Sacramento, California Population 2019

Sacramento is the capital of California and the seat of government for Sacramento County. Sacramento is also the 6th largest city in California and the 35th largest in the country. In 2014, the estimated population of Sacramento is 485,000.

At the 2010 census, the population of Sacramento was 466,488. This population is estimated to have grown to 485,000. The urban Sacramento area has a population of 1.44 million while the Sacramento metropolitan area -- which includes seven counties -- has an estimated population of 2.66 million. This is the fourth largest metropolitan area in California after Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego, and the 27th largest in the United States.

Sacramento Demographics

In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University named Sacramento as America's Most Diverse City.

According to the 2010 Census, Sacramento has a racial makeup as follows:

  • White: 45.0% (non-Hispanic: 34.5%)
  • Black or African American: 14.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 26.9% (22.6% Mexican, 0.7% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Salvadoran, 0.2% Guatemalan, 0.2% Nicaraguan)
  • Asian: 18.3% (4.2% Chinese, 3.3% Hmong, 2.8% Filipino, 1.6% Indian, 1.4% Vietnamese, 1.2% Laotian, 1.2% Japanese)
  • Pacific Islander: 1.4%
  • Native American: 1.1%
  • Other races: 12.3%
  • Two or more races: 7.1%

Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking 7th among major U.S. cities and third in California. About 10% of the population identifies as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

The non-Hispanic white population of Sacramento has been in decline since the 1940's. In 1940, 94% of the population was white. By 1990, the non-Hispanic white population had declined to 53%, which now stands at 34.5%. Meanwhile, the Asian population began exploding in the 1980's, followed by the Hispanic population in the 1990s.

Sacramento History

The Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered the Sacramento Valley and Sacramento River sometime between 1799 or 1932 and gave the area its name after saying the "air was like champagne," thus christening the valley and river after the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist.

Settlers arrived in 1839 to establish a trading colony. By 1848, gold was discovered in the area, rapidly increasing its population. Despite a cholera epidemic, flods and fires, the new city grew and quickly hit 10,000 people.

During the 1840s and '50s, when China was at war with France and Great Britian, many Chinese immigrants made their way to America. Many settled first in San Francisco but some eventually found their way to Sacramento. Sacramento's Chinatown was situated on I Street and experienced many fires, discrimination and prejudical legislation, including the Chinese Exclusion Act that was not repealed until the 1940s.

In 1920, Sacramento became a charter city, making it exempt from many regulations and laws passed by the California legislature. In the 1980s and '90s, several local military bases closed and the agriculture business began to decline. Despite this, Sacramento has continued to experience healthy population growth recently, adding 164,000 people from 2000 to 2007.

Sacramento Population Growth

According to recent state figures, the Sacramento area will see some of the strongest population growth in California in coming years. State demographers project California's Hispanic population will become the largest ethnic group sometime in 2014. In 2010, the Hispanic population was 38% while the white population was 40%. These figures will be reversed by 2020.

The state as a whole experienced the highest population growth rate in 2013 in more than a decade, growing more than 38 million people.

Sacramento is projected to grow 54% to 2.2 million by 2060.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017501,9017,0071.42%
2016494,8945,9421.22%
2015488,9525,3231.10%
2014483,6294,7020.98%
2013478,9274,1230.87%
2012474,8043,6340.77%
2011471,1703,7880.81%
2010467,38260,3641.39%
2000407,01837,6530.98%
1990369,36593,6242.97%
1980275,74118,6360.70%
1970257,10565,4382.98%
1960191,66754,0953.37%
1950137,57231,6142.65%
1940105,95812,2081.23%
193093,75027,8423.59%
192065,90821,2123.96%
191044,69615,4144.32%
190029,2822,8961.05%
189026,3864,9662.11%
188021,4205,1372.78%
187016,2832,4981.68%
186013,7856,9657.29%
18506,8200.00%

Sacramento Population in 2018Source: By J.smith [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White237,508
Asian91,390
Black or African American65,822
Some Other Race50,316
Two or More Races33,104
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8,007
American Indian and Alaska Native3,503

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Sacramento Population Pyramid 2019

5,00010,00015,00020,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Sacramento Median Age

34.3


Total

33.3


Male

35.2


Female

Sacramento Adults

There are 374,226 adults, (59,796 of whom are seniors) in Sacramento.

Sacramento Age Dependency

55.7

Age Dependency Ratio

19

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Sacramento Sex Ratio

Female

250,715

51.20%

Male

238,935

48.80%

Sacramento Households and Families

Sacramento Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Sacramento Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.7%35.3%
All47.3%52.7%
Male40.4%59.6%
Non Family37.7%62.3%
Female32.3%67.7%

47.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Sacramento Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All181,6902.6547.3
Non Family74,6431.3437.7
Married68,7153.5864.7
Female26,4743.5432.3
Male11,8583.4740.4

3.43

Average Family Size

2.65

Average Household Size

7.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Sacramento Households

Sacramento Education

Sacramento Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,3228.38%
9th to 12th Grade23,6067.24%
High School Graduate69,53721.32%
Some College74,23222.76%
Associates Degree28,6338.78%
Bachelors Degree65,04019.94%
Graduate Degree37,77811.58%

Sacramento Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White128,840121,12356,365
Hispanic75,91053,17612,520
Asian62,82049,29121,831
Black42,04637,4438,495
Other Race27,94918,5023,416
Multiple Races14,04712,4983,973
Islander5,4274,349454
Native American2,4861,932454

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.01%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 43.75%.

Sacramento Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,056$40,255$35,233
Less Than High School$20,854$24,398$15,027
High School Grad$27,719$30,759$23,625
Some College$34,416$36,586$31,786
Bachelors Degree$52,826$59,120$47,813
Graduate Degree$74,883$79,490$70,707

$37,056

Average Earnings

$40,255

Average Male

$35,233

Average Female

Sacramento Language

Sacramento Language by Age

Sacramento Language

62.18% of Sacramento residents speak only English, while 37.82% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 18.23% of the population.

Sacramento Poverty

Sacramento Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic136,22131,77823.33%
White159,71821,98613.77%
Asian90,71318,03819.88%
Black64,28317,01626.47%
Other49,33811,23822.78%
Multiple32,6416,46519.81%
Islander7,9611,66320.89%
Native3,41571721.00%

19.79%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.13%

Male Poverty Rate

20.41%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Sacramento

The race most likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is Black, with 26.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Sacramento is White, with 13.77% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.59%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.53%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.69%.

Sacramento Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.68%
High School19.77%
Some College15.14%
Bachelors or Greater6.66%

Sacramento Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed41.76%
Male Unemployed34.59%
Female Employed10.16%
Male Employed8.83%

Sacramento Income

Sacramento Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$54,615$74,469
Families$62,934$85,081
Married Families$82,580$104,097
Non Families$41,878$56,103

Sacramento Marital Status

Sacramento Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.4%

Male Marriage Rate

38.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Sacramento Married by Age and Sex

Sacramento Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Sacramento Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Sacramento Veterans

Sacramento Veterans by War

22,744

Number of Veterans

20,688

Male Veterans

2,056

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam8,037
First Gulf War4,006
Second Gulf War3,765
Korea2,184
World War II1,310

Sacramento Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 745,393
75+5,323
35 to 545,229
55 to 644,585
18 to 342,214

Sacramento Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White13,9437.35%
Black4,4728.90%
Hispanic3,2413.47%
Asian2,2483.15%
Other8832.53%
2 or More8294.52%
Indian2087.10%
Hawaiian1612.55%

Sacramento Veterans by Education

10.57%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.79%

Veteran Disability Rate

Sacramento Employment Status

Sacramento Employment by Age

63.3%

Labor Force Participation

57.3%

Employment Rate

9.3%

Unemployment Rate

Sacramento Employment by Race

Sacramento Employment by Education

Sacramento Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.81%

Born in California

77.37%

Native Born

22.63%

Foreign Born

10.36%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

77.37% of Sacramento residents were born in the United States, with 59.81% having been born in California. 10.36% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.