Santa Cruz, California Population 2018

Santa Cruz is a city located in the state of California. It serves as the county seat for Santa Cruz County, and it is also the most populous city within the county. The city has developed a reputation for its alternative lifestyles and socially liberal way of life. According to the most recent estimates, Santa Cruz has a population of 64,465.

Santa Cruz History

The area that is now Santa Cruz was first inhabited by the Awaswas Natives. There were many tribes that resided within this area, and the Europeans called them the Coastanoan people. The Europeans first came to Santa Cruz in 1602 during an expedition. It was only in the late 18th century when Father Fermin Lasuen established La Mision de la Exaltacion de la Santa Cruz – or Mission Santa Cruz – as the 12th mission to be founded in California. Later, Governor Diefo de Borica established Villa de Branciforte at what is now Santa Cruz. This town was only one of three towns established in the state through the Spanish colonial period.

Mexico assumed control of the mission in the 1820s, and the government tried to change the name to Pueblo de Figueroa. However, this didn’t stick and the name remained Santa Cruz. Mission lands were broken into land grants during the 1830s and 1840s. It was also during the 1840s when immigrants began coming to Santa Cruz. When the territory was ceded to the United States following the Mexican-American War, California became a state in 1850. That year, Santa Cruz County was established and Santa Cruz was incorporated as a town 16 years later.

During the 19th century, Elihu Anthony came to the area and helped the city grow and thrive with the establishment of a Protestant church, commercial blocks, and a blacksmith foundry. In the latter half of the 19th century, the railroad lines helped boost industry and population. During the Civil War, a powder mill was an important part of the economy. Located along the San Lorenzo River, this mill manufactured smokeless powder used by the U.S. military. The mill was in operation through 1914.

In the 20th century, Santa Cruz began to build a reputation as being a city of social activism. The Resource Center for Nonviolence was established in 1976. In the 1990s, Santa Cruz designated itself as a nuclear-free zone, and its city council was the first the denounce the Iraq War in 2003. The city also has progressive views and supports alternative lifestyles. It was one of the first cities in the country to approve medicinal marijuana, and it has the site of many protests, rallies, and even riots in 2010 that resulted in property damages of more than $100,000.

The city is home to the University of California Santa Cruz. It is also a popular tourist destination, with people coming from all over to view such sites as the Santa Cruz Boardwalk and the redwood forests. The city’s economy primarily centers on tourism, education, technology and agriculture.

Santa Cruz Demographics

The city’s estimated population is over 64,000. Santa Cruz has a total area of 15.83 square miles, and it has a population density of over 5,060 people per square mile.

Santa Cruz’s population is almost three-quarters white, while blacks make up 1.8% of the population, Asians 7.7%, 9.5% from other races, 5.7% mixed race, and 19.4% are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest age group is people aged 18 to 24, accounting for over 29% of the total population. Over 13% of residents are under age 18, while 8.8% are at least 65 years old. The city’s median age is 29.9 years. There are slightly more female residents than males, with 99.7 men for every 100 women. Approximately 16.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Santa Cruz’s top employer is the University of California at Santa Cruz, which provides jobs to over 7,600 people. The County of Santa Cruz, City of Santa Cruz, Plantronics and Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk are other top employers in the city.

Santa Cruz Population Growth

Santa Cruz’s population has experienced steady growth since it was founded. The population during the 19th century rose to over 5,500 people. This number doubled in 1910. A slight population decline occurred in 1920 but by the next census, the population was on the upswing once again. The population grew to over 25,000 according to the 1960 census and had more than doubled by the year 2000. The most recent estimates show that the population has risen by 7.5% since the 2010 census, indicating that more growth is in this city’s future.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
201765,0214760.74%
201664,5453070.48%
201564,2389391.48%
201463,2994530.72%
201362,8468061.30%
201262,0405600.91%
201161,4808891.47%
201060,5915,99810.99%
200054,5935,55311.32%
199049,0407,55718.22%
198041,4839,40729.33%
197032,0766,48025.32%
196025,5963,62616.50%
195021,9705,07430.03%
194016,8962,50117.37%
193014,3953,47831.86%
192010,917-229-2.05%
191011,1465,48796.96%
19005,659631.13%
18905,5961,69843.56%
18803,8981,33752.21%
18702,5611,611169.58%
18609500.00%

Santa Cruz Population in 2018Source: By Aaronbrick [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White49,601
Asian5,856
Two or More Races3,642
Some Other Race2,957
Black or African American827
American Indian and Alaska Native372
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander55

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Santa Cruz Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Santa Cruz Median Age

28.9


Total

28.8


Male

28.9


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 56,438 adults in Santa Cruz.

Santa Cruz Age Dependency

31

Age Dependency Ratio

13.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

17.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Santa Cruz Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.5
Houses Without Mortgage
3,113
Houses With Mortgage
6,571
Vacancy Rate
7.9
Median Rent
1,576
Median Home Value
707,600
Renter-Occupied Units
12,404
Owner-Occupied Units
9,684
Total Housing Units
23,974

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Santa Cruz for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.2% and the labor force participation rate is 61%.

Santa Cruz Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.44
Average Family Size
3.04
Total Households
22088
Married Couple Households
7111
Male Householder (no wife) Families
839
Female Householder (no husband) Families
2219
Non Family Households
11919
Total Families
10169
Households With Own Children
4139
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
9.9
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
1

Santa Cruz Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
2,182
$10,000 to $14,999
1,180
$15,000 to $24,999
2,015
$25,000 to $34,999
1,842
$35,000 to $49,999
2,178
$50,000 to $74,999
3,331
$75,000 to $99,999
2,508
$100,000 to $149,999
3,088
$150,000 to $199,999
1,637
Over $200,000
2,127

Santa Cruz Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Santa Cruz

California

$62,471

$63,783

$87,199

$91,149

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Santa Cruz Education Data

Santa Cruz Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
1,1373.24%
9th to 12th Grade
1,1163.18%
High School Graduate
4,57813.05%
Some College
7,39821.09%
Associates Degree
2,9238.33%
Bachelors Degree
9,89228.20%
Graduate Degree
8,03922.91%