Rochester Population 2017

The city proper has a population density of 6,132 people per square mile (2,368/square kilometer). The larger Rochester urban area has about 720,000 residents while the metropolitan area has a population of 1.08 million, which makes it the 51st largest metro area in the U.S. Rochester has the second-largest economy in New York following the NYC metro area.

Rochester Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Rochester was 43.7% White (37.6% non-Hispanic), 41.7% Black or African American, and 3.1% Asian. 6.6% of the population was of two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for 16.4% of the population, up from 2.8% in 1970. In 1970, the non-Hispanic white population was at 80%.

Rochester is a popular destination for immigrants, particularly those from Eastern Europe, Southeastern Europe, the Caribbean, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The city has the highest percentage of Puerto Ricans of all major U.S. cities and one of the largest Turkish American populations. It also has one of the largest populations of Jamaican Americans with a sizable Polish American population.

Rochester is home to the National Technical Institute for the Deaf with the highest per capita deaf population in the country.

Rochester has a high violent crime rate that is nearly quadruple the national average as well as a personal and property crime rate that exceeds the U.S. average.

According to a recent study, 16% of Rochester's population is now living in extreme poverty, which places the city first among mid-sized U.S. cities in terms of extreme poverty. Someone is considered to be living in extreme poverty at half the federal poverty income threshold. For a family of four, this means an income of less than $11,925 per year. In 2015, the average cost for a two-bedroom home in the city is $931, or $11,172 a year. 23% of Rochester's white population lives in poverty versus the 10% national average, while 40% of the black population lives in poverty versus the 27% average. 44% of Rochester's Hispanic population is now in poverty versus just 23% nationally.

Rochester Facts

Rochester was one of the first boomtowns in the United States and gained population quickly for the many flour mills on the Genesee River. Its reputation as a flour manufacturing center earned it the nickname "the Flour City," although it's now more commonly known as "the Flower City" for the annual Lilac Festival. Rochester is now an international hub of technological and medical developments as well as higher education. The city has several renowned universities, including the Rochester Institute of Technology, and it's the birthplace of Xerox, Bausch & Lomb, and Kodak. Rochester has been named as America's most livable city and it's earned high ratings for families and quality of life. It also boasts the most affordable real estate prices of any New York City.

Rochester Population Growth

Rochester have been slowly losing people for the last few years at a rate of about 1% per year. The most recent census found that Rochester lost 4.2% of its population.

Year Population Change
2015 209,802 -0.40%
2010 210,565 -4.20%
2000 219,773 -5.10%
1990 231,636 -4.20%
1980 241,741 -18.10%
1970 295,011 -7.40%
1960 318,611 -4.20%
1950 332,488 2.30%
1940 324,975 -1.00%
1930 328,132 10.90%
1920 295,750 35.60%
1910 218,149 34.20%
1900 162,608 21.40%
1890 133,896 49.80%
1880 89,366 43.20%
1870 62,386 29.40%
1860 48,204 32.40%
1850 36,403 80.30%
1840 20,191 119.30%
1830 9,207 0.00%

Rochester Population in 2017 Source: Spyder Monkey

Rochester Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 94,263 44.79%
Black or African American 86,024 40.87%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1,740 0.83%
Asian 7,319 3.48%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 68 0.03%
Some Other Race 11,663 5.54%
Two or More Races 9,384 4.46%

Population Pyramid

Rochester Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Total Housing Units 97,789
Owner-Occupied Units 31,621
Renter-Occupied Units 54,120
Median Home Value $76,200
Median Rent $770
Vacancy Rate 12.3%
Houses With Mortgage 21,108
Houses Without Mortgage 10,513
Median Number of Rooms (per House) 5.2

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Rochester for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 8.5% and the labor force participation rate is 61.7%.

Rochester Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size 2.34
Average Family Size 3.26
Married Couple Families 17,332
Male Householder (no wife) Families 4,262
Female Householder (no husband) Families 20,747
Non Family Households
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex) 7.9%
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex) 0.8%