Rochester, New York Population 2018

Rochester is located in Monroe County, New York south of Lake Ontario. Rochester is the third-most populous city in New York behind New York City and Buffalo with a population estimated at 210,000 in 2015.

The city proper has a population density of 6,132 people per square mile (2,368/square kilometer). The larger Rochester urban area has about 720,000 residents while the metropolitan area has a population of 1.08 million, which makes it the 51st largest metro area in the U.S. Rochester has the second-largest economy in New York following the NYC metro area.

Rochester Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Rochester was 43.7% White (37.6% non-Hispanic), 41.7% Black or African American, and 3.1% Asian. 6.6% of the population was of two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for 16.4% of the population, up from 2.8% in 1970. In 1970, the non-Hispanic white population was at 80%.

Rochester is a popular destination for immigrants, particularly those from Eastern Europe, Southeastern Europe, the Caribbean, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The city has the highest percentage of Puerto Ricans of all major U.S. cities and one of the largest Turkish American populations. It also has one of the largest populations of Jamaican Americans with a sizable Polish American population.

Rochester is home to the National Technical Institute for the Deaf with the highest per capita deaf population in the country.

Rochester has a high violent crime rate that is nearly quadruple the national average as well as a personal and property crime rate that exceeds the U.S. average.

According to a recent study, 16% of Rochester's population is now living in extreme poverty, which places the city first among mid-sized U.S. cities in terms of extreme poverty. Someone is considered to be living in extreme poverty at half the federal poverty income threshold. For a family of four, this means an income of less than $11,925 per year. In 2015, the average cost for a two-bedroom home in the city is $931, or $11,172 a year. 23% of Rochester's white population lives in poverty versus the 10% national average, while 40% of the black population lives in poverty versus the 27% average. 44% of Rochester's Hispanic population is now in poverty versus just 23% nationally.

Rochester Facts

Rochester was one of the first boomtowns in the United States and gained population quickly for the many flour mills on the Genesee River. Its reputation as a flour manufacturing center earned it the nickname "the Flour City," although it's now more commonly known as "the Flower City" for the annual Lilac Festival. Rochester is now an international hub of technological and medical developments as well as higher education. The city has several renowned universities, including the Rochester Institute of Technology, and it's the birthplace of Xerox, Bausch & Lomb, and Kodak. Rochester has been named as America's most livable city and it's earned high ratings for families and quality of life. It also boasts the most affordable real estate prices of any New York City.

Rochester Population Growth

Rochester have been slowly losing people for the last few years at a rate of about 1% per year. The most recent census found that Rochester lost 4.2% of its population.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017208,046-664-0.32%
2016208,710-801-0.38%
2015209,511-717-0.34%
2014210,228-672-0.32%
2013210,900320.02%
2012210,86890.00%
2011210,8593790.18%
2010210,480-9,293-0.43%
2000219,773-11,863-0.52%
1990231,636-10,105-0.43%
1980241,741-53,270-1.97%
1970295,011-23,600-0.77%
1960318,611-13,877-0.43%
1950332,4887,5130.23%
1940324,975-3,157-0.10%
1930328,13232,3821.04%
1920295,75077,6013.09%
1910218,14955,5412.98%
1900162,60828,7121.96%
1890133,89644,5304.13%
188089,36626,9803.66%
187062,38614,1822.61%
186048,20411,8012.85%
185036,40316,2126.07%
184020,19110,9848.17%
18309,2070.00%

Rochester Population in 2018Source: Tomkinsc at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White97,037
Black or African American86,032
Two or More Races9,284
Some Other Race8,908
Asian7,153
American Indian and Alaska Native1,813
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander64

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Rochester Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Rochester Median Age

31.3


Total

30.3


Male

32.5


Female

Rochester Adults

There are 160,452 adults, (21,239 of which are seniors) in Rochester.

Rochester Age Dependency

51.1

Age Dependency Ratio

15.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Rochester Sex Ratio

Female

107,843

51.28%

Male

102,448

48.72%

Rochester Households and Families

Rochester Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Rochester Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.9%32.1%
Male42.1%57.9%
All36.4%63.6%
Non Family29.9%70.1%
Female22.8%77.2%

36.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Rochester Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All85,8142.3436.4
Non Family43,7631.3129.9
Female20,7693.5622.8
Married17,0813.2667.9
Male4,2013.2642.1

3.26

Average Family Size

2.34

Average Household Size

8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Rochester Households

Rochester Education

Rochester Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,0526.10%
9th to 12th Grade17,35613.14%
High School Graduate37,06828.07%
Some College25,01518.94%
Associates Degree13,32610.09%
Bachelors Degree18,53414.03%
Graduate Degree12,7149.63%

Rochester Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White59,65053,81323,222
Black48,46636,9334,549
Hispanic18,86512,1511,616
Other Race4,7052,969400
Asian3,9522,5341,381
Multiple Races3,3482,852695
Native American97762132
Islander57373

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.21%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 38.93%.

Rochester Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,014$31,030$27,040
Less Than High School$17,243$20,524$14,133
High School Grad$22,930$25,045$21,826
Some College$28,510$32,259$26,257
Bachelors Degree$39,600$40,651$37,662
Graduate Degree$50,779$52,630$49,667

$29,014

Average Earnings

$31,030

Average Male

$27,040

Average Female

Rochester Language

Rochester Language by Age

Rochester Language

80.39% of Rochester residents speak only English, while 19.61% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 13.11% of the population.

Rochester Poverty

Rochester Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black84,44533,01139.09%
Hispanic36,43815,51242.57%
White72,07914,62920.30%
Other8,7523,72342.54%
Multiple9,0653,48938.49%
Asian6,0962,28137.42%
Native1,80789349.42%
Islander641117.19%

32.84%

Overall Poverty Rate

30.56%

Male Poverty Rate

34.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Rochester

The race most likely to be in poverty in Rochester is Native, with 49.42% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Rochester is Islander, with 17.19% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 33.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 46.45%.

Rochester Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School44.81%
High School27.02%
Some College23.22%
Bachelors or Greater8.86%

Rochester Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed59.62%
Male Unemployed45.04%
Female Employed15.85%
Male Employed10.50%

Rochester Income

Rochester Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$31,684$44,853
Families$35,284$50,184
Married Families$61,858$77,096
Non Families$26,437$37,661

Rochester Marital Status

Rochester Marital Status

Marriage Rates

23.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

25.2%

Male Marriage Rate

22.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Rochester Married by Age and Sex

Rochester Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Rochester Marital Status by Race

Rochester Veterans

Rochester Veterans by War

7,303

Number of Veterans

6,577

Male Veterans

726

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam2,543
First Gulf War934
Second Gulf War894
Korea630
World War II456

Rochester Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 542,027
55 to 641,628
75+1,541
65 to 741,525
18 to 34582

Rochester Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,6415.53%
Black2,1543.66%
Hispanic5312.24%
Other1923.25%
2 or More1723.61%
Asian1141.99%
Indian302.45%

Rochester Veterans by Education

14.78%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.35%

Veteran Disability Rate

Rochester Employment Status

Rochester Employment by Age

62%

Labor Force Participation

53.9%

Employment Rate

13%

Unemployment Rate

Rochester Employment by Race

Rochester Employment by Education

Rochester Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

68.45%

Born in New York

91.27%

Native Born

8.73%

Foreign Born

5.00%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.27% of Rochester residents were born in the United States, with 68.45% having been born in New York. 5.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.