Rochester, New York Population 2018

Rochester is located in Monroe County, New York south of Lake Ontario. Rochester is the third-most populous city in New York behind New York City and Buffalo with a population estimated at 210,000 in 2015.

The city proper has a population density of 6,132 people per square mile (2,368/square kilometer). The larger Rochester urban area has about 720,000 residents while the metropolitan area has a population of 1.08 million, which makes it the 51st largest metro area in the U.S. Rochester has the second-largest economy in New York following the NYC metro area.

Rochester Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Rochester was 43.7% White (37.6% non-Hispanic), 41.7% Black or African American, and 3.1% Asian. 6.6% of the population was of two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for 16.4% of the population, up from 2.8% in 1970. In 1970, the non-Hispanic white population was at 80%.

Rochester is a popular destination for immigrants, particularly those from Eastern Europe, Southeastern Europe, the Caribbean, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The city has the highest percentage of Puerto Ricans of all major U.S. cities and one of the largest Turkish American populations. It also has one of the largest populations of Jamaican Americans with a sizable Polish American population.

Rochester is home to the National Technical Institute for the Deaf with the highest per capita deaf population in the country.

Rochester has a high violent crime rate that is nearly quadruple the national average as well as a personal and property crime rate that exceeds the U.S. average.

According to a recent study, 16% of Rochester's population is now living in extreme poverty, which places the city first among mid-sized U.S. cities in terms of extreme poverty. Someone is considered to be living in extreme poverty at half the federal poverty income threshold. For a family of four, this means an income of less than $11,925 per year. In 2015, the average cost for a two-bedroom home in the city is $931, or $11,172 a year. 23% of Rochester's white population lives in poverty versus the 10% national average, while 40% of the black population lives in poverty versus the 27% average. 44% of Rochester's Hispanic population is now in poverty versus just 23% nationally.

Rochester Facts

Rochester was one of the first boomtowns in the United States and gained population quickly for the many flour mills on the Genesee River. Its reputation as a flour manufacturing center earned it the nickname "the Flour City," although it's now more commonly known as "the Flower City" for the annual Lilac Festival. Rochester is now an international hub of technological and medical developments as well as higher education. The city has several renowned universities, including the Rochester Institute of Technology, and it's the birthplace of Xerox, Bausch & Lomb, and Kodak. Rochester has been named as America's most livable city and it's earned high ratings for families and quality of life. It also boasts the most affordable real estate prices of any New York City.

Rochester Population Growth

Rochester have been slowly losing people for the last few years at a rate of about 1% per year. The most recent census found that Rochester lost 4.2% of its population.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017208,046-664-0.32%
2016208,710-801-0.38%
2015209,511-717-0.34%
2014210,228-672-0.32%
2013210,900320.02%
2012210,86890.00%
2011210,8593790.18%
2010210,480-9,293-4.23%
2000219,773-11,863-5.12%
1990231,636-10,105-4.18%
1980241,741-53,270-18.06%
1970295,011-23,600-7.41%
1960318,611-13,877-4.17%
1950332,4887,5132.31%
1940324,975-3,157-0.96%
1930328,13232,38210.95%
1920295,75077,60135.57%
1910218,14955,54134.16%
1900162,60828,71221.44%
1890133,89644,53049.83%
188089,36626,98043.25%
187062,38614,18229.42%
186048,20411,80132.42%
185036,40316,21280.29%
184020,19110,984119.30%
18309,2070.00%

Rochester Population in 2018Source: Tomkinsc at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White97,037
Black or African American86,032
Two or More Races9,284
Some Other Race8,908
Asian7,153
American Indian and Alaska Native1,813
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander64

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Rochester Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Rochester Median Age

31.3


Total

30.3


Male

32.5


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 158,739 adults in Rochester.

Rochester Age Dependency

51.1

Age Dependency Ratio

15.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Rochester Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.2
Houses Without Mortgage
10,367
Houses With Mortgage
20,831
Vacancy Rate
12.4
Median Rent
779
Median Home Value
77,800
Renter-Occupied Units
54,616
Owner-Occupied Units
31,198
Total Housing Units
97,944

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Rochester for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 8.1% and the labor force participation rate is 62%.

Rochester Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.34
Average Family Size
3.26
Total Households
85814
Married Couple Households
17081
Male Householder (no wife) Families
4201
Female Householder (no husband) Families
20769
Non Family Households
43763
Total Families
42051
Households With Own Children
21074
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
8
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.7

Rochester Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
13,996
$10,000 to $14,999
7,986
$15,000 to $24,999
13,406
$25,000 to $34,999
10,844
$35,000 to $49,999
12,424
$50,000 to $74,999
12,975
$75,000 to $99,999
6,549
$100,000 to $149,999
5,275
$150,000 to $199,999
1,325
Over $200,000
1,034

Rochester Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Rochester

New York

$31,684

$60,741

$44,853

$89,397

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.040.080.120.16

Rochester Education Data

Rochester Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
8,0526.10%
9th to 12th Grade
17,35613.14%
High School Graduate
37,06828.07%
Some College
25,01518.94%
Associates Degree
13,32610.09%
Bachelors Degree
18,53414.03%
Graduate Degree
12,7149.63%