San Diego, California Population 2018

San Diego is a coastal Southern California city about 120 miles south of Los Angeles and along the border with Mexico. San Diego is the second largest Californian city and the eighth largest in the country. It is also one of the fastest growing U.S. cities.

San Diego is estimated to have a population of 1,339,000, up from an estimated 1.322 million in 2012.

San Diego has a population estimated at 1.339 million. At the last census in 2010, San Diego's population was 1.307 million. San Diego has a population density of 4,003 people per square mile in the city proper. The metropolitan population is much larger, however, and is estimated at 3.1 million people. This is the third-largest metro area after Los Angeles and San Francisco.

San Diego is also part of the San Diego-Tijuana international metropolitan area, or conurbation, which includes San Diego, California and Tijuana, Mexico. The region has a 2012 population of 4.9 million.

San Diego Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the ethnic and racial breakdown of San Diego was:

  • White: 58.9% (non-Hispanic: 45.3%)
  • Asian: 15.9% (5.9% Filipino, 2.7% Chinese, 2.5% Vietnamese, 1.3% Indian, 1.0% Korean)
  • African American: 6.7%
  • Native American: 0.6%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.5%
  • Other race: 12.3%
  • Two or more races: 5.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 28.8% (24.9% Mexican, 0.6% Puerto Rican)

San Diego has the third largest homeless population in the country, with the largest percentage of homeless veterans. While San Diego was the fifth wealthiest city in the United States according to Forbes in 2005, almost 15% of the population was below the poverty line at this time.

San Diego History

San Diego was originally inhabited by the La Jolla and San Dieguito people, as well as the Kumeyaay people. The first European to visit the area was Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, who claimed the bay for Spain in 1542 and named the site San Miguel. In 1602, Sebastian Vizcaino surveyed the coast on his ship San Diego and named current-day Mission Bay and Point Loma Saint Didacus, or San Diego de Alcala. That year, the first Christian religious service recorded in the area took place to celebrate the feast day of San Diego.

By 1769, Mission San Diego de Alacala was founded and developed the largest native population in Alta California. When Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821, San Diego became a part of Alta California, a Mexican state. The town of San Diego then began to grow before it was secularized by Mexico in 1834 and its land was sold to wealthy settlers. By 1838, the town's population dropped from 1,400 to just 100-150.

In 1846, the United States went to war against Mexico, eventually capturing San Diego and other areas. San Diego, Los Angeles and other areas were ceded to the U.S. in 1847. Three years later, California was admitted to the United States and San Diego was designated the seat of San Diego county and incorporated as a city. By World War II, San Diego became a major military and defense hub, growing rapidly to reach 333,000 by 1950. The military continued to play a large role in the economy following World War II, although San Diego leaders eventually diversified the economy to focus on tourism, research and science.

San Diego Population Growth

With the U.S. economy improving, more immigration is boosting California's growth rate, and more foreigners are attracted to the region, particularly San Diego. Of the 28,200 residents added in the county between 2012 and 2013, 16,000 were foreign immigrants.

San Diego is expected to continue growing well into the future, reaching a projected 1.9 million people by 2050, or a 49% increase from 2000. The city proper will grow from 1.3 million at the 2010 census to 1.5 million in 2020. By 2050, San Diego is expected to become a white-minority city. The Hispanic population is projected to surpass the white population for the first time in 2035. By 2015, the white population is expected to stop growing and start decreasing in size by 2035.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20171,419,51612,8340.91%
20161,406,68215,6421.12%
20151,391,04011,9170.86%
20141,379,12320,9161.54%
20131,358,20719,2321.44%
20121,338,97518,3371.39%
20111,320,63814,4621.11%
20101,306,17682,7760.66%
20001,223,400112,8510.97%
19901,110,549235,0112.41%
1980875,538178,5112.31%
1970697,027123,8031.97%
1960573,224238,8375.54%
1950334,387131,0465.10%
1940203,34155,3463.23%
1930147,99573,6347.12%
192074,36134,7836.51%
191039,57821,8788.38%
190017,7001,5410.92%
189016,15913,52219.88%
18802,6373371.38%
18702,3001,56912.15%
18607310.00%

San Diego Population in 2018Source: By User:JDrewes see www.jandrewes.de [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White888,711
Asian230,855
Black or African American88,124
Some Other Race87,283
Two or More Races67,020
American Indian and Alaska Native7,095
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander5,724

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

San Diego Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

San Diego Median Age

34.2


Total

33.3


Male

35.2


Female

San Diego Adults

There are 1,090,226 adults, (162,228 of which are seniors) in San Diego.

San Diego Age Dependency

48.1

Age Dependency Ratio

17.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.6

Child Dependency Ratio

San Diego Sex Ratio

Female

684,521

49.79%

Male

690,291

50.21%

San Diego Households and Families

San Diego Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

San Diego Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married60.7%39.3%
All46.5%53.5%
Male39.9%60.1%
Female35.9%64.1%
Non Family34.6%65.4%

46.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

San Diego Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All490,2192.7346.5
Married216,6873.4860.7
Non Family194,4941.534.6
Female56,5073.7235.9
Male22,5313.5939.9

3.43

Average Family Size

2.73

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

San Diego Households

San Diego Education

San Diego Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade61,3066.63%
9th to 12th Grade54,2225.86%
High School Graduate148,11616.02%
Some College189,03320.45%
Associates Degree69,2187.49%
Bachelors Degree238,52525.80%
Graduate Degree164,11117.75%

San Diego Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White448,140435,641254,072
Hispanic232,878156,26642,758
Asian162,988143,85482,454
Black56,13650,42312,644
Other Race49,60429,2936,588
Multiple Races29,76827,02712,499
Native American4,5303,418833
Islander3,6003,117789

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.21%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 56.69%.

San Diego Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,707$49,047$35,681
Less Than High School$19,548$22,440$15,847
High School Grad$28,552$32,089$22,957
Some College$35,790$40,583$30,839
Bachelors Degree$54,425$64,007$46,503
Graduate Degree$77,008$94,247$62,097

$41,707

Average Earnings

$49,047

Average Male

$35,681

Average Female

San Diego Language

San Diego Language by Age

San Diego Language

59.22% of San Diego residents speak only English, while 40.78% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.10% of the population.

San Diego Poverty

San Diego Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic406,85691,34422.45%
White574,14755,3059.63%
Asian228,90827,92112.20%
Other86,33625,74229.82%
Black84,53019,73523.35%
Multiple65,9189,62914.61%
Native6,82397014.22%
Islander5,58159110.59%

14.97%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.19%

Male Poverty Rate

15.74%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in San Diego

The race most likely to be in poverty in San Diego is Other, with 29.82% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in San Diego is White, with 9.63% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.66%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.17%.

San Diego Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.23%
High School15.21%
Some College10.77%
Bachelors or Greater5.61%

San Diego Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed34.64%
Male Unemployed28.84%
Female Employed8.42%
Male Employed6.88%

San Diego Income

San Diego Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$68,117$93,632
Families$80,241$107,292
Married Families$97,084$124,635
Non Families$51,115$69,136

San Diego Marital Status

San Diego Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.2%

Male Marriage Rate

42.8%

Female Marriage Rate

San Diego Married by Age and Sex

San Diego Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

San Diego Marital Status by Race

San Diego Veterans

San Diego Veterans by War

93,158

Number of Veterans

82,942

Male Veterans

10,216

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam27,812
Second Gulf War27,767
First Gulf War24,251
Korea7,892
World War II4,762

San Diego Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5425,660
75+17,450
65 to 7417,422
18 to 3417,081
55 to 6415,545

San Diego Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White65,0859.29%
Hispanic12,0494.19%
Black11,18517.32%
Asian10,8665.81%
2 or More3,0208.06%
Other1,9333.12%
Indian67912.62%
Hawaiian3908.96%

San Diego Veterans by Education

7.10%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.54%

Veteran Disability Rate

San Diego Employment Status

San Diego Employment by Age

67.3%

Labor Force Participation

59.7%

Employment Rate

7.7%

Unemployment Rate

San Diego Employment by Race

San Diego Employment by Education

San Diego Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

45.49%

Born in California

73.52%

Native Born

26.48%

Foreign Born

12.71%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

73.52% of San Diego residents were born in the United States, with 45.49% having been born in California. 12.71% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.