San Francisco, California Population 2018

San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is located in Northern California and the San Francisco Bay. It's the state's only consolidated city-county, and it's the most densely populated large city in the state. The population in 2016 is estimated to be over 860,000.

San Francisco is also the 4th most populous city in California (behind Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose) with a 2010 population of 805,235 according to the last census. The 2016 estimated population of San Francisco is now 864,816.

San Francisco experienced its largest population boom from 1848 to 1849, when its population grew a massive 2,400% because of the California Gold Rush. Its population has grown very steadily since then, except for declines during the 1960s through the 1980s, and its population in 2016 is now 864,816. This population only represents the city proper, with a metropolitan area population of around 4.6 million.

San Francisco is also hub of the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland metropolitan area, which has a population of 8.7 million.

San Francisco is the 13th most populous city in the country with a density of 6,266 people per square mile. It's the second most densely populated city in the country after New York City.

San Francisco Demographics

According to the 2015 census estimates, the ethnic makeup of San Francisco was:

  • White: 53.6% (non-Hispanic: 41%)
  • Asian: 35.3%
  • African Americans: 6.1%
  • Native Americans: 0.8%
  • Pacific Islanders: 0.5%
  • Other: 6.6%
  • Two or more: 4.2%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 15.3%

The Chinese population of San Francisco represents the single largest ethnic minority group with 21.4% of the population. Other major Asian groups include: Filipinos (4.5%), Vietnamese (1.6%), Japanese (1.3%), Asian Indians (1.2%), Koreans (1.2%), Thais (0.3%), Burmese (0.2%) and Cambodians (0.2%).

Those of Chinese ancestry are concentrated mostly in Chinatown, Sunset District and Richmond District. Filipinos are concentrated heavily in Crocker-Amazon and SoMa, and the city has one of the largest Filipino communities outside of the Philippines.

San Francisco's age distribution shows that 13.4% of its population is under 18, 9.6% are 18 to 24, 37.5% are 25 to 44, 25.9% are 45 to 64 and 13.6% are 65 or older. The average age is 38.5 years, and San Francisco has a smaller percentage of children than any other major metropolitan area in the United States.

Interestingly, native-born Californians make up a fairly small percentage of San Francisco's population, as only 37.7% of its people were born in the state, while 25.2% were born in another state in the country. Over one third of San Francisco's population were born outside the country.

Because San Francisco's non-Hispanic whites make up less than half of its total population, San Francisco is now a minority-majority city. The most common Hispanic groups include Mexicans (7.4%), Salvadoran (2.0%), Nicaraguan (0.9%) and Guatemalan (0.8%). The African American population of the city has dropped over the past few decades. In 1970, 13.4% of San Francisco's population was African American, although today that number is just 6.1%.

San Francisco is also home to the largest percentage of gay and lesbian people in the United States at 15.4%, as well as the highest percentage of same-sex households.

San Francisco Population Growth

San Francisco is one of the 20 fastest growing cities in the United States. It's estimated that thousands of new residents will call San Francisco home by 2040, and the city Planning Director said that the city will need more than 92,000 more housing units and 191,000 new jobs to accommodate this growth. The Bay Area as a whole will need 1.1 million additional jobs and 660,000 new housing units to accommodate an estimated 2.1 million more people who will move to the city by 2040.

The population of San Francisco is projected to reach 969,000 by 2035, which is nearly a 20% increase from today's population, and development is already underway to help the city grow. 80% of the city's growth is likely to occur in just 20% of the city, and the density of San Francisco will only go up.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017884,3638,2600.94%
2016876,1039,7831.13%
2015866,32013,0621.53%
2014853,25811,9881.42%
2013841,27010,8641.31%
2012830,40614,1121.73%
2011816,29410,5241.31%
2010805,77029,0373.74%
2000776,73352,7747.29%
1990723,95944,9856.63%
1980678,974-36,700-5.13%
1970715,674-24,642-3.33%
1960740,316-35,041-4.52%
1950775,357140,82122.19%
1940634,5361420.02%
1930634,394127,71825.21%
1920506,67689,76421.53%
1910416,91274,13021.63%
1900342,78243,78514.64%
1890298,99765,03827.80%
1880233,95984,48656.52%
1870149,47392,671163.15%
186056,80226,80289.34%
185030,0000.00%

San Francisco Population in 2018Source: By Bernard Gagnon [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White409,355
Asian287,847
Some Other Race59,686
Black or African American45,607
Two or More Races41,697
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,168
American Indian and Alaska Native2,922

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

San Francisco Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

San Francisco Median Age

38.4


Total

38.2


Male

38.5


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 764,974 adults in San Francisco.

San Francisco Age Dependency

38.6

Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

18.7

Child Dependency Ratio

San Francisco Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.1
Houses Without Mortgage
41,390
Houses With Mortgage
89,941
Vacancy Rate
7.7
Median Rent
1,632
Median Home Value
858,800
Renter-Occupied Units
225,466
Owner-Occupied Units
131,331
Total Housing Units
386,755

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in San Francisco for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 4.3% and the labor force participation rate is 69.8%.

San Francisco Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.33
Average Family Size
3.14
Total Households
356797
Married Couple Households
123894
Male Householder (no wife) Families
12789
Female Householder (no husband) Families
28969
Non Family Households
191145
Total Families
165652
Households With Own Children
58717
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.1
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
1.8

San Francisco Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
22,457
$10,000 to $14,999
20,708
$15,000 to $24,999
24,807
$25,000 to $34,999
20,439
$35,000 to $49,999
26,966
$50,000 to $74,999
43,264
$75,000 to $99,999
36,378
$100,000 to $149,999
58,825
$150,000 to $199,999
37,190
Over $200,000
65,763

San Francisco Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

San Francisco

California

$87,701

$63,783

$127,625

$91,149

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

San Francisco Education Data

San Francisco Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
52,4547.84%
9th to 12th Grade
31,5704.72%
High School Graduate
83,38912.46%
Some College
98,65514.75%
Associates Degree
36,3635.44%
Bachelors Degree
220,33532.94%
Graduate Degree
146,22921.86%