Sacramento, California Population 2018

Sacramento is the capital of California and the seat of government for Sacramento County. Sacramento is also the 6th largest city in California and the 35th largest in the country. In 2014, the estimated population of Sacramento is 485,000.

At the 2010 census, the population of Sacramento was 466,488. This population is estimated to have grown to 485,000. The urban Sacramento area has a population of 1.44 million while the Sacramento metropolitan area -- which includes seven counties -- has an estimated population of 2.66 million. This is the fourth largest metropolitan area in California after Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego, and the 27th largest in the United States.

Sacramento Demographics

In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University named Sacramento as America's Most Diverse City.

According to the 2010 Census, Sacramento has a racial makeup as follows:

  • White: 45.0% (non-Hispanic: 34.5%)
  • Black or African American: 14.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 26.9% (22.6% Mexican, 0.7% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Salvadoran, 0.2% Guatemalan, 0.2% Nicaraguan)
  • Asian: 18.3% (4.2% Chinese, 3.3% Hmong, 2.8% Filipino, 1.6% Indian, 1.4% Vietnamese, 1.2% Laotian, 1.2% Japanese)
  • Pacific Islander: 1.4%
  • Native American: 1.1%
  • Other races: 12.3%
  • Two or more races: 7.1%

Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking 7th among major U.S. cities and third in California. About 10% of the population identifies as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

The non-Hispanic white population of Sacramento has been in decline since the 1940's. In 1940, 94% of the population was white. By 1990, the non-Hispanic white population had declined to 53%, which now stands at 34.5%. Meanwhile, the Asian population began exploding in the 1980's, followed by the Hispanic population in the 1990s.

Sacramento History

The Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered the Sacramento Valley and Sacramento River sometime between 1799 or 1932 and gave the area its name after saying the "air was like champagne," thus christening the valley and river after the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist.

Settlers arrived in 1839 to establish a trading colony. By 1848, gold was discovered in the area, rapidly increasing its population. Despite a cholera epidemic, flods and fires, the new city grew and quickly hit 10,000 people.

During the 1840s and '50s, when China was at war with France and Great Britian, many Chinese immigrants made their way to America. Many settled first in San Francisco but some eventually found their way to Sacramento. Sacramento's Chinatown was situated on I Street and experienced many fires, discrimination and prejudical legislation, including the Chinese Exclusion Act that was not repealed until the 1940s.

In 1920, Sacramento became a charter city, making it exempt from many regulations and laws passed by the California legislature. In the 1980s and '90s, several local military bases closed and the agriculture business began to decline. Despite this, Sacramento has continued to experience healthy population growth recently, adding 164,000 people from 2000 to 2007.

Sacramento Population Growth

According to recent state figures, the Sacramento area will see some of the strongest population growth in California in coming years. State demographers project California's Hispanic population will become the largest ethnic group sometime in 2014. In 2010, the Hispanic population was 38% while the white population was 40%. These figures will be reversed by 2020.

The state as a whole experienced the highest population growth rate in 2013 in more than a decade, growing more than 38 million people.

Sacramento is projected to grow 54% to 2.2 million by 2060.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017501,9017,0071.42%
2016494,8945,9421.22%
2015488,9525,3231.10%
2014483,6294,7020.98%
2013478,9274,1230.87%
2012474,8043,6340.77%
2011471,1703,7880.81%
2010467,38260,3641.39%
2000407,01837,6530.98%
1990369,36593,6242.97%
1980275,74118,6360.70%
1970257,10565,4382.98%
1960191,66754,0953.37%
1950137,57231,6142.65%
1940105,95812,2081.23%
193093,75027,8423.59%
192065,90821,2123.96%
191044,69615,4144.32%
190029,2822,8961.05%
189026,3864,9662.11%
188021,4205,1372.78%
187016,2832,4981.68%
186013,7856,9657.29%
18506,8200.00%

Sacramento Population in 2018Source: By J.smith [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White240,603
Asian89,292
Black or African American66,329
Some Other Race45,507
Two or More Races32,174
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7,321
American Indian and Alaska Native3,304

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Sacramento Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Sacramento Median Age

34.2


Total

33.2


Male

35


Female

Sacramento Adults

There are 369,212 adults, (58,628 of which are seniors) in Sacramento.

Sacramento Age Dependency

55.8

Age Dependency Ratio

18.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37

Child Dependency Ratio

Sacramento Sex Ratio

Female

248,617

51.31%

Male

235,913

48.69%

Sacramento Households and Families

Sacramento Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Sacramento Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married63.8%36.2%
All46.8%53.2%
Male37.9%62.1%
Non Family37.7%62.3%
Female32.6%67.4%

46.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Sacramento Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All179,8652.6546.8
Non Family74,4611.3337.7
Married67,7353.5963.8
Female26,7093.5732.6
Male10,9603.5137.9

3.45

Average Family Size

2.65

Average Household Size

7.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Sacramento Households

Sacramento Education

Sacramento Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,7638.69%
9th to 12th Grade24,2177.58%
High School Graduate67,89921.26%
Some College73,70123.08%
Associates Degree27,8028.71%
Bachelors Degree62,25419.49%
Graduate Degree35,71711.18%

Sacramento Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White128,703121,12655,563
Hispanic73,50550,08911,075
Asian60,15546,50119,713
Black41,57536,7568,039
Other Race24,86515,9832,875
Multiple Races13,31611,7863,742
Islander4,9503,733474
Native American2,1531,644437

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.11%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 43.17%.

Sacramento Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,258$38,706$33,833
Less Than High School$19,375$22,375$14,448
High School Grad$27,351$30,537$24,916
Some College$33,052$35,895$31,451
Bachelors Degree$51,550$57,007$46,196
Graduate Degree$72,533$78,951$66,600

$36,258

Average Earnings

$38,706

Average Male

$33,833

Average Female

Sacramento Language

Sacramento Language by Age

Sacramento Language

62.53% of Sacramento residents speak only English, while 37.47% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 17.93% of the population.

Sacramento Poverty

Sacramento Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic134,33735,78226.64%
White160,13522,37413.97%
Asian88,62019,24621.72%
Black64,74318,27928.23%
Other44,66911,97026.80%
Multiple31,8647,32022.97%
Islander7,2681,70223.42%
Native3,22684326.13%

21.44%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.79%

Male Poverty Rate

22.06%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Sacramento

The race most likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is Black, with 28.23% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is White, with 13.97% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.89%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.40%.

Sacramento Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.08%
High School20.93%
Some College15.61%
Bachelors or Greater7.05%

Sacramento Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed42.22%
Male Unemployed37.02%
Female Employed10.74%
Male Employed9.54%

Sacramento Income

Sacramento Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,071$70,598
Families$60,601$80,291
Married Families$77,979$98,499
Non Families$40,338$53,950

Sacramento Marital Status

Sacramento Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.3%

Male Marriage Rate

38.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Sacramento Married by Age and Sex

Sacramento Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Sacramento Marital Status by Race

Sacramento Veterans

Sacramento Veterans by War

23,480

Number of Veterans

21,562

Male Veterans

1,918

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam8,270
First Gulf War4,129
Second Gulf War3,699
Korea2,244
World War II1,335

Sacramento Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 745,485
35 to 545,465
75+5,246
55 to 644,896
18 to 342,388

Sacramento Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White14,9137.75%
Black4,3718.69%
Hispanic3,2823.60%
Asian2,2523.25%
Other8522.72%
2 or More7804.49%
Hawaiian1672.95%
Indian1455.45%

Sacramento Veterans by Education

12.04%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.01%

Veteran Disability Rate

Sacramento Employment Status

Sacramento Employment by Age

63.1%

Labor Force Participation

56.4%

Employment Rate

10.5%

Unemployment Rate

Sacramento Employment by Race

Sacramento Employment by Education

Sacramento Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.87%

Born in California

77.59%

Native Born

22.41%

Foreign Born

10.23%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

77.59% of Sacramento residents were born in the United States, with 59.87% having been born in California. 10.23% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.