Native, with 54.57% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Providence is White, with 17.75% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.42%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.08%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 42.89%.

Providence Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.02%
High School22.07%
Some College21.05%
Bachelors or Greater9.65%

Providence Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed54.89%
Male Unemployed42.91%
Female Employed14.57%
Male Employed9.34%

Providence Income

Providence Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$40,366$64,839
Families$47,990$73,547
Married Families$71,695$103,058
Non Families$28,391$50,412

Providence Marital Status

Providence Marital Status

Marriage Rates

31.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.6%

Male Marriage Rate

28.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Providence Married by Age and Sex

Providence Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Providence Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Providence Veterans

Providence Veterans by War

4,162

Number of Veterans

3,846

Male Veterans

316

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,073
Second Gulf War652
First Gulf War574
Korea562
World War II383

Providence Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+1,418
35 to 54819
55 to 64769
65 to 74756
18 to 34400

Providence Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White3,0323.88%
Black6573.21%
Hispanic4100.81%
2 or More1813.83%
Other1450.60%
Indian935.45%
Asian540.57%

Providence Veterans by Education

16.69%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.83%

Veteran Disability Rate

Providence Employment Status

Providence Employment by Age

62.8%

Labor Force Participation

56.7%

Employment Rate

9.7%

Unemployment Rate

Providence Employment by Race

Providence Employment by Education

Providence Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

38.46%

Born in Rhode Island

70.81%

Native Born

29.19%

Foreign Born

16.44%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

70.81% of Providence residents were born in the United States, with 38.46% having been born in Rhode Island. 16.44% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.