Rochester, Minnesota Population 2020

116,961

Rochester is a city located in the state of Minnesota. It is located along the Zumbro River in the Southeast region, and it serves as the county seat for Olmstead County. Numerous publications have named Rochester as one of the best places in the country to live, and it is also one of the most educated cities in the world. With an estimated population of 116,961, it is the third most populous city in Minnesota.

Rochester History

The region that is now the city of Rochester was initially inhabited by native tribes including the Sioux and Winnebago people. European explorers arrived in 1660. It wasn’t until 1853 when a treaty with the U.S. government transferred hands from the Dakota/Sioux Indians to the government.

Rochester was originally a stagecoach coach located between Dubuque, Iowa, and Saint Paul, Minnesota. In 1854, George Head laid claims to land which now make up the central business district of Rochester. One year later, Olmsted County was established, and Rochester was designated as the county seat. In 1858, it received designation as a city. The area began to expand, and the population grew with the arrival of the Winona and St. Peter Railroad in 1864. By 1880, the city had a population of over 5,000.

The city was struck by disaster with a tornado that killed 24 and injured 100 - this same system also destroyed many buildings in the area. Dr. W.W. Mayo, the “County Doctor” and the Sisters of Saint Francis were of great assistance following the storm. Shortly after, the Sisters approached Dr. Mayo with an opportunity to build a hospital provided that Dr. Mayo and his sons would join the practice. This partnership led to St. Marys Hospital. The partnership continued to grow through the 20th century, and the Mayo Clinic was developed. Today, it is one of the most innovative medical practices in the world. Two other people from Rochester – Thomas J. Watson, Jr. and Leland Fiegel – became famous for innovation for their role at IBM, which was founded by Watson’s father.

Throughout the 20th century, the city was plagued with floods. This led to the development of a flood control system for the city, which wasn’t completed until 1996.

Today, the economy of Rochester is centered on the Mayo Clinic. The city’s population has continued to grow as has the city itself with the addition of hotels, restaurants, and retail stores. Agriculture is also important to the economy, as well as manufacturing, particularly with IBM’s Rochester campus. Numerous publications have named Rochester as one of the best places in the U.S. to live, and it is also one of the most educated cities not just in the U.S., but in the world.

Rochester Population and Economy Statistics

The population of Rochester is over 114,000. With a total area of 54.75 square miles, the city has a population density of 2,000 people per square mile.

The largest age group is 25 to 44, making up 29.4% of the population. Nearly one-quarter of residents are under 18, while over 12% are at least 65 years old. There are more females than males, with women accounting for 51.6% of the total population.

The city’s top employer is the Mayo Clinic, which employs over 34,000 people. IBM is another top employer, providing jobs to nearly 3,000 people. Other top employers include Rochester Public Schools, the City of Rochester and Olmsted County.

Rochester Population Growth

Rochester has seen its population grow at a steady rate since the 19th century. The city’s population rose to over 5,000 by 1880 and had more than doubled by 1920. The city’s population reached over 50,000 at the time of the 1970 census. This number more than doubled by the 2010 census. Current estimates show that the population is up almost 7% since the last census, indicating that this city will continue to see growth into the future.

Rochester Mn Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Rochester Mn was:

  • White: 80.27%
  • Black or African American: 7.80%
  • Asian: 7.24%
  • Two or more races: 3.05%
  • Other race: 1.15%
  • Native American: 0.42%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%

How Many People Live in Rochester, Minnesota?

116,961
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018116,9611,5561.35%
2017115,4051,4781.30%
2016113,9271,8361.64%
2015112,0919080.82%
2014111,1837750.70%
2013110,4081,5151.39%
2012108,8938270.77%
2011108,0661,0410.97%
2010107,02521,2192.23%
200085,80615,0611.95%
199070,74512,8392.02%
198057,9064,1400.74%
197053,76613,1032.83%
196040,66310,7783.13%
195029,8853,5731.28%
194026,3125,6912.47%
193020,6216,8994.16%
192013,7225,8785.75%
19107,8441,0011.37%
19006,8431,5222.55%
18905,3212180.42%
18805,1031,1502.59%
18703,9530.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018219,8021,9740.90%
2017217,8281,8090.83%
2016216,0192,1601.00%
2015213,8591,1950.56%
2014212,6641,1590.54%
2013211,5051,9660.93%
2012209,5391,0890.52%
2011208,4501,2330.59%
2010207,2170.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White91,44380.27%
Black or African American8,8897.80%
Asian8,2527.24%
Two or More Races3,4753.05%
Some Other Race1,3091.15%
American Indian and Alaska Native4750.42%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander700.06%

Rochester Mn Population Pyramid 2020

Rochester Mn Median Age

35.8


Total

35


Male

36.9


Female

Rochester Mn Adults

There are 86,672 adults, (16,498 of whom are seniors) in Rochester Mn.

Rochester Mn Age Dependency

62.3

Age Dependency Ratio

23.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Rochester Mn Sex Ratio

Female

58,431

51.29%

Male

55,482

48.71%

Rochester Mn Households and Families

Rochester Mn Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Rochester Mn Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married85.9%14.1%
Male74.6%25.4%
All68.5%31.5%
Female53.6%46.4%
Non Family49%51%

68.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All45,9452.4368.5
Married22,7753.0985.9
Non Family17,1711.2649
Female4,5293.1553.6
Male1,4703.4374.6

3.03

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

6.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Rochester Mn Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,2712.95%
9th to 12th Grade2,5783.35%
High School Graduate14,33618.62%
Some College13,98218.16%
Associates Degree8,67111.26%
Bachelors Degree19,48025.30%
Graduate Degree15,68720.37%

Rochester Mn Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White62,25160,44129,740
Asian5,6154,5953,134
Black4,2543,325748
Hispanic3,4502,472828
Multiple Races1,2111,118615
Other Race712485127
Native American30628746
Islander616161

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$46,107$51,502$40,985
Less Than High School$22,827$24,654$17,581
High School Grad$27,622$30,364$25,199
Some College$37,469$41,483$32,654
Bachelors Degree$58,853$66,929$50,245
Graduate Degree$75,153$87,513$67,106

$46,107

Average Earnings

$51,502

Average Male

$40,985

Average Female

Rochester Mn Language

Rochester Mn Language by Age

Rochester Mn Language

82.99% of Rochester Mn residents speak only English, while 17.01% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other languages, which is spoken by 5.03% of the population.

Rochester Mn Poverty

Rochester Mn Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White84,9965,9637.02%
Black8,6253,61041.86%
Hispanic6,4761,13217.48%
Asian8,2215236.36%
Multiple3,4292828.22%
Other1,227947.66%
Native420348.10%

10.30%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.25%

Male Poverty Rate

11.28%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Rochester Mn

The race most likely to be in poverty in Rochester Mn is Black, with 41.86% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Rochester Mn is Asian, with 6.36% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.95%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.79%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.82%
High School10.78%
Some College7.99%
Bachelors or Greater3.00%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed33.43%
Male Unemployed19.07%
Female Employed7.65%
Male Employed4.49%

Rochester Mn Income

Rochester Mn Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$70,749$94,495
Families$91,305$117,161
Married Families$104,696$133,130
Non Families$41,573$52,682

Rochester Mn Marital Status

Rochester Mn Marital Status

Marriage Rates

52.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

54.7%

Male Marriage Rate

51.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Rochester Mn Married by Age and Sex

Rochester Mn Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Rochester Mn Marital Status by Race

Rochester Mn Veterans

5,820

Number of Veterans

5,411

Male Veterans

409

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,120
Second Gulf War775
First Gulf War773
Korea682
World War II418

Rochester Mn Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White5,4867.59%
Black1242.33%
2 or More1167.63%
Asian691.11%
Hispanic481.15%
Indian185.29%
Other70.76%

Rochester Mn Veterans by Education

4.43%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.80%

Veteran Disability Rate

Rochester Mn Employment Status

70.6%

Labor Force Participation

67.6%

Employment Rate

4.2%

Unemployment Rate

Rochester Mn Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

54.13%

Born in Minnesota

86.24%

Native Born

13.76%

Foreign Born

7.33%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.24% of Rochester Mn residents were born in the United States, with 54.13% having been born in Minnesota. 7.33% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.