Raleigh, North Carolina Population 2019

Raleigh is the capital of North Carolina. Also known as the City of Oaks, Raleigh has 143 square miles of land with an estimated population of 438,000, which is the 42nd most populous state in the country.

Raleigh's population is estimated at 438,000, up from an estimated 423,000 in 2012. The Raleigh Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a population estimated at 1.21 million, however. The larger Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is estimated at 2.03 million. Raleigh has a population density of 2,963 people per square mile (1,097/sq km).

Raleigh Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic composition of Raleigh was:

  • White: 57.5% (non-Hispanic: 53.3%)
  • Black or African American: 29.3%
  • Asian American: 4.3% (1.2% Indian, 0.8% Chinese, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.5% Korean, 0.4% Filipino, 0.1% Japanese, 0.1% Pakistani)
  • Two or more races: 2.6%
  • Other race: 1.4%
  • Native American: 0.5%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: less than 0.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 11.3% (5.9% Mexican, 1.1% Puerto Rican)

The proportion of white people in Raleigh declined from 63% in 2000 while the Asian population grew from 3.3%.

Raleigh History

Raleigh was chosen as the new capital of North Carolina in 1788. It is one of few planned cities in the United States, and its site was chosen in a central location to protect it from coastal attacks. From 1810 to 1820, the population grew from just 876 to more than 2,600. During the Civil War, the city was protected against Union troops and, despite a nearby battle, Raleigh experienced little serious damage but it failed to grow for decades due to an economy based on agriculture.

After the Civil War, many free blacks (freedmen) migrated from rural areas to Raleigh, which had a large free black community. The city became the site of Shaw University, the first African American college in the South with classes that began in 1865. Despite progress made during the 19th century for black people in the state, voter registration rules passed in 1900 reduced black voting to zero by 1908. It was not until federal civil rights legislation in the 1960s that most black people in North Carolina could vote again, sit on juries and serve in local offices.

Raleigh has since grown and changed dramatically. For the past ten years, it has frequently made Top 10 Lists, including those by Forbes and Money Magazine. Except for 1830, Raleigh has posted positive population growth at every census since 1800.

Raleigh Population Growth

Raleigh is one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States with a growth rate of about 3.4% per year. A Forbes study last year found the Raleigh metropolitan area was the fastest growing in the United States, increasing 47% from 2000 to 2012.

Between 2000 and 2009, the Raleigh-Durham-Cary metropolitan area grew 40%, leading the nation. It is predicted that Raleigh will remain the fastest-growing metropolitan area through 2025.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017464,7585,7101.24%
2016459,0489,0852.02%
2015449,96310,1792.31%
2014439,7848,3141.93%
2013431,4707,9491.88%
2012423,5219,1382.21%
2011414,3838,0461.98%
2010406,337130,2443.94%
2000276,09368,1422.87%
1990207,95157,6963.30%
1980150,25527,4252.04%
1970122,83028,8992.72%
196093,93128,2523.64%
195065,67918,7823.43%
194046,8979,5182.29%
193037,37912,9614.35%
192024,4185,2002.42%
191019,2185,5753.49%
190013,6439650.74%
189012,6783,4133.19%
18809,2651,4751.75%
18707,7903,0105.01%
18604,7802620.57%
18504,5182,3187.46%
18402,2005002.61%
18301,700-974-4.43%
18202,6741,9746.93%
18007000.00%

Raleigh Population in 2018Source: By Bz3rk [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White265,366
Black or African American129,711
Some Other Race20,520
Asian20,476
Two or More Races11,505
American Indian and Alaska Native1,554
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander345

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Raleigh Population Pyramid 2019

5,00010,00015,00020,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Raleigh Median Age

33.1


Total

31.9


Male

34.1


Female

Raleigh Adults

There are 352,004 adults, (43,725 of whom are seniors) in Raleigh.

Raleigh Age Dependency

45.8

Age Dependency Ratio

14.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Raleigh Sex Ratio

Female

232,429

51.71%

Male

217,048

48.29%

Raleigh Households and Families

Raleigh Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Raleigh Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.2%25.8%
All51.9%48.1%
Male38.4%61.6%
Non Family38.1%61.9%
Female37.1%62.9%

51.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Raleigh Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All176,8702.4351.9
Non Family77,9151.4138.1
Married68,4803.1774.2
Female23,2893.337.1
Male7,1863.5238.4

3.14

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

6.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Raleigh Households

Raleigh Education

Raleigh Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade12,2724.18%
9th to 12th Grade12,8064.36%
High School Graduate45,95715.63%
Some College53,51718.21%
Associates Degree22,5387.67%
Bachelors Degree93,87631.94%
Graduate Degree52,97218.02%

Raleigh Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White169,652165,821106,741
Black79,98171,85724,494
Hispanic25,66314,9295,384
Asian13,68112,0618,164
Other Race11,3705,8001,676
Multiple Races5,1084,3042,232
Native American1,014788199
Islander18315249

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.74%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 62.92%.

Raleigh Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,892$45,319$36,753
Less Than High School$17,838$20,784$14,384
High School Grad$26,080$28,703$22,471
Some College$33,598$39,421$30,284
Bachelors Degree$50,817$58,738$44,129
Graduate Degree$61,180$81,869$51,514

$40,892

Average Earnings

$45,319

Average Male

$36,753

Average Female

Raleigh Language

Raleigh Language by Age

Raleigh Language

82.66% of Raleigh residents speak only English, while 17.34% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.74% of the population.

Raleigh Poverty

Raleigh Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black123,61922,82518.46%
White228,84019,2718.42%
Hispanic48,40614,30629.55%
Other20,1584,63222.98%
Asian19,7613,31616.78%
Multiple11,2191,53413.67%
Native1,42322115.53%
Islander31516050.79%

14.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.43%

Male Poverty Rate

14.59%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Raleigh

The race most likely to be in poverty in Raleigh is Islander, with 50.79% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Raleigh is White, with 8.42% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.04%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.91%.

Raleigh Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.98%
High School15.79%
Some College8.82%
Bachelors or Greater4.13%

Raleigh Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.71%
Male Unemployed26.27%
Female Employed8.39%
Male Employed7.65%

Raleigh Income

Raleigh Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$61,505$86,374
Families$77,839$106,214
Married Families$101,611$130,895
Non Families$45,637$58,885

Raleigh Marital Status

Raleigh Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.6%

Male Marriage Rate

38.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Raleigh Married by Age and Sex

Raleigh Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Raleigh Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Raleigh Veterans

Raleigh Veterans by War

20,283

Number of Veterans

17,339

Male Veterans

2,944

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,518
First Gulf War5,449
Second Gulf War4,351
Korea1,727
World War II597

Raleigh Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 546,178
75+3,895
65 to 743,869
55 to 643,619
18 to 342,722

Raleigh Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White11,8505.48%
Black7,4507.69%
Hispanic6432.03%
2 or More3475.33%
Asian3301.98%
Other1871.36%
Indian1128.96%
Hawaiian72.97%

Raleigh Veterans by Education

5.80%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

Raleigh Employment Status

Raleigh Employment by Age

71.2%

Labor Force Participation

67.5%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Raleigh Employment by Race

Raleigh Employment by Education

Raleigh Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

46.73%

Born in North Carolina

86.64%

Native Born

13.36%

Foreign Born

8.59%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.64% of Raleigh residents were born in the United States, with 46.73% having been born in North Carolina. 8.59% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.