Santa Fe, New Mexico Population 2018

Santa Fe is the capital of New Mexico and the fourth-largest city in the state. Interestingly, Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the country.

Santa Fe has an estimated population of 70,000 with a population density of 1,927 people per square mile, or 744 per square kilometer. The larger Santa Fe Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 146,000, while the Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas CSA has a population of 1.15 million.

Santa Fe Demographics

At the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Santa Fe was:

  • White: 78.9% (non-Hispanic: 46.2%)
  • Native American: 2.1%
  • Asian: 1.4%
  • Two or more races: 3.7%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 48.7%

Santa Fe has a high female-to-male ratio with just 91.7 males for every 100 females, or 89 males for every 100 females aged 18 or over.

Santa Fe currently has a problem with young adults leaving the city for elsewhere in the country, with few returning or coming to settle down. Residents aged 20 through 29 make up just 11% of the population in Santa Fe County, whereas the national average in this age range is 14%, or 16% in Albuquerque.

The city does have a very high concentration of artists and Ph.D.'s -- more than any other city its size. 39% of the city's economy is generated by culture and arts as well. The city also still holds its reputation as a center for healing since its days as a destination for tuberculosis patients, and it has a very high number of Zen centers, New Age institutes, yoga centers, therapists, gurus and churches of all denominations.

Santa Fe History

Santa Fe was originally the site of many Pueblo Indian villages founded between 1050 and 1150. Prior to the 18th century, the Santa Fe River provided water to the people living in the area as it was a year round stream. Today, it is the most endangered river in the United States and only a seasonal waterway.

The first effort to colonize the area came in 1598 under Don Juan de Onate, who established Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico as a province of New Spain north of present-day Santa Fe. It was in 1607 that the second Spanish governor of New Mexico, Don Pedro de Peralta, founded the new city and made it the capital of the province three years later.

Santa Fe remained Spain's provincial seat, except between 1680 and 1692 when the Pueblo Revolt drove Spaniards out of the area, until the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. In 1836, the Republic of Texas had claimed the city as part of Texas when it seceded from Mexico. Five years later, the Santa Fe Expedition set out to gain control of the area but it was quickly captured by the Mexican government. The U.S. declared war on Mexico in 1846 and 1,700 soldiers marched into the city, claiming it and the New Mexico Territory for the United States. New Mexico became the 47th state in the United States in 1912.

When it became a state, Santa Fe had just 5,000 people. The town designers imagined there would be limited growth in the future with a scarce supply of water and imagined suburbs developing on the outskirts.

Santa Fe Facts

  • Santa Fe means "holy faith" in Spanish.
  • Santa Fe's full name when it was founded: La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asis
  • An ordinance passed in 1957 requires new and rebuilt buildings exhibit a Spanish Territorial or Pueblo style of architecture
  • Santa Fe was founded 13 years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock.
  • Santa Fe is home to the oldest house and the oldest church in the United States
  • The obelisk in the center of the Santa Fe Plaza is the Indian War Memorial Monument. Erected in the 1860s, it honors Federal troops killed in fights with Confederate forces and Native Americans. While the original inscription referenced "savage Indians," a man in the 1970s chiseled away the word "savage."
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201783,7764890.59%
201683,2874070.49%
201582,8802860.35%
201482,5942550.31%
201382,3393170.39%
201282,0224010.49%
201181,6215910.73%
201081,03018,8272.68%
200062,2036,3441.08%
199055,8596,6991.29%
198049,1607,9931.79%
197041,1677,7732.11%
196033,3945,3961.78%
195027,9987,6733.25%
194020,3259,1496.16%
193011,1763,9404.44%
19207,2362,1643.62%
19105,072-531-0.99%
19005,603-582-0.98%
18906,185-450-0.70%
18806,6351,8703.37%
18704,7651300.28%
18604,635-211-0.44%
18504,8460.00%

Santa Fe Population in 2018Source: By Artotem (Flickr: Our Lady of Guadalupe Church 2) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White70,121
Some Other Race6,921
Two or More Races2,305
American Indian and Alaska Native1,751
Asian1,059
Black or African American722
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander48

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Santa Fe Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Santa Fe Median Age

42.9


Total

40.2


Male

45.3


Female

Santa Fe Adults

There are 66,342 adults, (16,088 of which are seniors) in Santa Fe.

Santa Fe Age Dependency

64.9

Age Dependency Ratio

32

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Santa Fe Sex Ratio

Female

43,578

52.55%

Male

39,349

47.45%

Santa Fe Households and Families

Santa Fe Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Santa Fe Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.7%22.3%
All62.1%37.9%
Female55.7%44.3%
Non Family53.1%46.9%
Male49.3%50.7%

62.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Santa Fe Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All35,5402.362.1
Non Family16,3891.2453.1
Married12,7873.0377.7
Female4,5593.5355.7
Male1,8053.5849.3

3.1

Average Family Size

2.3

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Santa Fe Households

Santa Fe Education

Santa Fe Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,8796.47%
9th to 12th Grade3,7266.22%
High School Graduate13,45022.44%
Some College11,02618.39%
Associates Degree3,3535.59%
Bachelors Degree12,37320.64%
Graduate Degree12,13820.25%

Santa Fe Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White28,61827,96517,714
Hispanic28,33521,5295,077
Other Race4,5883,178510
Multiple Races1,4441,326721
Native American1,1071,053352
Asian848836652
Black482450259
Islander197

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 98.58%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 76.89%.

Santa Fe Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,263$35,043$32,045
Less Than High School$21,677$24,351$17,804
High School Grad$28,220$30,063$26,851
Some College$31,092$35,849$27,123
Bachelors Degree$42,885$44,418$42,398
Graduate Degree$54,822$67,518$50,017

$33,263

Average Earnings

$35,043

Average Male

$32,045

Average Female

Santa Fe Language

Santa Fe Language by Age

Santa Fe Language

63.16% of Santa Fe residents speak only English, while 36.84% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 33.26% of the population.

Santa Fe Poverty

Santa Fe Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic44,77110,03022.40%
White32,9023,46810.54%
Other6,7911,53922.66%
Native1,68627016.01%
Multiple2,28225811.31%
Asian1,047686.49%
Black667416.15%
Islander45817.78%

17.03%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.60%

Male Poverty Rate

18.31%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Santa Fe

The race most likely to be in poverty in Santa Fe is Other, with 22.66% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Santa Fe is Black, with 6.15% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.13%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.52%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.99%.

Santa Fe Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.16%
High School15.42%
Some College13.44%
Bachelors or Greater6.79%

Santa Fe Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed33.73%
Male Unemployed30.60%
Male Employed8.75%
Female Employed7.90%

Santa Fe Income

Santa Fe Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,572$73,371
Families$62,062$85,688
Married Families$81,742$102,958
Non Families$40,296$55,826

Santa Fe Marital Status

Santa Fe Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.2%

Male Marriage Rate

37.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Santa Fe Married by Age and Sex

Santa Fe Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Santa Fe Marital Status by Race

Santa Fe Veterans

Santa Fe Veterans by War

4,942

Number of Veterans

4,453

Male Veterans

489

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam2,078
First Gulf War579
Korea518
Second Gulf War408
World War II343

Santa Fe Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+1,492
65 to 741,460
35 to 54908
55 to 64875
18 to 34207

Santa Fe Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White4,2447.50%
Hispanic1,9455.95%
Other2494.76%
Indian17613.29%
2 or More1468.85%
Black9717.05%
Asian232.58%
Hawaiian714.58%

Santa Fe Veterans by Education

6.66%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.21%

Veteran Disability Rate

Santa Fe Employment Status

Santa Fe Employment by Age

62.9%

Labor Force Participation

58.5%

Employment Rate

6.9%

Unemployment Rate

Santa Fe Employment by Race

Santa Fe Employment by Education

Santa Fe Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

44.98%

Born in New Mexico

84.77%

Native Born

15.23%

Foreign Born

10.95%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.77% of Santa Fe residents were born in the United States, with 44.98% having been born in New Mexico. 10.95% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.