Reno, Nevada Population 2018

Reno is a city in Nevada known for its casinos. Located in the northwestern part of Nevada, it is the county seat of Washoe County and the most populous city in Nevada outside of the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Reno is located in the high desert valley at the foot of the Sierra Nevada about 26 miles north of the capital, Carson City, and 22 miles northeast of Lake Tahoe and it is known as "the Biggest Little City in the World."

Reno has an estimated population of 237,000, which makes it the 4th most populous city in Nevada after Las Vegas, Henderson, and North Las Vegas. The Reno-Sparks metropolitan area, or Truckee Meadows, has a population of more than 500,000 people. The city proper has a population density of 2,186 people per square mile, or 844 people per square kilometer.

Reno Demographics

At the 2010 census, the racial composition of Reno was:

  • White: 74.2% (non-Hispanic: 62.5%)
  • Asian: 6.3%
  • African American: 2.9%
  • Native American: 1.3%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.7%
  • Other race: 10.5%
  • Two or more races: 4.2%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 24.3%

9.6% of families in Reno, and 14.4% of the total population, live below the poverty line.

Reno History

Reno was first inhabited by the prehistoric Martis people. Pioneers began settling in the area in the 1850s, many of whom lived off subsistence farming and business from travelers on the California Trail. Gold was discovered nearby in 1850 which started a small mining community, but it was the discovery of silver in 1859 that started a mining rush.

To connect nearby Virginia City with the California Trail, Charles Fuller constructed a toll bridge cross the Truckee River that same year. It was renamed Lake's Crossing once it was sold to Myron Lake and it became the largest town in the county by 1864. Reno was established in 1868 after the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed and named after Major General Jesse Reno, a Union officer killed in the Civil War.

The economy grew as the Virginia and Truckee Railroad was extended. When the mining boom started to wane at the start of the 20th century, the business and economy of the state shifted to Reno and Las Vegas while mining communities became ghost towns.

Reno Population Growth

Between 2011 and 2012, Reno's population grew more than 1% as many people moved to the county from other parts of the United States. There may not be enough jobs to sustain the population growth, however, according to a Nevada State demographer. Washoe County had greater growth in the last decade, with year-to-year growth of over 10,000 three different times.

As the population of Washoe County and Nevada grow, the demographics are shifting. The non-Hispanic white population has dropped in every county between 2010 and 2014 except for three counties. In Washoe County, the non-Hispanic white population grew very slightly, with the Latino population growing 5%.

Reno Facts

  • Nevada produces 7% of the world's gold supply and is the third-largest gold producer after South Africa and Australia.
  • The famous Reno Arch was constructed in 1926 to promote the upcoming Transcontinental Highways Exposition the next year.
  • The city's slogan came from G.A. Burns of Sacramento, who won a $100 prize.
  • Before writing his books, Mark Twain worked as a reporter in nearby Virginia City.
  • There are thousands of very small earthquakes in Reno every year that are too minor to notice.
  • Reno was the divorce capital of the world through the 1940s due to its loose divorce requirements.
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017248,8535,1552.12%
2016243,6984,4951.88%
2015239,2034,1021.74%
2014235,1013,3331.44%
2013231,7682,2120.96%
2012229,5562,0640.91%
2011227,4921,7250.76%
2010225,76745,2872.26%
2000180,48046,6303.03%
1990133,85033,0942.88%
1980100,75627,8933.29%
197072,86321,3933.54%
196051,47018,9734.71%
195032,49711,1804.31%
194021,3172,7881.41%
193018,5296,5134.43%
192012,0161,1491.01%
191010,8676,3679.22%
19004,5009372.36%
18903,5630.00%

Reno Population in 2018Source: By Kc0616 [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White185,781
Some Other Race16,322
Asian15,456
Two or More Races11,273
Black or African American6,254
American Indian and Alaska Native2,757
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,889

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Reno Population Pyramid 2018

2,0004,0006,0008,00010,000 Male Population2,0004,0006,0008,00010,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Reno Median Age

35.5


Total

35.1


Male

35.9


Female

Reno Adults

There are 186,722 adults, (33,076 of whom are seniors) in Reno.

Reno Age Dependency

56

Age Dependency Ratio

21.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Reno Sex Ratio

Female

118,582

49.46%

Male

121,150

50.54%

Reno Households and Families

Reno Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Reno Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.4%33.6%
All47.5%52.5%
Male39.6%60.4%
Non Family36.2%63.8%
Female32.5%67.5%

47.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Reno Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All96,4112.4347.5
Non Family43,7661.3836.2
Married36,7603.2666.4
Female10,7763.4632.5
Male5,1093.2739.6

3.19

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

8.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Reno Households

Reno Education

Reno Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,9845.58%
9th to 12th Grade11,9677.43%
High School Graduate36,46022.64%
Some College39,88324.77%
Associates Degree12,2297.59%
Bachelors Degree32,22620.01%
Graduate Degree19,26911.97%

Reno Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White108,263101,88540,726
Hispanic31,64819,1873,499
Asian11,2179,8174,883
Other Race8,8245,294752
Multiple Races4,7234,1291,471
Black4,0593,676786
Native American1,8071,631234
Islander99186899

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.11%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 43.53%.

Reno Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,420$37,664$31,286
Less Than High School$23,565$25,953$18,969
High School Grad$28,530$31,177$25,069
Some College$32,452$36,603$29,501
Bachelors Degree$46,522$52,284$40,475
Graduate Degree$63,625$73,129$57,286

$34,420

Average Earnings

$37,664

Average Male

$31,286

Average Female

Reno Language

Reno Language by Age

Reno Language

74.07% of Reno residents speak only English, while 25.93% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 18.32% of the population.

Reno Poverty

Reno Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White143,35920,22114.11%
Hispanic59,56511,76019.74%
Other16,2722,93818.06%
Asian15,2432,04813.44%
Multiple11,0011,98918.08%
Black5,8821,79230.47%
Native2,62666425.29%
Islander1,83759432.34%

16.18%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.45%

Male Poverty Rate

16.92%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Reno

The race most likely to be in poverty in Reno is Islander, with 32.34% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Reno is Asian, with 13.44% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.03%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.14%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.56%.

Reno Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School24.20%
High School15.71%
Some College12.45%
Bachelors or Greater5.06%

Reno Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.83%
Male Unemployed37.20%
Female Employed10.10%
Male Employed8.41%

Reno Income

Reno Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,106$71,604
Families$66,648$87,888
Married Families$83,995$104,667
Non Families$34,420$49,380

Reno Marital Status

Reno Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.7%

Male Marriage Rate

41.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Reno Married by Age and Sex

Reno Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45To54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Reno Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Reno Veterans

Reno Veterans by War

15,589

Number of Veterans

14,294

Male Veterans

1,295

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,892
First Gulf War3,045
Second Gulf War2,635
Korea1,384
World War II574

Reno Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 744,365
35 to 543,688
75+3,212
55 to 642,844
18 to 341,480

Reno Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White13,8399.34%
Hispanic1,1552.92%
2 or More4527.45%
Black4358.63%
Asian3712.93%
Other2692.44%
Indian1436.47%
Hawaiian806.30%

Reno Veterans by Education

9.35%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.49%

Veteran Disability Rate

Reno Employment Status

Reno Employment by Age

67.2%

Labor Force Participation

62.6%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

Reno Employment by Race

Reno Employment by Education

Reno Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

31.29%

Born in Nevada

83.51%

Native Born

16.49%

Foreign Born

8.85%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

83.51% of Reno residents were born in the United States, with 31.29% having been born in Nevada. 8.85% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.