San Jose, California Population 2018

San Jose is the third-largest city in California and the 10th largest in the United States. It is also the largest city in Northern California, located in the greater Bay Area. The population of San Jose just passed the 1 million mark in 2014.

It is estimated that San Jose, California surpassed the one million mark in 2014, reaching an estimated population of 1,000,536, according to the California Department of Finance. The larger urban area has an estimated population of 1.89 million, with a metropolitan population of 1.97 million. The San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has a much larger population of 8.37 million.

San Jose Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of San Jose was:

  • White: 42.8% (non-Hispanic: 28.7%)
  • Asian: 32.0% (10.4% Vietnamese, 6.7% Chinese, 5.6% Filipino, 4.6% Indian, 1.2% Korean, 1.2% Japanese, 0.3% Cambodian, 0.2% Thai, 0.2% Pakistani, 0.2% Laotian)
  • African American: 3.2%
  • Native American: 0.9%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.4%
  • Other races: 15.7%
  • Two or more races: 5.0%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 33.2%

The largest Hispanic group was Mexicans, accounting for 28.2% of the city's population, followed by Salvadorans (0.7%), and Puerto Ricans (0.5%).

Around 44% of the population has a religious affiliation, with the largest being the Roman Catholic Church (26%). About 3.8% of the population practices an Eastern religion, which is seven times the national average. About 1% of the population adheres to Islam.

San Jose History

The San Jose area was first inhabited by groups of Ohlone Native Americans. The first European settlement began with Franciscan missions established in 1769. San Jose was founded as Pueblo de San Jose de Guadalupe (for Saint Joseph) in 1777 as a farming community.

In 1821, San Jose came under Mexican rule, and then became part of the United States. It became the second city to incorporate in California in 1850, and it was California's first state capital.

San Jose Population Growth

San Jose is the largest city in Santa Clara County, which was recently named as the fastest growing county in California, with much of its growth attributed to young tech workers who are attracted to the region. In 2012, the county's population grew 1.6%, and another 1.7% in 2013.

San Jose hit the one million resident mark at the beginning of 2014, which is an important milestone as the city has long struggled with its identity and it had been pegged by outsiders as a run-of-the-mill giant suburb. San Jose had already brushed the million mark before in 2009 before its population declined, but it is expected to stick this time. San Jose's current population is far behind San Diego (1.3 million) and Los Angeles (3.9 million), but it is closing in on Dallas, with its population of 1.2 million people.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20171,035,3173,3750.33%
20161,031,9424,3820.43%
20151,027,56010,8521.07%
20141,016,70812,9731.29%
20131,003,73518,0131.83%
2012985,72214,3701.48%
2011971,35216,0971.69%
2010955,25560,3120.65%
2000894,943112,6951.35%
1990782,248152,7172.20%
1980629,531169,6183.19%
1970459,913255,7178.46%
1960204,196108,9167.92%
195095,28026,8233.36%
194068,45710,8061.73%
193057,65118,0093.82%
192039,64210,6963.19%
191028,9467,4463.02%
190021,5003,4401.76%
189018,0605,4933.69%
188012,5673,4783.29%
18709,0890.00%

San Jose Population in 2018Source: By Adam Schultz (Flickr: IMG_0934) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White425,883
Asian344,188
Some Other Race148,307
Two or More Races50,127
Black or African American31,096
American Indian and Alaska Native5,285
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,477

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

San Jose Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

San Jose Median Age

36.1


Total

35.2


Male

37.2


Female

San Jose Adults

There are 772,163 adults, (115,067 of which are seniors) in San Jose.

San Jose Age Dependency

53.7

Age Dependency Ratio

17.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.1

Child Dependency Ratio

San Jose Sex Ratio

Female

500,362

49.57%

Male

509,001

50.43%

San Jose Households and Families

San Jose Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

San Jose Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.7%32.3%
All57.1%42.9%
Male46.1%53.9%
Non Family44.6%55.4%
Female41.2%58.8%

57.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

San Jose Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All317,3173.1357.1
Married175,7523.7167.7
Non Family83,9141.4644.6
Female38,7053.841.2
Male18,9463.846.1

3.59

Average Family Size

3.13

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

San Jose Households

San Jose Education

San Jose Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade66,6899.81%
9th to 12th Grade49,6807.31%
High School Graduate118,30917.40%
Some College121,34617.85%
Associates Degree50,7117.46%
Bachelors Degree165,59624.36%
Graduate Degree107,54715.82%

San Jose Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian245,374209,632129,125
White211,097200,815105,606
Hispanic186,991119,70125,293
Other Race84,95950,4858,040
Multiple Races20,83318,1887,658
Black20,47118,5776,405
Native American3,4732,585545
Islander2,8462,587574

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.13%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 52.62%.

San Jose Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$47,448$54,353$39,739
Less Than High School$23,074$26,935$18,181
High School Grad$30,612$32,834$25,933
Some College$41,360$47,350$35,878
Bachelors Degree$71,772$87,218$58,086
Graduate Degree$103,245$124,695$79,216

$47,448

Average Earnings

$54,353

Average Male

$39,739

Average Female

San Jose Language

San Jose Language by Age

San Jose Language

43.49% of San Jose residents speak only English, while 56.51% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 25.62% of the population.

San Jose Poverty

San Jose Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic325,79450,80715.59%
Asian341,66431,4229.20%
Other147,21026,41017.94%
White267,85918,1796.79%
Black30,3385,33117.57%
Multiple49,2544,7819.71%
Native5,23184016.06%
Islander4,4333948.89%

10.88%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.14%

Male Poverty Rate

11.64%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in San Jose

The race most likely to be in poverty in San Jose is Other, with 17.94% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in San Jose is White, with 6.79% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.73%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.05%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.61%.

San Jose Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School20.61%
High School12.82%
Some College7.72%
Bachelors or Greater3.79%

San Jose Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed24.72%
Female Unemployed22.63%
Female Employed5.99%
Male Employed4.73%

San Jose Income

San Jose Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$90,303$116,520
Families$99,608$125,517
Married Families$117,762$143,088
Non Families$57,392$81,838

San Jose Marital Status

San Jose Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.5%

Male Marriage Rate

50.3%

Female Marriage Rate

San Jose Married by Age and Sex

San Jose Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

San Jose Marital Status by Race

San Jose Veterans

San Jose Veterans by War

28,928

Number of Veterans

27,136

Male Veterans

1,792

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam10,914
First Gulf War4,082
Korea3,260
Second Gulf War3,071
World War II1,596

San Jose Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 747,986
75+7,334
35 to 546,161
55 to 645,326
18 to 342,121

San Jose Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White20,0695.95%
Hispanic5,3312.38%
Asian4,0921.50%
Black1,8217.68%
Other1,6931.65%
2 or More8543.12%
Indian3087.45%
Hawaiian912.65%

San Jose Veterans by Education

6.53%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.50%

Veteran Disability Rate

San Jose Employment Status

San Jose Employment by Age

67.7%

Labor Force Participation

62.7%

Employment Rate

7.4%

Unemployment Rate

San Jose Employment by Race

San Jose Employment by Education

San Jose Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

47.61%

Born in California

61.14%

Native Born

38.86%

Foreign Born

17.29%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

61.14% of San Jose residents were born in the United States, with 47.61% having been born in California. 17.29% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.