San Jose, California Population 2019

San Jose is the third-largest city in the state of California and the 10th largest in the United States. It is also the largest city in Northern California, located in the greater Bay Area. The population of San Jose just passed the 1 million mark in 2014.

It is estimated that San Jose, California surpassed the one million mark in 2014, reaching an estimated population of 1,000,536, according to the California Department of Finance. The larger urban area has an estimated population of 1.89 million, with a metropolitan population of 1.97 million. The San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has a much larger population of 8.37 million.

San Jose Demographics

  • White: 42.8% (non-Hispanic: 28.7%)
  • Asian: 32.0% (10.4% Vietnamese, 6.7% Chinese, 5.6% Filipino, 4.6% Indian, 1.2% Korean, 1.2% Japanese, 0.3% Cambodian, 0.2% Thai, 0.2% Pakistani, 0.2% Laotian)
  • African American: 3.2%
  • Native American: 0.9%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.4%
  • Other races: 15.7%
  • Two or more races: 5.0%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 33.2%

The largest Hispanic group was Mexicans, accounting for 28.2% of the city's population, followed by Salvadorans (0.7%), and Puerto Ricans (0.5%).

Around 44% of the population has a religious affiliation, with the largest being the Roman Catholic Church (26%). About 3.8% of the population practices an Eastern religion, which is seven times the national average. About 1% of the population adheres to Islam.

San Jose History

The San Jose area was first inhabited by groups of Ohlone Native Americans. The first European settlement began with Franciscan missions established in 1769. San Jose was founded as Pueblo de San Jose de Guadalupe (for Saint Joseph) in 1777 as a farming community.

In 1821, San Jose came under Mexican rule, and then became part of the United States. It became the second city to incorporate in California in 1850, and it was California's first state capital.

San Jose Population Growth

San Jose is the largest city in Santa Clara County, which was recently named as the fastest growing county in California, with much of its growth attributed to young tech workers who are attracted to the region. In 2012, the county's population grew 1.6%, and another 1.7% in 2013.

San Jose hit the one million resident mark at the beginning of 2014, which is an important milestone as the city has long struggled with its identity and it had been pegged by outsiders as a run-of-the-mill giant suburb. San Jose had already brushed the million mark before in 2009 before its population declined, but it is expected to stick this time. San Jose's current population is far behind San Diego (1.3 million) and Los Angeles (3.9 million), but it is closing in on Dallas, with its population of 1.2 million people.

San Jose, California's estimated population is 1,035,317 according to the most recent United States census estimates. San Jose, California is the 3rd largest city in California based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 5832.33 people/mi² (2251.87 people/km²), with a household density of 721.05 people/km² (1867.52 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 36.4 years, 35.5 years for males, and 37.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 101.8 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 331,510 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.4%, with a median rent of $1822/month. The median house has 5.2 rooms, and has a value of $714,200.

The median income for households in San Jose, California is $96,662, while the mean household income is $124,356. The per capita income is $, and % of families and % of individuals are below the federal poverty line. % of those under 18 are in poverty, and % of those 65 years or older.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20171,035,3173,3750.33%
20161,031,9424,3820.43%
20151,027,56010,8521.07%
20141,016,70812,9731.29%
20131,003,73518,0131.83%
2012985,72214,3701.48%
2011971,35216,0971.69%
2010955,25560,3120.65%
2000894,943112,6951.35%
1990782,248152,7172.20%
1980629,531169,6183.19%
1970459,913255,7178.46%
1960204,196108,9167.92%
195095,28026,8233.36%
194068,45710,8061.73%
193057,65118,0093.82%
192039,64210,6963.19%
191028,9467,4463.02%
190021,5003,4401.76%
189018,0605,4933.69%
188012,5673,4783.29%
18709,0890.00%

San Jose Population in 2018Source: By Adam Schultz (Flickr: IMG_0934) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White416,127
Asian355,623
Some Other Race158,287
Two or More Races52,218
Black or African American30,767
American Indian and Alaska Native5,806
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,203

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

San Jose Population Pyramid 2019

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

San Jose Median Age

36.4


Total

35.5


Male

37.5


Female

San Jose Adults

There are 788,002 adults, (121,329 of whom are seniors) in San Jose.

San Jose Age Dependency

53.5

Age Dependency Ratio

18.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.3

Child Dependency Ratio

San Jose Sex Ratio

Female

506,907

49.55%

Male

516,124

50.45%

San Jose Households and Families

San Jose Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

San Jose Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married68.2%31.8%
All57.5%42.5%
Male46.1%53.9%
Non Family44.7%55.3%
Female42.2%57.8%

57.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

San Jose Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All319,5583.1557.5
Married177,2643.7268.2
Non Family85,3391.4944.7
Female37,9123.9142.2
Male19,0433.8346.1

3.62

Average Family Size

3.15

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

San Jose Households

San Jose Education

San Jose Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade66,7009.60%
9th to 12th Grade47,8686.89%
High School Graduate120,67017.37%
Some College121,72717.52%
Associates Degree51,0327.34%
Bachelors Degree171,71624.71%
Graduate Degree115,16816.57%

San Jose Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian256,242220,494137,622
White212,219202,504108,884
Hispanic189,512123,41426,658
Other Race91,50154,6528,638
Multiple Races21,55418,8587,959
Black20,68918,7727,016
Native American3,7532,826412
Islander2,8232,531501

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.42%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 53.71%.

San Jose Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$50,070$57,731$40,752
Less Than High School$24,173$28,574$19,394
High School Grad$31,486$35,179$26,649
Some College$42,376$50,335$36,675
Bachelors Degree$74,399$91,943$59,865
Graduate Degree$106,009$128,049$81,376

$50,070

Average Earnings

$57,731

Average Male

$40,752

Average Female

San Jose Language

San Jose Language by Age

San Jose Language

43.23% of San Jose residents speak only English, while 56.77% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 25.59% of the population.

San Jose Poverty

San Jose Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic326,88646,00914.07%
Asian353,22730,2918.58%
Other156,78826,02016.60%
White267,76217,2606.45%
Black30,0184,77815.92%
Multiple51,2324,5038.79%
Native5,74788515.40%
Islander4,1683979.52%

10.04%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.18%

Male Poverty Rate

10.92%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in San Jose

The race most likely to be in poverty in San Jose is Other, with 16.60% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in San Jose is White, with 6.45% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.56%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.41%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.54%.

San Jose Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School18.95%
High School11.87%
Some College7.27%
Bachelors or Greater3.66%

San Jose Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed24.04%
Female Unemployed22.14%
Female Employed5.63%
Male Employed4.34%

San Jose Income

San Jose Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$96,662$124,356
Families$105,943$134,760
Married Families$126,387$152,922
Non Families$60,942$85,848

San Jose Marital Status

San Jose Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.2%

Male Marriage Rate

50.2%

Female Marriage Rate

San Jose Married by Age and Sex

San Jose Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

San Jose Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

San Jose Veterans

San Jose Veterans by War

28,305

Number of Veterans

26,540

Male Veterans

1,765

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam10,797
First Gulf War4,311
Second Gulf War3,296
Korea3,133
World War II1,256

San Jose Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 747,875
75+7,249
35 to 546,014
55 to 645,087
18 to 342,080

San Jose Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White19,2425.80%
Hispanic5,4932.41%
Asian4,0691.43%
Other1,9301.74%
Black1,6676.94%
2 or More9543.38%
Indian3217.30%
Hawaiian1223.60%

San Jose Veterans by Education

6.26%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.07%

Veteran Disability Rate

San Jose Employment Status

San Jose Employment by Age

67.9%

Labor Force Participation

63.6%

Employment Rate

6.4%

Unemployment Rate

San Jose Employment by Race

San Jose Employment by Education

San Jose Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

47.08%

Born in California

60.56%

Native Born

39.44%

Foreign Born

17.24%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

60.56% of San Jose residents were born in the United States, with 47.08% having been born in California. 17.24% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.