Riverside, California Population 2018

Riverside is a city located in the state of California. More specifically, it serves as the county seat for Riverside County, located along the Santa Ana River. Recent estimates show that the population of the city is 324,722, making it the most populated city in the county. It is also the most populous city within the Inland Empire area. It is the 12th most populous city in the state. This city was first founded during the 1800s, and it is most known for its role within California’s citrus industry.

Riverside History

The site of what is now Riverside was first inhabited by the Serrano and Cahuilla people. The first official record of the area was recorded in the 1770s following the exploration of Juan Bautista De Anza. It was officially founded much later, however, in 1869, although some sources claim that it wasn’t founded until the 1870s. It was in 1873 that seedless oranges from Brazil were planted, and Riverside’s temperate climate and other conditions were found to be favorable for growing the oranges. This led to a thriving citrus industry. Less than 10 years later, close to half of the 500,000 citrus trees in the state were located in Riverside.

By 1900, Riverside’s thriving industry, combined with refrigerated railroad cars and irrigation systems made Riverside the richest city in the country. It was during this time that the Glenwood Tavern was established. This hotel, which was later renamed the Mission Inn, was visited by many presidents. The city throughout the years continued to grow as many people moved here because of the beautiful homes and prosperous economy.

Riverside Demographics

The racial makeup of Riverside is primarily white, making up over 56% of the population. Of the white inhabitants, 34% are not of Hispanic origin. Seven percent of the population is black or African American, 7.4% of the population is Asian, and a total of 49% are of Hispanic and Latino origin.

The city of Riverside expands over 81 square miles, giving it a population density of nearly 4,000 people per square mile. Over one-quarter of the population is under the age of 18. The largest demographic is those in the 25 to 44 age bracket, making up over 27% of the population. Over 8% of the population is at least 65 years old. There are more males than females – with 97.6 males for every 100 males. The total number of people living below the federal poverty line is 17.5% of the total population.

The most common religion observed throughout Riverside is Christianity, with many Eastern Orthodox, Protestant and Catholic churches located throughout the area. There are also Mormons, Jews, Hindus and Buddhists, as well as other organizations such as the Inland Empire Atheists and Agnostics.

The city’s economy is based around light-industry and the manufacturing sector. Engineering, technology and banking are among other important industries. The citrus industry still contributes to the economy but has declined in recent years. The top employer in the city is the County of Riverside, which employs nearly 12,000 residents.

Riverside Population Growth

Riverside throughout its history has seen steady growth in population. Between the first censuses in 1890 and 1900, the city’s population grew by over 70%. By the 1970s, the city had over 100,000 inhabitants. By the 1990s, the city had over 200,000 residents. It reached another population milestone in 2010 when its population exceeded 300,000. Recent estimates show that since the last official population in 2010, the population has grown by almost 7%, indicating that while growth has slowed, it will continue on a steady upward trajectory into the future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017327,7283,3921.05%
2016324,3363,1570.98%
2015321,1792,8270.89%
2014318,3522,2730.72%
2013316,0793,3091.06%
2012312,7703,0440.98%
2011309,7264,1551.36%
2010305,57150,4051.82%
2000255,16628,6611.20%
1990226,50555,9142.88%
1980170,59130,5021.99%
1970140,08955,7575.21%
196084,33237,5686.07%
195046,76412,0683.03%
194034,6965,0001.57%
193029,69610,3554.38%
192019,3414,1292.43%
191015,2127,2396.67%
19007,9733,2905.47%
18904,6830.00%

Riverside Population in 2018Source: AllyUnion [Attribution, GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White206,638
Some Other Race51,490
Asian21,902
Black or African American19,164
Two or More Races15,985
American Indian and Alaska Native2,659
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander840

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Riverside Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Riverside Median Age

31.4


Total

30.5


Male

32.4


Female

Riverside Adults

There are 239,646 adults, (32,186 of which are seniors) in Riverside.

Riverside Age Dependency

53.7

Age Dependency Ratio

15.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Riverside Sex Ratio

Female

160,581

50.39%

Male

158,097

49.61%

Riverside Households and Families

Riverside Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Riverside Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.8%32.2%
All54.5%45.5%
Male43.9%56.1%
Female42.3%57.7%
Non Family40%60%

54.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Riverside Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All91,9403.3454.5
Married46,0284.0367.8
Non Family25,4441.4940
Female14,1624.0642.3
Male6,3064.1143.9

3.88

Average Family Size

3.34

Average Household Size

6.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Riverside Households

Riverside Education

Riverside Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20,02810.44%
9th to 12th Grade20,23710.55%
High School Graduate48,20625.13%
Some College45,97523.97%
Associates Degree14,1017.35%
Bachelors Degree25,44413.26%
Graduate Degree17,8339.30%

Riverside Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic87,31855,1848,677
White74,50869,27124,225
Other Race28,17717,3922,588
Black12,88911,9233,051
Asian12,08010,5375,977
Multiple Races6,1915,2731,439
Native American1,7841,513333
Islander58154883

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 94.32%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 49.48%.

Riverside Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,713$37,241$30,292
Less Than High School$22,362$25,748$17,608
High School Grad$30,071$33,937$24,627
Some College$35,179$40,847$30,255
Bachelors Degree$49,760$55,698$44,785
Graduate Degree$71,801$76,785$65,430

$33,713

Average Earnings

$37,241

Average Male

$30,292

Average Female

Riverside Language

Riverside Language by Age

Riverside Language

58.44% of Riverside residents speak only English, while 41.56% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 34.28% of the population.

Riverside Poverty

Riverside Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic161,85434,51121.32%
White98,8709,6759.79%
Other50,0549,45318.89%
Black18,3004,26923.33%
Asian18,9454,12221.76%
Multiple15,3293,79624.76%
Native2,61960323.02%
Islander78314818.90%

17.80%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.13%

Male Poverty Rate

18.47%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Riverside

The race most likely to be in poverty in Riverside is Multiple, with 24.76% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Riverside is White, with 9.79% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.00%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.04%.

Riverside Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.46%
High School14.70%
Some College11.20%
Bachelors or Greater6.25%

Riverside Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.79%
Male Unemployed34.20%
Female Employed9.11%
Male Employed8.42%

Riverside Income

Riverside Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$58,979$74,572
Families$67,122$82,594
Married Families$78,543$95,597
Non Families$34,185$47,457

Riverside Marital Status

Riverside Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.4%

Male Marriage Rate

40.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Riverside Married by Age and Sex

Riverside Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Riverside Marital Status by Race

Riverside Veterans

Riverside Veterans by War

13,350

Number of Veterans

12,345

Male Veterans

1,005

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,024
First Gulf War2,359
Second Gulf War1,989
Korea1,331
World War II510

Riverside Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 743,330
35 to 543,226
55 to 642,646
75+2,611
18 to 341,537

Riverside Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White9,9606.37%
Hispanic2,8042.49%
Black1,79111.41%
Other8402.30%
Asian3872.04%
2 or More3173.53%
Indian321.50%
Hawaiian233.03%

Riverside Veterans by Education

6.40%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.35%

Veteran Disability Rate

Riverside Employment Status

Riverside Employment by Age

63.3%

Labor Force Participation

56.3%

Employment Rate

11%

Unemployment Rate

Riverside Employment by Race

Riverside Employment by Education

Riverside Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

62.47%

Born in California

77.57%

Native Born

22.43%

Foreign Born

12.91%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

77.57% of Riverside residents were born in the United States, with 62.47% having been born in California. 12.91% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.