San Francisco, California Population 2020

883,305

San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is located in Northern California and the San Francisco Bay. It's the state's only consolidated city-county, and it's the most densely populated large city in the state of California. The population is estimated to be over 883,305.

San Francisco is also the 4th most populous city in California (behind Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Jose) with a 2010 population of 805,235 according to the last census. The 2016 estimated population of San Francisco is now 864,816.

San Francisco experienced its largest population boom from 1848 to 1849, when its population grew a massive 2,400% because of the California Gold Rush. Its population has grown very steadily since then, except for declines during the 1960s through the 1980s, and its population in 2016 is now 864,816. This population only represents the city proper, with a metropolitan area population of around 4.6 million.

San Francisco is also the hub of the San Jose-San Francisco- Oakland metropolitan area, which has a population of 8.7 million.

San Francisco Diversity and Population Statistics

The Chinese population of San Francisco represents the single largest ethnic minority group with 21.4% of the population. Other major Asian groups include: Filipinos (4.5%), Vietnamese (1.6%), Japanese (1.3%), Asian Indians (1.2%), Koreans (1.2%), Thais (0.3%), Burmese (0.2%) and Cambodians (0.2%).

Those of Chinese ancestry are concentrated mostly in Chinatown, Sunset District, and Richmond District. Filipinos are concentrated heavily in Crocker-Amazon and SoMa, and the city has one of the largest Filipino communities outside of the Philippines.

San Francisco's age distribution shows that 13.4% of its population is under 18, 9.6% are 18 to 24, 37.5% are 25 to 44, 25.9% are 45 to 64 and 13.6% are 65 or older. The average age is 38.5 years, and San Francisco has a smaller percentage of children than any other major metropolitan area in the United States.

Interestingly, native-born Californians make up a relatively small percentage of San Francisco's population, as only 37.7% of its people were born in the state, while 25.2% were born in another state in the country. Over one-third of San Francisco's population were born outside the country.

Because San Francisco's non-Hispanic whites make up less than half of its total population, San Francisco is now a minority-majority city. The most common Hispanic groups include Mexicans (7.4%), Salvadoran (2.0%), Nicaraguan (0.9%) and Guatemalan (0.8%). The African American population of the city has dropped over the past few decades. In 1970, 13.4% of San Francisco's population was African American, although today that number is just 6.1%.

San Francisco is also home to the largest percentage of gay and lesbian people in the United States at 15.4%, as well as the highest percentage of same-sex households.

San Francisco Population Growth

San Francisco is one of the 20 fastest growing cities in the United States. It's estimated that thousands of new residents will call San Francisco home by 2040, and the city Planning Director said that the city would need more than 92,000 more housing units and 191,000 new jobs to accommodate this growth. The Bay Area as a whole will need 1.1 million additional jobs and 660,000 new housing units to provide for an estimated 2.1 million more people who will move to the city by 2040.

The population of San Francisco is projected to reach 969,000 by 2035, which is nearly a 20% increase from today's population, and development is already underway to help the city grow. 80% of the city's growth is likely to occur in just 20% of the city, and the density of San Francisco will only go up.

San Francisco Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of San Francisco was:

  • White: 46.73%
  • Asian: 34.21%
  • Other race: 7.75%
  • Two or more races: 5.44%
  • Black or African American: 5.22%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.33%
  • Native American: 0.32%

How Many People Live in San Francisco, California?

883,305
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018883,3054,1390.47%
2017879,1666,3710.73%
2016872,7958,9591.04%
2015863,83612,7201.49%
2014851,11611,2751.34%
2013839,84110,8141.30%
2012829,02713,3501.64%
2011815,67710,1271.26%
2010805,55028,8170.36%
2000776,73352,7740.71%
1990723,95944,9850.64%
1980678,974-36,700-0.53%
1970715,674-24,642-0.34%
1960740,316-35,041-0.46%
1950775,357140,8212.02%
1940634,5361420.00%
1930634,394127,7182.27%
1920506,67689,7641.97%
1910416,91274,1301.98%
1900342,78243,7851.38%
1890298,99765,0382.48%
1880233,95984,4864.58%
1870149,47392,67110.16%
186056,80226,8026.59%
185030,0000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20184,729,48418,7910.40%
20174,710,69321,5610.46%
20164,689,13239,5930.84%
20154,649,53962,2861.34%
20144,587,25365,9411.44%
20134,521,31264,9171.44%
20124,456,39560,5011.36%
20114,395,89452,1121.19%
20104,343,7820.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White406,53846.73%
Asian297,66734.21%
Some Other Race67,4247.75%
Two or More Races47,3565.44%
Black or African American45,4025.22%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,9110.33%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,7460.32%

San Francisco Population Pyramid 2020

San Francisco Median Age

38.2


Total

37.9


Male

38.5


Female

San Francisco Adults

There are 753,147 adults, (131,438 of whom are seniors) in San Francisco.

San Francisco Age Dependency

39.9

Age Dependency Ratio

21.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

18.8

Child Dependency Ratio

San Francisco Sex Ratio

Female

426,074

48.97%

Male

443,970

51.03%

San Francisco Households and Families

San Francisco Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

San Francisco Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married55.6%44.4%
Male46.7%53.3%
Female43.2%56.8%
All37.6%62.4%
Non Family23.6%76.4%

37.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All359,6732.3637.6
Non Family187,4831.5323.6
Married130,0063.2155.6
Female28,7863.4943.2
Male13,3983.3946.7

3.12

Average Family Size

2.36

Average Household Size

6.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

San Francisco Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade48,7087.06%
9th to 12th Grade30,7004.45%
High School Graduate84,63012.27%
Some College95,23913.81%
Associates Degree36,2705.26%
Bachelors Degree236,59334.31%
Graduate Degree157,41122.83%

San Francisco Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White300,193294,935229,348
Asian240,148190,420109,784
Hispanic92,59772,85031,202
Other Race45,85233,75710,760
Black33,94430,2209,692
Multiple Races25,40124,14015,619
Native American2,1531,855552
Islander1,8991,729553

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 98.25%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 76.40%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$63,527$69,591$57,217
Less Than High School$22,965$26,426$19,995
High School Grad$30,635$32,131$27,467
Some College$41,626$46,555$37,428
Bachelors Degree$79,792$90,196$71,421
Graduate Degree$102,741$121,873$87,567

$63,527

Average Earnings

$69,591

Average Male

$57,217

Average Female

San Francisco Language

San Francisco Language by Age

San Francisco Language

56.92% of San Francisco residents speak only English, while 43.08% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 25.32% of the population.

San Francisco Poverty

San Francisco Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian294,39931,40310.67%
White348,81926,0947.48%
Hispanic129,28517,51013.54%
Black44,00013,46030.59%
Other65,6829,66414.71%
Multiple46,2955,07010.95%
Islander2,85255319.39%
Native2,71629210.75%

10.86%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.09%

Male Poverty Rate

11.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in San Francisco

The race most likely to be in poverty in San Francisco is Black, with 30.59% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in San Francisco is White, with 7.48% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.56%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.41%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School20.98%
High School14.80%
Some College12.24%
Bachelors or Greater5.30%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed31.02%
Male Unemployed27.50%
Female Employed5.05%
Male Employed4.18%

San Francisco Income

San Francisco Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$104,552$149,265
Families$122,900$176,150
Married Families$147,724$202,479
Non Families$83,611$120,171

San Francisco Marital Status

San Francisco Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.5%

Male Marriage Rate

39.7%

Female Marriage Rate

San Francisco Married by Age and Sex

San Francisco Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

San Francisco Marital Status by Race

San Francisco Veterans

24,038

Number of Veterans

22,364

Male Veterans

1,674

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam8,037
First Gulf War3,715
Second Gulf War3,708
Korea2,519
World War II1,655

San Francisco Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White14,3853.96%
Asian4,2311.61%
Black3,4539.04%
Hispanic2,3462.23%
2 or More8662.85%
Other8571.61%
Hawaiian1285.39%
Indian1184.99%

San Francisco Veterans by Education

10.58%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

San Francisco Employment Status

70.8%

Labor Force Participation

67.4%

Employment Rate

4.7%

Unemployment Rate

San Francisco Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.51%

Born in California

65.56%

Native Born

34.44%

Foreign Born

12.84%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

65.56% of San Francisco residents were born in the United States, with 39.51% having been born in California. 12.84% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.