Santa Cruz, California Population 2019
Santa Cruz is a city located in the state of California. It serves as the county seat for Santa Cruz County, and it is also the most populous city within the county. The city has developed a reputation for its alternative lifestyles and socially liberal way of life. According to the most recent estimates, Santa Cruz has a population of 64,465.
Santa Cruz History
The area that is now Santa Cruz was first inhabited by the Awaswas Natives. There were many tribes that resided within this area, and the Europeans called them the Coastanoan people. The Europeans first came to Santa Cruz in 1602 during an expedition. It was only in the late 18th century when Father Fermin Lasuen established La Mision de la Exaltacion de la Santa Cruz – or Mission Santa Cruz – as the 12th mission to be founded in California. Later, Governor Diefo de Borica established Villa de Branciforte at what is now Santa Cruz. This town was only one of three towns established in the state through the Spanish colonial period.
Mexico assumed control of the mission in the 1820s, and the government tried to change the name to Pueblo de Figueroa. However, this didn’t stick and the name remained Santa Cruz. Mission lands were broken into land grants during the 1830s and 1840s. It was also during the 1840s when immigrants began coming to Santa Cruz. When the territory was ceded to the United States following the Mexican-American War, California became a state in 1850. That year, Santa Cruz County was established and Santa Cruz was incorporated as a town 16 years later.
During the 19th century, Elihu Anthony came to the area and helped the city grow and thrive with the establishment of a Protestant church, commercial blocks, and a blacksmith foundry. In the latter half of the 19th century, the railroad lines helped boost industry and population. During the Civil War, a powder mill was an important part of the economy. Located along the San Lorenzo River, this mill manufactured smokeless powder used by the U.S. military. The mill was in operation through 1914.
In the 20th century, Santa Cruz began to build a reputation as being a city of social activism. The Resource Center for Nonviolence was established in 1976. In the 1990s, Santa Cruz designated itself as a nuclear-free zone, and its city council was the first the denounce the Iraq War in 2003. The city also has progressive views and supports alternative lifestyles. It was one of the first cities in the country to approve medicinal marijuana, and it has the site of many protests, rallies, and even riots in 2010 that resulted in property damages of more than $100,000.
The city is home to the University of California Santa Cruz. It is also a popular tourist destination, with people coming from all over to view such sites as the Santa Cruz Boardwalk and the redwood forests. The city’s economy primarily centers on tourism, education, technology and agriculture.
Santa Cruz Demographics
The city’s estimated population is over 64,000. Santa Cruz has a total area of 15.83 square miles, and it has a population density of over 5,060 people per square mile.
Santa Cruz’s population is almost three-quarters white, while blacks make up 1.8% of the population, Asians 7.7%, 9.5% from other races, 5.7% mixed race, and 19.4% are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest age group is people aged 18 to 24, accounting for over 29% of the total population. Over 13% of residents are under age 18, while 8.8% are at least 65 years old. The city’s median age is 29.9 years. There are slightly more female residents than males, with 99.7 men for every 100 women. Approximately 16.5% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.
Santa Cruz’s top employer is the University of California at Santa Cruz, which provides jobs to over 7,600 people. The County of Santa Cruz, City of Santa Cruz, Plantronics and Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk are other top employers in the city.
Santa Cruz Population Growth
Santa Cruz’s population has experienced steady growth since it was founded. The population during the 19th century rose to over 5,500 people. This number doubled in 1910. A slight population decline occurred in 1920 but by the next census, the population was on the upswing once again. The population grew to over 25,000 according to the 1960 census and had more than doubled by the year 2000. The most recent estimates show that the population has risen by 7.5% since the 2010 census, indicating that more growth is in this city’s future.
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Source: By Aaronbrick [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], from Wikimedia Commons