Richmond, Virginia Population 2019

228,783

Richmond is a city located in the state of Virginia. It is the capital city and is also one of the most populous in the state. Richmond was first was incorporated in 1742 and later became an independent city in 1871. The city’s population is estimated to be 228,783, reflecting strong growth from its official population of 204,214 taken during the 2010 census. Current numbers make the city the fourth most populous in the state. Richmond is the location of many government agencies for both the state and the nation and has a long and interesting history.

Richmond History

After the settlement of Jamestown, Christopher Newport and other explorers made their way northwest to what is currently Richmond. At the time, the inhabitants were the Powhatans. Plans to settle the area and create a town began in 1737. Just five years later, Richmond was first incorporated as a town. In 1780, it took over the role of the state capital from Williamsburg.

Many important historical events occurred in Richmond. The “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” speech spoken by Patrick Henry was delivered in 1775 by Patrick Henry at St. John’s Church, located in Richmond. The city was destroyed by the British in 1781 but bounced back in just one year. After the war, Richmond took on the role of a significant industrial center. Other important historical events occurred during and after the war, including the signing of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom.

The state seceded from the US in 1861 and became part of the Confederate States of America. It was a target for Union armies and required much of the Army of Northern Virginia to defend it. The city continued to thrive. It was a railroad hub, had one of the largest slave markets and also had an arms factory and iron foundry that were critical during the Civil War.

Following the Civil War, Richmond once again bounced back economically. Tobacco was a big part of the economy, and it was also the site of the first electric trolley system in the country.

When the 20th century rolled around, the city was the most densely populated in the south. Richmond had a large population of black residents, many of whom became quite successful. Richmond’s Jackson Ward was nicknamed "Wall Street of Black America" due to the success of these residents. During the early 1900s, the city also began developing performing arts venues and had its radio station. During the 1960s, more than 700 buildings were built in the downtown area, and in 1970, the borders of Richmond expanded to encompass 27 additional square miles.

In recent years, the city has become a center for entertainment and nightlife. Today, the economy is driven by finance, law, and government. It is home to one of the US courts of appeals, the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, and multiple Fortune 500 companies.

Richmond Population Statistics

The city’s total current estimated population of over 227,000 is spread across 62.5 square miles, putting the population density at over 3,700 residents per square mile. The city’s total metro area population is over 1.26 million.

Breaking down the population by age shows that almost 22% of the population is under the age of 18. The largest age group is 25 to 44, which makes up nearly 32% of the total population. Over 13% are at least 65 years old. Approximately 21% of Richmond’s population lives below the federal poverty line.

Richmond is very diverse when it comes to population and is the location of many historic churches. The city also has religious institutions for Muslims, Hindus, Jews, and other groups.

One of the drawbacks of the city is its history of high crime rates. During the 1990s, the murder rate of Richmond was one of the highest in the nation. During the early 2000s, the city was consistently ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the US. However, Richmond has seen a decline in its crime rates, dropping 47% between 2004 and 2009. Though these rates remain on the decline, the city still has rates that fall above national and state averages.

Richmond Population Growth

The city of Richmond overall has seen steady growth throughout its history. However, it did experience declining growth during the censuses taken in 1990 and 2000. This could be due to the high crime rate and its ranking as one of the most dangerous cities in America. However, the census taken between 2000 and 2010 showed that the population was on the upswing again, and current estimates indicate that the population has risen over 9% since the last census taken in 2010. The economic opportunities and a declining crime rate are contributing factors to the city’s population rising once again.

Richmond Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Richmond was:

  • Black or African American: 48.18%
  • White: 44.69%
  • Two or more races: 3.52%
  • Asian: 2.08%
  • Other race: 1.10%
  • Native American: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%

How Many People Live in Richmond, Virginia?

228,783
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018228,7831,8150.80%
2017226,9681,6360.73%
2016225,3324,4852.03%
2015220,8473,8441.77%
2014217,0033,1881.49%
2013213,8153,0741.46%
2012210,7414,4162.14%
2011206,3252,0691.01%
2010204,2566,4660.32%
2000197,790-5,266-0.26%
1990203,056-16,158-0.76%
1980219,214-30,118-1.28%
1970249,33229,3741.26%
1960219,958-10,352-0.46%
1950230,31037,2681.78%
1940193,04210,1130.54%
1930182,92911,2620.64%
1920171,66744,0393.01%
1910127,62842,5784.14%
190085,0503,6620.44%
189081,38817,7882.50%
188063,60012,5622.22%
187051,03813,1283.02%
186037,91010,3403.24%
185027,5707,4173.18%
184020,1534,0932.30%
183016,0603,9932.90%
182012,0672,3322.17%
18109,7353,9985.43%
18005,7371,9764.31%
17903,7610.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20181,306,17213,2611.02%
20171,292,91111,5970.90%
20161,281,31411,8310.92%
20151,269,48311,7140.92%
20141,257,76912,9551.03%
20131,244,81411,8760.95%
20121,232,93814,3001.16%
20111,218,6388,7420.72%
20101,209,8960.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American106,41748.18%
White98,72444.69%
Two or More Races7,7653.52%
Asian4,6012.08%
Some Other Race2,4281.10%
American Indian and Alaska Native9070.41%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander500.02%

Richmond Population Pyramid 2019

Richmond Median Age

33.5


Total

32.8


Male

34.1


Female

Richmond Adults

There are 181,106 adults, (26,622 of whom are seniors) in Richmond.

Richmond Age Dependency

43

Age Dependency Ratio

17.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Richmond Sex Ratio

Female

116,039

52.53%

Male

104,853

47.47%

Richmond Households and Families

Richmond Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Richmond Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.8%27.2%
All41.7%58.3%
Male32.8%67.2%
Non Family32.6%67.4%
Female29.2%70.8%

41.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All89,2382.3541.7
Non Family48,8711.4532.6
Married21,364372.8
Female15,3713.929.2
Male3,6324.132.8

3.28

Average Family Size

2.35

Average Household Size

6.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Richmond Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,5615.67%
9th to 12th Grade14,7939.79%
High School Graduate34,71922.99%
Some College28,34718.77%
Associates Degree8,0335.32%
Bachelors Degree33,70322.32%
Graduate Degree22,87415.15%

Richmond Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black69,56053,95710,547
White67,90064,54642,422
Hispanic7,7003,928936
Multiple Races3,5183,057930
Asian2,4502,1451,594
Other Race1,180838314
Native American52938570
Islander301212

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.06%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 65.06%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,826$35,666$30,913
Less Than High School$19,552$22,304$14,137
High School Grad$23,506$26,038$21,206
Some College$27,288$30,406$25,808
Bachelors Degree$43,255$48,047$40,652
Graduate Degree$56,829$68,414$52,509

$32,826

Average Earnings

$35,666

Average Male

$30,913

Average Female

Richmond Language

Richmond Language by Age

Richmond Language

90.79% of Richmond residents speak only English, while 9.21% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.44% of the population.

Richmond Poverty

Richmond Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black102,66734,87233.97%
White83,95611,08313.20%
Hispanic13,4044,01729.97%
Multiple7,1112,20631.02%
Asian3,48390025.84%
Other2,11549423.36%
Native87049156.44%

25.19%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.77%

Male Poverty Rate

27.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Richmond

The race most likely to be in poverty in Richmond is Native, with 56.44% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Richmond is White, with 13.20% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 32.56%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 38.16%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.40%
High School24.26%
Some College18.76%
Bachelors or Greater6.39%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed62.89%
Male Unemployed37.92%
Female Employed14.09%
Male Employed8.85%

Richmond Income

Richmond Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$42,356$68,295
Families$54,394$89,837
Married Families$94,286$132,737
Non Families$33,646$48,791

Richmond Marital Status

Richmond Marital Status

Marriage Rates

26.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.9%

Male Marriage Rate

24.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Richmond Married by Age and Sex

Richmond Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Richmond Marital Status by Race

Richmond Veterans

11,899

Number of Veterans

10,185

Male Veterans

1,714

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,909
First Gulf War2,747
Second Gulf War2,188
Korea979
World War II650
Age Group Veterans
35 to 543,255
55 to 642,665
65 to 742,364
75+2,199
18 to 341,416

Richmond Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black6,4897.85%
White4,9615.75%
2 or More3536.99%
Hispanic2762.85%
Asian501.18%
Other462.61%

Richmond Veterans by Education

13.04%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.42%

Veteran Disability Rate

Richmond Employment Status

65.2%

Labor Force Participation

59.2%

Employment Rate

8.8%

Unemployment Rate

Richmond Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

61.71%

Born in Virginia

93.59%

Native Born

6.41%

Foreign Born

4.37%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.59% of Richmond residents were born in the United States, with 61.71% having been born in Virginia. 4.37% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.