San Bernardino, California Population 2018

San Bernardino is a city located in California. It is the county seat of San Bernardino County. By population, it is the 17th largest city in the state, with recent estimates putting the population at 216,239. It is also the 100th most populous city in the United States. This city plays an important role within the diplomatic missions of the Inland Empire. It also has numerous attractions that draw in visitors and residents.

San Bernardino History

The city of San Bernardino was incorporated as a city in 1857. Prior to this, however, a Spanish settlement by the name of Politana was established in 1810. However, it was destroyed by local tribesmen following earthquakes that struck the San Bernardino Valley. Politana was rebuilt and in 1819, missionaries returned to establish San Bernardino de Sena Estancia.

The present location of the city was mostly settled during the 1850s after California was designated as a state. It is considered to be one of the oldest cities in California. The town of San Bernardino was established in 1851, with the county being developed just two years later. It was incorporated as a city in 1857.

It was during the 1860s when San Bernardino saw a surge in its population. A gold rush began nearby when gold was discovered. The city was also a hub for trade in the southern region of the state. The city continued to grow throughout the century after a hotel was built along a spring that was believed to have healing properties. Water from the springs was bottled and shipped to Los Angeles, further boosting the city’s economy.

During the 20th century, there were many events that occurred. This included the development of Norton Air Force Base during World War II, the founding of McDonald’s chain of restaurants, and the Panorama Fire that destroyed hundreds of San Bernardino homes. The air force base was closed during the 1990s and later became the San Bernardino International Airport.

The 2000s brought another wildfire that destroyed more than 1,000 homes in the city. There were some additional hardships that also occurred, including the city’s filing of bankruptcy in 2012, with the city bouncing back after five years, as well as the 2015 terrorist attack. Today, the city has many attractions including the largest outdoor amphitheater in the nation, a baseball team, and the ADU Fox Theatre. The city’s economy is reliant on the government, retail and service industries.

San Bernardino Demographics

Estimates put the city’s population at 216,239. The city’s total area is almost 62 square miles, giving it a population density of over 3,500 inhabitants per square mile. It is the most populous city in the county, and it is also the 100th most populous in the country. The nation’s last official census was taken in 2010 and shows that the majority of inhabitants are white, making up over 45% of the population. Fifteen percent of the population is Black or African American and 4% are Asian. A total of 60% of the population are Hispanic or Latino.

Breaking down the population by age group shows that 32% of inhabitants are under the age of 18, making this the largest age group. The next largest group – 25 to 44 – makes up 26.8% of the population. Almost 8% of the population is 65 years of age or older. In the city, over 30% of the population falls below the federal poverty line. The city’s top employer according to its annual finance report taken in 2010 is California State University at San Bernardino, which employs over 2,500 residents. Other top employers include the City of San Bernardino and the Community Hospital of San Bernardino.

San Bernardino Population Growth

The city of San Bernardino, despite suffering from hardships such as a bankruptcy and terrorist attack, has seen continuous population growth since the census taken in 1880. At times, it has even seen percentage growth of over 100%. The city surpassed 100,000 inhabitants by the time of the 1970 census. In 2010, it saw another milestone, exceeding over 200,000 people. Today, its population has grown about 3% since the last census taken in 2010. While comparing this to previous census data shows that some slowdown has occurred, the city is continuing to become more populous.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017216,9959770.45%
2016216,0186680.31%
2015215,3501,1500.54%
2014214,2005100.24%
2013213,6907210.34%
2012212,9691,1530.54%
2011211,8161,6340.78%
2010210,18224,7811.26%
2000185,40121,2371.22%
1990164,16445,3703.29%
1980118,79411,9251.06%
1970106,86914,9471.52%
196091,92228,8643.84%
195063,05819,4123.75%
194043,6466,1651.53%
193037,48118,7607.19%
192018,7215,9423.89%
191012,7796,6297.59%
19006,1502,1384.36%
18904,0122,3128.97%
18801,7007603.01%
18609400.00%

San Bernardino Population in 2018Source: Ie909 at English Wikipedia [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White119,921
Some Other Race40,542
Black or African American30,455
Asian10,712
Two or More Races10,573
American Indian and Alaska Native1,791
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander587

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

San Bernardino Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

San Bernardino Median Age

28.9


Total

28.3


Male

29.5


Female

San Bernardino Adults

There are 149,563 adults, (18,239 of which are seniors) in San Bernardino.

San Bernardino Age Dependency

63.2

Age Dependency Ratio

13.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

49.4

Child Dependency Ratio

San Bernardino Sex Ratio

Female

108,268

50.46%

Male

106,313

49.54%

San Bernardino Households and Families

San Bernardino Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

San Bernardino Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married63.2%36.8%
All46.7%53.3%
Non Family40.2%59.8%
Male35%65%
Female30.8%69.2%

46.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

San Bernardino Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All57,3233.5646.7
Married23,2254.3863.2
Non Family14,4941.3740.2
Female14,2504.2630.8
Male5,3544.0535

4.07

Average Family Size

3.56

Average Household Size

9.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

San Bernardino Households

San Bernardino Education

San Bernardino Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade17,32114.31%
9th to 12th Grade21,55217.80%
High School Graduate33,26227.47%
Some College27,48622.70%
Associates Degree7,8736.50%
Bachelors Degree9,4497.80%
Graduate Degree4,1313.41%

San Bernardino Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic68,04537,6623,932
White25,89222,7104,952
Other Race20,56411,398997
Black17,91914,5322,362
Asian6,8575,1291,826
Multiple Races4,1413,443655
Native American1,030755108
Islander42531925

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 87.71%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 26.63%.

San Bernardino Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$25,371$28,267$21,457
Less Than High School$18,919$22,440$12,183
High School Grad$24,482$27,216$20,797
Some College$28,067$33,622$24,232
Bachelors Degree$44,917$46,074$41,933
Graduate Degree$56,982$58,929$56,655

$25,371

Average Earnings

$28,267

Average Male

$21,457

Average Female

San Bernardino Language

San Bernardino Language by Age

San Bernardino Language

49.52% of San Bernardino residents speak only English, while 50.48% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 45.03% of the population.

San Bernardino Poverty

San Bernardino Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic132,11245,92434.76%
Other38,75014,62837.75%
Black28,80010,29435.74%
White31,3706,78521.63%
Multiple9,9982,85228.53%
Asian10,1142,37323.46%
Native1,70461736.21%
Islander57213122.90%

32.26%

Overall Poverty Rate

30.00%

Male Poverty Rate

34.42%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in San Bernardino

The race most likely to be in poverty in San Bernardino is Other, with 37.75% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in San Bernardino is White, with 21.63% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.74%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.35%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.25%.

San Bernardino Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.02%
High School24.64%
Some College19.77%
Bachelors or Greater12.00%

San Bernardino Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed43.83%
Female Unemployed43.26%
Female Employed17.79%
Male Employed14.50%

San Bernardino Income

San Bernardino Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$38,456$50,702
Families$40,096$52,483
Married Families$54,605$67,388
Non Families$23,783$36,611

San Bernardino Marital Status

San Bernardino Marital Status

Marriage Rates

35.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.2%

Male Marriage Rate

34.6%

Female Marriage Rate

San Bernardino Married by Age and Sex

San Bernardino Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

San Bernardino Marital Status by Race

San Bernardino Veterans

San Bernardino Veterans by War

7,986

Number of Veterans

7,511

Male Veterans

475

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,150
Second Gulf War1,320
First Gulf War1,275
Korea911
World War II332

San Bernardino Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
55 to 641,921
65 to 741,775
75+1,660
35 to 541,597
18 to 341,033

San Bernardino Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White5,1016.04%
Hispanic2,3622.71%
Black1,5006.84%
Other5892.19%
2 or More4587.55%
Asian2092.53%
Indian1047.34%
Hawaiian255.68%

San Bernardino Veterans by Education

15.47%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.14%

Veteran Disability Rate

San Bernardino Employment Status

San Bernardino Employment by Age

56.9%

Labor Force Participation

48.8%

Employment Rate

14.1%

Unemployment Rate

San Bernardino Employment by Race

San Bernardino Employment by Education

San Bernardino Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

64.93%

Born in California

76.66%

Native Born

23.34%

Foreign Born

14.86%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

76.66% of San Bernardino residents were born in the United States, with 64.93% having been born in California. 14.86% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.