Santa Fe, New Mexico Population 2019

Santa Fe is the capital of the state of New Mexico and the fourth-largest city in the state. Interestingly, Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the country.

Santa Fe has a current estimated population of over 83,000 with a population density of 1,927 people per square mile or 744 per square kilometer. The larger Santa Fe Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 146,000, while the Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas CSA has a population of 1.15 million.

Santa Fe has a high female-to-male ratio with just 91.7 males for every 100 females, or 89 males for every 100 females aged 18 or over.

Santa Fe currently has a problem with young adults leaving the city for elsewhere in the country, with few returning or coming to settle down. Residents aged 20 through 29 make up just 11% of the population in Santa Fe County, whereas the national average in this age range is 14% or 16% in Albuquerque.

The city does have a very high concentration of artists and Ph.D.'s -- more than any other city its size. 39% of the city's economy is generated by culture and arts as well. The city also still holds its reputation as a center for healing since its days as a destination for tuberculosis patients, and it has a very high number of Zen centers, New Age institutes, yoga centers, therapists, gurus and churches of all denominations.

Santa Fe History

Santa Fe was formerly the site of many Pueblo Indian villages founded between 1050 and 1150. Before the 18th century, the Santa Fe River provided water to the people living in the area as it was a year round stream. Today, it is the most endangered river in the United States and only a seasonal waterway.

The first effort to colonize the area came in 1598 under Don Juan de Onate, who established Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico as a province of New Spain north of present-day Santa Fe. It was in 1607 that the second Spanish governor of New Mexico, Don Pedro de Peralta, founded the new city and made it the capital of the province three years later.

Santa Fe remained Spain's provincial seat, except between 1680 and 1692 when the Pueblo Revolt drove Spaniards out of the area, until the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. In 1836, the Republic of Texas had claimed the city as part of Texas when it seceded from Mexico. Five years later, the Santa Fe Expedition set out to gain control of the area, but the Mexican government quickly captured it. The U.S. declared war on Mexico in 1846 and 1,700 soldiers marched into the city, claiming it and the New Mexico Territory for the United States. New Mexico became the 47th state in the United States in 1912.

When it became a state, Santa Fe had just 5,000 people. The town designers imagined there would be limited growth in the future with a scarce supply of water and imagined suburbs developing on the outskirts.

Santa Fe Facts

  • Santa Fe means "holy faith" in Spanish.
  • Santa Fe's full name when it was founded: La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asis
  • An ordinance passed in 1957 requires new and rebuilt buildings exhibit a Spanish Territorial or Pueblo style of architecture
  • Santa Fe was founded 13 years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock.
  • Santa Fe is home to the oldest house and the oldest church in the United States
  • The obelisk in the center of the Santa Fe Plaza is the Indian War Memorial Monument. Erected in the 1860s, it honors Federal troops killed in fights with Confederate forces and Native Americans. While the original inscription referenced "savage Indians," a man in the 1970s chiseled away the word "savage."

Santa Fe, New Mexico's estimated population is 84,612 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Santa Fe, New Mexico is the 4th largest city in New Mexico based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1621.44 people/mi² (626.04 people/km²).

The overall median age is 42.8 years, 40.3 years for males, and 45.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 90.8 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 41,484 households in the city, with an average size of 2.3 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%, with a median rent of $1004/month. The median house has 5 rooms, and has a value of $265,000.

The median income for households in Santa Fe, New Mexico is $53,922, while the mean household income is $76,163.

Santa Fe Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Santa Fe was:

  • White: 84.83%
  • Other race: 7.79%
  • Two or more races: 3.01%
  • Native American: 2.05%
  • Asian: 1.31%
  • Black or African American: 0.88%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.14%
LatLng(35.6870, -105.9378)
Rank in State4th
StateNew Mexico
CountySanta Fe County
Time ZoneMountain Time Zone
Land Area (km²)135.15 (52.18 mi²)
Water Area (km²)0.42 (0.16 mi²)
TypeCity
GEOID3570500
Density (km²)626.04
Density (mi²)1,621.44
Area Code(s)505
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201884,6123560.42%
201784,2564450.53%
201683,8114160.50%
201583,3953370.41%
201483,0582360.28%
201382,8224970.60%
201282,3254890.60%
201181,8368111.00%
201081,02518,8222.68%
200062,2036,3441.08%
199055,8596,6991.29%
198049,1607,9931.79%
197041,1677,7732.11%
196033,3945,3961.78%
195027,9987,6733.25%
194020,3259,1496.16%
193011,1763,9404.44%
19207,2362,1643.62%
19105,072-531-0.99%
19005,603-582-0.98%
18906,185-450-0.70%
18806,6351,8703.37%
18704,7651300.28%
18604,635-211-0.44%
18504,8460.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018150,0564390.29%
2017149,6177290.49%
2016148,8886820.46%
2015148,2063870.26%
2014147,8193320.22%
2013147,4877650.52%
2012146,7228850.60%
2011145,8371,3090.90%
2010144,5280.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White70,388
Some Other Race6,464
Two or More Races2,496
American Indian and Alaska Native1,703
Asian1,083
Black or African American728
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander118

Santa Fe Population Pyramid 2019

Santa Fe Median Age

42.8


Total

40.3


Male

45.1


Female

Santa Fe Adults

There are 66,658 adults, (16,686 of whom are seniors) in Santa Fe.

Santa Fe Age Dependency

66.1

Age Dependency Ratio

33.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Santa Fe Sex Ratio

Female

43,488

52.41%

Male

39,492

47.59%

Santa Fe Households and Families

Santa Fe Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Santa Fe Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.9%23.1%
All62.5%37.5%
Female58.6%41.4%
Non Family53.2%46.8%
Male50.6%49.4%

62.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All35,5242.362.5
Non Family16,1191.2153.2
Married13,0253.0376.9
Female4,5283.5258.6
Male1,8523.6150.6

3.09

Average Family Size

2.3

Average Household Size

6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.9%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Santa Fe Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,7006.16%
9th to 12th Grade3,3695.61%
High School Graduate13,68122.77%
Some College10,78117.94%
Associates Degree3,3695.61%
Bachelors Degree12,72121.17%
Graduate Degree12,47120.75%

Santa Fe Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic28,55722,2095,374
White28,54528,00218,112
Other Race4,2622,857626
Multiple Races1,6031,474811
Native American1,1161,040278
Asian866852687
Black482446261
Islander4738

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 98.38%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 79.33%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,436$36,330$32,881
Less Than High School$24,233$25,797$21,184
High School Grad$29,492$30,981$27,608
Some College$32,347$37,418$28,684
Bachelors Degree$42,400$41,320$44,968
Graduate Degree$57,568$67,447$51,388

$35,436

Average Earnings

$36,330

Average Male

$32,881

Average Female

Santa Fe Language

Santa Fe Language by Age

Santa Fe Language

63.97% of Santa Fe residents speak only English, while 36.03% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.53% of the population.

Santa Fe Poverty

Santa Fe Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic44,9868,55819.02%
White32,7513,28210.02%
Other6,3461,57924.88%
Native1,64730118.28%
Multiple2,47528611.56%
Asian1,069555.14%
Black672527.74%
Islander11476.14%

15.08%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.82%

Male Poverty Rate

16.22%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Santa Fe

The race most likely to be in poverty in Santa Fe is Other, with 24.88% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Santa Fe is Asian, with 5.14% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.63%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.71%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.27%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.24%
Some College14.37%
High School13.72%
Bachelors or Greater6.31%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed32.90%
Male Unemployed30.18%
Female Employed7.56%
Male Employed7.46%

Santa Fe Income

Santa Fe Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$53,922$76,163
Families$64,728$90,863
Married Families$87,440$108,969
Non Families$40,610$54,600

Santa Fe Marital Status

Santa Fe Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.7%

Male Marriage Rate

38.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Santa Fe Married by Age and Sex

Santa Fe Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Santa Fe Marital Status by Race

Santa Fe Veterans

4,836

Number of Veterans

4,383

Male Veterans

453

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,950
First Gulf War721
Korea546
Second Gulf War445
World War II299
Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,435
75+1,420
35 to 54969
55 to 64818
18 to 34194

Santa Fe Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,2267.39%
Hispanic2,1166.39%
Other1843.82%
2 or More1518.32%
Indian1249.53%
Black8915.51%
Hawaiian3857.58%
Asian242.68%

Santa Fe Veterans by Education

5.83%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.65%

Veteran Disability Rate

Santa Fe Employment Status

62.3%

Labor Force Participation

58.8%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

Santa Fe Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

44.77%

Born in New Mexico

85.47%

Native Born

14.53%

Foreign Born

9.86%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

85.47% of Santa Fe residents were born in the United States, with 44.77% having been born in New Mexico. 9.86% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.