Salinas, California Population 2019

Salinas, the county seat of Monterey County, is an urban area located 10 miles east-southeast of the mouth of the Salinas River and just outside the Greater Bay Area. As of 2019, Salinas has a population of 158,000, making it the 34th most populous city in the state of California.

Diversity

About 38% of people in Salinas, CA were born outside the U.S. The city of Salinas has a Hispanic-majority population; nearly three quarters of its residents are Latino, many of them immigrants from Mexico who arrived to work in the region’s agricultural fields.

History

On September 9th, 1850, California was admitted to the Union and officially became a state. 1867 saw the first streets laid out for Salinas and the town was incorporated in 1874. Post-war, major urban and suburban development converted what was mainly farmland to a thriving city. The 1950s and 1960s saw a particularly large growth spurt, which was seen again in the 1990s and early 2000s.

Agriculture has always been the area's major industry. This “green gold” went some considerable way toward making Salinas one of the wealthiest cities per capita in the U.S. shortly after the end of World War I. Today, this fuels a $2 billion industry, supplying the country with 80% of its lettuce and artichokes, amongst many other crops.

Salinas is also the birthplace of Nobel Prize laureate John Steinbeck. The historic downtown district is home to the National Steinbeck Center, John Steinbeck House and the John Steinbeck Library.

Population Growth

In 1870, just prior to being incorporated, the population stood at 599 people. This more than tripled in the ten years that followed and, as of the latest 2019 figures, the population of Salinas stands at 157,596.

Salinas struggles with a high youth crime rate, being dubbed the “youth murder capital of California.” On top of this, a lack of affordable housing has kept its growth rate from climbing in later years. The city is expected to continue its modest growth since recovering from the 2007-2008 financial crisis.

Salinas Ca Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Salinas Ca was:

  • White: 56.19%
  • Other race: 32.69%
  • Asian: 5.98%
  • Two or more races: 3.01%
  • Black or African American: 1.45%
  • Native American: 0.63%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%

Salinas, California's estimated population is 156,259 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Salinas, California is the 35th largest city in California based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 6618.25 people/mi² (2555.31 people/km²), with a household density of 690.97 people/km² (1789.60 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 30.2 years, 30 years for males, and 30.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 100.3 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 42,253 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%, with a median rent of $1232/month. The median house has 4.8 rooms, and has a value of $342,100.

The median income for households in Salinas, California is $54,864, while the mean household income is $69,026.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018156,259-565-0.36%
2017156,824-320-0.20%
2016157,1446320.40%
2015156,5125990.38%
2014155,9138160.53%
2013155,0971,1960.78%
2012153,9011,4470.95%
2011152,4541,5501.03%
2010150,904-156-0.01%
2000151,06042,2833.34%
1990108,77728,2983.06%
198080,47921,5833.17%
197058,89629,9397.36%
196028,95715,0407.60%
195013,9172,3311.85%
194011,5861,3231.22%
193010,2635,9559.07%
19204,3085721.43%
19103,7364321.24%
19003,3049653.51%
18902,3394852.35%
18801,8541,25511.96%
18705990.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018435,5941170.03%
2017435,4777100.16%
2016434,7673,5260.81%
2015431,2412,2610.52%
2014428,9801,9260.45%
2013427,0542,0540.48%
2012425,0004,4581.05%
2011420,5424,1460.99%
2010416,3960.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White88,116
Some Other Race51,260
Asian9,376
Two or More Races4,722
Black or African American2,266
American Indian and Alaska Native991
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander80

Salinas Ca Population Pyramid 2019

Salinas Ca Median Age

30.2


Total

30


Male

30.5


Female

Salinas Ca Adults

There are 108,488 adults, (13,179 of whom are seniors) in Salinas Ca.

Salinas Ca Age Dependency

64.5

Age Dependency Ratio

13.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

50.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Salinas Ca Sex Ratio

Female

78,279

49.92%

Male

78,532

50.08%

Salinas Ca Households and Families

Salinas Ca Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Salinas Ca Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married54.4%45.6%
All44.5%55.5%
Non Family38.6%61.4%
Male36.9%63.1%
Female27.7%72.3%

44.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All40,5703.8244.5
Married20,9234.454.4
Non Family8,4301.3938.6
Female8,0194.4927.7
Male3,1984.7836.9

4.23

Average Family Size

3.82

Average Household Size

10.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Salinas Ca Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,31529.92%
9th to 12th Grade9,31710.20%
High School Graduate20,96722.96%
Some College14,79416.20%
Associates Degree7,1537.83%
Bachelors Degree8,2078.99%
Graduate Degree3,5543.89%

Salinas Ca Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic64,67130,5064,409
Other Race28,44011,6961,625
White17,13115,8114,872
Asian6,8536,0252,014
Multiple Races2,0441,705407
Black1,5591,401241
Native American59137549
Islander583510

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.29%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 29.39%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,130$28,518$23,037
Less Than High School$20,069$21,905$17,367
High School Grad$26,961$30,905$23,188
Some College$35,785$43,182$31,952
Bachelors Degree$47,556$51,238$46,257
Graduate Degree$75,095$75,873$72,647

$26,130

Average Earnings

$28,518

Average Male

$23,037

Average Female

Salinas Ca Language

Salinas Ca Language by Age

Salinas Ca Language

29.78% of Salinas Ca residents speak only English, while 70.22% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 65.67% of the population.

Salinas Ca Poverty

Salinas Ca Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic119,93722,45918.73%
Other51,0328,73417.11%
White21,5242,24410.43%
Asian9,28599010.66%
Black2,18961628.14%
Multiple4,6024229.17%
Native97810310.53%
Islander783342.31%

17.17%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.83%

Male Poverty Rate

18.50%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salinas Ca

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salinas Ca is Islander, with 42.31% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salinas Ca is Multiple, with 9.17% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.23%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.31%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.69%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School19.34%
High School10.65%
Some College8.78%
Bachelors or Greater6.00%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed27.36%
Male Unemployed23.03%
Female Employed8.01%
Male Employed7.69%

Salinas Ca Income

Salinas Ca Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$54,864$69,026
Families$57,117$71,246
Married Families$70,029$83,785
Non Families$34,547$45,388

Salinas Ca Marital Status

Salinas Ca Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.5%

Male Marriage Rate

42.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Salinas Ca Married by Age and Sex

Salinas Ca Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Salinas Ca Marital Status by Race

Salinas Ca Veterans

3,349

Number of Veterans

3,206

Male Veterans

143

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,517
First Gulf War473
Second Gulf War345
Korea251
World War II203

Salinas Ca Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,2603.69%
Hispanic8891.13%
Asian3534.57%
Black29516.92%
Other2300.67%
2 or More1867.00%
Hawaiian1624.62%
Indian91.30%

Salinas Ca Veterans by Education

10.06%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.18%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salinas Ca Employment Status

63.6%

Labor Force Participation

59.6%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

Salinas Ca Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

54.58%

Born in California

62.22%

Native Born

37.78%

Foreign Born

29.18%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

62.22% of Salinas Ca residents were born in the United States, with 54.58% having been born in California. 29.18% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.