San Antonio, Texas Population 2019

San Antonio is the 7th most populous city in the US and the 2nd most populous in the state of Texas. It was also one of the fastest growing large cities in the country in the past ten years.

Located in the Texas Triangle, San Antonio has a population estimated at 1.39 million in 2013.

San Antonio's 2017 estimated population has reached 1.5 million, up from an estimated 1.382 million in 2012. This breaks down to about 3,000 people per square mile (1,147/square kilometer). The San Antonio metropolitan area, meanwhile, is home to 2.195 million people, making it the 24th largest metro area in the United States.

Many of the fastest-growing large cities in the United States are located in Texas, and San Antonio added more than 25,000 new residents in 2012 alone. From 2011 to 2012, San Antonio experienced a 1.87% jump in population. In total, between the years of 2010 and 2017, the population has increased by nearly 14%.

San Antonio History

The Payaya Indians originally inhabited the San Antonio River Valley. A group of Spanish missionaries and explorers discovered the area on 1691 on June 13, the feast day of St. Anthony, and named the river and site "San Antonio" in his honor.

The early San Antonio settlement, as well as San Antonio de Valero Mission (now the Alamo) began as a way to reassert Spain's dominance over Texas from the French in Louisiana. The Alamo and nearby sites were constructed with the help of the Payaya Indians. In 1719, 400 families were transported from the Canary Islands, Havana and Galicia to populate the new province. By 1730, 25 families had made it to Cuba, and ten were sent to Veracruz on the way to San Antonio.

Over some time, the city became the largest Spanish settlement in the state, and it was the site of the famous Battle of the Alamo in 1836, in which outnumbered Texian forces were defeated, and the Alamo defenders were killed.

The decision to annex Texas and allow it to become a part of the Union in 1845 led to the Mexican-American War, which reduced San Antonio's population by 2/3 to just 800 people, although it grew to 15,000 by the time the Civil War began in 1860.

Since 1970, San Antonio's population has almost doubled from 650,000 to more than 1.2 million in 2005. This was caused by both population growth and land annexation.

San Antonio Population Growth

In 2012, San Antonio experienced growth of 1.87%, but this growth grew to 2% in 2013. The job growth rate is also at 2% while unemployment is going down. This means the San Antonio metropolitan area can continue to see healthy growth in the years to come.

While the influx of people from other countries and other parts of the country is adding to San Antonio's growth, the city is also experiencing healthy natural growth with a high birth rate and a low death rate. The overall ten-year growth pattern is showing absolutely no signs of slowing down for the upcoming 2020 population census in the United States.

With Texas as a whole experiencing such a population boom, it may be the most populous state, surpassing California, by 2030. While it won't exceed Dallas any time soon, San Antonio's growth will allow it to maintain its spot as the second most populous city in Texas for the time being.

San Antonio Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of San Antonio was:

  • White: 80.08%
  • Black or African American: 6.99%
  • Other race: 6.67%
  • Asian: 2.75%
  • Two or more races: 2.74%
  • Native American: 0.67%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.10%

San Antonio, Texas's estimated population is 1,532,233 according to the most recent United States census estimates. San Antonio, Texas is the 2nd largest city in Texas based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 3323.90 people/mi² (1283.36 people/km²), with a household density of 452.41 people/km² (1171.75 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 33.2 years, 31.9 years for males, and 34.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.0 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 540,148 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%, with a median rent of $918/month. The median house has 5.2 rooms, and has a value of $127,700.

The median income for households in San Antonio, Texas is $49,711, while the mean household income is $66,799.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20181,532,23320,8241.38%
20171,511,40922,8971.54%
20161,488,51223,9811.64%
20151,464,53128,6922.00%
20141,435,83927,0521.92%
20131,408,78725,1791.82%
20121,383,60826,0721.92%
20111,357,53624,6531.85%
20101,332,883188,2371.53%
20001,144,646208,7132.03%
1990935,933149,9931.76%
1980785,940131,7871.85%
1970654,15366,4351.08%
1960587,718179,2763.71%
1950408,442154,5884.87%
1940253,85422,3120.92%
1930231,54270,1633.68%
1920161,37964,7655.26%
191096,61443,2936.12%
190053,32115,6483.53%
189037,67317,1236.25%
188020,5508,2945.30%
187012,2564,0214.06%
18608,2354,7478.97%
18503,4880.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20182,518,03643,7621.74%
20172,474,27445,9481.86%
20162,428,32647,6961.96%
20152,380,63050,8742.14%
20142,329,75649,1712.11%
20132,280,58543,2271.90%
20122,237,35843,4771.94%
20112,193,88140,8431.86%
20102,153,0380.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White1,170,477
Black or African American102,197
Some Other Race97,544
Asian40,127
Two or More Races40,083
American Indian and Alaska Native9,733
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,462

San Antonio Population Pyramid 2019

San Antonio Median Age

33.2


Total

31.9


Male

34.6


Female

San Antonio Adults

There are 1,090,261 adults, (169,318 of whom are seniors) in San Antonio.

San Antonio Age Dependency

58.7

Age Dependency Ratio

18.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.3

Child Dependency Ratio

San Antonio Sex Ratio

Female

741,946

50.76%

Male

719,677

49.24%

San Antonio Households and Families

San Antonio Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

San Antonio Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.6%28.4%
All54.5%45.5%
Male48.2%51.8%
Female46.2%53.8%
Non Family38.7%61.3%

54.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All494,2602.9154.5
Married210,3193.6971.6
Non Family172,4921.3138.7
Female84,7873.9446.2
Male26,6623.8348.2

3.66

Average Family Size

2.91

Average Household Size

5.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

San Antonio Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade79,8408.59%
9th to 12th Grade87,6379.43%
High School Graduate243,29626.17%
Some College210,25922.62%
Associates Degree69,8377.51%
Bachelors Degree153,96216.56%
Graduate Degree84,8629.13%

San Antonio Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic556,963412,64887,502
White270,985258,563118,177
Black64,11757,76915,413
Other Race63,77843,2588,015
Asian27,95924,05714,476
Multiple Races18,66615,9904,948
Native American6,0084,4561,068
Islander984934299

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.42%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 51.78%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,941$35,901$28,433
Less Than High School$20,051$23,489$14,968
High School Grad$26,155$29,866$21,918
Some College$31,836$36,669$28,031
Bachelors Degree$49,823$55,263$44,532
Graduate Degree$61,940$76,061$55,044

$31,941

Average Earnings

$35,901

Average Male

$28,433

Average Female

San Antonio Language

San Antonio Language by Age

San Antonio Language

56.41% of San Antonio residents speak only English, while 43.59% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 39.75% of the population.

San Antonio Poverty

San Antonio Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic922,363198,29621.50%
White359,84238,45810.69%
Black99,38523,94824.10%
Other95,60319,34620.24%
Multiple39,1997,48519.09%
Asian39,1375,38613.76%
Native9,5092,70328.43%
Islander1,45817912.28%

18.60%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.41%

Male Poverty Rate

19.74%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in San Antonio

The race most likely to be in poverty in San Antonio is Native, with 28.43% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in San Antonio is White, with 10.69% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.27%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.27%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.83%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.86%
High School15.99%
Some College11.42%
Bachelors or Greater5.66%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.03%
Male Unemployed30.03%
Female Employed10.50%
Male Employed8.16%

San Antonio Income

San Antonio Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$49,711$66,799
Families$57,575$76,166
Married Families$73,844$92,658
Non Families$33,575$46,006

San Antonio Marital Status

San Antonio Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.7%

Male Marriage Rate

40.2%

Female Marriage Rate

San Antonio Married by Age and Sex

San Antonio Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

San Antonio Marital Status by Race

San Antonio Veterans

105,608

Number of Veterans

90,251

Male Veterans

15,357

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam33,232
First Gulf War32,143
Second Gulf War30,425
Korea6,813
World War II3,172
Age Group Veterans
35 to 5432,478
55 to 6421,121
65 to 7420,212
75+16,489
18 to 3415,308

San Antonio Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White83,0649.56%
Hispanic42,4656.41%
Black13,68818.14%
Other4,0885.45%
2 or More2,61511.49%
Asian1,5134.67%
Indian4916.82%
Hawaiian14913.21%

San Antonio Veterans by Education

6.92%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.78%

Veteran Disability Rate

San Antonio Employment Status

64.1%

Labor Force Participation

59.5%

Employment Rate

6.4%

Unemployment Rate

San Antonio Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

65.70%

Born in Texas

85.83%

Native Born

14.17%

Foreign Born

8.77%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

85.83% of San Antonio residents were born in the United States, with 65.70% having been born in Texas. 8.77% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.