Salem, Oregon Population 2018

Salem is a city located in the state of Oregon. It not only serves as the county seat for Marion County, but it is also the state capital. Recent estimates show that the city’s population has reached 167,419 since its founding in 1842.

Salem History

Salem has been inhabited for over 10,000 years, according to estimates. When the Europeans first arrived at the land that is now Salem, the Kalapuya people inhabited the area. The region was originally known as Chim-i-ki-ti until the Methodist Mission came to the area and named it Chemeketa. After the establishment of the Oregon Institute, it was simply called the Institute.

After the dissolution of the Institute, a townsite was laid out by trustees. The town name selected was Salem, although some wanted it to remain Chemeketa. When the territorial capital was moved from Oregon City in 1851, Salem became the new capital until 1855, when it was again moved to Corvallis. However, later that year, Salem was named as the capital again. Salem was incorporated as a city just two years later and before the end of the decade was designated as the state capital.

Salem’s first capitol building was erected in 1855 but burned down just two months later. Another capitol building was developed in 1876 but also burned down in 1935. The third capitol building, which is still in use today, was completed in 1938.

The city’s economy originally revolved around agriculture, which still remains important to the economy today. Specifically, Salem has had a thriving cherry-growing industry which gave it the nickname “Cherry City.” The city was selected as the site of the Oregon State Fair and the annual cherry festival. Today, the city is a major food processing center and is home to Kettle Foods, NORPAC Foods and Oregon Fruit Products, Inc.

The city is also home to many universities and other higher education institutes, including Willamette University and Corban University. The largest employer in Salem is the state government, although as previously mentioned agriculture is still very important to the economy. In the 1990s, tech manufacturing plants made their way to the city. Today, Salem has taken on multiple projects to increase housing in the downtown area as well as to add office space to the growing city.

Salem Demographics

Salem has a population that exceeds 167,000, according to recent estimates. It is the 152nd largest city by population in the United States. The city’s total area is 48.45 square miles, and it has a population density of over 3,228 people per square mile.

Seventy-nine percent of Salem’s population is white. The rest of the population is made up of 1.5% blacks, 1.5% Native Americans, 2.7% Asians, over 10% that are classified as other races, and 4.3% are mixed. Over 20% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin. Residents between the ages of 25 and 44 make up the largest age group, accounting for 27.6% of the total population. Over one-quarter of the population is under age 18, while 12% are at least 65 years old. There are slightly more female than male residents, with women making up 50.1% of the total population. Fifteen percent of the population of Salem lives below the federal poverty line.

The city’s top employer is the State of Oregon, which provides over 21,000 jobs. The Salem-Keizer School District, Salem Health, Chemeketa Community College and Marion County are other top employers in Salem, each providing thousands of jobs to residents.

Salem Population Growth

Salem has seen continuous and steady growth since its founding. By 1900, the population exceeded 4,000 people. At the time of the next census in 1910, this number had risen to over 14,000 and had almost doubled just 20 years later. In 1970, the population reached over 68,0000 and in 1990 surpassed 100,000. Recent estimates show that the current population count is up 8.3% since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this city will continue to see steady growth well into its future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017169,7983,4202.06%
2016166,3783,2852.01%
2015163,0932,5881.61%
2014160,5051,8871.19%
2013158,6181,5450.98%
2012157,0731,2580.81%
2011155,8157850.51%
2010155,03018,1061.25%
2000136,92429,1382.42%
1990107,78618,6951.92%
198089,09120,3662.63%
197068,72519,5833.41%
196049,1426,0021.31%
195043,14012,2323.39%
194030,9084,6421.64%
193026,2668,5874.04%
192017,6793,5852.29%
191014,0949,83612.72%
19004,2588602.28%
18903,3988602.96%
18802,5381,3998.34%
18701,1390.00%

Salem Population in 2018Source: By Fletcher6 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White132,534
Two or More Races11,494
Some Other Race8,404
Asian4,590
Black or African American2,394
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,389
American Indian and Alaska Native1,849

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Salem Population Pyramid 2018

1,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,000 Male Population1,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Salem Median Age

35.2


Total

34.5


Male

36


Female

Salem Adults

There are 123,891 adults, (21,813 of whom are seniors) in Salem.

Salem Age Dependency

60.3

Age Dependency Ratio

21.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

Salem Sex Ratio

Female

81,735

49.94%

Male

81,919

50.06%

Salem Households and Families

Salem Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Salem Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.4%28.6%
All53%47%
Male42.1%57.9%
Non Family39.4%60.6%
Female29.6%70.4%

53.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Salem Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All58,6322.6453
Married26,9413.3871.4
Non Family21,4741.3539.4
Female7,4273.5129.6
Male2,7903.2642.1

3.26

Average Family Size

2.64

Average Household Size

6.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Salem Households

Salem Education

Salem Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,7636.35%
9th to 12th Grade7,3636.91%
High School Graduate27,02025.37%
Some College27,71026.01%
Associates Degree8,7618.22%
Bachelors Degree17,60616.53%
Graduate Degree11,29910.61%

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White79,67974,74625,442
Hispanic17,6539,7551,430
Multiple Races4,8783,735646
Other Race4,3412,154246
Asian3,0592,5211,184
Black1,6821,500244
Native American1,18370871
Islander1,07987693

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.81%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 38.71%.

Salem Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,667$35,660$28,076
Less Than High School$20,890$23,654$15,288
High School Grad$26,628$28,144$24,222
Some College$30,836$35,711$27,563
Bachelors Degree$48,427$60,394$37,273
Graduate Degree$63,047$69,472$56,446

$31,667

Average Earnings

$35,660

Average Male

$28,076

Average Female

Salem Language

Salem Language by Age

Salem Language

78.45% of Salem residents speak only English, while 21.55% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.65% of the population.

Salem Poverty

Salem Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White105,77912,72612.03%
Hispanic35,2348,73224.78%
Multiple10,2122,87728.17%
Other7,8591,67821.35%
Islander2,3411,22352.24%
Asian4,30082019.07%
Black1,89760131.68%
Native1,65036322.00%

16.19%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.82%

Male Poverty Rate

16.54%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salem

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salem is Islander, with 52.24% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salem is White, with 12.03% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.28%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.01%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.68%.

Salem Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.62%
High School15.97%
Some College11.66%
Bachelors or Greater4.23%

Salem Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed32.18%
Male Unemployed29.18%
Female Employed10.40%
Male Employed8.25%

Salem Income

Salem Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,666$66,507
Families$62,779$77,534
Married Families$76,743$90,895
Non Families$32,350$43,506

Salem Marital Status

Salem Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.7%

Male Marriage Rate

44.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Salem Married by Age and Sex

Salem Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Salem Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Salem Veterans

Salem Veterans by War

10,431

Number of Veterans

9,524

Male Veterans

907

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,627
First Gulf War2,106
Second Gulf War1,243
Korea964
World War II591

Salem Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 542,834
65 to 742,527
75+2,407
55 to 641,965
18 to 34698

Salem Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White9,4909.17%
Hispanic6252.81%
2 or More3204.96%
Asian1634.30%
Black1638.69%
Indian14410.64%
Other1082.01%
Hawaiian433.01%

Salem Veterans by Education

7.46%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.69%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salem Employment Status

Salem Employment by Age

61.8%

Labor Force Participation

57.5%

Employment Rate

6.8%

Unemployment Rate

Salem Employment by Race

Salem Employment by Education

Salem Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

50.58%

Born in Oregon

88.50%

Native Born

11.50%

Foreign Born

7.69%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.50% of Salem residents were born in the United States, with 50.58% having been born in Oregon. 7.69% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.