San Francisco, California Population 2018

San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is located in Northern California and the San Francisco Bay. It's the state's only consolidated city-county, and it's the most densely populated large city in the state. The population in 2016 is estimated to be over 860,000.

San Francisco is also the 4th most populous city in California (behind Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose) with a 2010 population of 805,235 according to the last census. The 2016 estimated population of San Francisco is now 864,816.

San Francisco experienced its largest population boom from 1848 to 1849, when its population grew a massive 2,400% because of the California Gold Rush. Its population has grown very steadily since then, except for declines during the 1960s through the 1980s, and its population in 2016 is now 864,816. This population only represents the city proper, with a metropolitan area population of around 4.6 million.

San Francisco is also hub of the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland metropolitan area, which has a population of 8.7 million.

San Francisco is the 13th most populous city in the country with a density of 6,266 people per square mile. It's the second most densely populated city in the country after New York City.

San Francisco Demographics

According to the 2015 census estimates, the ethnic makeup of San Francisco was:

  • White: 53.6% (non-Hispanic: 41%)
  • Asian: 35.3%
  • African Americans: 6.1%
  • Native Americans: 0.8%
  • Pacific Islanders: 0.5%
  • Other: 6.6%
  • Two or more: 4.2%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 15.3%

The Chinese population of San Francisco represents the single largest ethnic minority group with 21.4% of the population. Other major Asian groups include: Filipinos (4.5%), Vietnamese (1.6%), Japanese (1.3%), Asian Indians (1.2%), Koreans (1.2%), Thais (0.3%), Burmese (0.2%) and Cambodians (0.2%).

Those of Chinese ancestry are concentrated mostly in Chinatown, Sunset District and Richmond District. Filipinos are concentrated heavily in Crocker-Amazon and SoMa, and the city has one of the largest Filipino communities outside of the Philippines.

San Francisco's age distribution shows that 13.4% of its population is under 18, 9.6% are 18 to 24, 37.5% are 25 to 44, 25.9% are 45 to 64 and 13.6% are 65 or older. The average age is 38.5 years, and San Francisco has a smaller percentage of children than any other major metropolitan area in the United States.

Interestingly, native-born Californians make up a fairly small percentage of San Francisco's population, as only 37.7% of its people were born in the state, while 25.2% were born in another state in the country. Over one third of San Francisco's population were born outside the country.

Because San Francisco's non-Hispanic whites make up less than half of its total population, San Francisco is now a minority-majority city. The most common Hispanic groups include Mexicans (7.4%), Salvadoran (2.0%), Nicaraguan (0.9%) and Guatemalan (0.8%). The African American population of the city has dropped over the past few decades. In 1970, 13.4% of San Francisco's population was African American, although today that number is just 6.1%.

San Francisco is also home to the largest percentage of gay and lesbian people in the United States at 15.4%, as well as the highest percentage of same-sex households.

San Francisco Population Growth

San Francisco is one of the 20 fastest growing cities in the United States. It's estimated that thousands of new residents will call San Francisco home by 2040, and the city Planning Director said that the city will need more than 92,000 more housing units and 191,000 new jobs to accommodate this growth. The Bay Area as a whole will need 1.1 million additional jobs and 660,000 new housing units to accommodate an estimated 2.1 million more people who will move to the city by 2040.

The population of San Francisco is projected to reach 969,000 by 2035, which is nearly a 20% increase from today's population, and development is already underway to help the city grow. 80% of the city's growth is likely to occur in just 20% of the city, and the density of San Francisco will only go up.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017884,3638,2600.94%
2016876,1039,7831.13%
2015866,32013,0621.53%
2014853,25811,9881.42%
2013841,27010,8641.31%
2012830,40614,1121.73%
2011816,29410,5241.31%
2010805,77029,0370.37%
2000776,73352,7740.71%
1990723,95944,9850.64%
1980678,974-36,700-0.53%
1970715,674-24,642-0.34%
1960740,316-35,041-0.46%
1950775,357140,8212.02%
1940634,5361420.00%
1930634,394127,7182.27%
1920506,67689,7641.97%
1910416,91274,1301.98%
1900342,78243,7851.38%
1890298,99765,0382.48%
1880233,95984,4864.58%
1870149,47392,67110.16%
186056,80226,8026.59%
185030,0000.00%

San Francisco Population in 2018Source: By Bernard Gagnon [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White408,266
Asian295,347
Some Other Race64,800
Black or African American45,654
Two or More Races43,664
American Indian and Alaska Native3,306
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,226

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

San Francisco Population Pyramid 2018

10,00020,00030,00040,00050,000 Male Population10,00020,00030,00040,00050,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

San Francisco Median Age

38.3


Total

38.1


Male

38.6


Female

San Francisco Adults

There are 748,311 adults, (128,384 of whom are seniors) in San Francisco.

San Francisco Age Dependency

39.4

Age Dependency Ratio

20.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

18.7

Child Dependency Ratio

San Francisco Sex Ratio

Female

423,630

49.02%

Male

440,633

50.98%

San Francisco Households and Families

San Francisco Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

San Francisco Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married55.4%44.6%
Male46.7%53.3%
Female43.2%56.8%
All37.3%62.7%
Non Family23.7%76.3%

37.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

San Francisco Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All358,7722.3537.3
Non Family190,0341.5223.7
Married126,7613.2555.4
Female28,8943.4243.2
Male13,0833.4246.7

3.15

Average Family Size

2.35

Average Household Size

6.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

San Francisco Households

San Francisco Education

San Francisco Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade51,6127.56%
9th to 12th Grade31,0064.54%
High School Graduate84,07212.31%
Some College99,03014.50%
Associates Degree36,2885.31%
Bachelors Degree228,29433.42%
Graduate Degree152,77222.37%

San Francisco Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White299,409293,606224,516
Asian236,891186,254105,273
Hispanic91,85170,36229,641
Other Race44,17531,93910,378
Black33,96130,3029,256
Multiple Races23,13921,86413,734
Native American2,5252,052674
Islander2,0291,845462

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 98.06%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 74.99%.

San Francisco Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$59,491$64,498$52,593
Less Than High School$21,887$24,720$18,291
High School Grad$29,017$30,791$26,138
Some College$40,125$43,828$35,376
Bachelors Degree$74,398$83,304$66,883
Graduate Degree$97,563$113,734$82,623

$59,491

Average Earnings

$64,498

Average Male

$52,593

Average Female

San Francisco Language

San Francisco Language by Age

San Francisco Language

56.25% of San Francisco residents speak only English, while 43.75% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 25.70% of the population.

San Francisco Poverty

San Francisco Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian291,83434,51911.83%
White348,38927,6137.93%
Hispanic128,48317,79513.85%
Black44,24914,06831.79%
Other63,1959,70315.35%
Multiple42,5875,31312.48%
Islander3,17165220.56%
Native3,23845113.93%

11.65%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.74%

Male Poverty Rate

12.60%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in San Francisco

The race most likely to be in poverty in San Francisco is Black, with 31.79% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in San Francisco is White, with 7.93% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.33%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.57%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.40%.

San Francisco Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.59%
High School15.13%
Some College13.09%
Bachelors or Greater5.47%

San Francisco Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed32.89%
Male Unemployed28.56%
Female Employed5.60%
Male Employed4.51%

San Francisco Income

San Francisco Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$96,265$137,761
Families$114,049$162,722
Married Families$137,343$187,355
Non Families$77,582$111,866

San Francisco Marital Status

San Francisco Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.1%

Male Marriage Rate

39.4%

Female Marriage Rate

San Francisco Married by Age and Sex

San Francisco Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

San Francisco Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

San Francisco Veterans

San Francisco Veterans by War

24,582

Number of Veterans

22,733

Male Veterans

1,849

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam8,044
First Gulf War3,797
Second Gulf War3,613
Korea2,534
World War II2,002

San Francisco Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+7,472
65 to 746,070
35 to 544,996
55 to 643,698
18 to 342,346

San Francisco Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White15,0174.12%
Asian4,4041.69%
Black3,2368.48%
Hispanic2,3552.24%
2 or More7992.82%
Other7461.45%
Hawaiian1967.67%
Indian1846.64%

San Francisco Veterans by Education

9.86%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.27%

Veteran Disability Rate

San Francisco Employment Status

San Francisco Employment by Age

70.4%

Labor Force Participation

66.5%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

San Francisco Employment by Race

San Francisco Employment by Education

San Francisco Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.30%

Born in California

65.23%

Native Born

34.77%

Foreign Born

13.02%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

65.23% of San Francisco residents were born in the United States, with 39.30% having been born in California. 13.02% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.