Rochester, New York Population 2019

Rochester is located in Monroe County, New York south of Lake Ontario. Rochester is the third-most populous city in New York behind New York City and Buffalo with a population estimated at 210,000 in 2015.

The city proper has a population density of 6,132 people per square mile (2,368/square kilometer). The larger Rochester urban area has about 720,000 residents while the metropolitan area has a population of 1.08 million, which makes it the 51st largest metro area in the U.S. Rochester has the second-largest economy in New York following the NYC metro area.

Rochester Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Rochester was 43.7% White (37.6% non-Hispanic), 41.7% Black or African American, and 3.1% Asian. 6.6% of the population was of two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for 16.4% of the population, up from 2.8% in 1970. In 1970, the non-Hispanic white population was at 80%.

Rochester is a popular destination for immigrants, particularly those from Eastern Europe, Southeastern Europe, the Caribbean, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The city has the highest percentage of Puerto Ricans of all major U.S. cities and one of the largest Turkish American populations. It also has one of the largest populations of Jamaican Americans with a sizable Polish American population.

Rochester is home to the National Technical Institute for the Deaf with the highest per capita deaf population in the country.

Rochester has a high violent crime rate that is nearly quadruple the national average as well as a personal and property crime rate that exceeds the U.S. average.

According to a recent study, 16% of Rochester's population is now living in extreme poverty, which places the city first among mid-sized U.S. cities in terms of extreme poverty. Someone is considered to be living in extreme poverty at half the federal poverty income threshold. For a family of four, this means an income of less than $11,925 per year. In 2015, the average cost for a two-bedroom home in the city is $931, or $11,172 a year. 23% of Rochester's white population lives in poverty versus the 10% national average, while 40% of the black population lives in poverty versus the 27% average. 44% of Rochester's Hispanic population is now in poverty versus just 23% nationally.

Rochester Facts

Rochester was one of the first boomtowns in the United States and gained population quickly for the many flour mills on the Genesee River. Its reputation as a flour manufacturing center earned it the nickname "the Flour City," although it's now more commonly known as "the Flower City" for the annual Lilac Festival. Rochester is now an international hub of technological and medical developments as well as higher education. The city has several renowned universities, including the Rochester Institute of Technology, and it's the birthplace of Xerox, Bausch & Lomb, and Kodak. Rochester has been named as America's most livable city and it's earned high ratings for families and quality of life. It also boasts the most affordable real estate prices of any New York City.

Rochester Population Growth

Rochester have been slowly losing people for the last few years at a rate of about 1% per year. The most recent census found that Rochester lost 4.2% of its population.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017208,046-664-0.32%
2016208,710-801-0.38%
2015209,511-717-0.34%
2014210,228-672-0.32%
2013210,900320.02%
2012210,86890.00%
2011210,8593790.18%
2010210,480-9,293-0.43%
2000219,773-11,863-0.52%
1990231,636-10,105-0.43%
1980241,741-53,270-1.97%
1970295,011-23,600-0.77%
1960318,611-13,877-0.43%
1950332,4887,5130.23%
1940324,975-3,157-0.10%
1930328,13232,3821.04%
1920295,75077,6013.09%
1910218,14955,5412.98%
1900162,60828,7121.96%
1890133,89644,5304.13%
188089,36626,9803.66%
187062,38614,1822.61%
186048,20411,8012.85%
185036,40316,2126.07%
184020,19110,9848.17%
18309,2070.00%

Rochester Population in 2018Source: Tomkinsc at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White97,563
Black or African American85,277
Two or More Races9,522
Some Other Race8,012
Asian6,936
American Indian and Alaska Native2,080
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander73

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Rochester Population Pyramid 2019

2,0004,0006,0008,00010,00012,000 Male Population2,0004,0006,0008,00010,00012,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Rochester Median Age

31.7


Total

30.5


Male

32.8


Female

Rochester Adults

There are 160,679 adults, (21,501 of whom are seniors) in Rochester.

Rochester Age Dependency

50.5

Age Dependency Ratio

15.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Rochester Sex Ratio

Female

107,467

51.31%

Male

101,996

48.69%

Rochester Households and Families

Rochester Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Rochester Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.9%32.1%
Male41.2%58.8%
All36.5%63.5%
Non Family30.2%69.8%
Female23.3%76.7%

36.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Rochester Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All86,1802.3236.5
Non Family44,4411.330.2
Female20,6883.5423.3
Married17,0443.2567.9
Male4,0073.2741.2

3.26

Average Family Size

2.32

Average Household Size

7.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Rochester Households

Rochester Education

Rochester Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,0556.05%
9th to 12th Grade17,51913.16%
High School Graduate37,22927.98%
Some College24,57218.46%
Associates Degree13,72310.31%
Bachelors Degree18,78914.12%
Graduate Degree13,1919.91%

Rochester Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White59,75253,80623,754
Black48,81637,1904,643
Hispanic19,47712,8451,723
Other Race4,3902,956496
Asian3,8162,3901,277
Multiple Races3,5252,988756
Native American1,12668540
Islander67465

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.05%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 39.75%.

Rochester Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,628$31,402$27,334
Less Than High School$17,277$20,418$12,738
High School Grad$23,235$24,722$21,911
Some College$28,602$32,154$26,172
Bachelors Degree$40,611$41,637$38,280
Graduate Degree$52,097$54,198$51,353

$29,628

Average Earnings

$31,402

Average Male

$27,334

Average Female

Rochester Language

Rochester Language by Age

Rochester Language

80.36% of Rochester residents speak only English, while 19.64% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 13.18% of the population.

Rochester Poverty

Rochester Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black83,60333,06339.55%
Hispanic36,52415,49542.42%
White72,17314,91220.66%
Multiple9,2763,70339.92%
Other7,8543,65546.54%
Asian5,9021,96733.33%
Native2,07495646.09%
Islander731216.44%

33.07%

Overall Poverty Rate

30.86%

Male Poverty Rate

35.15%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Rochester

The race most likely to be in poverty in Rochester is Other, with 46.54% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Rochester is Islander, with 16.44% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.46%. Among those working part-time, it was 33.95%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 46.10%.

Rochester Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School45.07%
High School27.85%
Some College23.42%
Bachelors or Greater8.85%

Rochester Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed59.05%
Male Unemployed43.57%
Female Employed16.77%
Male Employed10.52%

Rochester Income

Rochester Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$32,347$47,352
Families$36,793$52,861
Married Families$64,700$81,742
Non Families$26,732$40,060

Rochester Marital Status

Rochester Marital Status

Marriage Rates

23.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

24.8%

Male Marriage Rate

22.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Rochester Married by Age and Sex

Rochester Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Rochester Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Rochester Veterans

Rochester Veterans by War

6,803

Number of Veterans

6,117

Male Veterans

686

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam2,156
First Gulf War1,013
Second Gulf War953
Korea534
World War II414

Rochester Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 542,007
55 to 641,525
75+1,395
65 to 741,346
18 to 34530

Rochester Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,1424.91%
Black2,1773.71%
Hispanic4491.86%
2 or More2094.12%
Other1653.02%
Asian751.33%
Indian352.55%

Rochester Veterans by Education

13.75%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.08%

Veteran Disability Rate

Rochester Employment Status

Rochester Employment by Age

62.2%

Labor Force Participation

54.7%

Employment Rate

12%

Unemployment Rate

Rochester Employment by Race

Rochester Employment by Education

Rochester Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

68.35%

Born in New York

91.29%

Native Born

8.71%

Foreign Born

5.08%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.29% of Rochester residents were born in the United States, with 68.35% having been born in New York. 5.08% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.