Sacramento, California Population 2018

Sacramento is the capital of California and the seat of government for Sacramento County. Sacramento is also the 6th largest city in California and the 35th largest in the country. In 2014, the estimated population of Sacramento is 485,000.

At the 2010 census, the population of Sacramento was 466,488. This population is estimated to have grown to 485,000. The urban Sacramento area has a population of 1.44 million while the Sacramento metropolitan area -- which includes seven counties -- has an estimated population of 2.66 million. This is the fourth largest metropolitan area in California after Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego, and the 27th largest in the United States.

Sacramento Demographics

In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University named Sacramento as America's Most Diverse City.

According to the 2010 Census, Sacramento has a racial makeup as follows:

  • White: 45.0% (non-Hispanic: 34.5%)
  • Black or African American: 14.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 26.9% (22.6% Mexican, 0.7% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Salvadoran, 0.2% Guatemalan, 0.2% Nicaraguan)
  • Asian: 18.3% (4.2% Chinese, 3.3% Hmong, 2.8% Filipino, 1.6% Indian, 1.4% Vietnamese, 1.2% Laotian, 1.2% Japanese)
  • Pacific Islander: 1.4%
  • Native American: 1.1%
  • Other races: 12.3%
  • Two or more races: 7.1%

Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking 7th among major U.S. cities and third in California. About 10% of the population identifies as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

The non-Hispanic white population of Sacramento has been in decline since the 1940's. In 1940, 94% of the population was white. By 1990, the non-Hispanic white population had declined to 53%, which now stands at 34.5%. Meanwhile, the Asian population began exploding in the 1980's, followed by the Hispanic population in the 1990s.

Sacramento History

The Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered the Sacramento Valley and Sacramento River sometime between 1799 or 1932 and gave the area its name after saying the "air was like champagne," thus christening the valley and river after the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist.

Settlers arrived in 1839 to establish a trading colony. By 1848, gold was discovered in the area, rapidly increasing its population. Despite a cholera epidemic, flods and fires, the new city grew and quickly hit 10,000 people.

During the 1840s and '50s, when China was at war with France and Great Britian, many Chinese immigrants made their way to America. Many settled first in San Francisco but some eventually found their way to Sacramento. Sacramento's Chinatown was situated on I Street and experienced many fires, discrimination and prejudical legislation, including the Chinese Exclusion Act that was not repealed until the 1940s.

In 1920, Sacramento became a charter city, making it exempt from many regulations and laws passed by the California legislature. In the 1980s and '90s, several local military bases closed and the agriculture business began to decline. Despite this, Sacramento has continued to experience healthy population growth recently, adding 164,000 people from 2000 to 2007.

Sacramento Population Growth

According to recent state figures, the Sacramento area will see some of the strongest population growth in California in coming years. State demographers project California's Hispanic population will become the largest ethnic group sometime in 2014. In 2010, the Hispanic population was 38% while the white population was 40%. These figures will be reversed by 2020.

The state as a whole experienced the highest population growth rate in 2013 in more than a decade, growing more than 38 million people.

Sacramento is projected to grow 54% to 2.2 million by 2060.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017501,9017,0071.42%
2016494,8945,9421.22%
2015488,9525,3231.10%
2014483,6294,7020.98%
2013478,9274,1230.87%
2012474,8043,6340.77%
2011471,1703,7880.81%
2010467,38260,36414.83%
2000407,01837,65310.19%
1990369,36593,62433.95%
1980275,74118,6367.25%
1970257,10565,43834.14%
1960191,66754,09539.32%
1950137,57231,61429.84%
1940105,95812,20813.02%
193093,75027,84242.24%
192065,90821,21247.46%
191044,69615,41452.64%
190029,2822,89610.98%
189026,3864,96623.18%
188021,4205,13731.55%
187016,2832,49818.12%
186013,7856,965102.13%
18506,8200.00%

Sacramento Population in 2018Source: By J.smith [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White240,603
Asian89,292
Black or African American66,329
Some Other Race45,507
Two or More Races32,174
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7,321
American Indian and Alaska Native3,304

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Sacramento Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Sacramento Median Age

34.2


Total

33.2


Male

35


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 382,449 adults in Sacramento.

Sacramento Age Dependency

55.8

Age Dependency Ratio

18.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37

Child Dependency Ratio

Sacramento Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5
Houses Without Mortgage
24,197
Houses With Mortgage
59,916
Vacancy Rate
7.3
Median Rent
1,057
Median Home Value
259,400
Renter-Occupied Units
95,752
Owner-Occupied Units
84,113
Total Housing Units
194,034

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Sacramento for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.6% and the labor force participation rate is 63.1%.

Sacramento Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.65
Average Family Size
3.45
Total Households
179865
Married Couple Households
67735
Male Householder (no wife) Families
10960
Female Householder (no husband) Families
26709
Non Family Households
74461
Total Families
105404
Households With Own Children
50892
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.6
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.8

Sacramento Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
13,615
$10,000 to $14,999
12,394
$15,000 to $24,999
19,351
$25,000 to $34,999
17,527
$35,000 to $49,999
23,882
$50,000 to $74,999
31,677
$75,000 to $99,999
21,581
$100,000 to $149,999
23,016
$150,000 to $199,999
9,320
Over $200,000
7,502

Sacramento Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Sacramento

California

$52,071

$63,783

$70,598

$91,149

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Sacramento Education Data

Sacramento Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
27,7638.69%
9th to 12th Grade
24,2177.58%
High School Graduate
67,89921.26%
Some College
73,70123.08%
Associates Degree
27,8028.71%
Bachelors Degree
62,25419.49%
Graduate Degree
35,71711.18%