Raleigh, North Carolina Population 2018

Raleigh is the capital of North Carolina. Also known as the City of Oaks, Raleigh has 143 square miles of land with an estimated population of 438,000, which is the 42nd most populous state in the country.

Raleigh's population is estimated at 438,000, up from an estimated 423,000 in 2012. The Raleigh Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a population estimated at 1.21 million, however. The larger Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is estimated at 2.03 million. Raleigh has a population density of 2,963 people per square mile (1,097/sq km).

Raleigh Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic composition of Raleigh was:

  • White: 57.5% (non-Hispanic: 53.3%)
  • Black or African American: 29.3%
  • Asian American: 4.3% (1.2% Indian, 0.8% Chinese, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.5% Korean, 0.4% Filipino, 0.1% Japanese, 0.1% Pakistani)
  • Two or more races: 2.6%
  • Other race: 1.4%
  • Native American: 0.5%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: less than 0.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 11.3% (5.9% Mexican, 1.1% Puerto Rican)

The proportion of white people in Raleigh declined from 63% in 2000 while the Asian population grew from 3.3%.

Raleigh History

Raleigh was chosen as the new capital of North Carolina in 1788. It is one of few planned cities in the United States, and its site was chosen in a central location to protect it from coastal attacks. From 1810 to 1820, the population grew from just 876 to more than 2,600. During the Civil War, the city was protected against Union troops and, despite a nearby battle, Raleigh experienced little serious damage but it failed to grow for decades due to an economy based on agriculture.

After the Civil War, many free blacks (freedmen) migrated from rural areas to Raleigh, which had a large free black community. The city became the site of Shaw University, the first African American college in the South with classes that began in 1865. Despite progress made during the 19th century for black people in the state, voter registration rules passed in 1900 reduced black voting to zero by 1908. It was not until federal civil rights legislation in the 1960s that most black people in North Carolina could vote again, sit on juries and serve in local offices.

Raleigh has since grown and changed dramatically. For the past ten years, it has frequently made Top 10 Lists, including those by Forbes and Money Magazine. Except for 1830, Raleigh has posted positive population growth at every census since 1800.

Raleigh Population Growth

Raleigh is one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States with a growth rate of about 3.4% per year. A Forbes study last year found the Raleigh metropolitan area was the fastest growing in the United States, increasing 47% from 2000 to 2012.

Between 2000 and 2009, the Raleigh-Durham-Cary metropolitan area grew 40%, leading the nation. It is predicted that Raleigh will remain the fastest-growing metropolitan area through 2025.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017464,7585,7101.24%
2016459,0489,0852.02%
2015449,96310,1792.31%
2014439,7848,3141.93%
2013431,4707,9491.88%
2012423,5219,1382.21%
2011414,3838,0461.98%
2010406,337130,24447.17%
2000276,09368,14232.77%
1990207,95157,69638.40%
1980150,25527,42522.33%
1970122,83028,89930.77%
196093,93128,25243.02%
195065,67918,78240.05%
194046,8979,51825.46%
193037,37912,96153.08%
192024,4185,20027.06%
191019,2185,57540.86%
190013,6439657.61%
189012,6783,41336.84%
18809,2651,47518.93%
18707,7903,01062.97%
18604,7802625.80%
18504,5182,318105.36%
18402,20050029.41%
18301,700-974-36.42%
18202,6741,974282.00%
18007000.00%

Raleigh Population in 2018Source: By Bz3rk [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White263,167
Black or African American127,708
Asian20,299
Some Other Race17,369
Two or More Races10,998
American Indian and Alaska Native1,417
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander368

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Raleigh Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Raleigh Median Age

32.9


Total

32


Male

33.7


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 362,976 adults in Raleigh.

Raleigh Age Dependency

45.5

Age Dependency Ratio

13.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Raleigh Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.2
Houses Without Mortgage
18,323
Houses With Mortgage
70,673
Vacancy Rate
8.6
Median Rent
966
Median Home Value
218,200
Renter-Occupied Units
85,018
Owner-Occupied Units
88,996
Total Housing Units
190,286

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Raleigh for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 4.3% and the labor force participation rate is 71%.

Raleigh Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.42
Average Family Size
3.12
Total Households
174014
Married Couple Households
67697
Male Householder (no wife) Families
7127
Female Householder (no husband) Families
22984
Non Family Households
76206
Total Families
97808
Households With Own Children
49960
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.2
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.5

Raleigh Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
9,273
$10,000 to $14,999
7,304
$15,000 to $24,999
15,086
$25,000 to $34,999
17,425
$35,000 to $49,999
24,678
$50,000 to $74,999
33,053
$75,000 to $99,999
21,953
$100,000 to $149,999
24,455
$150,000 to $199,999
9,485
Over $200,000
11,302

Raleigh Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Raleigh

North Carolina

$58,641

$48,256

$82,966

$67,367

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Raleigh Education Data

Raleigh Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
11,8474.13%
9th to 12th Grade
13,2134.61%
High School Graduate
45,60915.90%
Some College
52,72318.38%
Associates Degree
22,2907.77%
Bachelors Degree
91,71431.98%
Graduate Degree
49,37617.22%