Raleigh, North Carolina Population 2019

Raleigh is the capital of the state of North Carolina. Also known as the City of Oaks, Raleigh has 143 square miles of land with an estimated population of 464,000, which is the 42nd most populous state in the country.

Raleigh's population is estimated at 464,000, up from an estimated 423,000 in 2012. The Raleigh Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a population estimated at 1.21 million, however. The larger Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is estimated at 2.03 million. Raleigh has a population density of 2,963 people per square mile (1,097/sq km).

Raleigh History

Raleigh was chosen as the new capital of North Carolina in 1788. It is one of the few planned cities in the United States, and its site was chosen in a central location to protect it from coastal attacks. From 1810 to 1820, the population grew from just 876 to more than 2,600. During the Civil War, the city was protected against Union troops and, despite a nearby battle, Raleigh experienced little serious damage, but it failed to grow for decades due to an economy based on agriculture.

After the Civil War, many free blacks (freedmen) migrated from rural areas to Raleigh, which had a large free black community. The city became the site of Shaw University, the first African American college in the South with classes that began in 1865. Despite progress made during the 19th century for black people in the state, voter registration rules passed in 1900 reduced black voting to zero by 1908. It was not until federal civil rights legislation in the 1960s that most black people in North Carolina could vote again, sit on juries and serve in local offices.

Raleigh has since grown and changed dramatically. For the past ten years, it has frequently made Top 10 Lists, including those by Forbes and Money Magazine. Except for 1830, Raleigh has posted positive population growth at every census since 1800.

Raleigh Population Growth

Raleigh is one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States with a growth rate of about 3.4% per year. A Forbes study last year found the Raleigh metropolitan area was the fastest growing in the United States, increasing 47% from 2000 to 2012.

Between 2000 and 2009, the Raleigh-Durham-Cary metropolitan area grew 40%, leading the nation. It is predicted that Raleigh will remain the fastest-growing metro area through 2025.

Raleigh, North Carolina's estimated population is 469,298 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Raleigh, North Carolina is the 2nd largest city in North Carolina based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 3234.90 people/mi² (1249.00 people/km²).

The overall median age is 33.1 years, 31.9 years for males, and 34.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.4 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 194,768 households in the city, with an average size of 2.43 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%, with a median rent of $1010/month. The median house has 5.2 rooms, and has a value of $225,000.

The median income for households in Raleigh, North Carolina is $61,505, while the mean household income is $86,374.

Raleigh Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Raleigh was:

  • White: 59.04%
  • Black or African American: 28.86%
  • Other race: 4.57%
  • Asian: 4.56%
  • Two or more races: 2.56%
  • Native American: 0.35%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%

How Many People Live in Raleigh, North Carolina?

469,298
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018469,2983,7740.81%
2017465,5246,3301.38%
2016459,1949,7672.17%
2015449,42710,0802.29%
2014439,3478,2451.91%
2013431,1028,0071.89%
2012423,0959,1632.21%
2011413,9327,5771.86%
2010406,355130,2623.94%
2000276,09368,1422.87%
1990207,95157,6963.30%
1980150,25527,4252.04%
1970122,83028,8992.72%
196093,93128,2523.64%
195065,67918,7823.43%
194046,8979,5182.29%
193037,37912,9614.35%
192024,4185,2002.42%
191019,2185,5753.49%
190013,6439650.74%
189012,6783,4133.19%
18809,2651,4751.75%
18707,7903,0105.01%
18604,7802620.57%
18504,5182,3187.46%
18402,2005002.61%
18301,700-974-4.43%
18202,6741,9746.93%
18007000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20181,362,54028,1982.07%
20171,334,34230,4972.29%
20161,303,84532,6492.50%
20151,271,19629,9602.36%
20141,241,23627,9082.25%
20131,213,32825,6422.11%
20121,187,68625,5902.15%
20111,162,09624,7152.13%
20101,137,3810.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White265,366
Black or African American129,711
Some Other Race20,520
Asian20,476
Two or More Races11,505
American Indian and Alaska Native1,554
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander345

Raleigh Population Pyramid 2019

Raleigh Median Age

33.1


Total

31.9


Male

34.1


Female

Raleigh Adults

There are 352,004 adults, (43,725 of whom are seniors) in Raleigh.

Raleigh Age Dependency

45.8

Age Dependency Ratio

14.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Raleigh Sex Ratio

Female

232,429

51.71%

Male

217,048

48.29%

Raleigh Households and Families

Raleigh Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Raleigh Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.2%25.8%
All51.9%48.1%
Male38.4%61.6%
Non Family38.1%61.9%
Female37.1%62.9%

51.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All176,8702.4351.9
Non Family77,9151.4138.1
Married68,4803.1774.2
Female23,2893.337.1
Male7,1863.5238.4

3.14

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

6.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Raleigh Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade12,2724.18%
9th to 12th Grade12,8064.36%
High School Graduate45,95715.63%
Some College53,51718.21%
Associates Degree22,5387.67%
Bachelors Degree93,87631.94%
Graduate Degree52,97218.02%

Raleigh Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White169,652165,821106,741
Black79,98171,85724,494
Hispanic25,66314,9295,384
Asian13,68112,0618,164
Other Race11,3705,8001,676
Multiple Races5,1084,3042,232
Native American1,014788199
Islander18315249

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.74%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 62.92%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,892$45,319$36,753
Less Than High School$17,838$20,784$14,384
High School Grad$26,080$28,703$22,471
Some College$33,598$39,421$30,284
Bachelors Degree$50,817$58,738$44,129
Graduate Degree$61,180$81,869$51,514

$40,892

Average Earnings

$45,319

Average Male

$36,753

Average Female

Raleigh Language

Raleigh Language by Age

Raleigh Language

82.66% of Raleigh residents speak only English, while 17.34% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.74% of the population.

Raleigh Poverty

Raleigh Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black123,61922,82518.46%
White228,84019,2718.42%
Hispanic48,40614,30629.55%
Other20,1584,63222.98%
Asian19,7613,31616.78%
Multiple11,2191,53413.67%
Native1,42322115.53%
Islander31516050.79%

14.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.43%

Male Poverty Rate

14.59%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Raleigh

The race most likely to be in poverty in Raleigh is Islander, with 50.79% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Raleigh is White, with 8.42% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.04%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.91%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.98%
High School15.79%
Some College8.82%
Bachelors or Greater4.13%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.71%
Male Unemployed26.27%
Female Employed8.39%
Male Employed7.65%

Raleigh Income

Raleigh Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$61,505$86,374
Families$77,839$106,214
Married Families$101,611$130,895
Non Families$45,637$58,885

Raleigh Marital Status

Raleigh Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.6%

Male Marriage Rate

38.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Raleigh Married by Age and Sex

Raleigh Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Raleigh Marital Status by Race

Raleigh Veterans

20,283

Number of Veterans

17,339

Male Veterans

2,944

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,518
First Gulf War5,449
Second Gulf War4,351
Korea1,727
World War II597
Age Group Veterans
35 to 546,178
75+3,895
65 to 743,869
55 to 643,619
18 to 342,722

Raleigh Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White11,8505.48%
Black7,4507.69%
Hispanic6432.03%
2 or More3475.33%
Asian3301.98%
Other1871.36%
Indian1128.96%
Hawaiian72.97%

Raleigh Veterans by Education

5.80%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

Raleigh Employment Status

71.2%

Labor Force Participation

67.5%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Raleigh Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

46.73%

Born in North Carolina

86.64%

Native Born

13.36%

Foreign Born

8.59%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.64% of Raleigh residents were born in the United States, with 46.73% having been born in North Carolina. 8.59% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.