Santa Cruz, California Population 2018

Santa Cruz is a city located in the state of California. It serves as the county seat for Santa Cruz County, and it is also the most populous city within the county. The city has developed a reputation for its alternative lifestyles and socially liberal way of life. According to the most recent estimates, Santa Cruz has a population of 64,465.

Santa Cruz History

The area that is now Santa Cruz was first inhabited by the Awaswas Natives. There were many tribes that resided within this area, and the Europeans called them the Coastanoan people. The Europeans first came to Santa Cruz in 1602 during an expedition. It was only in the late 18th century when Father Fermin Lasuen established La Mision de la Exaltacion de la Santa Cruz – or Mission Santa Cruz – as the 12th mission to be founded in California. Later, Governor Diefo de Borica established Villa de Branciforte at what is now Santa Cruz. This town was only one of three towns established in the state through the Spanish colonial period.

Mexico assumed control of the mission in the 1820s, and the government tried to change the name to Pueblo de Figueroa. However, this didn’t stick and the name remained Santa Cruz. Mission lands were broken into land grants during the 1830s and 1840s. It was also during the 1840s when immigrants began coming to Santa Cruz. When the territory was ceded to the United States following the Mexican-American War, California became a state in 1850. That year, Santa Cruz County was established and Santa Cruz was incorporated as a town 16 years later.

During the 19th century, Elihu Anthony came to the area and helped the city grow and thrive with the establishment of a Protestant church, commercial blocks, and a blacksmith foundry. In the latter half of the 19th century, the railroad lines helped boost industry and population. During the Civil War, a powder mill was an important part of the economy. Located along the San Lorenzo River, this mill manufactured smokeless powder used by the U.S. military. The mill was in operation through 1914.

In the 20th century, Santa Cruz began to build a reputation as being a city of social activism. The Resource Center for Nonviolence was established in 1976. In the 1990s, Santa Cruz designated itself as a nuclear-free zone, and its city council was the first the denounce the Iraq War in 2003. The city also has progressive views and supports alternative lifestyles. It was one of the first cities in the country to approve medicinal marijuana, and it has the site of many protests, rallies, and even riots in 2010 that resulted in property damages of more than $100,000.

The city is home to the University of California Santa Cruz. It is also a popular tourist destination, with people coming from all over to view such sites as the Santa Cruz Boardwalk and the redwood forests. The city’s economy primarily centers on tourism, education, technology and agriculture.

Santa Cruz Demographics

The city’s estimated population is over 64,000. Santa Cruz has a total area of 15.83 square miles, and it has a population density of over 5,060 people per square mile.

Santa Cruz’s population is almost three-quarters white, while blacks make up 1.8% of the population, Asians 7.7%, 9.5% from other races, 5.7% mixed race, and 19.4% are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest age group is people aged 18 to 24, accounting for over 29% of the total population. Over 13% of residents are under age 18, while 8.8% are at least 65 years old. The city’s median age is 29.9 years. There are slightly more female residents than males, with 99.7 men for every 100 women. Approximately 16.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Santa Cruz’s top employer is the University of California at Santa Cruz, which provides jobs to over 7,600 people. The County of Santa Cruz, City of Santa Cruz, Plantronics and Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk are other top employers in the city.

Santa Cruz Population Growth

Santa Cruz’s population has experienced steady growth since it was founded. The population during the 19th century rose to over 5,500 people. This number doubled in 1910. A slight population decline occurred in 1920 but by the next census, the population was on the upswing once again. The population grew to over 25,000 according to the 1960 census and had more than doubled by the year 2000. The most recent estimates show that the population has risen by 7.5% since the 2010 census, indicating that more growth is in this city’s future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201765,0214760.74%
201664,5453070.48%
201564,2389391.48%
201463,2994530.72%
201362,8468061.30%
201262,0405600.91%
201161,4808891.47%
201060,5915,9981.05%
200054,5935,5531.08%
199049,0407,5571.69%
198041,4839,4072.61%
197032,0766,4802.28%
196025,5963,6261.54%
195021,9705,0742.66%
194016,8962,5011.61%
193014,3953,4782.80%
192010,917-229-0.21%
191011,1465,4877.01%
19005,659630.11%
18905,5961,6983.68%
18803,8981,3374.29%
18702,5611,61110.43%
18609500.00%

Santa Cruz Population in 2018Source: By Aaronbrick [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White49,601
Asian5,856
Two or More Races3,642
Some Other Race2,957
Black or African American827
American Indian and Alaska Native372
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander55

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Santa Cruz Population Pyramid 2018

0%5%10%15%20% Male Population0%5%10%15%20% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Santa Cruz Median Age

28.9


Total

28.8


Male

28.9


Female

Santa Cruz Adults

There are 54,953 adults, (6,648 of which are seniors) in Santa Cruz.

Santa Cruz Age Dependency

31

Age Dependency Ratio

13.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

17.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Santa Cruz Sex Ratio

Female

32,240

50.92%

Male

31,070

49.08%

Santa Cruz Households and Families

Santa Cruz Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Santa Cruz Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.5%32.5%
All43.8%56.2%
Female42.2%57.8%
Male38.9%61.1%
Non Family30.4%69.6%

43.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Santa Cruz Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All22,0882.4443.8
Non Family11,9191.7830.4
Married7,1113.1667.5
Female2,2193.4842.2
Male8392.8538.9

3.04

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

9.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Santa Cruz Households

Santa Cruz Education

Santa Cruz Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,1373.24%
9th to 12th Grade1,1163.18%
High School Graduate4,57813.05%
Some College7,39821.09%
Associates Degree2,9238.33%
Bachelors Degree9,89228.20%
Graduate Degree8,03922.91%

Santa Cruz Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White26,11925,44414,381
Hispanic5,3673,9591,266
Asian1,8721,7721,332
Multiple Races1,5361,375764
Other Race1,183728222
Black519503273
Native American20117982
Islander2222

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 71.15%.

Santa Cruz Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,223$45,044$32,813
Less Than High School$20,236$18,425$24,087
High School Grad$28,460$30,086$27,623
Some College$35,899$41,702$28,483
Bachelors Degree$43,483$58,551$31,212
Graduate Degree$56,850$75,881$49,390

$40,223

Average Earnings

$45,044

Average Male

$32,813

Average Female

Santa Cruz Language

Santa Cruz Language by Age

Santa Cruz Language

74.85% of Santa Cruz residents speak only English, while 25.15% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.14% of the population.

Santa Cruz Poverty

Santa Cruz Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White37,8147,45719.72%
Hispanic10,2433,63235.46%
Asian3,3441,23436.90%
Multiple2,97888329.65%
Other2,27485237.47%
Black68222232.55%
Native2829132.27%
Islander482347.92%

24.08%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.57%

Male Poverty Rate

26.49%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Santa Cruz

The race most likely to be in poverty in Santa Cruz is Islander, with 47.92% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Santa Cruz is White, with 19.72% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.07%. Among those working part-time, it was 34.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.76%.

Santa Cruz Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.14%
High School22.75%
Some College14.27%
Bachelors or Greater6.99%

Santa Cruz Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed43.63%
Female Unemployed36.54%
Female Employed20.73%
Male Employed14.67%

Santa Cruz Income

Santa Cruz Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$62,471$87,199
Families$91,637$115,629
Married Families$116,941$
Non Families$41,715$60,401

Santa Cruz Marital Status

Santa Cruz Marital Status

Marriage Rates

27.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.5%

Male Marriage Rate

26.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Santa Cruz Married by Age and Sex

Santa Cruz Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Santa Cruz Marital Status by Race

Santa Cruz Veterans

Santa Cruz Veterans by War

2,154

Number of Veterans

2,004

Male Veterans

150

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,103
Korea236
First Gulf War202
Second Gulf War185
World War II161

Santa Cruz Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 74707
75+641
55 to 64359
35 to 54311
18 to 34136

Santa Cruz Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,8874.37%
Hispanic1981.99%
2 or More1635.49%
Black486.56%
Asian280.52%
Other210.87%
Hawaiian713.46%

Santa Cruz Veterans by Education

9.24%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

Santa Cruz Employment Status

Santa Cruz Employment by Age

61%

Labor Force Participation

55.9%

Employment Rate

8.5%

Unemployment Rate

Santa Cruz Employment by Race

Santa Cruz Employment by Education

Santa Cruz Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

62.96%

Born in California

86.39%

Native Born

13.61%

Foreign Born

7.92%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.39% of Santa Cruz residents were born in the United States, with 62.96% having been born in California. 7.92% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.