San Francisco, California Population 2018

San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is located in Northern California and the San Francisco Bay. It's the state's only consolidated city-county, and it's the most densely populated large city in the state. The population in 2016 is estimated to be over 860,000.

San Francisco is also the 4th most populous city in California (behind Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose) with a 2010 population of 805,235 according to the last census. The 2016 estimated population of San Francisco is now 864,816.

San Francisco experienced its largest population boom from 1848 to 1849, when its population grew a massive 2,400% because of the California Gold Rush. Its population has grown very steadily since then, except for declines during the 1960s through the 1980s, and its population in 2016 is now 864,816. This population only represents the city proper, with a metropolitan area population of around 4.6 million.

San Francisco is also hub of the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland metropolitan area, which has a population of 8.7 million.

San Francisco is the 13th most populous city in the country with a density of 6,266 people per square mile. It's the second most densely populated city in the country after New York City.

San Francisco Demographics

According to the 2015 census estimates, the ethnic makeup of San Francisco was:

  • White: 53.6% (non-Hispanic: 41%)
  • Asian: 35.3%
  • African Americans: 6.1%
  • Native Americans: 0.8%
  • Pacific Islanders: 0.5%
  • Other: 6.6%
  • Two or more: 4.2%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 15.3%

The Chinese population of San Francisco represents the single largest ethnic minority group with 21.4% of the population. Other major Asian groups include: Filipinos (4.5%), Vietnamese (1.6%), Japanese (1.3%), Asian Indians (1.2%), Koreans (1.2%), Thais (0.3%), Burmese (0.2%) and Cambodians (0.2%).

Those of Chinese ancestry are concentrated mostly in Chinatown, Sunset District and Richmond District. Filipinos are concentrated heavily in Crocker-Amazon and SoMa, and the city has one of the largest Filipino communities outside of the Philippines.

San Francisco's age distribution shows that 13.4% of its population is under 18, 9.6% are 18 to 24, 37.5% are 25 to 44, 25.9% are 45 to 64 and 13.6% are 65 or older. The average age is 38.5 years, and San Francisco has a smaller percentage of children than any other major metropolitan area in the United States.

Interestingly, native-born Californians make up a fairly small percentage of San Francisco's population, as only 37.7% of its people were born in the state, while 25.2% were born in another state in the country. Over one third of San Francisco's population were born outside the country.

Because San Francisco's non-Hispanic whites make up less than half of its total population, San Francisco is now a minority-majority city. The most common Hispanic groups include Mexicans (7.4%), Salvadoran (2.0%), Nicaraguan (0.9%) and Guatemalan (0.8%). The African American population of the city has dropped over the past few decades. In 1970, 13.4% of San Francisco's population was African American, although today that number is just 6.1%.

San Francisco is also home to the largest percentage of gay and lesbian people in the United States at 15.4%, as well as the highest percentage of same-sex households.

San Francisco Population Growth

San Francisco is one of the 20 fastest growing cities in the United States. It's estimated that thousands of new residents will call San Francisco home by 2040, and the city Planning Director said that the city will need more than 92,000 more housing units and 191,000 new jobs to accommodate this growth. The Bay Area as a whole will need 1.1 million additional jobs and 660,000 new housing units to accommodate an estimated 2.1 million more people who will move to the city by 2040.

The population of San Francisco is projected to reach 969,000 by 2035, which is nearly a 20% increase from today's population, and development is already underway to help the city grow. 80% of the city's growth is likely to occur in just 20% of the city, and the density of San Francisco will only go up.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017884,3638,2600.94%
2016876,1039,7831.13%
2015866,32013,0621.53%
2014853,25811,9881.42%
2013841,27010,8641.31%
2012830,40614,1121.73%
2011816,29410,5241.31%
2010805,77029,0370.37%
2000776,73352,7740.71%
1990723,95944,9850.64%
1980678,974-36,700-0.53%
1970715,674-24,642-0.34%
1960740,316-35,041-0.46%
1950775,357140,8212.02%
1940634,5361420.00%
1930634,394127,7182.27%
1920506,67689,7641.97%
1910416,91274,1301.98%
1900342,78243,7851.38%
1890298,99765,0382.48%
1880233,95984,4864.58%
1870149,47392,67110.16%
186056,80226,8026.59%
185030,0000.00%

San Francisco Population in 2018Source: By Bernard Gagnon [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White409,355
Asian287,847
Some Other Race59,686
Black or African American45,607
Two or More Races41,697
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,168
American Indian and Alaska Native2,922

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

San Francisco Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

San Francisco Median Age

38.4


Total

38.2


Male

38.5


Female

San Francisco Adults

There are 735,494 adults, (122,441 of which are seniors) in San Francisco.

San Francisco Age Dependency

38.6

Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

18.7

Child Dependency Ratio

San Francisco Sex Ratio

Female

417,056

49.05%

Male

433,226

50.95%

San Francisco Households and Families

San Francisco Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

San Francisco Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married55.1%44.9%
Male45.3%54.7%
Female42.9%57.1%
All36.8%63.2%
Non Family23.5%76.5%

36.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

San Francisco Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All356,7972.3336.8
Non Family191,1451.5123.5
Married123,8943.2455.1
Female28,9693.3742.9
Male12,7893.3445.3

3.14

Average Family Size

2.33

Average Household Size

6.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

San Francisco Households

San Francisco Education

San Francisco Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade52,4547.84%
9th to 12th Grade31,5704.72%
High School Graduate83,38912.46%
Some College98,65514.75%
Associates Degree36,3635.44%
Bachelors Degree220,33532.94%
Graduate Degree146,22921.86%

San Francisco Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White296,506290,016219,313
Asian228,818177,81798,985
Hispanic89,65267,88128,247
Other Race40,60129,6259,812
Black33,53829,7118,372
Multiple Races21,88020,66312,805
Native American2,3551,750557
Islander2,0231,793540

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.81%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 73.97%.

San Francisco Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$55,149$61,763$50,770
Less Than High School$21,231$24,684$16,956
High School Grad$27,180$30,416$24,090
Some College$38,386$41,750$35,322
Bachelors Degree$70,294$78,931$62,249
Graduate Degree$92,498$106,215$78,092

$55,149

Average Earnings

$61,763

Average Male

$50,770

Average Female

San Francisco Language

San Francisco Language by Age

San Francisco Language

56.03% of San Francisco residents speak only English, while 43.97% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 25.63% of the population.

San Francisco Poverty

San Francisco Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian284,54936,60312.86%
White345,23828,9868.40%
Hispanic126,40918,89614.95%
Black44,22614,35232.45%
Other58,0819,58616.50%
Multiple40,6355,72014.08%
Islander3,11472623.31%
Native2,85149417.33%

12.45%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.62%

Male Poverty Rate

13.32%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in San Francisco

The race most likely to be in poverty in San Francisco is Black, with 32.45% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in San Francisco is White, with 8.40% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.34%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.75%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.61%.

San Francisco Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.31%
High School16.13%
Some College13.73%
Bachelors or Greater5.88%

San Francisco Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed33.09%
Male Unemployed28.99%
Female Employed6.20%
Male Employed4.70%

San Francisco Income

San Francisco Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$87,701$127,625
Families$103,363$150,490
Married Families$126,563$174,493
Non Families$71,753$104,811

San Francisco Marital Status

San Francisco Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.6%

Male Marriage Rate

39.0%

Female Marriage Rate

San Francisco Married by Age and Sex

San Francisco Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

San Francisco Marital Status by Race

San Francisco Veterans

San Francisco Veterans by War

25,791

Number of Veterans

24,030

Male Veterans

1,761

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam8,802
First Gulf War3,604
Second Gulf War3,397
Korea2,629
World War II2,267

San Francisco Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+7,680
65 to 746,361
35 to 545,079
55 to 644,397
18 to 342,274

San Francisco Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White16,1994.44%
Asian4,2901.70%
Black3,5389.33%
Hispanic2,3032.23%
2 or More9013.35%
Other4991.04%
Hawaiian1837.10%
Indian1817.10%

San Francisco Veterans by Education

10.83%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.45%

Veteran Disability Rate

San Francisco Employment Status

San Francisco Employment by Age

69.8%

Labor Force Participation

65.4%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

San Francisco Employment by Race

San Francisco Employment by Education

San Francisco Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.06%

Born in California

65.09%

Native Born

34.91%

Foreign Born

13.41%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

65.09% of San Francisco residents were born in the United States, with 39.06% having been born in California. 13.41% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.